Dairy Products
Dairy Products

ISSN: 1949-0399

Released January 6, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

November 2020 Highlights

Total cheese output (excluding cottage cheese) was 1.10 billion pounds, 
0.6 percent above November 2019 but 2.7 percent below October 2020.

Italian type cheese production totaled 457 million pounds, 3.1 percent below 
November 2019 and 2.4 percent below October 2020.

American type cheese production totaled 449 million pounds, 3.9 percent above 
November 2019 but 2.8 percent below October 2020.

Butter production was 168 million pounds, 4.0 percent above November 2019 and 
1.8 percent above October 2020.

Dry milk products (comparisons in percentage with November 2019)
Nonfat dry milk, human - 152 million pounds, up 9.2 percent.
Skim milk powder - 54.4 million pounds, up 6.8 percent.

Whey products (comparisons in percentage with November 2019)
Dry whey, total - 70.6 million pounds, down 5.9 percent.
Lactose, human and animal - 89.8 million pounds, up 1.6 percent.
Whey protein concentrate, total - 39.9 million pounds, down 1.9 percent.

Frozen products (comparisons in percentage with November 2019)
Ice cream, regular (hard) - 53.0 million gallons, up 13.0 percent.
Ice cream, lowfat (total) - 29.9 million gallons, up 2.9 percent.
Sherbet (hard) - 2.36 million gallons, up 15.1 percent.
Frozen yogurt (total) - 3.86 million gallons, down 0.1 percent.

Contents
   
Dairy Products Production by Product - United States: November 2019 and 2020............................  3
Whey and Modified Whey Products Production, Stocks, and Prices - United States: November 2019 and 2020..  4
Condensed and Dry Milk Products Production, Stocks, and Shipments - United States: 
November 2019 and 2020..................................................................................  5
Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020...........................  6
Total Cheese Production Excluding Cottage Cheese - States, United States, and Regions: 
November 2019 and 2020.................................................................................. 13
American Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020................. 14
Cheddar Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020.................. 14
Total Italian Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020............ 15
Mozzarella Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020............... 15
Butter Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020.......................... 16
Nonfat Dry Milk (Human) Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020......... 16
Dry Whey (Human) Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020................ 17
Ice Cream, Regular (Hard) Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020....... 17
Dairy Products Regions.................................................................................. 18
Statistical Methodology................................................................................. 19
Information Contacts.................................................................................... 20
 
Dairy Products Production by Product - United States: November 2019 and 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              :              :              :         Change from         
                                        :   November   :   October    :   November   :-----------------------------
                 Product                :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     :   November   :   October    
                                        :              :              :              :     2019     :     2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :  ------------- 1,000 pounds ------------        ------ percent -----     
                                        :                                                                          
Butter .................................:    161,852        165,383        168,320          4.0            1.8     
                                        :                                                                          
Cheese                                  :                                                                          
  American types 1/ ....................:    432,438        462,048        449,236          3.9           -2.8     
    Cheddar ............................:    309,223        328,957        320,716          3.7           -2.5     
    Other American types ...............:    123,215        133,091        128,520          4.3           -3.4     
  Blue and Gorgonzola ..................:      7,668          6,502          5,723        -25.4          -12.0     
  Brick and Muenster ...................:     15,745         16,841         16,352          3.9           -2.9     
  Cream and Neufchatel .................:     85,127         90,064         90,032          5.8              -     
  Feta .................................:      8,365         10,252          8,345         -0.2          -18.6     
  Gouda ................................:      4,149          3,644          3,724        -10.2            2.2     
  Hispanic .............................:     27,890         30,102         27,693         -0.7           -8.0     
  Italian types ........................:    471,962        468,629        457,483         -3.1           -2.4     
    Mozzarella .........................:    375,266        366,108        362,832         -3.3           -0.9     
    Parmesan ...........................:     30,314         35,992         33,427         10.3           -7.1     
    Provolone ..........................:     30,150         32,965         28,285         -6.2          -14.2     
    Ricotta ............................:     23,973         22,944         21,908         -8.6           -4.5     
    Romano .............................:      5,545          3,917          4,378        -21.0           11.8     
    Other Italian types ................:      6,714          6,703          6,653         -0.9           -0.7     
  Swiss ................................:     26,100         28,406         27,897          6.9           -1.8     
  All other types ......................:     13,953         14,778         13,733         -1.6           -7.1     
                                        :                                                                          
  Total cheese 2/ ......................:  1,093,397      1,131,266      1,100,218          0.6           -2.7     
                                        :                                                                          
Cottage cheese, curd 3/ ................:     28,701         35,728         29,933          4.3          -16.2     
Cottage cheese, cream 4/ ...............:     27,025         33,908         29,394          8.8          -13.3     
Cottage cheese, lowfat 5/ ..............:     24,008         28,891         24,109          0.4          -16.6     
                                        :                                                                          
Sour cream .............................:    129,785        140,258        131,954          1.7           -5.9     
Yogurt, plain and flavored .............:    319,612        386,920        317,681         -0.6          -17.9     
                                        :                                                                          
                                        :     ----------- 1,000 gallons ----------        ------ percent -----     
                                        :                                                                          
Frozen products                         :                                                                          
  Ice cream, regular, hard .............:     46,927         61,712         53,009         13.0          -14.1     
  Ice cream, lowfat, hard ..............:     14,792         19,798         17,455         18.0          -11.8     
  Ice cream, lowfat, soft ..............:     14,276         15,187         12,442        -12.8          -18.1     
  Ice cream, lowfat, total 6/ ..........:     29,068         34,985         29,897          2.9          -14.5     
  Ice cream, nonfat, hard ..............:        417            648            426          2.2          -34.3     
  Sherbet, hard ........................:      2,053          2,768          2,364         15.1          -14.6     
  Frozen yogurt, total .................:      3,868          4,425          3,863         -0.1          -12.7     
    Regular and lowfat, hard ...........:      1,022            825          1,094          7.0           32.6     
    Nonfat, hard .......................:        316            338            239        -24.4          -29.3     
  Other frozen dairy products ..........:        582          1,415          1,286        121.0           -9.1     
  Water and juice ices .................:      4,772          5,431          4,638         -2.8          -14.6     
                                        :                                                                          
Mix for frozen products                 :                                                                          
  Ice cream, regular, mix ..............:     28,084         40,772         36,175         28.8          -11.3     
  Ice cream, lowfat, mix 7/ ............:     13,273         19,514         16,637         25.3          -14.7     
  Ice cream, nonfat, mix ...............:        294            495            300          2.0          -39.4     
  Sherbet mix ..........................:      1,451          2,138          1,662         14.5          -22.3     
  Yogurt mix ...........................:      1,566          1,684          1,551         -1.0           -7.9     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                                
1/ Includes Cheddar, Colby, washed curd, stirred curd, Monterey, and Jack.                                         
2/ Excludes Cottage Cheese.                                                                                        
3/ Mostly used for processing into cream or lowfat cottage cheese.                                                 
4/ Fat content 4 percent or more.                                                                                  
5/ Fat content less than 4 percent.                                                                                
6/ Includes freezer-made milkshake.                                                                                
7/ Includes milkshake mix.                                                                                         

