Agricultural Prices
Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released December 30, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

November Prices Received Index Up 4.1 Percent 

The November Prices Received Index 2011 Base (Agricultural Production), at 
92.4, increased 4.1 percent from October and 2.2 percent from November 2019. 
At 91.1, the Crop Production Index is up 3.9 percent from last month and 
7.1 percent from November 2019. The Livestock Production Index, at 94.2, 
increased 4.0 percent from October, but decreased 3.0 percent from November 
2019. Producers received higher prices during November for broilers, 
soybeans, corn, and milk but lower prices for hogs, turkeys, market eggs, and 
oranges. In addition to prices, the volume change of commodities marketed 
also influences the indexes. In November, there was increased monthly 
movement for corn, milk, cattle, and cotton and decreased marketing of 
soybeans, grapes, wheat, and lettuce. 

November Prices Paid Index Up 0.7 Percent 

The November Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 111.9, is up 0.7 percent from October 2020 
and 1.2 percent from November 2019. Higher prices in November for complete 
feeds, feeder cattle, concentrates, and other services more than offset lower 
prices for other machinery, gasoline, tractors, and nitrogen.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :  November   :   October   :  November   
                Index Group               :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     90.4          88.8          92.4    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    110.6         111.1         111.9    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       81            80            82    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...........................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons...................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons..............  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020.......  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020...........  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons...........  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.........  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons....  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons.........  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons............. 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.......... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons........... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.......... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.................. 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons............ 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons........... 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons........ 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.................. 13
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons......... 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.............. 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons............. 14
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons................ 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.............. 15
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.... 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons............. 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: November 2020 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: November 2020 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons........... 17
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: November 2020........ 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: November 2019...................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: October 2020....................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: November 2020...................... 18
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.............. 19
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: October 2020 with Comparisons.............. 19
Parity Price Overview................................................................................ 20
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: November 2020 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 21
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.............................. 22
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities............................................................. 24
Prices Received for Hops - States and United States: 2018-2020....................................... 24
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates............................................................. 25
Prices Paid by Farmers............................................................................... 26
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons........ 27
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   November 2020 with Comparisons.................................................................... 28
Feed Price Ratios - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.................................... 29
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons.. 29
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons..................... 29
Prices Paid by Farmers and Ranchers for Beef Cattle Production....................................... 30
Prices Paid Index for Beef Cattle Production, 1964-1968 Base - United States: 2018-2020.............. 30
Prices Received for Beef Cattle - Selected Regions: 2018-2020........................................ 30
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates................................................................. 31
Information Contacts................................................................................. 32

November Prices Received by Farmers

Crop production: The November index, at 91.1, is 3.9 percent higher than 
October and 7.1 percent higher than November 2019. The grain & oilseed and 
vegetable & melon index increases more than offset the other crop and 
fruit & tree nut index decreases.

Grain and oilseed: The November index, at 71.6, is up 1.7 percent from 
October and 10 percent from November 2019. The feed grain, food grain, and 
oilseed indexes all increased.

Feed grain: The November index, at 64.0, increased 5.3 percent from last 
month and 4.6 percent from November 2019. The corn price, at $3.79 per 
bushel, is up 18 cents from last month and 11 cents from November 2019. 

Food grain: At 80.4, the index for November increased 5.0 percent from the 
previous month and 8.1 percent from November 2019. The November price for all 
wheat, at $5.24 per bushel, is 26 cents higher than October and 85 cents 
higher than November 2019. The November price for rice, at $13.40 per cwt, is 
20 cents higher than October but 20 cents lower than November 2019.

Oilseed: At 82.0, the index for November increased 6.5 percent from October 
and 19 percent from November 2019. The soybean price, at $10.30 per bushel, 
is 67 cents higher than October and $1.71 higher than November 2019.

Fruit and tree nut: The November index, at 141.1, is down 0.4 percent from 
October but up 10 percent from 
November 2019. Price decreases during November for oranges, grapefruit, and 
pears more than offset price increases for strawberries, lemons, and apples.

Vegetable and melon: At 154.1, the index for November increased 7.4 percent 
from the previous month and 6.7 percent from November 2019. Price increases 
during November for cauliflower, broccoli, and celery more than offset price 
declines for sweet corn, cantaloupes, and carrots.

Other crop: The November index, at 84.0, is down 4.0 percent from the 
previous month but up 2.2 percent from November 2019. The all hay price, at 
$156.00 per ton, is $2.00 lower than October and $3.00 lower than November 
2019. At 63.4 cents per pound, the price for upland cotton is 3.3 cents 
higher than October and 3.7 cents higher than 
November 2019.

Livestock production: The index for November, at 94.2, increased 4.0 percent 
from the previous month but decreased 3.0 percent from November 2019. Poultry 
& egg and dairy index increases more than offset the meat animal index 
decrease.

Meat animal: At 91.1, the November index decreased 0.8 percent from the 
previous month and 1.9 percent from a year earlier. At $51.90 per cwt, the 
November hog price is $4.40 lower than October but $3.90 higher than November 
2019. The November beef cattle price of $107.00 per cwt is $1.00 higher than 
the previous month but $6.00 lower than November 2019.

Dairy: The index for November, at 106.0, is up 5.5 percent from the previous 
month and 1.0 percent from 
November 2019. The November all milk price of $21.30 per cwt is $1.10 higher 
than October and 20 cents higher than November 2019. 

Poultry and egg: At 91.2, the November index increased 12 percent from 
October but decreased 7.9 percent from November 2019. The November broiler 
price, at 39.1 cents per pound, is 7.6 cents higher than October but 
1.2 cents lower than November 2019. The November market egg price, at 
72.4 cents per dozen, is 2.6 cents lower than October and 38.6 cents lower 
than November 2019. At 73.4 cents per pound, the November turkey price is 
5.0 cents lower than the previous month but 6.3 cents higher than November 
2019.

