Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production
Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production

ISSN: 2377-3855

Released January 4, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

October 2021 contained 31 days.
November 2021 contained 30 days.

Total corn consumed for alcohol and other uses was 481 million bushels in 
November 2020. Total corn consumption was down less than 1 percent from October 2020 and 
down 5 percent from November 2019. November 2020 usage included 91.9 percent 
for alcohol and 8.1 percent for other purposes. Corn consumed for beverage 
alcohol totaled 3.95 million bushels, up 20 percent from October 2020 and up 
16 percent from November 2019. Corn for fuel alcohol, at 432 million bushels, 
was down 1 percent from October 2020 and down 5 percent from November 2019. 
Corn consumed in November 2020 for dry milling fuel production and wet 
milling fuel production was 90.1 percent and 9.9 percent, respectively.

Dry mill co-product production of distillers dried grains with solubles 
(DDGS) was 1.79 million tons during November 2020, down 2 percent from 
October 2020 and down 5 percent from November 2019. Distillers wet grains 
(DWG) 65 percent or more moisture was 1.08 million tons in November 2020, up 
7 percent from October 2020 but down 20 percent from November 2019.

Wet mill corn gluten feed production was 295,358 tons during November 2020, 
up 1 percent from October 2020 and up 9 percent from November 2019. Wet corn 
gluten feed 40 to 60 percent moisture was 230,611 tons in November 2020, down 
6 percent from October 2020 and down 12 percent from November 2019.

Dry and Wet Mill, Corn Consumed - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
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                           Purpose                          : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
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                                                            :                 1,000 bushels                 
                                                            :                                               
Consumed for alcohol production                             :                                               
  Beverage alcohol .........................................:      3,406           3,301           3,952    
  Fuel alcohol .............................................:    456,660         434,167         431,661    
    Dry mill ...............................................:    413,477         389,346         389,016    
    Wet mill ...............................................:     43,183          44,821          42,645    
  Industrial alcohol .......................................:      6,198           7,053           5,911    
Consumed for other purposes                                 :                                               
  Total wet mill products other than fuel ..................:     40,433          38,286          39,121    
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Dry Mill, Sorghum Consumed - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Purpose                          : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                   1,000 cwt                   
                                                            :                                               
Consumed for alcohol production                             :                                               
  Fuel alcohol .............................................:     4,044            (D)             (D)      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                            

Dry and Wet Mill, Co-products and Products Produced - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Co-products and products                  : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                     tons                      
                                                            :                                               
Dry mill                                                    :                                               
  Condensed distillers solubles (CDS - syrup) ..............:      99,399          87,708          73,803   
  Corn oil (Corn Distillers Oil - CDO) .....................:     159,852         161,205         165,852   
  Distillers dried grains (DDG) ............................:     316,390         377,960         372,899   
  Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) .............:   1,880,488       1,823,621       1,794,035   
  Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65% or more moisture .........:   1,348,281       1,008,841       1,077,107   
  Modified distillers wet grains (DWG) 40% to 64% moisture .:     458,120         409,030         421,779   
                                                            :                                               
Wet mill                                                    :                                               
  Corn germ meal ...........................................:      63,073          43,242          53,825   
  Corn gluten feed .........................................:     272,089         293,793         295,358   
  Corn gluten meal .........................................:      90,102         108,844         108,624   
  Wet corn gluten feed 40% to 60% moisture .................:     262,089         244,618         230,611   
                                                            :                                               
Dry and wet mill                                            :                                               
  Carbon dioxide captured ..................................:     222,636         197,743         185,219   
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Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production is part of the 
Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. CAIR reports are 
administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. Response to CAIR 
surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). Data are collected from all 
known mills that produce ethanol.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of 
ethanol production in 2014. During the operation profile, facilities that met 
the survey criteria were asked for the nameplate production capacity. The 
operation profile also documented the manner in which the firm will report. A 
firm headquarters can report for all milling locations or each location can 
report separately.

In the Dry Mill Producers and Wet Mill Producers survey questionnaires, mills 
are asked for previous calendar month data on feedstocks consumed, products 
and co-products produced. Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Approximately 130 reports are received each month which 
represent about 90 percent of total capacity. Monthly data can vary due to 
different firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to 
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in 
processing the data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are 
minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer  - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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