Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption and Stocks
Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks

ISSN: 2379-9862

Released January 4, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

October 2020 contained 31 days.
November 2020 contained 30 days.

Soybeans crushed for crude oil was 5.73 million tons (191 million bushels) in 
November 2020, compared with 
5.90 million tons (197 million bushels) in October 2020 and 5.24 million tons 
(175 million bushels) in November 2019. Crude oil produced was 2.21 billion 
pounds down 3 percent from October 2020 but up 10 percent from November 2019. 
Soybean once refined oil production at 1.52 billion pounds during November 
2020 decreased 4 percent from October 2020 but increased 12 percent from 
November 2019.

Canola seeds crushed for crude oil was 207,700 tons in November 2020, 
compared with 215,878 tons in 
October 2020 and 152,430 tons in November 2019. Canola crude oil produced was 
174 million pounds, down 3 percent from October 2020 but up 37 percent from 
November 2019. Canola once refined oil production, at 147 million pounds 
during November 2020, was down 5 percent from October 2020 but up 53 percent 
from November 2019. 

Cottonseed once refined oil production, at 44.1 million pounds during 
November 2020, was up 4 percent from October 2020 and up 7 percent from 
November 2019.

Edible tallow production was 82.6 million pounds during November 2020, up 
32 percent from October 2020 but down 9 percent from November 2019. Inedible 
tallow production was 279 million pounds during November 2020, 
up 10 percent from October 2020 but down 18 percent from November 2019. 
Technical tallow production was 97.1 million pounds during November 2020, up 
1 percent from October 2020 but down 18 percent from November 2019. Choice 
white grease production, at 117 million pounds during November 2020, 
increased 21 percent from October 2020 but decreased 4 percent from November 
2019.

Soybean Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crush                                                       :                                               
Soybeans crushed........................................tons:   5,239,452       5,897,079       5,731,207   
Crude oil produced..............................1,000 pounds:   1,999,648       2,282,471       2,206,792   
Cake and meal produced..................................tons:   3,855,827       4,335,054       4,230,274   
  For animal feed.......................................tons:   3,813,221       4,289,031       4,191,026   
  For edible protein products...........................tons:      42,606          46,023          39,248   
Millfeed produced.......................................tons:     255,945         280,538         286,020   
                                                            :                                               
Refine                                                      :                                               
Crude oil processed in refining.................1,000 pounds:   1,397,170       1,629,314       1,553,431   
Once refined oil produced.......................1,000 pounds:   1,362,343       1,589,296       1,519,017   
                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                 :                                               
Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing1,000 pounds:     106,331         113,410         135,477   
Once refined oil removed for use in processing..1,000 pounds:   1,400,401       1,604,862       1,579,588   
  Removed for edible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:   1,013,344       1,180,758       1,119,312   
  Removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:     387,057         424,104         460,276   
                                                            :                                               
Stocks                                                      :                                               
Cake and meal on hand end of month......................tons:     426,332         342,914         415,107   
Millfeed on hand end of month...........................tons:      41,081          31,285          43,310   
Crude oil on hand end of month..................1,000 pounds:   1,522,923       1,564,319       1,685,131   
  Crusher.......................................1,000 pounds:     739,832         689,025         760,165   
  Refiner.......................................1,000 pounds:     392,630         288,339         267,253   
  Offsite.......................................1,000 pounds:     390,461         586,955         657,713   
Once refined oil on hand end of month...........1,000 pounds:     357,435         399,547         432,562   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soybean Crushing - Regional: November 2020 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                          Soybeans crushed                          
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :    November 2019     :     October 2020     :    November 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        613,808                701,837                699,518       
Iowa........................:      1,040,264              1,179,232              1,161,457       
North and East 1/ ..........:      1,227,011              1,353,433              1,258,202       
North Central 2/ ...........:        775,266                945,362                930,684       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        653,676                736,784                737,323       
West Central 4/ ............:        929,427                980,431                944,023       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                         Crude oil produced                         
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :    November 2019     :     October 2020     :    November 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        234,749                273,528                269,901       
Iowa........................:        397,636                465,886                460,839       
North and East 1/ ..........:        467,445                518,764                481,274       
North Central 2/ ...........:        290,754                357,605                352,779       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        252,658                287,805                280,184       
West Central 4/ ............:        356,406                378,883                361,815       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                    Crude oil stocks at crusher                     
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :    November 2019     :     October 2020     :    November 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        117,153                 85,740                 97,961       
Iowa........................:        150,248                118,238                123,657       
North and East 1/ ..........:        193,446                155,644                169,071       
North Central 2/ ...........:        176,423                167,485                191,475       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:         62,768                 50,435                 55,360       
West Central 4/ ............:         39,794                111,483                122,641       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                       Cake and meal produced                       
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :    November 2019     :     October 2020     :    November 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        447,210                508,750                509,635       
Iowa........................:        767,357                865,397                863,830       
North and East 1/ ..........:        903,978                988,468                933,354       
North Central 2/ ...........:        570,693                706,839                690,980       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        476,279                539,615                534,223       
West Central 4/ ............:        690,310                725,985                698,252       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                        Cake and meal stocks                        
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :    November 2019     :     October 2020     :    November 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:         88,658                 67,835                 87,937       
Iowa........................:         62,898                 57,555                 60,490       
North and East 1/ ..........:        110,754                 70,234                 93,138       
North Central 2/ ...........:         51,934                 56,982                 66,881       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:         70,733                    (D)                 59,920       
West Central 4/ ............:         41,355                    (D)                 46,741       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                 
1/  North and East includes Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia.        
2/  North Central includes Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota.                   
3/  South, West, and Pacific includes Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana,         
    Mississippi, North Carolina and South Carolina.                                              
4/  West Central includes Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska.                                         