Food Commodities: The index, at 100.1, increased 6.4 percent from the 
previous month and 2.8 percent from November 2019.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : November  :  October  : November  
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    90.4        88.8        92.4   
  Crop production ..............:    85.1        87.7        91.1   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    65.0        70.4        71.6   
      Feed grain ...............:    61.2        60.8        64.0   
      Food grain ...............:    74.4        76.6        80.4   
      Oilseed ..................:    68.7        77.0        82.0   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   128.0       141.7       141.1   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   144.4       143.5       154.1   
    Other crop .................:    82.2        87.5        84.0   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    97.1        90.6        94.2   
    Meat animal ................:    92.9        91.8        91.1   
      Cattle ...................:    99.7        94.1        95.3   
      Hog ......................:    72.2        84.7        78.0   
    Dairy ......................:   105.0       100.5       106.0   
    Poultry and egg ............:    99.0        81.4        91.2   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    97.4        94.1       100.1   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
November 2020 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : November  :  October  : November  
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    933         917         954    
  Crop production ..............:    742         765         794    
  Livestock production .........:   1128        1052        1094    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent      -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.4    89.0    78.7    82.6     97.8   98.5    92.9     96.5 
February ......: 90.3    90.6    85.1    86.4     95.2   94.7    94.3     95.0 
March .........: 93.3    93.4    87.8    89.0     98.1   97.4    98.0     98.9 
April .........: 93.7    85.1    85.8    92.8    100.5   78.4    97.7     88.2 
May ...........: 92.6    88.3    85.0    94.9     99.1   82.6    96.1     92.5 
June ..........: 93.7    89.2    89.9    91.8     97.3   86.7    96.7     93.7 
July ..........: 91.3    87.4    89.2    89.9     93.7   84.5    93.4     91.3 
August ........: 91.5    88.2    89.2    92.5     93.7   83.9    94.1     91.9 
September .....: 88.0    89.0    88.5    93.7     87.3   84.1    89.9     92.6 
October .......: 86.0    88.8    83.1    87.7     90.6   90.6    89.3     94.1 
November ......: 90.4    92.4    85.1    91.1     97.1   94.2    97.4    100.1 
December ......: 91.2            86.1             97.1           96.9          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 110.5   111.4   107.4   107.6   111.6   112.0   109.3   110.7 
February ......: 110.6   111.1   107.5   107.1   111.8   112.0   109.4   110.1 
March .........: 110.7   110.1   107.6   105.9   111.6   111.5   109.8   108.7 
April .........: 111.3   108.9   108.4   104.5   111.6   111.1   110.9   106.7 
May ...........: 110.9   109.0   107.8   104.7   111.7   111.2   109.9   106.7 
June ..........: 110.4   109.2   107.2   104.9   111.8   111.6   108.9   106.8 
July ..........: 110.6   109.7   107.3   105.4   112.1   111.8   109.1   107.5 
August ........: 109.9   109.9   106.2   105.6   111.4   111.8   108.2   107.9 
September .....: 109.6   110.3   105.8   106.1   111.0   111.9   108.0   108.6 
October .......: 110.4   111.1   106.7   107.2   111.6   112.3   109.0   109.9 
November ......: 110.6   111.9   107.1   108.3   111.7   112.5   109.4   111.3 
December ......: 110.9           107.4           111.9           109.7         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for non-citrus fruit commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's
Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :November 2019 : October 2020 :November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.74           4.74           4.78   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            2.81           3.28           3.32   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.84           4.97           5.00   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           28.50          29.10          29.70   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           14.30          16.20          18.10   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           16.50          19.40          19.00   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           15.40          20.80          20.70   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           17.90          17.60          16.30   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.68           3.61           3.79   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.597          0.601          0.634   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00          162.00         189.00         199.00   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20            8.70           9.76          10.70   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          159.00         158.00         156.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          169.00         171.00         167.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          140.00         132.00         136.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           15.00          18.10          18.20   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.95           2.73           3.02   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.192          0.209          0.212   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60            9.52           9.05           9.09   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           13.60          13.20          13.40   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           11.60          12.20          12.10   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           18.30          17.70          16.70   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            5.67           7.99           8.61   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            8.59           9.63          10.30   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           17.70          19.10          18.90   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            4.39           4.98           5.24   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            4.35           4.97           5.34   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            4.17           5.65           5.82   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            4.53           4.90           5.02   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            4.03           4.77           5.22   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            5.29           5.58           6.03   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            4.48           4.88           4.98   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            5.42           5.21           5.38   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47           15.86          22.81          21.38   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           29.70          24.74          25.45   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16           15.18          23.80          18.83   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh 1/                     :                                                           
  Apples ....................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.333          0.691          0.697   
  Grapes ......................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,500.00       2,010.00       2,020.00   
  Peaches .....................dollars/ton:    507.00             (S)            (S)            (S)   
  Pears .......................dollars/ton:    559.00          678.00       1,400.00       1,340.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00          115.00         208.00         231.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                          
1/  Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                  