Whey and Modified Whey Products Production, Stocks, and Prices - United States: November 2019 and 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              :              :              :         Change from         
                                        :   November   :   October    :   November   :-----------------------------
                 Product                :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     :   November   :   October    
                                        :              :              :              :     2019     :     2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   ------------ 1,000 pounds -----------         ------ percent -----     
Condensed whey, solids content 1/       :                                                                          
  Sweet-type, human ....................:    10,653          6,178          6,235         -41.5            0.9     
                                        :                                                                          
Dry whey products                       :                                                                          
  Dry whey, human ......................:    73,920         73,700         69,534          -5.9           -5.7     
  Dry whey, animal .....................:     1,191          1,051          1,113          -6.5            5.9     
  Dry whey, total ......................:    75,111         74,751         70,647          -5.9           -5.5     
                                        :                                                                          
Reduced lactose and minerals            :                                                                          
  Human ................................:     1,365          1,612          1,437           5.3          -10.9     
  Animal ...............................:     2,840          2,981          2,950           3.9           -1.0     
                                        :                                                                          
Whey protein concentrate                :                                                                          
  Human 2/ .............................:    39,863         38,265         39,572          -0.7            3.4     
  Animal 2/ ............................:       833            424            339         -59.3          -20.0     
  Total 2/ .............................:    40,696         38,689         39,911          -1.9            3.2     
    25.0-49.9 percent 3/ ...............:    14,212         14,313         15,145           6.6            5.8     
    50.0-89.9 percent 3/ ...............:    26,484         24,376         24,766          -6.5            1.6     
                                        :                                                                          
Whey protein isolates 4/ ...............:     9,321         10,005          8,754          -6.1          -12.5     
                                        :                                                                          
Lactose, human and animal ..............:    88,375         91,218         89,767           1.6           -1.6     
                                        :                                                                          
Manufacturers' stocks end of month 5/   :                                                                          
Dry whey products                       :                                                                          
  Dry whey, human ......................:    77,988         67,065         66,387         -14.9           -1.0     
  Dry whey, animal .....................:     1,063            998            872         -18.0          -12.6     
  Dry whey, total ......................:    79,051         68,063         67,259         -14.9           -1.2     
                                        :                                                                          
Reduced Lactose and minerals            :                                                                          
 Human and animal 6/ ...................:     4,292          5,619          5,588          30.2           -0.6     
                                        :                                                                          
Whey protein concentrate                :                                                                          
  Human 2/ .............................:    67,006         62,372         63,289          -5.5            1.5     
  Animal 2/ ............................:       815            797            727         -10.8           -8.8     
  Total 2/ .............................:    67,821         63,169         64,016          -5.6            1.3     
    25.0-49.9 percent 3/ ...............:    24,530         26,212         28,527          16.3            8.8     
    50.0-89.9 percent 3/ ...............:    43,291         36,957         35,489         -18.0           -4.0     
                                        :                                                                          
Whey protein isolates 4/ ...............:    17,650         14,766         14,830         -16.0            0.4     
                                        :                                                                          
Lactose, human and animal ..............:   116,469        104,373        113,799          -2.3            9.0     
                                        :      --------- cents per pound --------           -- cents change --     
                                        :                                                                          
Manufacturers' selling price 7/         :                                                                          
Dry whey, animal .......................:      13.6           20.2           22.0           8.4            1.8     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Final marketable product only. Does not include quantity used or shipped to another plant for further           
   processing into dry whey or modified whey products. Does not include sweet-type, animal whey.                   
2/ Whey protein concentrate, 25.0 to 89.9 percent.                                                                 
3/ Whey protein concentrate, human and animal.                                                                     
4/ Whey protein isolate, 90.0 percent or greater.                                                                  
5/ Stocks held by manufacturers at all points and in transit.                                                      
6/ Reduced lactose and minerals stocks combined to avoid disclosure of individual operations.                      
7/ Prices for bulk goods, f.o.b. plant. Average monthly prices reported by firms.                                  

