Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings
Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings 

ISSN: 2474-7440

Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Planted Acres Up 5 Percent

Winter wheat seeded area for 2021 is expected to total 32.0 million acres, up 
5 percent from 2020. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: 
Hard Red Winter, 22.3 million; Soft Red Winter, 6.23 million; and 
White Winter, 3.48 million.

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - United States: 2019-2021 (Domestic Units)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 Crop year                  :     2021     
      Crop     :--------------------------------------------: as a percent 
               :     2019     :     2020     :     2021     :   of 2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : 1,000 acres    1,000 acres    1,000 acres      percent    
               :                                                           
Winter wheat ..:    31,474         30,415         31,991          105      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - United States: 2019-2021 (Metric Units)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 Crop year                  :     2021     
      Crop     :--------------------------------------------: as a percent 
               :     2019     :     2020     :     2021     :   of 2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   hectares       hectares       hectares       percent    
               :                                                           
Winter wheat ..:  12,737,210     12,308,650     12,946,440        105      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winter wheat: Planted area for harvest in 2021 is estimated at 32.0 million 
acres, up 5 percent from 2020 and up 2 percent from 2019. This represents the 
fourth lowest United States acreage on record. Seeding of the 2021 acreage 
was underway in early-September and was ahead of the 5-year average pace. 
Throughout the season, planting and emergence progress remained ahead of the 
5-year average pace. Seeding was mostly complete by November 15, 2020.

Hard Red Winter (HRW) wheat seeded area is expected to total 22.3 million 
acres, up 4 percent from 2020. Planted acreage is up from last year across 
most of the growing region. The largest increases in planted acreage are 
estimated in Kansas, Montana, and North Dakota, while the largest decreases 
are estimated in Nebraska and Texas. Record low acreage was seeded in 
Nebraska and Utah.

Soft Red Winter (SRW) wheat seeded area totals 6.23 million acres, up 
12 percent from last year. Compared with last year, the largest acreage 
increases are expected in Indiana, Missouri, Tennessee, and Wisconsin, while 
the largest acreage decreases are expected in Georgia, Maryland, and Ohio.

White Winter wheat seeded area totals 3.48 million acres, down less than 
1 percent from 2020. Planting throughout the Pacific Northwest was ahead of 
the 5-year average throughout most of the planting process. Seeding was 
virtually complete in the region by early November.

Durum wheat: Seedings in Arizona and California for 2021 harvest are 
estimated at a combined 70,000 acres, down 5 percent from 2020 and 41 percent 
below 2019. 

Canola: This report contains the first estimate of 2021 canola seedings for 
Kansas and Oklahoma. Acres seeded in Kansas and Oklahoma for 2021 harvest are 
estimated at a combined 22,000 acres, an increase of 29 percent, or 5,000 
acres, from 2020. If realized, planted acreages in both States would 
represent the second lowest on record. 

This report was approved on January 12, 2021.

