National Hop Report
National Hop Report

ISSN: 2158-7825

Released December 22, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

2020 Hop Production Down 7 Percent From Last Year

Production for Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in 2020 totaled 104 million 
pounds, down 7 percent from the 2019 crop of 112 million pounds. Combined 
area harvested for Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in 2020 totaled a record 
high 58,641 acres, up 4 percent from the 2019 level of 56,544 acres. 
Harvested acreage increased in Idaho and Washington, but declined in Oregon. 
The United States hop yield, at 1,770 pounds per acre, down 211 pounds from a 
year ago.

Washington produced 71 percent of the United States hop crop for 2020; while 
Idaho accounted for 17 percent and Oregon accounted for 12 percent. In 
Washington, CitraR, Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus, MosaicR, SimcoeR, and Cascade were 
the five leading varieties, accounting for 54 percent of the State's hop 
production. In Idaho, Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus, MosaicR, CitraR, Idaho 7TM, and 
Chinook were the major varieties, accounting for 68 percent of the State's 
hop production. In Oregon, CitraR, Nugget, MosaicR, Cascade, and Willamette 
were the major varieties, accounting for 57 percent of the State's hop 
production.

The 2020 value of production for the United States totaled $619 million, down 
3 percent from the previous year.

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, Production, Price, and Value - States and United States: 2018-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State    :       Area       :      Yield       :                  :      Price       :      Value       
      and     :    harvested     :       per        :    Production    :       per        :        of        
     year     :                  :       acre       :                  :      pound       :    production    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :      acres              pounds          1,000 pounds         dollars         1,000 dollars   
              :                                                                                              
Idaho         :                                                                                              
2018 .........:       8,140             1,995             16,242.8             5.30              86,087      
2019 .........:       8,358             2,034             17,003.1             5.25              89,266      
2020 .........:       9,268             1,855             17,190.1             5.80              99,703      
              :                                                                                              
Oregon        :                                                                                              
2018 .........:       7,725             1,675             12,936.2             5.40              69,855      
2019 .........:       7,306             1,783             13,023.2             5.50              71,628      
2020 .........:       7,104             1,755             12,468.7             6.00              74,812      
              :                                                                                              
Washington    :                                                                                              
2018 .........:      39,170             1,984             77,727.7             5.50             427,502      
2019 .........:      40,880             2,006             82,014.9             5.80             475,686      
2020 .........:      42,269             1,754             74,151.5             6.00             444,909      
              :                                                                                              
United States :                                                                                              
2018 .........:      55,035             1,943            106,906.7             5.46             583,444      
2019 .........:      56,544             1,981            112,041.2             5.68             636,580      
2020 .........:      58,641             1,770            103,810.3             5.97             619,424      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and
United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State            :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     
              and             :-----------------------------------------------
            variety           : 2018  : 2019  : 2020  : 2018  : 2019  : 2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              : ------- acres -------   ------- pounds ------ 
                              :                                               
Idaho                         :                                               
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ...        :   825     561     538   2,009   1,560   1,576 
Apollo TM ............        :   232     (D)     (D)   1,951     (D)     (D) 
Bravo TM .............        :    87     (D)     (D)   2,226     (D)     (D) 
Calypso TM ...........        :    81      81     (D)   2,138   1,901     (D) 
Cascade ......................:   836     710     407   1,716   1,823   1,213 
Cashmere .....................:   (D)     (D)     125     (D)     (D)   1,578 
Chinook ......................:   962     786     624   1,873   2,215   1,614 
Citra R, HBC 394 .....        :   855     973   1,527   1,438   1,532   1,686 
Cluster ......................:    63     (D)     (D)   2,126     (D)     (D) 
                              :                                               
Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus 1/ ....:   (D)     991   1,457     (D)   3,002   2,673 
Comet ........................:   (D)     112      93     (D)   1,970   1,740 
Crystal ......................:   150     131     (D)   1,927   1,971     (D) 
El Dorado R ..........        :   120     352     526   1,463   1,352   1,590 
Eureka! TM ...........        :   133     185     (D)   2,299   2,243     (D) 
Galena .......................:   109     113     (D)   1,715   1,773     (D) 
Hallertauer ..................:   (D)      25     159     (D)   1,253     614 
Idaho 7 TM ...........        :   (D)     388     564     (D)   2,562   2,442 
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ....        :   506     801   1,186   2,333   2,296   2,335 
Northern Brewer ..............:   (D)      57      58     (D)   1,407   1,432 
                              :                                               
Saaz .........................:   (D)     140     (D)     (D)     771     (D) 
Simcoe R, YCR 14 .....        :   449     469     425   1,245   1,164     992 
Super Galena TM ......        :    84     (D)     (D)   2,493     (D)     (D) 