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canola                                                          :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    152,430         215,878         207,700    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    126,680         179,038         173,513    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:     85,255         123,169         117,446    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     99,526         159,030         152,242    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     96,258         154,477         146,857    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    159,520         172,382         154,278    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:        (D)          33,734          67,565    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     39,937          57,142          56,250    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    101,435          93,198          74,280    
                                                                :                                               
Cottonseed                                                      :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    166,802         141,299         142,892    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:     46,501          40,744          38,619    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:     83,584          64,119          62,962    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     42,460          43,771          45,649    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     41,245          42,457          44,106    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     36,762          46,724          36,494    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:     37,279          24,069          18,951    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     28,744          26,305          35,014    
                                                                :                                               
Coconut                                                         :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     75,105          61,348          61,561    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)          58,796          52,908    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    160,168          70,298          65,017    
                                                                :                                               
Corn                                                            :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    184,240         167,262         173,425    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:    165,650         159,689         153,674    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:    160,858         154,065         148,637    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    166,129         129,659         132,533    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     29,096          51,473          64,679    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     35,207          52,677          60,800    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                                     --continued

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: November 2020 with
Comparisons (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Palm kernel                                                     :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     18,990          62,643          59,200    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     69,665          96,637          93,981    
                                                                :                                               
Palm                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    187,136         257,716         233,528    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:    181,093         245,336         227,421    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:      6,043          12,380           6,107    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    349,978         334,787         297,246    
                                                                :                                               
Peanut                                                          :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)          39,415          33,547    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)          37,975          31,457    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     29,409          35,875          35,787    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     10,489           7,440          11,700    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
                                                                :                                               
Safflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:      5,239           4,454           4,000    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:      5,161           4,363           4,071    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:      5,919           3,904           4,306    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:      6,680           5,887           8,968    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:      2,391             (D)           1,726    
                                                                :                                               
Sunflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     60,201          56,477          56,084    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     56,939          55,623          54,526    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     40,678          42,340          44,156    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     27,089          33,468          36,180    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     22,107          19,194          21,718    
                                                                :                                               
Vegetable foots, raw and acidulated                             :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Oil produced......................................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Oil removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Oil on hand end of month..........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                

Animal Fats and Oils Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                 1,000 pounds                  
                                                            :                                               
Choice white grease                                         :                                               
  Production................................................:    121,381          96,576         116,917    
  Removed for inedible use..................................:    119,349          94,307         115,358    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:      8,412          11,586          13,145    
Feather meal                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:    108,150          99,801         106,956    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     31,085          26,098          25,515    
Lard                                                        :                                               
  Production................................................:     35,471          24,052          26,652    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:     39,556          21,459          27,865    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:      6,936             (D)           6,319    
Meat meal, meat and bone meal, and dry rendered tankage     :                                               
  Production................................................:    503,574         411,103         468,428    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     81,020          68,579          69,324    
Other grease                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:     36,231          35,938          35,378    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:     37,306          38,357          36,308    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Poultry fats                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:    214,436         209,067         216,160    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    216,413         212,259         218,693    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     24,463          30,974          28,441    
Poultry by-product meals                                    :                                               
  Production................................................:    334,032         281,576         303,464    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     37,038          43,748          38,541    
Tallow, edible                                              :                                               
  Production................................................:     90,273          62,801          82,585    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:    103,440          63,866          80,116    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     10,578             (D)          23,283    
Tallow, inedible                                            :                                               
  Production................................................:    340,603         254,285         279,307    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    338,884         250,299         280,313    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:    105,168          97,587             (D)    
Tallow, technical                                           :                                               
  Production................................................:    118,257          96,225          97,134    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    125,901          94,454          97,398    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Yellow grease                                               :                                               
  Production................................................:    164,352         178,423         172,894    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    178,363         192,088         166,316    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     93,289          80,733          86,732    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                            

Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks is part of the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) 
program. CAIR reports are administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture 
program. Response to CAIR surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). 
Animal and vegetable fats and oils data are collected from all known 
facilities that crush, refine or render. Crushing facilities include 
processors that use either solvent extraction or continuous screw press.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of 
rendering, oilseeds crushing, and crude oil refining in 2014. 

In the Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils survey questionnaire, facilities 
are asked for previous calendar month data on oilseed crushing, crude oil 
production, once refined oil production, rendering production, and end of 
month stocks. Facilities are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Survey data are based on a census of all known facilities and 
therefore, have no sampling variability. Monthly data can vary due to 
different firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to 
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in 
processing the data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are 
minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer  - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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