Cotton System Consumption and Stocks
Cotton System Consumption and Stocks

ISSN: 2378-2471

Released January 4, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

October 2020 contained 31 days.
November 2020 contained 30 days.

Extra long staple cotton consumed on the cotton system was 681,000 pounds in 
November 2020, up 2 percent from October 2020 but down 11 percent from 
November 2019. November 2020 stocks on hand on the last Saturday of the month 
totaled 1,115,000 pounds, up 31 percent from October 2020 and up 44 percent 
from November 2019. 

Total Manmade fiber consumed on the cotton system was 29.3 million pounds 
during November 2020, down 4 percent from October 2020 and down 4 percent 
from November 2019. Of the total manmade fiber consumed, 95 percent was 
polyester staple.

Total number of spindles on the cotton system was 1.16 million during 
November 2020. Active spindles consuming 100 percent cotton was 599,000 in 
November 2020, up 1 percent from October 2020 but down 10 percent from 
November 2019.

Consumption and Stocks - United States: November 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Extra long staple                                           :                                               
  Consumed                                                  :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     1,541           1,349           1,379     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:       762             665             681     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month)               :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     1,560           1,714           2,280     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:       777             852           1,115     
                                                            :                                               
Rayon and acetate staple                                    :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:       794             626             545     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     1,927             806             951     
                                                            :                                               
Polyester staple                                            :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:    28,029          29,112          27,999     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:    35,006          22,078          22,016     
                                                            :                                               
Other manmade fiber staple                                  :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,598             676             791     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     1,789           1,629           1,575     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spindles in Place, Active Spindles and Spindle Hours Operated - United States: November 2020
with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : November 2019 : October 2020  : November 2020 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cotton-system spindles in place                             :                                               
  Ring spindles .......................................1,000:      917             848             848      
  Airjet spindles .....................................1,000:       26              26              26      
  Open-end spindles ...................................1,000:      305             283             283      
                                                            :                                               
Cotton-system spindles active                               :                                               
  Spindles consuming 100% cotton ......................1,000:      667             595             599      
                                               million hours:      440             432             423      
  Spindles consuming 100% manmade fiber ...............1,000:       38              28              21      
                                               million hours:       20              13              10      
  Spindles consuming mixtures or blends ...............1,000:      491             389             395      
                                               million hours:      289             249             235      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Cotton System Consumption and Stocks is part of the 
Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. CAIR reports are 
administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. Response to CAIR 
surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). Data are collected from all 
known mills that consume cotton.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of cotton 
consumption and spindle activity in 2014. 

In the Cotton and Manmade Fiber Staple survey questionnaires, mills are asked 
for previous calendar month data on cotton and manmade fiber consumed, stocks 
and spindle activity. Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Approximately 50 reports are received each month which represent 
about 95 percent of total spindles. Monthly data can vary due to different 
firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to non-sampling 
errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in processing the 
data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are minimized by 
carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer  - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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