Condensed and Dry Milk Products Production, Stocks, and Shipments - United States: November 2019 and 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              :              :              :         Change from         
                                        :   November   :   October    :   November   :-----------------------------
                 Product                :     2019     :     2020     :     2020     :   November   :   October    
                                        :              :              :              :     2019     :     2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   ------------ 1,000 pounds -----------         ------ percent -----     
Production                              :                                                                          
Bulk condensed milk                     :                                                                          
  Skim, unsweetened ....................:    92,429        107,038        100,369           8.6           -6.2     
                                        :                                                                          
Dry milk products                       :                                                                          
  Dry buttermilk, total ................:     8,885          8,382         10,266          15.5           22.5     
  Dry skim milk, animal ................:     8,057            701            662         -91.8           -5.6     
  Dry whole milk .......................:     9,856         12,092         12,843          30.3            6.2     
  Milk protein concentrate, total 1/ ...:    10,310         18,371         12,872          24.8          -29.9     
  Nonfat dry milk, human ...............:   138,880        138,720        151,685           9.2            9.3     
  Skim milk powder, total 2/ ...........:    50,955         57,175         54,433           6.8           -4.8     
                                        :                                                                          
Manufacturers' stocks end-of-month 3/   :                                                                          
Dry milk products                       :                                                                          
  Dry buttermilk, total ................:    14,954         16,604         17,625          17.9            6.1     
  Dry skim milk, animal ................:    15,597          9,188          8,814         -43.5           -4.1     
  Dry whole milk .......................:    15,917         13,470         14,789          -7.1            9.8     
  Nonfat dry milk, human ...............:   222,623        235,203        250,308          12.4            6.4     
                                        :                                                                          
Manufacturers' shipments 4/             :                                                                          
Dry milk products                       :                                                                          
  Nonfat dry milk, human ...............:   140,180        136,142        141,637           1.0            4.0     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Dry milk protein concentrate, 40-89.9 percent.                                                                  
2/ Includes protein standardized and blends.                                                                       
3/ Stocks held by manufacturers at all points and in transit.                                                      
4/ For dry products, shipments of bulk goods.                                                                      