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for vegetables, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :November 2019 : October 2020 :November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50           (S)             (S)           (S)    
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00         99.10           78.40         77.70    
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60         57.50           64.50        106.00    
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50         24.30           26.30         22.60    
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80         29.70           45.10         42.30    
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00         92.20           45.80         95.90    
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         35.60           36.90         49.80    
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70         34.30           61.20         35.60    
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70         31.10           25.00         31.80    
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30         65.30           48.60         58.30    
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90         10.90           20.00         20.50    
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30         13.90           11.20         10.90    
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20         54.40           86.50         82.60    
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00        158.00          156.00        162.00    
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00        113.00          106.00        107.00    
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60         57.70           60.00         59.30    
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00        115.00          108.00        109.00    
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00          (NA)        1,340.00          (NA)    
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50         48.00           56.30         51.90    
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80         48.20           57.30         52.30    
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90         41.90           29.90         41.80    
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10         21.10           20.20         21.30    
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71          4.07            4.02          4.09    
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459         0.403           0.315         0.391    
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.969          1.28           0.994         0.969    
  Market 7/ .................dollars/dozen:      0.796          1.11           0.750         0.724    
 Turkeys, live 8/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680         0.671           0.784         0.734    
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          1.07            1.07         0.816    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101           120              93           119    
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20         19.60           19.20         19.80    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100           107             105           107    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
8/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.65        5.28        4.88        3.29        3.56        3.79        9.30        8.64         8.84   
February ...:   4.92        5.33        4.88        3.38        3.60        3.78        9.50        8.52         8.60   
March ......:   5.10        5.19        4.86        3.51        3.61        3.68        9.81        8.52         8.47   
April ......:   5.28        4.93        4.85        3.58        3.53        3.29        9.85        8.28         8.35   
May ........:   5.39        4.78        4.76        3.68        3.63        3.20        9.84        8.02         8.28   
June .......:   5.19        4.81        4.56        3.58        3.98        3.16        9.55        8.31         8.34   
July .......:   5.00        4.52        4.54        3.47        4.16        3.21        9.08        8.38         8.50   
August .....:   5.31        4.34        4.55        3.36        3.93        3.12        8.59        8.22         8.66   
September ..:   5.15        4.26        4.73        3.40        3.80        3.40        8.78        8.35         9.24   
October ....:   5.22        4.45        4.98        3.42        3.85        3.61        8.59        8.60         9.63   
November ...:   5.23        4.39        5.24        3.41        3.68        3.79        8.36        8.59        10.30   
December ...:   5.28        4.64                    3.54        3.71                    8.56        8.70                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  120.00      121.00      122.00       52.50       44.60       47.80   
February .:  125.00      123.00      120.00       54.60       43.40       45.50   
March ....:  125.00      126.00      113.00       50.00       46.50       47.70   
April ....:  119.00      125.00      108.00       45.30       59.40       42.30   
May ......:  120.00      120.00      109.00       51.50       62.30       51.00   
June .....:  112.00      114.00      109.00       59.10       59.50       41.30   
July .....:  110.00      112.00       97.10       58.60       56.60       39.90   
August ...:  110.00      111.00      103.00       44.30       58.50       42.90   
September :  108.00      103.00      104.00       43.20       47.70       49.70   
October ..:  110.00      107.00      106.00       50.30       49.10       56.30   
November .:  113.00      113.00      107.00       46.20       48.00       51.90   
December .:  117.00      118.00                   43.40       47.30               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.65                4.75                4.98       
Idaho ..............:        5.04                4.85                5.08       
Illinois ...........:        5.41                5.27                 (D)       
Indiana ............:        5.27                5.78                5.94       
Kansas .............:        3.85                5.01                5.23       
Michigan ...........:        5.19                5.51                5.70       
Minnesota ..........:        4.41                4.96                4.82       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        5.32                5.76                6.58       
Montana ............:        4.56                4.31                5.17       
Nebraska ...........:        3.70                4.67                5.18       
North Carolina .....:        5.40                5.47                5.70       
North Dakota .......:        4.15                4.96                5.09       
Ohio ...............:        5.29                5.83                5.70       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.05                5.01                5.18       
Oregon .............:        5.66                5.84                6.06       
South Dakota .......:        4.41                4.89                4.93       
Texas ..............:        3.84                5.17                5.28       
Washington .........:        5.49                5.52                5.47       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.39                4.98                5.24       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.65                4.75                4.98       
Idaho ..............:        5.04                4.83                5.07       
Illinois ...........:        5.41                5.27                 (D)       
Indiana ............:        5.27                5.78                5.94       
Kansas .............:        3.85                5.01                5.23       
Michigan ...........:        5.19                5.51                5.70       
Missouri ...........:        5.32                5.76                6.58       
Montana ............:        4.40                3.76                5.22       
                    :                                                           
Nebraska ...........:        3.70                4.67                5.18       
North Carolina .....:        5.40                5.47                5.70       
North Dakota .......:        3.68                3.99                4.09       
Ohio ...............:        5.29                5.83                5.70       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.05                5.01                5.18       
Oregon .............:        5.66                5.84                6.06       
South Dakota .......:        4.20                4.88                4.98       
Texas ..............:        3.84                5.17                5.28       
Washington .........:        5.46                5.49                5.46       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.35                4.97                5.34       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.50                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        3.82                5.71                5.89       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.17                5.65                5.82       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Idaho ..............:       5.05                4.90                5.10        
Minnesota ..........:       4.41                4.96                4.82        
Montana ............:       4.75                4.73                5.05        
North Dakota .......:       4.25                4.81                4.96        
South Dakota .......:       4.66                4.89                4.83        
Washington .........:       5.70                5.68                5.55        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       4.53                4.90                5.02        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Iowa ...............:        3.73                2.81                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:        3.68                3.07                3.38       
Minnesota ..........:        2.50                2.30                2.60       
Montana ............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.50                2.37                2.35       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        4.46                3.77                 (D)       
South Dakota .......:        2.92                2.57                2.57       
Texas ..............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.45                2.43                2.37       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.95                2.73                3.02       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                5.03                5.11       
Idaho ..............:        4.96                4.90                4.94       
Minnesota ..........:        4.47                4.26                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.38                4.49                4.52       
North Dakota .......:        4.65                4.28                4.61       
Washington .........:        4.65                5.21                5.06       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.74                4.74                4.78       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        2.79                3.42                3.46       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                3.51                 (S)       
Montana ............:        2.47                3.28                2.62       
North Dakota .......:        2.78                3.15                3.33       
Washington .........:        2.79                3.21                3.13       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.81                3.28                3.32       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)                5.11       
Idaho ..............:        5.08                5.08                5.05       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.40                4.73                4.74       
North Dakota .......:        4.73                4.46                4.98       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.84                4.97                5.00       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :  November 2019   :   October 2020   :  November 2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Colorado ...............:       3.84               4.18               4.04       
Illinois ...............:       3.66               3.63               3.75       
Indiana ................:       3.92               3.73               3.82       
Iowa ...................:       3.64               3.61               3.82       
Kansas .................:       3.58               3.75               3.99       
Kentucky ...............:       3.96               3.70               4.19       
Michigan ...............:       3.87               3.67               3.76       
Minnesota ..............:       3.48               3.36               3.58       
Missouri ...............:       3.77               3.63               3.81       
Nebraska ...............:       3.64               3.57               3.76       
                        :                                                        
North Carolina .........:       4.33               4.32               4.63       
North Dakota ...........:       3.40               3.33               3.56       
Ohio ...................:       4.06               3.78               3.91       
Pennsylvania ...........:       4.27               4.21               4.60       
South Dakota ...........:       3.57               3.37               3.54       
Tennessee ..............:       3.87               3.95               4.31       
Texas ..................:       4.28               4.11               4.25       
Wisconsin ..............:       3.52               3.37               3.57       
                        :                                                        
United States ..........:       3.68               3.61               3.79       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:       5.59                7.99                8.60        
Nebraska ...........:       5.58                7.64                7.91        
Oklahoma ...........:       6.00                8.59                9.11        
Texas ..............:       6.28                8.17                8.81        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       5.67                7.99                8.61        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       9.00                 9.98               10.30       
Illinois ...........:       8.96                 9.93               10.10       
Indiana ............:       8.94                 9.81               10.30       
Iowa ...............:       8.50                 9.59               10.30       
Kansas .............:       8.24                 9.53               10.40       
Kentucky ...........:       9.06                 9.69               10.20       
Louisiana ..........:       8.85                10.10               10.40       
Michigan ...........:       8.68                 9.92               10.80       
Minnesota ..........:       8.49                 9.48                9.91       
Mississippi ........:       8.91                 9.79               10.00       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:       8.75                 9.71               10.30       
Nebraska ...........:       8.17                 9.45               10.10       
North Carolina .....:       8.52                 9.80               10.30       
North Dakota .......:       8.01                 9.15                9.68       
Ohio ...............:       9.13                 9.98               10.70       
South Dakota .......:       8.30                 9.31                9.78       
Tennessee ..........:       9.05                 9.85               10.60       
Wisconsin ..........:       8.39                 9.45               10.40       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.59                 9.63               10.30       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       53.30                 (D)               63.90       
Colorado ...........:       34.90                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:       32.00               29.50               27.80       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)               37.40               32.30       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       25.00               23.90               26.70       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       28.50               29.10               29.70       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)               16.90                 (D)       
Montana ............:       13.60               14.40               16.90       
North Dakota .......:       14.30               16.30               18.20       
Oklahoma ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       14.30               16.20               18.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       8.70                9.76                10.70       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.70                9.76                10.70       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States:
November 2020 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:       0.155               0.204               0.196       
Arkansas ...........:       0.191               0.195               0.195       
Florida ............:       0.197               0.201               0.213       
Georgia ............:       0.181               0.202               0.200       
Mississippi ........:       0.184               0.201               0.195       
New Mexico .........:       0.511               0.319               0.573       
North Carolina .....:       0.224               0.225               0.215       
Oklahoma ...........:       0.260               0.232               0.235       
South Carolina .....:       0.193               0.208               0.209       
Texas ..............:       0.305               0.305               0.288       
Virginia ...........:       0.206               0.220               0.218       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       0.192               0.209               0.212       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:       16.90                 (D)               22.90       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       17.80               19.70               19.10       
South Dakota .......:       17.50               17.80               17.10       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.70               19.10               18.90       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  November   :   October   :  November   :  November   :   October   :  November   
                    :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------       --------- dollars per ton --------    
                    :                                                                                   
Alabama ............:     0.685           (D)         0.608        121.00       139.00        141.00    
Arizona ............:       (D)           (D)           (D)        223.00       300.00        245.00    
Arkansas ...........:     0.599         0.638         0.660        176.00       190.00        202.00    
California .........:       (D)           (S)           (S)          (NA)       335.00        340.00    
Georgia ............:     0.631           (D)         0.697        115.00       148.00        151.00    
Louisiana ..........:     0.665         0.639         0.637        155.00       200.00        175.00    
Mississippi ........:     0.572           (D)         0.623        160.00       210.00        228.00    
North Carolina .....:     0.584           (D)         0.651        141.00       171.00        192.00    
Tennessee ..........:     0.650         0.666           (D)        158.00       182.00        251.00    
Texas ..............:     0.581         0.583         0.618        172.00       180.00        197.00    
                    :                                                                                   
United States ......:     0.597         0.601         0.634        162.00       189.00        199.00    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                       
(NA) Not available.                                                                                     
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                           

Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item               :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   :                                                           
Cotton, Upland                     :                                                           
  Average price ......dollars/pound:       0.597               0.601               0.634       
  Marketings 1/ ........1,000 bales:       2,174               1,107               2,198       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, all                          :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       13.60               13.20               13.40       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:      12,357              16,089              14,904       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, long                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       11.60               12.20               12.10       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       8,603              13,030              10,759       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, medium and short             :                                                           
California                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       20.80               19.50               18.40       
                                   :                                                           
Other States 3/                    :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       11.50               12.60               12.60       
                                   :                                                           
United States                      :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       18.30               17.70               16.70       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       3,754               3,059               4,145       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States - Alabama,      
   Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee,  
   and Texas.                                                                                  
2/ Purchases by private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives.             
3/ Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.                 

Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :            All hay             :          Alfalfa hay           :           Other hay            
         State        :--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      : November : October  : November : November : October  : November : November : October  : November 
                      :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   :   2020   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                                         dollars per ton                                          
                      :                                                                                                  
Arizona ..............:  191.00     175.00     180.00     190.00     175.00     180.00     200.00     185.00     185.00  
California ...........:  191.00     178.00     180.00     205.00     185.00     190.00     145.00     150.00     145.00  
Colorado .............:  234.00     201.00     191.00     235.00     200.00     190.00     230.00     215.00     205.00  
Idaho ................:  159.00     153.00     162.00     160.00     155.00     165.00     150.00     140.00     135.00  
Illinois .............:  165.00     156.00     155.00     180.00     175.00     170.00     125.00     120.00     115.00  
Iowa .................:  145.00     111.00     118.00     152.00     123.00     122.00      99.00      94.00     100.00  
Kansas ...............:  117.00     122.00     127.00     127.00     140.00     144.00      92.00      92.00      94.00  
Kentucky .............:  141.00     155.00     155.00     205.00     215.00     215.00     125.00     140.00     140.00  
Michigan .............:  163.00     167.00     170.00     185.00     180.00     185.00     140.00     145.00     145.00  
Minnesota ............:  161.00     112.00     110.00     178.00     131.00     131.00     130.00      89.00      88.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
Missouri .............:  118.00     114.00     112.00     150.00     155.00     155.00     110.00     105.00     100.00  
Montana ..............:  142.00     128.00     128.00     140.00     130.00     130.00     150.00     120.00     115.00  
Nebraska .............:  100.00     102.00     100.00     106.00     108.00     107.00      84.00      88.00      82.00  
Nevada ...............:  174.00     185.00     185.00     175.00     185.00     185.00     165.00     190.00     180.00  
New Mexico ...........:  216.00     216.00     216.00     220.00     225.00     225.00     190.00     170.00     170.00  
New York .............:  177.00     150.00     171.00     209.00     190.00     195.00     175.00     140.00     165.00  
North Dakota .........:   86.00      79.00      79.00      88.00      83.00      80.00      62.00      72.00      68.00  
Ohio .................:  145.00     161.00     165.00     205.00     195.00     200.00     135.00     135.00     140.00  
Oklahoma .............:   97.00     102.00     121.00     155.00     174.00     171.00      87.00      91.00     111.00  
Oregon ...............:  199.00     203.00     198.00     195.00     210.00     210.00     205.00     180.00     175.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
Pennsylvania .........:  200.00     176.00     199.00     235.00     245.00     250.00     195.00     157.00     185.00  
South Dakota .........:  108.00     101.00     105.00     115.00     109.00     117.00      87.00      84.00      82.00  
Texas ................:  138.00     150.00     151.00     202.00     193.00     204.00     129.00     140.00     142.00  
Utah .................:  184.00     184.00     194.00     185.00     185.00     195.00     145.00     125.00     125.00  
Washington ...........:  194.00     196.00     190.00     200.00     190.00     190.00     180.00     210.00     190.00  
Wisconsin ............:  223.00     158.00     186.00     232.00     170.00     196.00     186.00     132.00     147.00  
Wyoming ..............:  182.00     169.00     170.00     185.00     170.00     170.00     160.00     165.00     170.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
United States ........:  159.00     158.00     156.00     169.00     171.00     167.00     140.00     132.00     136.00  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total:
November 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2019   :   October 2020    :   November 2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per ton                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:      225.00              215.00              220.00       
Idaho ..............:      180.00              170.00              180.00       
Michigan ...........:      205.00              210.00              215.00       
Minnesota ..........:      268.00              173.00              189.00       
New York ...........:      245.00              239.00              239.00       
Pennsylvania .......:      300.00              270.00              270.00       
Texas ..............:      225.00              217.00              219.00       
Wisconsin ..........:      294.00              187.00              209.00       
                    :                                                           
5-State Total 1/ 2/ :      209.00              194.00              200.00       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ 5-State total represents a weighted (hay purchases) average price for the    
   five largest milk producing States (based on the pounds of milk produced     
   during the previous month).                                                  
2/ For November 2019, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas, and          
   Wisconsin. For October 2020, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas, and
   Wisconsin. For November 2020, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas,   
   and Wisconsin.                                                               

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: November 2019
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity              :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
                                     :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit ..........................:    33.50         18.17         23.14          3.96         15.86         20.87          1.51    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons ..............................:    52.30         36.28         41.83           (D)         29.70         35.05           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges .............................:    31.90         18.08         21.35           (D)         15.18         18.47           (D)    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: October 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity              :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
                                     :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit ..........................:    39.60         25.40         28.35          6.28         22.81         25.86          3.11    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons ..............................:    46.90         31.46         36.30           (D)         24.74         29.38           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges .............................:    42.90         26.73         31.88           (D)         23.80         28.97           (D)    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: November 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity              :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
                                     :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit ..........................:    40.60         23.96         29.20          6.62         21.38         26.73          3.68    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons ..............................:    47.60         32.17         36.96           (D)         25.45         30.04           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges .............................:    37.90         21.78         27.08          3.19         18.83         24.16          0.14    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       

Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes
hauling subsidies]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :      November 2019      :      October 2020       :       November 2020       
        State       :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     : Fat test  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt   percent  
                    :                                                                               
Arizona ............:     19.40        3.84         15.70        3.74         16.70         3.81    
California .........:     19.50        3.95         21.20        3.90         23.00         4.01    
Colorado ...........:     20.30        3.99         17.00        3.92         17.80         3.99    
Florida ............:     23.10        3.76         20.10        3.75         22.20         3.74    
Georgia ............:     21.50        3.81         19.30        3.70         21.00         3.75    
Idaho ..............:     21.70        4.13         21.70        4.13         21.20         4.29    
Illinois ...........:     21.60        4.11         19.20        4.00         20.70         4.07    
Indiana ............:     20.30        3.98         17.70        3.99         19.40         4.07    
Iowa ...............:     23.30        4.15         22.50        4.13         23.30         4.21    
Kansas .............:     20.20        4.14         18.80        4.09         19.60         4.12    
                    :                                                                               
Michigan ...........:     19.20        3.99         16.90        3.93         18.50         3.98    
Minnesota ..........:     23.20        4.22         23.30        4.20         24.00         4.28    
New Mexico .........:     19.90        4.02         18.10        3.87         19.10         3.92    
New York ...........:     20.50        4.02         18.80        3.99         20.00         4.05    
Ohio ...............:     20.70        4.08         18.80        3.97         20.00         4.02    
Oregon .............:     24.60        4.20         23.80        4.13         25.90         4.27    
Pennsylvania .......:     21.10        4.02         18.80        4.01         20.20         4.05    
South Dakota .......:     24.10        4.44         24.50        4.41         24.90         4.50    
Texas ..............:     22.10        4.41         19.90        4.25         21.00         4.33    
Utah ...............:     21.70        4.12         18.90        4.05         21.40         4.11    
                    :                                                                               
Vermont ............:     20.90        4.04         19.20        4.02         20.50         4.08    
Virginia ...........:     21.20        3.98         19.50        3.94         21.10         3.96    
Washington .........:     20.70        4.20         18.40        4.13         19.80         4.27    
Wisconsin ..........:     22.50        4.05         21.50        4.05         22.70         4.06    
                    :                                                                               
United States ......:     21.10        4.07         20.20        4.02         21.30         4.09    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: October 2020
with Comparisons
[Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Quarterly United States milk cow
prices are based on revised milk cow inventory]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   October 2019    :     July 2020     :   October 2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per head                      
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:       1,450               1,450               1,450       
California .........:       1,400               1,350               1,350       
Colorado ...........:       1,300               1,250               1,350       
Florida ............:       1,280               1,360               1,440       
Georgia ............:       1,300               1,270               1,300       
Idaho ..............:       1,350               1,350               1,350       
Illinois ...........:       1,200               1,310               1,310       
Indiana ............:       1,250               1,220               1,260       
Iowa ...............:       1,280               1,260               1,290       
Kansas .............:       1,300               1,400               1,420       
                    :                                                           
Michigan ...........:       1,320               1,320               1,360       
Minnesota ..........:       1,160               1,160               1,240       
New Mexico .........:       1,400               1,400               1,400       
New York ...........:       1,260               1,230               1,240       
Ohio ...............:       1,120               1,170               1,220       
Oregon .............:       1,350               1,250               1,300       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,190               1,250               1,270       
South Dakota .......:       1,250               1,250               1,300       
Texas ..............:       1,350               1,350               1,400       
Utah ...............:       1,250               1,200               1,250       
                    :                                                           
Vermont ............:       1,300               1,260               1,270       
Virginia ...........:       1,120               1,190               1,270       
Washington .........:       1,350               1,300               1,350       
Wisconsin ..........:       1,270               1,350               1,420       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       1,310               1,310               1,340       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                
Parity Price Overview

Parity prices, based on data from January 2020, and adjusted base price data 
from which parity prices are computed are presented in the tables on the 
following pages. Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title 
III. Subtitle A, Section 301(a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as 
amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, 1954, and 1956.