Triumph ......................:  (NA)    (NA)      39    (NA)    (NA)     365 
Willamette ...................:   (D)     170     (D)     (D)   1,695     (D) 
Zeus 1/ ......................: 1,496     611    (NA)   2,764   2,672    (NA) 
                              :                                               
Other varieties 2/ ...........: 1,152     702   1,540   1,845   1,971   1,567 
                              :                                               
Total ........................: 8,140   8,358   9,268   1,995   2,034   1,855 
                              :                                               
Oregon                        :                                               
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ...        :   (D)     212     216     (D)   2,312   2,360 
Cascade ......................: 1,064   1,039     754   1,623   1,620   1,639 
Centennial ...................:   698     614     489   1,277   1,661   1,675 
Chinook ......................:   129     114      86   1,674   1,733   1,481 
Citra R, HBC 394 .....        :   690     998   1,327   1,600   1,476   1,506 
Crystal ......................:   354     247     (D)   1,819   1,943     (D) 
Fuggle .......................:    59      63     (D)   1,034   1,243     (D) 
Golding ......................:   121      92     (D)   1,160   1,351     (D) 
Liberty ......................:   (D)     (D)      56     (D)     (D)   2,289 
                              :                                               
Magnum .......................:   105     (D)     (D)   1,284     (D)     (D) 
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ....        :   (D)     478     595     (D)   2,113   2,155 
Mt. Hood .....................:   311     295     159   1,411   1,538   1,551 
Nugget .......................: 1,307   1,059     826   1,946   2,130   1,841 
Perle ........................:    77     (D)     (D)   1,093     (D)     (D) 
Sabro TM, HBC 438 ....        :  (NA)     (D)      74    (NA)     (D)     870 
Simcoe R, YCR 14 .....        :   436     440     474   1,588   1,845   1,823 
Sterling .....................:   191     147      58   1,760   1,643   1,728 
Strata OR 91331 ..............:  (NA)     253     484    (NA)   2,066   2,068 
Super Galena TM ......        :    84      78      87   2,216   2,580   2,801 
Tettnanger ...................:    72     (D)     (D)   1,027     (D)     (D) 
Willamette ...................:   913     619     605   1,489   1,717   1,857 
                              :                                               
Other varieties 2/ ...........: 1,114     558     814   2,068   1,644   1,479 
                              :                                               
Total ........................: 7,725   7,306   7,104   1,675   1,783   1,755 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                   --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State            :                     Production                      
              and             :-----------------------------------------------------
            variety           :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                    1,000 pounds                     
                              :                                                     
Idaho                         :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ...        :     1,657.4             875.2             847.9     
Apollo TM ............        :       452.6               (D)               (D)     
Bravo TM .............        :       193.7               (D)               (D)     
Calypso TM ...........        :       173.2             154.0               (D)     
Cascade ......................:     1,434.6           1,294.3             493.7     
Cashmere .....................:         (D)               (D)             197.3     
Chinook ......................:     1,801.8           1,741.0           1,007.1     
Citra R, HBC 394 .....        :     1,229.5           1,490.6           2,574.5     
Cluster ......................:       133.9               (D)               (D)     
                              :                                                     
Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus 1/ ....:         (D)           2,975.0           3,894.6     
Comet ........................:         (D)             220.6             161.8     
Crystal ......................:       289.1             258.2               (D)     
El Dorado R ..........        :       175.6             475.9             836.3     
Eureka! TM ...........        :       305.8             415.0               (D)     
Galena .......................:       186.9             200.3               (D)     
Hallertauer ..................:         (D)              31.3              97.6     
Idaho 7 TM ...........        :         (D)             994.1           1,377.3     
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ....        :     1,180.5           1,839.1           2,769.3     
Northern Brewer ..............:         (D)              80.2              83.1     
                              :                                                     
Saaz .........................:         (D)             107.9               (D)     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 .....        :       559.0             545.9             421.6     
Super GalenaTM .......        :       209.4               (D)               (D)     
Triumph ......................:        (NA)              (NA)              14.2     
Willamette ...................:         (D)             288.2               (D)     
Zeus 1/ ......................:     4,134.9           1,632.6              (NA)     
                              :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ...........:     2,124.9           1,383.7           2,413.8     
                              :                                                     
Total ........................:    16,242.8          17,003.1          17,190.1     
                              :                                                     
Oregon                        :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ...        :         (D)             490.1             509.8     
Cascade ......................:     1,726.9           1,683.2           1,235.8     
Centennial ...................:       891.3           1,019.9             819.1     
Chinook ......................:       215.9             197.6             127.4     
Citra R, HBC 394 .....        :     1,104.0           1,473.0           1,998.5     
Crystal ......................:       643.9             479.9               (D)     
Fuggle .......................:        61.0              78.3               (D)     
Golding ......................:       140.4             124.3               (D)     