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :            Monthly            :          Cumulative           
       Product and month      :---------------------------------------------------------------
                              :          :          : Change  :          :          : Change  
                              :   2019   :   2020   :  from   :   2019   :   2020   :  from   
                              :          :          :  2019   :          :          :  2019   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :--- 1,000 pounds ---   percent  ---- 1,000 pounds ---  percent 
Total cheese 1/               :                                                               
  January ....................:1,116,577  1,110,515    -0.5     1,116,577  1,110,515   -0.5   
  February ...................:1,003,696  1,031,672     2.8     2,120,273  2,142,187    1.0   
  March ......................:1,122,414  1,124,028     0.1     3,242,687  3,266,215    0.7   
  April ......................:1,085,010  1,063,753    -2.0     4,327,697  4,329,968    0.1   
  May ........................:1,105,886  1,101,005    -0.4     5,433,583  5,430,973      -   
  June .......................:1,067,702  1,111,446     4.1     6,501,285  6,542,419    0.6   
  July .......................:1,087,602  1,107,633     1.8     7,588,887  7,650,052    0.8   
  August .....................:1,113,646  1,085,226    -2.6     8,702,533  8,735,278    0.4   
  September ..................:1,080,526  1,096,686     1.5     9,783,059  9,831,964    0.5   
  October ....................:1,138,241  1,131,266    -0.6    10,921,300 10,963,230    0.4   
  November ...................:1,093,397  1,100,218     0.6    12,014,697 12,063,448    0.4   
  December ...................:1,122,546                       13,137,243                     
                              :                                                               
Total American cheese types 2/:                                                               
  January ....................:  451,964    437,451    -3.2       451,964    437,451   -3.2   
  February ...................:  399,112    418,605     4.9       851,076    856,056    0.6   
  March ......................:  442,723    450,058     1.7     1,293,799  1,306,114    1.0   
  April ......................:  430,539    447,044     3.8     1,724,338  1,753,158    1.7   
  May ........................:  443,683    442,282    -0.3     2,168,021  2,195,440    1.3   
  June .......................:  427,638    436,406     2.1     2,595,659  2,631,846    1.4   
  July .......................:  434,449    454,712     4.7     3,030,108  3,086,558    1.9   
  August .....................:  452,030    447,095    -1.1     3,482,138  3,533,653    1.5   
  September ..................:  415,687    434,659     4.6     3,897,825  3,968,312    1.8   
  October ....................:  445,601    462,048     3.7     4,343,426  4,430,360    2.0   
  November ...................:  432,438    449,236     3.9     4,775,864  4,879,596    2.2   
  December ...................:  456,378                        5,232,242                     
                              :                                                               
Cheddar cheese                :                                                               
  January ....................:  336,801    319,240    -5.2       336,801    319,240   -5.2   
  February ...................:  289,258    302,408     4.5       626,059    621,648   -0.7   
  March ......................:  315,229    318,292     1.0       941,288    939,940   -0.1   
  April ......................:  306,510    330,891     8.0     1,247,798  1,270,831    1.8   
  May ........................:  321,122    317,737    -1.1     1,568,920  1,588,568    1.3   
  June .......................:  307,403    309,012     0.5     1,876,323  1,897,580    1.1   
  July .......................:  305,911    323,991     5.9     2,182,234  2,221,571    1.8   
  August .....................:  321,190    324,030     0.9     2,503,424  2,545,601    1.7   
  September ..................:  284,142    306,953     8.0     2,787,566  2,852,554    2.3   
  October ....................:  309,584    328,957     6.3     3,097,150  3,181,511    2.7   
  November ...................:  309,223    320,716     3.7     3,406,373  3,502,227    2.8   
  December ...................:  330,369                        3,736,742                     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                   --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
       Product and month      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                              :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                              :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    1,000 pounds     percent  --- 1,000 pounds --  percent 
Total Italian cheese types    :                                                           
  January ....................: 483,211   485,398      0.5     483,211   485,398     0.5  
  February ...................: 440,425   448,190      1.8     923,636   933,588     1.1  
  March ......................: 493,275   486,865     -1.3   1,416,911 1,420,453     0.2  
  April ......................: 475,467   451,068     -5.1   1,892,378 1,871,521    -1.1  
  May ........................: 474,522   480,614      1.3   2,366,900 2,352,135    -0.6  
  June .......................: 461,688   477,058      3.3   2,828,588 2,829,193       -  
  July .......................: 463,865   453,813     -2.2   3,292,453 3,283,006    -0.3  
  August .....................: 466,578   443,457     -5.0   3,759,031 3,726,463    -0.9  
  September ..................: 470,642   463,126     -1.6   4,229,673 4,189,589    -0.9  
  October ....................: 485,559   468,629     -3.5   4,715,232 4,658,218    -1.2  
  November ...................: 471,962   457,483     -3.1   5,187,194 5,115,701    -1.4  
  December ...................: 483,331                      5,670,525                    
                              :                                                           
Mozzarella                    :                                                           
  January ....................: 381,103   381,983      0.2     381,103   381,983     0.2  
  February ...................: 346,363   353,200      2.0     727,466   735,183     1.1  
  March ......................: 391,166   388,257     -0.7   1,118,632 1,123,440     0.4  
  April ......................: 372,686   351,712     -5.6   1,491,318 1,475,152    -1.1  
  May ........................: 374,770   378,291      0.9   1,866,088 1,853,443    -0.7  
  June .......................: 370,364   382,043      3.2   2,236,452 2,235,486       -  
  July .......................: 368,167   365,266     -0.8   2,604,619 2,600,752    -0.1  
  August .....................: 370,384   351,956     -5.0   2,975,003 2,952,708    -0.7  
  September ..................: 375,726   365,058     -2.8   3,350,729 3,317,766    -1.0  
  October ....................: 384,612   366,108     -4.8   3,735,341 3,683,874    -1.4  
  November ...................: 375,266   362,832     -3.3   4,110,607 4,046,706    -1.6  
  December ...................: 383,976                      4,494,583                    
                              :                                                           
Other Italian cheese types    :                                                           
  January ....................:   6,968     6,809     -2.3       6,968     6,809    -2.3  
  February ...................:   6,184     5,896     -4.7      13,152    12,705    -3.4  
  March ......................:   7,465     6,687    -10.4      20,617    19,392    -5.9  
  April ......................:   6,725     5,103    -24.1      27,342    24,495   -10.4  
  May ........................:   6,450     6,417     -0.5      33,792    30,912    -8.5  
  June .......................:   6,155     5,975     -2.9      39,947    36,887    -7.7  
  July .......................:   6,898     5,299    -23.2      46,845    42,186    -9.9  
  August .....................:   7,143     6,051    -15.3      53,988    48,237   -10.7  
  September ..................:   7,017     6,920     -1.4      61,005    55,157    -9.6  
  October ....................:   5,698     6,703     17.6      66,703    61,860    -7.3  
  November ...................:   6,714     6,653     -0.9      73,417    68,513    -6.7  
  December ...................:   7,123                         80,540                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
       Product and month      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                              :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                              :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    1,000 pounds     percent  --- 1,000 pounds --  percent 
Butter                        :                                                           
  January ....................: 199,038   193,422     -2.8     199,038   193,422   -2.8   
  February ...................: 172,171   188,035      9.2     371,209   381,457    2.8   
  March ......................: 180,694   195,886      8.4     551,903   577,343    4.6   
  April ......................: 172,371   217,531     26.2     724,274   794,874    9.7   
  May ........................: 170,044   177,966      4.7     894,318   972,840    8.8   
  June .......................: 154,848   150,200     -3.0   1,049,166 1,123,040    7.0   
  July .......................: 150,705   154,883      2.8   1,199,871 1,277,923    6.5   
  August .....................: 141,323   151,631      7.3   1,341,194 1,429,554    6.6   
  September ..................: 144,334   151,612      5.0   1,485,528 1,581,166    6.4   
  October ....................: 162,921   165,383      1.5   1,648,449 1,746,549    6.0   
  November ...................: 161,852   168,320      4.0   1,810,301 1,914,869    5.8   
  December ...................: 183,774                      1,994,075                    
                              :                                                           
Nonfat dry milk, human        :                                                           
  January ....................: 177,280   176,259     -0.6     177,280   176,259   -0.6   
  February ...................: 153,417   159,128      3.7     330,697   335,387    1.4   
  March ......................: 161,829   172,389      6.5     492,526   507,776    3.1   
  April ......................: 167,758   195,159     16.3     660,284   702,935    6.5   
  May ........................: 173,666   158,591     -8.7     833,950   861,526    3.3   
  June .......................: 157,948   147,134     -6.8     991,898 1,008,660    1.7   
  July .......................: 172,329   163,198     -5.3   1,164,227 1,171,858    0.7   
  August .....................: 132,525   144,216      8.8   1,296,752 1,316,074    1.5   
  September ..................: 117,806   125,980      6.9   1,414,558 1,442,054    1.9   
  October ....................: 132,716   138,720      4.5   1,547,274 1,580,774    2.2   
  November ...................: 138,880   151,685      9.2   1,686,154 1,732,459    2.7   
  December ...................: 164,869                      1,851,023                    
                              :                                                           
Skim milk powder, total 3/    :                                                           
  January ....................:  36,153    40,119     11.0      36,153    40,119   11.0   
  February ...................:  33,901    38,434     13.4      70,054    78,553   12.1   
  March ......................:  48,274    40,843    -15.4     118,328   119,396    0.9   
  April ......................:  46,244    40,394    -12.7     164,572   159,790   -2.9   
  May ........................:  26,604    47,070     76.9     191,176   206,860    8.2   
  June .......................:  52,062    61,253     17.7     243,238   268,113   10.2   
  July .......................:  46,708    51,220      9.7     289,946   319,333   10.1   
  August .....................:  60,768    61,233      0.8     350,714   380,566    8.5   
  September ..................:  58,764    72,450     23.3     409,478   453,016   10.6   
  October ....................:  47,386    57,175     20.7     456,864   510,191   11.7   
  November ...................:  50,955    54,433      6.8     507,819   564,624   11.2   
  December ...................:  64,893                        572,712                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
        Product and month       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                                :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                                :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                                :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :    1,000 pounds     percent  --- 1,000 pounds --  percent 
Dry whey, total 4/              :                                                           
  January ......................:  82,765    84,272      1.8      82,765    84,272     1.8  
  February .....................:  76,146    76,490      0.5     158,911   160,762     1.2  
  March ........................:  77,378    82,100      6.1     236,289   242,862     2.8  
  April ........................:  74,998    77,844      3.8     311,287   320,706     3.0  
  May ..........................:  79,090    86,534      9.4     390,377   407,240     4.3  
  June .........................:  82,976    84,795      2.2     473,353   492,035     3.9  
  July .........................:  82,906    84,826      2.3     556,259   576,861     3.7  
  August .......................:  84,897    78,818     -7.2     641,156   655,679     2.3  
  September ....................:  90,627    74,758    -17.5     731,783   730,437    -0.2  
  October ......................:  90,843    74,751    -17.7     822,626   805,188    -2.1  
  November .....................:  75,111    70,647     -5.9     897,737   875,835    -2.4  
  December .....................:  79,821                        977,558                    
                                :                                                           
Lactose, human and animal       :                                                           
  January ......................: 112,832    87,796    -22.2     112,832    87,796   -22.2  
  February .....................:  98,231    87,435    -11.0     211,063   175,231   -17.0  
  March ........................: 114,157    97,498    -14.6     325,220   272,729   -16.1  
  April ........................: 108,057    91,183    -15.6     433,277   363,912   -16.0  
  May ..........................: 109,722    94,059    -14.3     542,999   457,971   -15.7  
  June .........................: 108,551   101,024     -6.9     651,550   558,995   -14.2  
  July .........................: 106,989   100,628     -5.9     758,539   659,623   -13.0  
  August .......................:  95,074    97,385      2.4     853,613   757,008   -11.3  
  September ....................:  95,488    98,634      3.3     949,101   855,642    -9.8  
  October ......................:  96,493    91,218     -5.5   1,045,594   946,860    -9.4  
  November .....................:  88,375    89,767      1.6   1,133,969 1,036,627    -8.6  
  December .....................:  93,634                      1,227,603                    
                                :                                                           
Whey protein concentrate, total :                                                           
  January ......................:  43,871    41,935     -4.4      43,871    41,935    -4.4  
  February .....................:  38,551    35,600     -7.7      82,422    77,535    -5.9  
  March ........................:  42,026    39,800     -5.3     124,448   117,335    -5.7  
  April ........................:  40,639    38,650     -4.9     165,087   155,985    -5.5  
  May ..........................:  41,911    39,715     -5.2     206,998   195,700    -5.5  
  June .........................:  39,516    39,785      0.7     246,514   235,485    -4.5  
  July .........................:  39,802    39,600     -0.5     286,316   275,085    -3.9  
  August .......................:  39,903    39,512     -1.0     326,219   314,597    -3.6  
  September ....................:  40,068    39,400     -1.7     366,287   353,997    -3.4  
  October ......................:  40,672    38,689     -4.9     406,959   392,686    -3.5  
  November .....................:  40,696    39,911     -1.9     447,655   432,597    -3.4  
  December .....................:  43,106                        490,761                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
       Product and month      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                              :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                              :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    1,000 pounds     percent  --- 1,000 pounds --  percent 
Cottage cheese, cream         :                                                           
  January ....................:  30,354    27,622     -9.0      30,354    27,622    -9.0  
  February ...................:  28,399    26,172     -7.8      58,753    53,794    -8.4  
  March ......................:  29,846    32,439      8.7      88,599    86,233    -2.7  
  April ......................:  30,945    32,946      6.5     119,544   119,179    -0.3  
  May ........................:  29,312    31,976      9.1     148,856   151,155     1.5  
  June .......................:  28,265    31,008      9.7     177,121   182,163     2.8  
  July .......................:  32,350    32,769      1.3     209,471   214,932     2.6  
  August .....................:  31,495    32,431      3.0     240,966   247,363     2.7  
  September ..................:  29,488    35,592     20.7     270,454   282,955     4.6  
  October ....................:  31,956    33,908      6.1     302,410   316,863     4.8  
  November ...................:  27,025    29,394      8.8     329,435   346,257     5.1  
  December ...................:  28,427                        357,862                    
                              :                                                           
Cottage cheese, lowfat        :                                                           
  January ....................:  29,450    26,333    -10.6      29,450    26,333   -10.6  
  February ...................:  26,863    24,434     -9.0      56,313    50,767    -9.8  
  March ......................:  27,765    27,693     -0.3      84,078    78,460    -6.7  
  April ......................:  29,039    28,300     -2.5     113,117   106,760    -5.6  
  May ........................:  27,512    25,959     -5.6     140,629   132,719    -5.6  
  June .......................:  25,433    25,505      0.3     166,062   158,224    -4.7  
  July .......................:  29,611    28,793     -2.8     195,673   187,017    -4.4  
  August .....................:  29,747    27,264     -8.3     225,420   214,281    -4.9  
  September ..................:  26,427    28,120      6.4     251,847   242,401    -3.8  
  October ....................:  27,922    28,891      3.5     279,769   271,292    -3.0  
  November ...................:  24,008    24,109      0.4     303,777   295,401    -2.8  
  December ...................:  23,879                        327,656                    
                              :                                                           
Sour cream                    :                                                           
  January ....................: 122,056   121,591     -0.4     122,056   121,591    -0.4  
  February ...................: 103,082   101,869     -1.2     225,138   223,460    -0.7  
  March ......................: 108,617   118,779      9.4     333,755   342,239     2.5  
  April ......................: 117,973   111,887     -5.2     451,728   454,126     0.5  
  May ........................: 120,332   136,118     13.1     572,060   590,244     3.2  
  June .......................: 111,416   121,962      9.5     683,476   712,206     4.2  
  July .......................: 118,403   113,206     -4.4     801,879   825,412     2.9  
  August .....................: 119,252   117,762     -1.2     921,131   943,174     2.4  
  September ..................: 111,282   121,426      9.1   1,032,413 1,064,600     3.1  
  October ....................: 133,320   140,258      5.2   1,165,733 1,204,858     3.4  
  November ...................: 129,785   131,954      1.7   1,295,518 1,336,812     3.2  
  December ...................: 130,139                      1,425,657                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
       Product and month      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                              :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                              :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :   1,000 gallons     percent     1,000 gallons     percent 
Ice cream, regular hard       :                                                           
  January ....................: 53,064    52,157      -1.7     53,064    52,157     -1.7  
  February ...................: 53,369    52,484      -1.7    106,433   104,641     -1.7  
  March ......................: 65,957    63,707      -3.4    172,390   168,348     -2.3  
  April ......................: 64,681    63,059      -2.5    237,071   231,407     -2.4  
  May ........................: 67,414    64,092      -4.9    304,485   295,499     -3.0  
  June .......................: 64,920    71,841      10.7    369,405   367,340     -0.6  
  July .......................: 64,846    71,669      10.5    434,251   439,009      1.1  
  August .....................: 64,242    68,997       7.4    498,493   508,006      1.9  
  September ..................: 58,155    65,078      11.9    556,648   573,084      3.0  
  October ....................: 58,581    61,712       5.3    615,229   634,796      3.2  
  November ...................: 46,927    53,009      13.0    662,156   687,805      3.9  
  December ...................: 47,039                        709,195                     
                              :                                                           
Ice cream, lowfat total       :                                                           
  January ....................: 33,457    30,886      -7.7     33,457    30,886     -7.7  
  February ...................: 35,760    33,278      -6.9     69,217    64,164     -7.3  
  March ......................: 42,538    38,109     -10.4    111,755   102,273     -8.5  
  April ......................: 44,505    35,531     -20.2    156,260   137,804    -11.8  
  May ........................: 47,873    43,689      -8.7    204,133   181,493    -11.1  
  June .......................: 44,364    47,333       6.7    248,497   228,826     -7.9  
  July .......................: 43,582    47,669       9.4    292,079   276,495     -5.3  
  August .....................: 42,021    44,839       6.7    334,100   321,334     -3.8  
  September ..................: 37,206    40,122       7.8    371,306   361,456     -2.7  
  October ....................: 36,315    34,985      -3.7    407,621   396,441     -2.7  
  November ...................: 29,068    29,897       2.9    436,689   426,338     -2.4  
  December ...................: 28,110                        464,799                     
                              :                                                           
Sherbet, hard                 :                                                           
  January ....................:  2,437     2,577       5.7      2,437     2,577      5.7  
  February ...................:  2,700     3,021      11.9      5,137     5,598      9.0  
  March ......................:  3,225     3,056      -5.2      8,362     8,654      3.5  
  April ......................:  3,067     2,759     -10.0     11,429    11,413     -0.1  
  May ........................:  3,191     2,614     -18.1     14,620    14,027     -4.1  
  June .......................:  3,166     3,475       9.8     17,786    17,502     -1.6  
  July .......................:  2,795     3,037       8.7     20,581    20,539     -0.2  
  August .....................:  2,382     3,376      41.7     22,963    23,915      4.1  
  September ..................:  2,703     3,076      13.8     25,666    26,991      5.2  
  October ....................:  2,445     2,768      13.2     28,111    29,759      5.9  
  November ...................:  2,053     2,364      15.1     30,164    32,123      6.5  
  December ...................:  2,056                         32,220                     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dairy Products Production by Product and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :           Monthly           :         Cumulative          
       Product and month      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :         : Change  :         :         : Change  
                              :  2019   :  2020   :  from   :  2019   :  2020   :  from   
                              :         :         :  2019   :         :         :  2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    1,000 pounds     percent  --- 1,000 pounds --  percent 
Yogurt, plain and flavored    :                                                           
  January ....................: 369,301   347,758     -5.8     369,301   347,758    -5.8  
  February ...................: 375,622   375,155     -0.1     744,923   722,913    -3.0  
  March ......................: 399,699   418,060      4.6   1,144,622 1,140,973    -0.3  
  April ......................: 379,341   363,628     -4.1   1,523,963 1,504,601    -1.3  
  May ........................: 354,516   372,064      4.9   1,878,479 1,876,665    -0.1  
  June .......................: 364,013   396,538      8.9   2,242,492 2,273,203     1.4  
  July .......................: 348,614   365,970      5.0   2,591,106 2,639,173     1.9  
  August .....................: 377,322   382,283      1.3   2,968,428 3,021,456     1.8  
  September ..................: 381,495   388,829      1.9   3,349,923 3,410,285     1.8  
  October ....................: 357,443   386,920      8.2   3,707,366 3,797,205     2.4  
  November ...................: 319,612   317,681     -0.6   4,026,978 4,114,886     2.2  
  December ...................: 348,979                      4,375,957                    
                              :                                                           
                              :    1,000 gallons    percent       1,000 gallons   percent 
                              :                                                           
Frozen yogurt, total          :                                                           
  January ....................:   4,081     4,032     -1.2       4,081     4,032    -1.2  
  February ...................:   5,761     4,160    -27.8       9,842     8,192   -16.8  
  March ......................:   5,691     5,577     -2.0      15,533    13,769   -11.4  
  April ......................:   5,083     4,762     -6.3      20,616    18,531   -10.1  
  May ........................:   6,491     6,038     -7.0      27,107    24,569    -9.4  
  June .......................:   5,641     5,344     -5.3      32,748    29,913    -8.7  
  July .......................:   5,722     5,619     -1.8      38,470    35,532    -7.6  
  August .....................:   7,963     8,119      2.0      46,433    43,651    -6.0  
  September ..................:   4,522     4,463     -1.3      50,955    48,114    -5.6  
  October ....................:   4,390     4,425      0.8      55,345    52,539    -5.1  
  November ...................:   3,868     3,863     -0.1      59,213    56,402    -4.7  
  December ...................:   2,916                         62,129                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                       
1/ Excludes Cottage Cheese.                                                               
2/ Includes Cheddar, Colby, washed curd, stirred curd, Monterey, and Jack.                
3/ Includes protein standardized and blends.                                              
4/ Excludes all modified dry whey products.                                               