The parity prices shown in this report are based on the provisions of the 
amended Act. Briefly, the actual method of computation is as follows:

a. The average of prices received by farmers for individual commodities for 
the 10 preceding years is calculated (for 2020, the 10-average includes the 
years 2010-2019). An allowance for unredeemed loans and other supplemental 
payments resulting from price support programs, such as the deficiency 
payments for grains and cotton, is included for those commodities for which 
applicable.

b. This 10-year average is divided by the average of the Index of Prices 
Received by Farmers for the same 10 preceding calendar years, adjusted to 
include an allowance for unredeemed loans and other supplemental price 
support operations, to give an "adjusted base price".

c. Parity prices are computed by multiplying the "adjusted base prices" by 
the current Parity Index (the Index of Prices Paid by Farmers, including 
Interest, Taxes, and Wage Rates, 1910-1914=100).

Parity prices are calculated in terms of prices received by farmers in the 
local markets in which they ordinarily sell. This means that the parity 
prices apply to the average of all classes and grades of the commodity as 
sold by all farmers in the United States, except as otherwise specified. 
Fruits and vegetables for fresh use and for processing are usually considered 
separate commodities and separate parity prices are calculated. The 
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 provided for parity prices for 
certain commodities covered by a marketing agreement or order program. Under 
present legislation, United States parity prices, with appropriate 
adjustments where needed, may be used for the purpose of this Act.

Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity price
computations. Parity data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and
milk prices is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :        Parity price         :      Price as percent       
                              :Adjusted :         :                   :          of parity          
      Commodity and unit      :  base   :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :  price  :November : October :November :November : October :November 
                              :         :  2019   :  2020   :  2020   :  2019   :  2020   :  2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :  ------------- dollars -------------      ------- percent ------    
                              :                                                                     
Basic commodities             :                                                                     
  All wheat ............bushel:  0.558     17.10     16.80     16.90      26        30        31    
  Rice ....................cwt:   1.30     40.00     39.10     39.40      34        34        34    
  Corn .................bushel:  0.433     13.10     13.00     13.10      28        28        29    
  Cotton                      :                                                                     
    Upland ..............pound:  0.070      2.06      2.10      2.12      29        29        30    
    American Pima .......pound:  0.135      4.18      4.06      4.09      28        26        26    
  Peanuts ...............pound:  0.023     0.687     0.691     0.696      28        30        30    
  Small chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   2.40     72.30     72.10     72.70      25        24        22    
  Large chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   3.11     97.40     93.50     94.20      16        22        22    
  Lentils 1/ ..............cwt:   2.39     76.20     71.80     72.40      20        25        25    
                              :                                                                     
Designated non-basic          :                                                                     
  All milk, to plants 2/ ..cwt:   1.79     52.60     53.80     54.20      37        36        37    
  Honey, extracted 3/ ...pound:  0.191      5.56      5.74      5.78      40        34        34    
                              :                                                                     
Wool and mohair               :                                                                     
  Wool ..................pound:  0.148      4.18      4.45      4.48      42        42        42    
  Mohair ................pound:  0.457     12.70     13.70     13.80      41        46        46    
                              :                                                                     
Other non-basic               :                                                                     
  Apples, fresh 4/ ......pound:  0.036     1.050     1.080     1.090      32        64        64    
  Barley ...............bushel:  0.495     15.00     14.90     15.00      32        32        32    
  Canola ..................cwt:   1.81     55.90     54.40     54.80      26        30        33    
  Cottonseed ..............ton:  19.30    582.00    580.00    584.00      28        33        34    
  Dry edible beans ........cwt:   3.10     95.30     93.20     93.90      30        31        32    
  Flaxseed .............bushel:   1.09     32.60     32.80     33.00      27        30        32    
  Oats .................bushel:  0.290      8.60      8.72      8.78      34        31        34    
  Potatoes, fresh .........cwt:   1.06     32.00     31.90     32.10      43        35        34    
  Sorghum grain ...........cwt:  0.735     22.20     22.10     22.30      26        36        39    
  Soybeans .............bushel:   1.06     32.60     31.90     32.10      26        30        32    
  Sunflower, all ..........cwt:   2.07     62.70     62.20     62.70      28        31        30    
                              :                                                                     
 Citrus (equivalent on-tree)  :                                                                     
  Grapefruit ..............box:  0.905     25.00     27.20     27.40      63        84        78    
  Lemons ..................box:   1.98     55.90     59.50     60.00      53        42        42    
  Oranges .................box:  1.050     30.20     31.60     31.80      50        75        59    
                              :                                                                     
 Livestock and poultry        :                                                                     
  Beef cattle .............cwt:  11.90    349.00    358.00    360.00      32        30        30    
  Broilers ..............pound:  0.052      1.55      1.56      1.57      26        20        25    
  Calves ..................cwt:  17.30    508.00    520.00    524.00      31        30        31    
  Eggs 2/ ...............dozen:  0.101      3.05      3.04      3.06      35        35        27    
  Hogs ....................cwt:   5.71    170.00    172.00    173.00      28        33        30    
  Turkeys, live .........pound:  0.066     1.970     1.980     2.000      34        40        37    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Parity prices began January 2015.                                                                
2/ Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price.                                         
3/ Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by   
   production. For 1982 through 1985 the national averages are the support prices.                  
4/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at  
   point of first sale for other states.                                                            

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :             :              Parity price               
                                          :  Adjusted   :             :             :             
            Commodity and unit            :    base     :-----------------------------------------
                                          :    price    :  November   :   October   :  November   
                                          :             :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                        dollars                        
                                          :                                                       
Field crops and miscellaneous             :                                                       
  Hops ..............................pound:    0.422          12.10         12.70         12.80   
  Mustard seed ........................cwt:     3.07          94.10         92.30         93.00   
  Rapeseed ............................cwt:     2.55          78.90         76.70         77.20   
  Rye ..............................bushel:    0.631          18.80         19.00         19.10   
  Safflower ...........................cwt:     2.19          65.40         65.80         66.30   
  Spearmint oil .....................pound:     1.74          52.30         52.30         52.70   
  Sweet potatoes ......................cwt:     2.01          61.50         60.40         60.90   
                                          :                                                       
  Tobacco                                 :                                                       
    Flue-cured, 11-14 ...............pound:    0.185           5.59          5.56          5.60   
    Fire-cured, 21-23 ...............pound:    0.256           7.68          7.70          7.75   
    Burley, 31 ......................pound:    0.183           5.50          5.50          5.54   
    Maryland, 32 ....................pound:    0.174           5.17          5.23          5.27   
    Dark air-cured, 35-37 ...........pound:    0.228           6.84          6.85          6.90   
    Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 .......pound:    0.214           6.00          6.43          6.48   
                                          :                                                       
Non-citrus fruit                          :                                                       
  Apples, processing 1/ 2/ ............ton:    20.80         606.00        625.00        630.00   
  Apricots, fresh 3/ ..................ton:   127.00       3,820.00      3,820.00      3,850.00   
  Avocados 2/ 3/ ......................ton:   194.00       5,910.00      5,830.00      5,870.00   
  Cherries                                :                                                       
    Sweet .............................ton:   212.00       6,270.00      6,370.00      6,420.00   
    Tart 2/ .........................pound:    0.029          0.896         0.872         0.878   
  Cranberry 2/ 4/ ..................barrel:     3.38         106.00        102.00        102.00   
  Dates (California) 3/ ...............ton:   206.00       5,500.00      6,190.00      6,240.00   
                                          :                                                       
  Grapes (California)                     :                                                       
    Wine, processing ..................ton:    78.50       2,270.00      2,360.00      2,380.00   
  Kiwifruit 2/ ........................ton:   117.00       3,140.00      3,520.00      3,540.00   
  Nectarines, fresh (California) 3/ ...ton:    81.10       2,340.00      2,440.00      2,460.00   
  Olives, canning (California) 4/ .....ton:   112.00       3,320.00      3,370.00      3,390.00   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                       --continued