Liberty ......................:         (D)               (D)             128.2     
                              :                                                     
Magnum .......................:       134.8               (D)               (D)     
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ....        :         (D)           1,010.0           1,282.2     
Mt. Hood .....................:       438.8             453.7             246.6     
Nugget .......................:     2,543.4           2,255.7           1,520.7     
Perle ........................:        84.2               (D)               (D)     
Sabro TM HBC 438 .....        :        (NA)               (D)              64.4     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 .....        :       692.4             811.8             864.1     
Sterling .....................:       336.2             241.5             100.2     
Strata OR 91331 ..............:        (NA)             522.7           1,000.9     
Super Galena TM ......        :       186.1             201.2             243.7     
Tettnanger ...................:        73.9               (D)               (D)     
Willamette ...................:     1,359.5           1,062.8           1,123.5     
                              :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ...........:     2,303.5             917.5           1,203.6     
                              :                                                     
Total ........................:    12,936.2          13,023.2          12,468.7     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                         --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                 :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     
                   and                  :-----------------------------------------------
                 variety                : 2018  : 2019  : 2020  : 2018  : 2019  : 2020  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :-------- acres -------   ------- pounds ------ 
                                        :                                               
Washington                              :                                               
Ahtanum TM, YCR 1 ............          :   255     261     230   2,730   2,820   2,134 
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ...........          : 1,895   1,597   1,395   1,868   1,946   1,649 
Apollo TM ....................          :   795     851     750   2,848   2,735   2,248 
Azacca TM, ADHA-483 ..........          :   546     589     722   2,491   2,441   1,527 
Bravo TM .....................          :   280     236     201   3,258   3,216   2,308 
Cascade ................................: 4,274   3,718   2,877   1,972   1,920   1,551 
Cashmere ...............................:   195     310     448   1,519   1,699   1,514 
Centennial .............................: 3,875   3,031   2,444   1,364   1,820   1,640 
Chinook ................................: 1,734   1,437   1,183   1,875   1,942   1,665 
                                        :                                               
Citra R, HBC 394 .............          : 4,837   6,720   8,143   1,611   1,424   1,526 
Cluster ................................:   610     470     413   1,813   1,815   2,065 
Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus 1/ ..............: 2,034   2,323   4,829   2,482   2,584   2,176 
Comet ..................................:   218     210     330   1,750   1,311     872 
Crystal ................................:   114      66     (D)   2,357   1,989     (D) 
Ekuanot R, HBC 366 ...........          :   865     632     641   2,583   2,483   2,158 
El Dorado R ..................          :   418     641   1,058   1,880   2,032   1,516 
Eureka! TM ...................          :   409     425     465   2,954   3,188   2,332 
Galena .................................:   390     297     241   2,149   2,045   1,838 
Idaho 7 TM .....................        :   (D)      85     341     (D)   1,544   1,736 
                                        :                                               
Jarrylo R, ADHA-881 ..........          :   (D)     (D)      17     (D)     (D)   1,428 
Loral R, HBC 291 .............          :   172     125     164   2,349   2,515   1,874 
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ............          : 1,932   2,829   3,715   2,351   2,054   1,998 
Mt. Hood ...............................:   104      53      48   1,454   1,037   1,139 
Mt. Rainier ............................:   306     239     223   1,899   2,149   1,586 
Nugget .................................:   126     104     (D)   1,498   2,313     (D) 
Pahto TM, HBC 682 ............          : 1,721   2,109   2,208   2,087   2,398   2,019 
Palisade R, YCR 4 ............          :   515     477     246   2,441   2,520   2,114 
Pekko R, ADHA-871 ............          :    92     (D)     801   1,889     (D)   1,239 
Sabro TM , HBC 438 .............        :  (NA)     724   1,145    (NA)   1,612   1,886 
                                        :                                               
Simcoe R, YCR 14 .............          : 3,103   3,367   3,214   1,642   1,788   1,643 
Sorachi Ace ............................:   146     (D)     (D)   1,042     (D)     (D) 
Summit TM ....................          : 1,574   1,072     640   1,826   1,816   1,096 
Super Galena TM ..............          :   500     473     475   3,133   2,871   2,636 
Tahoma .................................:   209     230     177   2,147   1,958   1,588 
Warrior YCR 5 ..........................:   (D)     (D)     283     (D)     (D)   1,669 
Willamette .............................:   376     270     203   1,348   1,596   1,458 
Zeus 1/ ................................: 2,592   2,612    (NA)   2,619   2,620    (NA) 
Experimental ...........................:   374     360     453   1,889   2,251   1,207 
                                        :                                               
Other varieties 2/ .....................: 1,584   1,937   1,546   1,896   1,888   1,737 
                                        :                                               
Total ..................................:39,170  40,880  42,269   1,984   2,006   1,754 
                                        :                                               
United States 3/ ....................   :55,035  56,544  58,641   1,943   1,981   1,770 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State            :                     Production                      
              and             :-----------------------------------------------------
            variety           :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                    1,000 pounds                     
                              :                                                     
Washington                    :                                                     