Total Cheese Production Excluding Cottage Cheese - States, United States, and
Regions: November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ------------ 1,000 pounds -----------     ---- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:    217,544       200,282       200,730      -7.7        0.2   
Idaho ..........:     77,093        85,812        82,959       7.6       -3.3   
Illinois .......:      6,131         6,064         5,275     -14.0      -13.0   
Iowa ...........:     28,671        29,602        31,928      11.4        7.9   
Minnesota ......:     58,324        64,308        62,204       6.7       -3.3   
New Jersey .....:      5,271         6,076         5,073      -3.8      -16.5   
New Mexico .....:     80,443        81,380        78,617      -2.3       -3.4   
New York .......:     69,475        75,453        69,155      -0.5       -8.3   
Ohio ...........:     19,014        21,075        19,113       0.5       -9.3   
Oregon .........:     16,955        20,104        20,151      18.8        0.2   
Pennsylvania ...:     35,382        35,009        34,509      -2.5       -1.4   
South Dakota ...:     33,044        41,238        40,479      22.5       -1.8   
Vermont ........:     12,384        12,392        12,951       4.6        4.5   
Wisconsin ......:    279,521       290,451       275,549      -1.4       -5.1   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :    154,145       162,020       161,525       4.8       -0.3   
                :                                                               
United States ..:  1,093,397     1,131,266     1,100,218       0.6       -2.7   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    133,685       139,768       132,944      -0.6       -4.9   
Central ........:    499,688       539,107       515,188       3.1       -4.4   
West ...........:    460,024       452,391       452,086      -1.7       -0.1   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

American Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:    49,042        50,001        48,954       -0.2       -2.1   
Idaho ..........:    48,602        55,841        54,472       12.1       -2.5   
Iowa ...........:    17,997        15,900        18,204        1.2       14.5   
Minnesota ......:    51,739        53,574        51,819        0.2       -3.3   
New York .......:    11,855        11,518        11,361       -4.2       -1.4   
Oregon .........:    16,865        19,995        20,064       19.0        0.3   
Wisconsin ......:    83,554        90,281        87,300        4.5       -3.3   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :   152,784       164,938       157,062        2.8       -4.8   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   432,438       462,048       449,236        3.9       -2.8   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    28,371        26,886        28,045       -1.1        4.3   
Central ........:   216,701       234,341       227,533        5.0       -2.9   
West ...........:   187,366       200,821       193,658        3.4       -3.6   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Cheddar Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:    24,347        23,928        25,563        5.0        6.8   
Iowa ...........:     9,035        10,038         8,689       -3.8      -13.4   
Minnesota ......:    50,105        52,819        50,411        0.6       -4.6   
Oregon .........:    14,474        17,639        15,954       10.2       -9.6   
Vermont ........:     8,645         7,887         8,335       -3.6        5.7   
Wisconsin ......:    59,130        63,002        62,200        5.2       -1.3   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :   143,487       153,644       149,564        4.2       -2.7   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   309,223       328,957       320,716        3.7       -2.5   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    26,665        25,367        25,821       -3.2        1.8   
Central ........:   153,170       165,475       160,497        4.8       -3.0   
West ...........:   129,388       138,115       134,398        3.9       -2.7   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Total Italian Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------      ---- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:   148,208       128,442       130,070      -12.2        1.3   
Idaho ..........:    23,719        25,280        23,301       -1.8       -7.8   
Minnesota ......:     6,279        10,466        10,167       61.9       -2.9   
New Jersey .....:     3,051         3,088         2,947       -3.4       -4.6   
New York .......:    31,307        32,519        31,040       -0.9       -4.5   
Pennsylvania ...:    20,961        19,808        20,158       -3.8        1.8   
Wisconsin ......:   137,252       136,749       131,337       -4.3       -4.0   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :   101,185       112,277       108,463        7.2       -3.4   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   471,962       468,629       457,483       -3.1       -2.4   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    59,627        59,904        58,458       -2.0       -2.4   
Central ........:   184,485       194,886       187,137        1.4       -4.0   
West ...........:   227,850       213,839       211,888       -7.0       -0.9   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Mozzarella Cheese Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------      ---- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:   137,800       119,448       120,971      -12.2        1.3   
Idaho ..........:    23,094        24,757        22,698       -1.7       -8.3   
New Jersey .....:     1,516         1,571         1,568        3.4       -0.2   
New York .......:    15,894        15,128        16,181        1.8        7.0   
Pennsylvania ...:    17,705        16,722        16,711       -5.6       -0.1   
Wisconsin ......:    88,847        86,108        86,000       -3.2       -0.1   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :    90,410       102,374        98,703        9.2       -3.6   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   375,266       366,108       362,832       -3.3       -0.9   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    37,969        36,190        37,313       -1.7        3.1   
Central ........:   121,937       126,735       124,764        2.3       -1.6   
West ...........:   215,360       203,183       200,755       -6.8       -1.2   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Butter Production - States, United States, and Regions: November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:    48,711        54,101        50,914       4.5        -5.9   
New York .......:     1,959         1,995         1,967       0.4        -1.4   
Pennsylvania ...:     7,974         8,169         8,061       1.1        -1.3   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :   103,208       101,118       107,378       4.0         6.2   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   161,852       165,383       168,320       4.0         1.8   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    14,328        14,854        14,832       3.5        -0.1   
Central ........:    64,291        61,452        66,709       3.8         8.6   
West ...........:    83,233        89,077        86,779       4.3        -2.6   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Nonfat Dry Milk (Human) Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---   
                :                                                               
California .....:    44,918        44,802        50,694       12.9       13.2   
Pennsylvania ...:    14,629        12,892        13,208       -9.7        2.5   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :    79,333        81,026        87,783       10.7        8.3   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   138,880       138,720       151,685        9.2        9.3   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:    24,401        25,655        26,146        7.2        1.9   
Central ........:    31,027        33,457        34,447       11.0        3.0   
West ...........:    83,452        79,608        91,092        9.2       14.4   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Dry Whey (Human) Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :             :             :             :     Change from     
                :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
State and region:    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ---------- 1,000 pounds ----------       ---- percent ---   
                :                                                               
New York .......:   11,179        11,498         9,442       -15.5      -17.9   
Wisconsin ......:   22,443        21,642        22,833         1.7        5.5   
                :                                                               
Other States 1/ :   40,298        40,560        37,259        -7.5       -8.1   
                :                                                               
United States ..:   73,920        73,700        69,534        -5.9       -5.7   
                :                                                               
Atlantic .......:   20,793        21,214        18,987        -8.7      -10.5   
Central ........:   35,357        32,473        33,032        -6.6        1.7   
West ...........:   17,770        20,013        17,515        -1.4      -12.5   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant       
   operations could be disclosed.                                               