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons (continued)
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and
1956. See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :         :                Parity price                
                                         :Adjusted :              :              :              
            Commodity and unit           :  base   :--------------------------------------------
                                         :  price  :   November   :   October    :   November   
                                         :         :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                       dollars                        
                                         :                                                      
Non-citrus fruit - continued             :                                                      
  Papayas (Hawaii) .................pound:  0.042          1.34           1.26           1.27   
  Peaches, fresh 4/ 6/ ...............ton: 106.00      3,080.00       3,190.00       3,210.00   
  Pears, fresh 6/ ....................ton:  63.00      1,910.00       1,890.00       1,910.00   
  Plums (California) equivalent on-tree .:  80.40      2,230.00       2,420.00       2,430.00   
    Fresh 7/ .........................ton: 176.00      5,320.00       5,290.00       5,330.00   
  Strawberries                           :                                                      
    Fresh 10/ ......................pound:  10.20        293.00         307.00         309.00   
    Processing .....................pound:   3.91        112.00         118.00         118.00   
                                         :                                                      
  Sugar crops                            :                                                      
    Sugarbeets 2/ 8/ .................ton:   4.91        152.00         148.00         149.00   
    Sugarcane 2/ 8/ ..................ton:   3.49        105.00         105.00         106.00   
                                         :                                                      
Tree nuts 9/                             :                                                      
  Almonds ..........................pound:  0.258          7.56           7.76           7.81   
  Hazelnuts ..........................ton: 237.00      7,080.00       7,120.00       7,180.00   
  Pistachios .......................pound:  0.250          7.29           7.52           7.57   
  Walnuts ............................ton: 237.00      7,050.00       7,120.00       7,180.00   
                                         :                                                      
Vegetables, fresh 10/                    :                                                      
  Carrots 11/ ........................cwt:   2.64         84.20          79.40          79.90   
  Cauliflower 11/ ....................cwt:   4.62        139.00         139.00         140.00   
  Celery 11/ .........................cwt:   2.13         61.20          64.00          64.50   
  Honeydew melons ....................cwt:   2.07         75.30          62.20          62.70   
  Lettuce ............................cwt:   2.74         75.30          82.40          83.00   
  Onions 11/ .........................cwt:   1.44         42.10          43.30          43.60   
  Tomatoes ...........................cwt:   4.05        120.00         122.00         123.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Equivalent returns at processing plant door.                                                
2/  Adjusted base price is carried forward from the previous year since current marketing year  
    average price is not yet available.                                                         
3/  Equivalent returns at packinghouse door.                                                    
4/  Equivalent returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point.                                  
5/  Dried basis.                                                                                
6/  Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except 
    peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states.                    
7/  Based on "as sold" prices for fresh fruit in all states.                                    
8/  Relates to prices including average conditional payments per ton made under the sugar acts  
    of 1937 and 1948. Crop deficiency and abandonment payments not included.                    
9/  Prices In-Shell basis except almonds which are shelled basis.                               
10/ FOB shipping point price.                                                                   
11/ Includes some processing.                                                                   

Marketing Year for Specified Commodities

Hops: September 1 to August 31 for all States. 

Prices Received for Hops - States and United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Idaho ..............:       5.30                5.25                5.80        
Oregon .............:       5.40                5.50                6.00        
Washington .........:       5.50                5.80                6.00        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       5.46                5.68                5.97        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reliability of Prices Received Estimates

Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. 
They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the 
survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give 
the total cash receipts for the commodity.

Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were 
obtained from probability samples of about 1,900 mills and elevators. These 
procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels 
has a chance of being included in the survey. Generally, States surveyed 
account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock 
prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market 
check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, and state 
commodity groups and agencies. Inter-farm sales of grain and livestock are 
not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. 
Grain marketed for seed is also excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are 
obtained from sample surveys and market check data from AMS-USDA, private 
marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities.

Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by 
strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state 
average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on 
expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the Regional Field Offices 
and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State 
recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other 
States, and recent historic estimates.

Revisions: In general, revisions are made during annual commodity market year 
estimation time, following five-year Census revisions, or when later 
information is received. Revisions are published in monthly issues of 
Agricultural Prices. 

Reliability: United States price estimates based on probability surveys 
generally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major 
commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods 
of summarization for non-probability commodities are not designed directly to 
calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the 
United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non-
sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain 
correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, 
mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step 
in the survey process to minimize these non-sampling errors.

Program Changes: After the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource 
Economics (C-FARE) 2009 program review which included changes in farm production 
practices, plans were implemented to make necessary program improvements in the 
agricultural price program. The index group structure for prices received was 
modified to maintain a more universal structure and consistency with the 
required 1910-1914 series.
 Modifications implemented January 2014 include the following: updated the 
current 1990-1992 base reference period to 2011; linked the 1910-1914 series to 
the updated base reference period, 2011; created index groups used universally 
by researchers, data users, and policymakers; and re-classified agricultural 
commodities into the index groups. Also, the modifications expanded the 
commodity coverage for vegetable, melon, non-citrus, and tree nuts; updated 
monthly market weights; and adjusted (normalized) current five year moving 
average cash receipts and farm input cost weights.
Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.
The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.
See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details.

November Prices Paid by Farmers

The November Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 111.9, is up 0.7 percent from October 2020 
and 1.2 percent from November 2019. 
 
Production: The November index, at 108.3, is up 1.0 percent from October and 
1.1 percent from last year. Higher prices for complete feeds, feeder cattle, 
concentrates, and other services more than offset lower prices for other 
machinery, gasoline, tractors, and nitrogen.

Feed: At 108.2, the November index increased 3.1 percent from October and 
5.4 percent from last November. Higher prices for complete feeds, 
concentrates, feed grains, and supplements more than offset lower prices 
for hay and forages.

Livestock and poultry: The November index, at 102.2, increased 
2.7 percent from October and unchanged from last year. Prices are higher 
for feeder cattle and feeder pigs. The November feeder cattle price, at 
$142.00 per cwt, is up $4.00 per cwt from October. The November feeder 
pigs price, at $120.00 per cwt, is up $9.00 per cwt from the previous 
month.

Fertilizer: The index for November, at 75.2, is up 1.8 percent from 
October and 7.7 percent above November a year ago. Since October, higher 
prices for mixed fertilizer and potash and phosphate more than offset 
lower prices for nitrogen.

Chemicals: The November index, at 99.9, is unchanged from October but up 
0.9 percent from last November.

Fuels: At 73.2, the November index is up 1.7 percent from October but 
down 8.5 percent from November 2019. Compared with October, prices are 
higher for LP gas and diesel but lower for gasoline.

Machinery: The index for November, at 124.0, decreased 0.6 percent from 
October but increased 1.3 percent from last November. Compared with last 
month, prices are lower for other machinery and tractors. 

Consumer Price Index: The November 2020 Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U), as issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, increased 
1.2 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 260.229 (1982-
1984=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.1 percent prior to seasonal 
adjustment.

Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :             1910-1914 Base              :                2011 Base                
           Index Group           :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               and               :  November   :   October   :  November   :  November   :   October   :  November   
              Ratios             :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                                      percent                                      
                                 :                                                                                   
Prices paid by farmers for       :                                                                                   
commodities, services,           :                                                                                   
interest, taxes, and wage        :                                                                                   
rates (PPITW) ...................:    2993          3006          3028          110.6         111.1         111.9    
  Production ....................:    2229          2231          2254          107.1         107.2         108.3    
    Feed ........................:    1132          1156          1192          102.7         104.9         108.2    
    Livestock and poultry .......:    2017          1964          2018          102.2          99.5         102.2    
    Seeds .......................:    3800          3723          3723          115.6         113.3         113.3    
    Fertilizer ..................:     840           889           905           69.8          73.9          75.2    
    Chemicals ...................:     889           897           897           99.0          99.9          99.9    
    Fuels .......................:    2239          2015          2046           80.0          72.0          73.2    
    Supplies and repairs ........:    1358          1381          1380          115.1         117.1         117.0    
                                 :                                                                                   
    Autos and trucks ............:    3230          3283          3286          105.1         106.8         106.9    
    Machinery ...................:    7477          7627          7575          122.4         124.8         124.0    
    Building materials ..........:    2742          2873          2861          117.9         123.5         123.0    
    Services and rent ...........:    2473          2482          2491           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
    Services ....................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          116.4         116.4         117.0    
    Rent ........................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          116.5         117.8         117.8    
                                 :                                                                                   
  Interest 1/ ...................:    4205          4307          4307          115.3         118.1         118.1    
  Taxes 2/ ......................:    7000          7095          7095          117.9         119.5         119.5    
  Wage rates ....................:    9612          9644          9644          134.2         134.7         134.7    
  Family living-CPI 3/ ..........:    2443          2474          2472          114.4         115.8         115.7    
                                 :                                                                                   
Production, interest, taxes, ....:                                                                                   
  and wage rates (PITW) .........:    3102          3111          3137          110.0         110.3         111.3    
                                 :                                                                                   
Ratio (received/paid) ...........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)             81            80            82    
Parity ratio 4/ .................:      31            31            32           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
Parity ratio adjusted 5/ ........:      33            32            33           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
PPITW adjusted for               :                                                                                   
  productivity 6/ ...............:    1691          1712          1715           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
                                 :                                                                                   
Crop sector (PPITW) .............:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          111.7         112.3         112.5    
Livestock sector (PPITW) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          109.4         109.9         111.3    
                                 :                                                                                   
Farm sector (production) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          105.1         104.7         107.2    
Non-farm sector (production) ....:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          108.2         108.7         109.0    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                  
1/   Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non-real estate debt.                      
2/   Farm real estate taxes payable per acre.                                                                        
3/   Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), converted by the USDA.        
4/   Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910-1914=100).                                                     
5/   Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 
     updated annually.                                                                                               
6/   PPITW is adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years.                                           

Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components -
United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :    Relative weights     :     Indexes (2011=100)      
                             :-------------------------------------------------------
         Index Group         :            :            :November : October :November 
                             :    2019    :    2020    :  2019   :  2020   :  2020   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :                        percent                        
                             :                                                       
Production items ............:    73.2         72.9       107.1     107.2     108.3  
                             :                                                       
  Feed ......................:    12.8         13.3       102.7     104.9     108.2  
    Feed grains .............:     1.8          1.9        61.7      63.5      66.9  
    Complete feeds ..........:     6.3          6.5       108.4     111.2     114.7  
    Hay and forages .........:     1.6          1.7       104.3     102.5     102.3  
    Concentrates ............:     2.0          2.1       113.8     120.6     125.1  
    Supplements .............:     1.1          1.1       116.2     113.4     117.6  
  Livestock and poultry .....:     8.8          9.2       102.2      99.5     102.2  
    Feeder cattle ...........:     6.8          7.2       104.5     101.0     103.9  
    Feeder pigs .............:     0.7          0.7        80.7      79.3      85.7  
    Milk cow replacements ...:     0.7          0.7        92.3      94.4      94.4  
    Poultry .................:     0.5          0.6       113.1     113.1     113.1  
                             :                                                       
  Seeds .....................:     5.4          5.1       115.6     113.3     113.3  
    Field crops .............:     4.9          4.6       114.0     112.0     112.0  
    Grasses and legumes .....:     0.5          0.5       131.8     125.4     125.4  
  Fertilizer ................:     5.0          5.1        69.8      73.9      75.2  
    Mixed fertilizer ........:     2.2          2.2        71.1      73.1      75.2  
    Nitrogen ................:     2.1          2.1        72.4      74.5      74.3  
    Potash and phosphate ....:     0.7          0.7        58.0      74.2      77.8  
  Chemicals .................:     3.6          3.5        99.0      99.9      99.9  
    Herbicides ..............:     2.2          2.2       100.3     101.6     101.6  
    Insecticides ............:     0.8          0.8        95.1      94.1      94.1  
    Fungicides and other ....:     0.5          0.5        99.4     101.7     101.7  
                             :                                                       
  Fuels .....................:     2.8          3.2        80.0      72.0      73.2  
    Diesel ..................:     1.8          2.0        73.5      58.4      59.4  
    Gasoline ................:     0.6          0.7        77.8      66.8      65.4  
    LP gas ..................:     0.5          0.5       106.9     129.1     133.7  
  Supplies and repairs ......:     4.6          4.6       115.1     117.1     117.0  
    Supplies ................:     1.5          1.5       116.0     118.4     118.4  
    Repairs .................:     3.1          3.0       114.7     116.4     116.3  
  Autos and trucks ..........:     1.3          1.2       105.1     106.8     106.9  
    Autos ...................:     0.2          0.2        99.8     101.5     101.5  
    Trucks ..................:     1.1          1.1       105.9     107.6     107.7  
                             :                                                       
  Machinery .................:     5.3          4.7       122.4     124.8     124.0  
    Tractors ................:     1.2          1.0       111.1     112.8     112.0  
    Self-propelled ..........:     2.1          1.9       123.7     127.5     127.5  
    Other machinery .........:     2.0          1.8       127.4     128.9     127.1  
  Building materials ........:     4.1          4.0       117.9     123.5     123.0  
  Services ..................:    11.7         11.9       116.4     116.4     117.0  
    Custom rates ............:     1.2          1.2       118.4     119.6     119.6  
    Other services ..........:    10.5         10.7       116.2     116.0     116.7  
  Rent ......................:     7.8          7.1       116.5     117.8     117.8  
    Cash ....................:     4.2          3.8       123.3     124.7     124.7  
    Share ...................:     3.6          3.3       108.6     109.7     109.7  
                             :                                                       
Interest ....................:     2.6          2.6       115.3     118.1     118.1  
Taxes .......................:     3.2          3.1       117.9     119.5     119.5  
Wage rates ..................:     7.2          7.4       134.2     134.7     134.7  
Family living-CPI ...........:    13.9         14.0       114.4     115.8     115.7  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Feed Price Ratios - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Feed price ratio 1/                  :November 2019 : October 2020 :November 2020 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       :                                            
Broiler-feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal      :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 2/ ......:      4.1            3.0            3.5     
                                                       :                                            
Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in        :                                            
  value to 1 dozen eggs 3/ ............................:     13.0            8.5            7.7     
                                                       :                                            
Hog-corn: bushels of corn equal in value to            :                                            
  100 pounds of hog, live weight ......................:     13.0           15.6           13.7     
                                                       :                                            
Milk-feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal        :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of whole milk 4/ ................:     2.65           2.50           2.58     
                                                       :                                            
Steer & heifer-corn: bushels of corn equal             :                                            
  in value to 100 pounds of steer & heifers,           :                                            
    live weight .......................................:     31.3           29.9           28.8     
                                                       :                                            
Turkey-feed: pounds of turkey grower equal in          :                                            
  value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight 5/ ..........:      7.5            8.2            7.3     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States   
   prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat.                                  
2/ The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received  
   for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans.            
3/ The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans.                
4/ The price of commercial prepared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn, soybeans, and alfalfa. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans, and 41   
   percent alfalfa.                                                                                 
5/ The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current United States prices received   
   for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21
   percent wheat.                                                                                   

Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States:
November 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States
Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                :November 2019 : October 2020 :November 2020 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Broilers, live ................pound:     0.403          0.315          0.391    
Eggs, market ..................dozen:      1.11          0.750          0.724    
                                    :                                            
Hogs, all .......................cwt:     48.00          56.30          51.90    
Milk, all .......................cwt:     21.10          20.20          21.30    
                                    :                                            
Steers and heifers ..............cwt:    115.00         108.00         109.00    
Turkeys, live .................pound:     0.671          0.784          0.734    
                                    :                                            
Corn .........................bushel:      3.68           3.61           3.79    
Hay, alfalfa ....................ton:    169.00         171.00         167.00    
                                    :                                            
Soybeans .....................bushel:      8.59           9.63          10.30    
Wheat, all ...................bushel:      4.39           4.98           5.24    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture
Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                :November 2019 : October 2020 :November 2020 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Feeder cattle & calves ..........cwt:    143.00         138.00         142.00    
Feeder pigs .....................cwt:    113.00         111.00         120.00    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid by Farmers and Ranchers for Beef Cattle Production

The 2020 Prices Paid Index for Beef Cattle Production is 1,039 percent of its 
1964-1968 base, up 0.5 percent from the previous year and 4.6 percent from 
two years ago.

The data presented in the following tables are calculated and published for 
use by the United States Forest Service, United States Department of 
Agriculture and the Bureau of Land Management, United States Department of 
the Interior in computing Public Land Grazing Fees.

The Index of Prices Paid by Farmers and Ranchers for Beef Cattle Production 
input items is for the period of November through October. The components of 
this index include the production indexes of Fuels, Supplies & Repairs, Autos 
& Trucks, Tractors & Self Propelled Machinery, Other Machinery, Building 
Materials, Interest, Wage Rates, and Farm Services & Rent. These components 
are weighted to the overall index value by their importance in the cost of 
producing beef cattle. The weights are prescribed by Federal Regulation Title 
43, Subpart 4100 and Executive Order 12548.

Prices Paid Index for Beef Cattle Production, 1964-1968 Base - United States: 2018-2020
[Average for November through October grazing season]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Index            :           2018 1/           :           2019 2/           :           2020 3/           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                                         percent                                         
                              :                                                                                         
Beef Cattle Production .......:             993                          1,034                         1,039            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ November 2017 through October 2018                                                                                   
2/ November 2018 through October 2019                                                                                   
3/ November 2019 through October 2020                                                                                   

Prices Received for Beef Cattle - Selected Regions: 2018-2020
[Average for November through October grazing season]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State            :           2018 1/           :           2019 2/           :           2020 3/           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                                     dollars per cwt                                     
                              :                                                                                         
17 Western States 4/ .........:           114.30                        114.49                        107.62            
16 Western States 5/ .........:           113.46                        114.08                        106.95            
11 Western States 6/ .........:           109.89                        110.21                        101.47            
 9 Great Plains States 7/ ....:           115.61                        115.63                        109.86            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ November 2017 through October 2018                                                                                   
2/ November 2018 through October 2019                                                                                   
3/ November 2019 through October 2020                                                                                   
4/ 17 Western States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota,
   Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.                                                
5/ 16 Western States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota,
   Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.                                                       
6/ 11 Western States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and  
   Wyoming.                                                                                                    
7/ 9 Great Plain States: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and       
   Wyoming.                                                                                                    

Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates

Definition: Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs 
purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce agricultural commodities. 
Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should 
equal total producer expenditures for the item. 

Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that 
sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms 
are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average 
response rate in the range of 75-80 percent. Firms are asked to report the 
price for the specified item "most commonly bought by farmers" or that was 
the "volume seller". Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to 
represent all production input items purchased. The survey reference period 
for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. 
Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, 
feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed.

Summary and estimation procedures: The annual March Prices Paid Survey is 
summarized as a non-probability survey. Average prices reported are 
aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from 
expenditure data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are 
prepared by the Regional Field Offices and Headquarters for review by the 
Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price 
level for individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United 
States levels, and are published as prices paid indexes referenced to a 
specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building 
materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are 
updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor 
Statistics (BLS) indexes.

Revisions: Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of 
Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision must be supported by additional 
data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are 
likely for March when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of 
BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change.

Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not 
designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures 
approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 
10 percent. Any non-sampling errors are attributed to such things as the 
inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting 
questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. 
Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non-
sampling errors. 

Program change: Effective January 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service modified the five-year moving weights and updated the base reference 
period. In January 2015, publication of preliminary prices was suspended, and 
the annual average index was replaced by an annual index.

As of January 2014, the 1990-1992 base reference period was updated to 2011. 
Five-year moving average weights are adjusted (normalized) to minimize the 
effects of price changes. The 1910-1914=100 price indexes, required by 
statute for computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes 
in the new 2011=100 indexes. The new indexes were constructed by multiplying 
the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving 
average weights.

Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.

The April 2015 program update discontinued publication of the annual March 
survey prices paid data.

The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.

See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. 

Information Contacts

General

Scott Shimmin, Chief (Acting), Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch......................... (202) 720-0684

Crop Prices Received

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ........................................................................ (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section................................................................ (202) 720-2127
  Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............................................................ (202) 720-9526
  James Johanson - Barley, Hay........................................................................... (202) 690-8533
  Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans.......................................................................... (202) 690-3234
  John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice.......................................................................... (202) 720-7688
  Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................................... (202) 720-8068
  Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........................................................ (202) 720-5944
  Travis Thorson - Canola, Mustard Seed, Rapeseed, Safflower, Sunflower.................................. (202) 720-7369

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section....................................... (202) 720-2127
Heidi Lanouette - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
      Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes........................... (202) 720-4285
   Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
      Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes................................................... (202) 720-3250
   Anastasiya Osborne - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions
      Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco................................................................. (202) 720-4288
   Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Garlic, Grapefruit, Hazelnuts,
      Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and Tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges...................... (202) 720-5412
   Dawn Smoker - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
      Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans........................................... (202) 720-4215
   Fleming Gibson - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
      Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons.............................. (202) 720-2127

Livestock Prices Received

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch.................................................................. (202) 692-0069

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section.................................................................... (202) 690-2424
  Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats........................................................................ (202) 720-0585
  Ryan Cowen - Cattle and Cattle on Feed................................................................. (202) 720-3040
  Mike Miller - Milk, Milk Cows.......................................................................... (202) 720-3278
  Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs........................................................................... (202) 720-3106
   
Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section............................................... (202) 690-3223
  Fatema Haque - Turkeys................................................................................. (202) 720-3244
  Autumn Stone - Eggs.................................................................................... (202) 690-3676
  Adam Peters - Honey.................................................................................... (202) 690-3237
  Takiyah Walker - Broilers.............................................................................. (202) 720-6147
  
Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices

Scott Shimmin, Chief (Acting), Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch......................... (202) 720-0684

Bruce Boess, Head, Economics Section..................................................................... (202) 720-4447
     Eric Barnes - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices................................................ (202) 690-3225
  Kuan Chen - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, 
    Fertilizer, Chemicals, Seeds, Fuels, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Feeder Livestock, 
    Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios.................................................................... (202) 690-3347
     Max Reason - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes............................ (202) 720-8844

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agencies archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

Price Program Links

Economics and Prices 
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_Subject/Economics_and_Prices/index.php

January 2014 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updates.pdf

January 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf

April 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateApr2015.p
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February 2016 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateFeb2016.p
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