Secretary of
Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - States and United States: 2019-2021
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                    Crop year                     :      2021      
       State       :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                   :      2019      :      2020      :      2021      :    of 2020     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                   :                                                                   
Alabama ...........:        130              135              170            126       
Arkansas ..........:        110              145              180            124       
California ........:        390              355              330             93       
Colorado ..........:      2,150            1,900            1,950            103       
Delaware ..........:         60               75               60             80       
Georgia ...........:        150              190              170             89       
Idaho .............:        730              720              740            103       
Illinois ..........:        650              570              630            111       
Indiana ...........:        330              300              400            133       
Kansas ............:      7,100            6,600            7,300            111       
                   :                                                                   
Kentucky ..........:        460              510              500             98       
Maryland ..........:        345              355              330             93       
Michigan ..........:        550              490              580            118       
Mississippi .......:         45               40               80            200       
Missouri ..........:        550              480              660            138       
Montana ...........:      2,000            1,550            1,700            110       
Nebraska ..........:      1,070              900              810             90       
New Jersey ........:         19               25               26            104       
New Mexico ........:        365              330              350            106       
New York ..........:         90              150              165            110       
                   :                                                                   
North Carolina ....:        290              450              460            102       
North Dakota ......:         85               40              140            350       
Ohio ..............:        500              530              500             94       
Oklahoma ..........:      4,200            4,250            4,300            101       
Oregon ............:        740              740              710             96       
Pennsylvania ......:        180              235              240            102       
South Carolina ....:         70              110              110            100       
South Dakota ......:        860              630              710            113       
Tennessee .........:        280              300              400            133       
Texas .............:      4,600            4,900            4,800             98       
                   :                                                                   
Utah ..............:        125              110              110            100       
Virginia ..........:        180              220              240            109       
Washington ........:      1,750            1,800            1,750             97       
Wisconsin .........:        195              160              275            172       
Wyoming ...........:        125              120              115             96       
                   :                                                                   
United States .....:     31,474           30,415           31,991            105       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Durum Wheat Area Seeded - States and United States: 2019-2021
[Blank cells indicate estimation period has not begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    Crop year                     :      2021      
      State     :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                :      2019      :      2020      :    2021 1/     :    of 2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                :                                                                   
Arizona ........:        36               44              40               91       
California .....:        30               30              30              100       
Idaho ..........:         5               10                                        
Montana ........:       550              690                                        
North Dakota ...:       720              910                                        
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     1,341            1,684                                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Indicated 2021 area seeded for all five States and the United States will be     
   published in "Prospective Plantings" released March 2021.                        

Canola Area Seeded - States and United States: 2019-2021
[Blank cells indicate estimation period has not begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    Crop year                     :      2021      
      State     :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                :      2019      :      2020      :    2021 1/     :    of 2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                :                                                                   
Kansas .........:       29.0              5.0             8.0             160       
Minnesota ......:       51.0             50.0                                       
Montana ........:      150.0            155.0                                       
North Dakota ...:    1,700.0          1,510.0                                       
Oklahoma .......:       35.0             12.0            14.0             117       
Washington .....:       75.0             93.0                                       
                :                                                                   
United States ..:    2,040.0          1,825.0                                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Indicated 2021 area seeded for all six States and the United States will be      
   published in "Prospective Plantings" released March 2021.                        

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: The estimates in this report are based primarily on 
surveys conducted the first two weeks of December. The December Agricultural 
Survey is a probability survey that includes a sample of approximately 
77,700 farm operators selected from a list of producers that ensures all 
operations in the United States have a chance to be selected. Data from farm 
operators was collected by mail, internet, telephone, or personal interview 
to obtain information on crop acreage, yield, and production for the 2020 
crop year and winter wheat, Durum wheat, and canola seedings for the 2021 
crop year. 

Estimating procedures: National, Regional, State, and grower reported data 
were reviewed for reasonableness and consistency with historical estimates. 
Each Regional Office submits their analysis of the current situation to the 
Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). Survey data are compiled to the National 
level and are reviewed at this level independently of each State's review. 
Estimates were based on survey data and the historical relationship of 
official estimates to survey data. 

Revision policy: These estimates will not be revised; instead, new estimates 
will be made throughout the growing season. End-of-season wheat estimates are 
made after harvest and published in the Small Grains Annual Summary report at 
the end of September. End-of-season canola estimates are published in the 
Crop Production Annual Summary report in the middle of January. 

Reliability: The survey used to make acreage estimates is subject to sampling 
and non-sampling type errors that are common to all surveys. The survey 
indications are subject to sampling variability because not all operations 
with winter wheat are included in the sample. This variability, as measured 
by the relative standard error at the National level, is approximately 
1.8 percent for winter wheat. This means that chances are approximately 95 
out of 100 that survey estimates for acres will be within plus or minus 
3.6 percent for winter wheat. 

Survey indications are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, 
duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, 
recording, and processing the data. These errors cannot be measured directly, 
but they are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness. 

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum.......... (202) 720-5944
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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