Ice Cream, Regular (Hard) Production - States, United States, and Regions:
November 2019 and 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             :             :             :     Change from     
                    :  November   :   October   :  November   :---------------------
  State and region  :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     : November : October  
                    :             :             :             :   2019   :   2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ---------- 1,000 gallons ---------       ---- percent ----  
                    :                                                               
California .........:    3,868         6,095         4,972         28.5      -18.4  
Connecticut ........:    1,213         1,248         1,162         -4.2       -6.9  
Missouri ...........:    2,237         2,730         2,234         -0.1      -18.2  
New Jersey 1/ ......:       81          (NA)          (NA)         (NA)       (NA)  
New York ...........:    1,559         2,032         1,548         -0.7      -23.8  
Ohio ...............:    1,862         2,700         2,125         14.1      -21.3  
Oregon .............:    1,005         1,362           790        -21.4      -42.0  
Pennsylvania .......:    3,618         3,984         3,479         -3.8      -12.7  
Tennessee ..........:    1,705         1,736         1,898         11.3        9.3  
Utah ...............:    1,571         1,820         1,171        -25.5      -35.7  
Wisconsin ..........:      546           931           769         40.8      -17.4  
                    :                                                               
Other States 2/ ....:   27,662        37,074        32,861         18.8      -11.4  
                    :                                                               
United States ......:   46,927        61,712        53,009         13.0      -14.1  
                    :                                                               
Atlantic ...........:   12,334        15,388        13,312          7.9      -13.5  
Central ............:   26,998        35,450        31,246         15.7      -11.9  
West ...............:    7,595        10,874         8,451         11.3      -22.3  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                 
1/   Included in Other States in 2020.                                              
2/   States not shown when fewer than 3 plants reported or individual plant         
     operations could be disclosed.                                                 