Ahtanum TM, YCR 1 ..          :        696.2             736.0             490.8    
Amarillo R, VGXP01 .          :      3,539.9           3,107.8           2,300.4    
Apollo TM ..........          :      2,264.2           2,327.5           1,686.0    
Azacca TM, ADHA-483           :      1,360.1           1,437.7           1,102.5    
Bravo TM ...........          :        912.2             759.0             463.9    
Cascade ......................:      8,428.3           7,138.6           4,462.2    
Cashmere .....................:        296.2             526.7             678.3    
Centennial ...................:      5,285.5           5,516.4           4,008.2    
Chinook ......................:      3,251.3           2,790.7           1,969.7    
                              :                                                     
Citra R, HBC 394 ...          :      7,792.4           9,569.3          12,426.2    
Cluster ......................:      1,105.9             853.1             852.8    
Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus 1/ ....:      5,048.4           6,002.6          10,507.9    
Comet ........................:        381.5             275.3             287.8    
Crystal ......................:        268.7             131.3               (D)    
Ekuanot R, HBC 366 .          :      2,234.3           1,569.3           1,383.3    
El Dorado R ........          :        785.8           1,302.5           1,603.9    
Eureka! TM .........          :      1,208.2           1,354.9           1,084.4    
Galena .......................:        838.1             607.4             443.0    
Idaho 7 TM .........          :          (D)             131.2             592.0    
                              :                                                     
Jarrylo R, ADHA-881           :          (D)               (D)              24.3    
Loral R, HBC 291 ...          :        404.0             314.4             307.3    
Mosaic R, HBC 369 ..          :      4,542.1           5,810.8           7,422.6    
Mt. Hood .....................:        151.2              55.0              54.7    
Mt. Rainier ..................:        581.1             513.6             353.7    
Nugget .......................:        188.7             240.6               (D)    
Pahto TM, HBC 682 ..          :      3,591.7           5,057.4           4,458.0    
Palisade R, YCR 4 ..          :      1,257.1           1,202.0             520.0    
Pekko R, ADHA-871 ..          :        173.8               (D)             992.4    
Sabro TM , HBC 438 .          :         (NA)           1,167.1           2,159.5    
                              :                                                     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ...          :      5,095.1           6,020.2           5,280.6    
Sorachi Ace ..................:        152.1               (D)               (D)    
Summit TM ..........          :      2,874.1           1,946.8             701.4    
Super Galena TM ....          :      1,566.5           1,358.0           1,252.1    
Tahoma .......................:        448.7             450.3             281.1    
Warrior YCR 5 ................:          (D)               (D)             472.3    
Willamette ...................:        506.8             430.9             296.0    
Zeus 1/ ......................:      6,788.4           6,843.4              (NA)    
Experimental .................:        706.5             810.4             546.8    
                              :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ...........:      3,002.6           3,656.7           2,685.4    
                              :                                                     
Total ........................:     77,727.7          82,014.9          74,151.5    
                              :                                                     
United States 3/ ..........   :    106,906.7         112,041.2         103,810.3    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(NANot available.                                                                   
R Registered                                                                        
TM Trademark                                                                        
1/ Beginning in 2020, Zeus is included in Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus (C/T/Z).           
2/ Includes data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual operations and varieties
   not listed.                                                                      
3/ Includes 770 acres of organic hops for 2020 with yield equal to 1,090 pounds per 
   acre and production at 839,576 pounds.                                           

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: Grower surveys are conducted in the three estimating 
States to collect acreage, production, and price data from growers.

Estimating Procedures: Information obtained from the hops growers surveys are 
used to establish estimates of hops. These estimates are reviewed for errors, 
reasonableness, and consistency with historical estimates and industry check 
data.

Revision Policy: All hop estimates are subject to revision the following year 
based on a thorough review of all available data.

Reliability: Survey results are subject to non-sampling errors such as 
omission, duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in 
reporting, recording, and processing the data. These errors cannot be 
measured directly, but are minimized through rigid quality controls in the 
data collection process and a careful review of all reported data for 
consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch......................................................... (202) 720-2127

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section....................... (202) 720-2127
......................................................................................... Heidi 
Lanouette - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes................. (202) 720-4285
Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes......................................... (202) 720-3250
Anastasiya Osborne - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco....................................................... (202) 720-4288
Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Garlic, Grapefruit, Hazelnuts,
Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges............ (202) 720-5412
Dawn Smoker - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans................................. (202) 720-4215
Fleming Gibson - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons.................... (202) 720-2127

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information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.