West:	Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, 
New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming.
Central:	Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North 
Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin.
Atlantic:	Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, 
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, 
North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, West 
Virginia.

Statistical Methodology

Data Collection Period: Dairy products estimates are based upon survey data 
collected after the close of each month. Production data are provided by the 
firms producing dairy products.

Sampling frames and sample size: In 2019, there were 1,266 manufacturers that 
produced one or more dairy products. In states with small numbers of plants, 
reports are received from all plants each month. In states with large numbers 
of plants, survey procedures are designed to obtain monthly reports from all 
large plants and from a sample of small plants. In some states, the State 
Departments of Agriculture assist in collection of data, which eliminates 
duplicate reporting and reduces respondent burden.  

Modes of data collection: Data are collected by mail, personal and telephone 
interviews, facsimile, and via electronic mail.

Terms and definitions: Firms complete the questionnaire using standard 
industry definitions and through the aid of instructions and definitions 
provided on the questionnaire.

Reliability: Data for the Dairy Products report are collected by a Census of 
all known manufacturers of dairy products in the United States. Firms 
producing large quantities of dairy products, along with a sample of smaller 
firms, are contacted monthly to collect previous month production data. Those 
small firms not contacted monthly are contacted after the close of the year 
to obtain previous year production. Production of products at small firms not 
contacted monthly are estimated during the monthly survey based upon check 
data, and state and national trends. Small firms are defined as those that do 
not make up a significant portion of the published total. Plants storing 
nonfat dry milk and dry whey are required under Federal law as defined in 
Public Laws 106-532 and 107-171 to complete the Dairy Products report. Plants 
storing these items are contacted monthly. Additionally, many state 
governments have mandated that dairy plants in their state complete the Dairy 
Products report each month. Because the Dairy Products survey is a census, 
sampling error should not affect the final estimates, however non-sampling 
errors are possible.

Estimating Procedures: In the Regional Field Office (RFO), data reported by 
firms are reviewed for reasonableness and consistency by comparing with data 
reported in prior months and by data reported by other firms in the State. 
Each RFO summarizes data at the Individual State level. State estimates are 
submitted to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB) along with supporting 
comments where they are compared with surrounding states, their region, and 
national trends. During both RFO and ASB review, plants are sometimes 
contacted again for further verification of numbers reported. After ASB 
review, RFO data are summarized into a National level summary.    

Revision Policy: Monthly estimates are subject to revision the month 
following the preliminary estimates. Annual estimates are published in late 
April in the Dairy Products Yearly Summary report which includes any 
revisions made to previous 2 years of estimates. Revisions are generally due 
to plant data that are received too late to be included in the current 
report.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock 
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact 
for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 692-0069

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ...........  (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585
   Ryan Cowen - Cattle, Cattle on Feed .......... (202) 720-3040
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Suzanne Richards - Dairy Products ............ (202) 720-4448
   Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.