Rice Stocks
Rice Stocks

ISSN: 1949-1603

Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Rough Rice Stocks Up 10 Percent from December 2019

Rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1, 2020, totaled 136 million 
hundredweight (cwt), up 10 percent from the total on December 1, 2019. Stocks 
held on farms totaled 41.4 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 
94.7 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 68 percent of the total 
rough rice, medium grain accounted for 30 percent, and short grain varieties 
accounted for 2 percent. 

Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 4.68 million cwt, down 16 percent 
from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 3.58 million cwt of 
whole kernel rice and 1.09 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and 
brewers rice.

Rice Stocks by Position and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (Domestic Units)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :               2019               :               2020               
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Date     :    On     :   Off    : Total all :    On     :   Off    : Total all 
               :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 cwt                              
               :                                                                     
Rough rice     :                                                                     
March 1 .......:  23,305      80,515     103,820     14,370      71,775      86,145  
June 1 ........:  11,465      52,096      63,561      6,085      40,453      46,538  
August 1 ......:   6,663      31,927      38,590      2,828      21,567      24,395  
October 1 2/ ..:      35       2,304       2,339         30         873         903  
December 1 ....:  33,625      90,120     123,745     41,370      94,704     136,074  
               :                                                                     
Milled rice    :                                                                     
March 1 .......:     (X)       4,167       4,167        (X)       5,239       5,239  
June 1 ........:     (X)       4,736       4,736        (X)       4,307       4,307  
August 1 ......:     (X)       4,383       4,383        (X)       2,987       2,987  
October 1 2/ ..:     (X)         873         873        (X)         719         719  
December 1 ....:     (X)       5,556       5,556        (X)       4,678       4,678  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X) Not applicable.                                                                  
1/  Includes stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, ports, and in transit.          
2/  California only.                                                                 

Rice Stocks by Position and Month - United States: 2019 and 2020 (Metric Units)
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :               2019               :               2020               
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Date     :    On     :   Off    : Total all :    On     :   Off    : Total all 
               :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                             metric tons                             
               :                                                                     
Rough rice     :                                                                     
March 1 .......: 1,057,100  3,652,100   4,709,200     651,810  3,255,660   3,907,470 
June 1 ........:   520,040  2,363,030   2,883,080     276,010  1,834,920   2,110,930 
August 1 ......:   302,230  1,448,180   1,750,410     128,280    978,260   1,106,540 
October 1 2/ ..:     1,590    104,510     106,100       1,360     39,600      40,960 
December 1 ....: 1,525,200  4,087,770   5,612,980   1,876,510  4,295,700   6,172,210 
               :                                                                     
Milled rice    :                                                                     
March 1 .......:       (X)    189,010     189,010         (X)    237,640     237,640 
June 1 ........:       (X)    214,820     214,820         (X)    195,360     195,360 
August 1 ......:       (X)    198,810     198,810         (X)    135,490     135,490 
October 1 2/ ..:       (X)     39,600      39,600         (X)     32,610      32,610 
December 1 ....:       (X)    252,020     252,020         (X)    212,190     212,190 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X) Not applicable.                                                                  
1/  Includes stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, ports, and in transit.          
2/  California only.                                                                 

Rice Stocks by Position - States and United States: December 1, 2019 and 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :               2019               :               2020               
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :    On     :   Off    : Total all :    On     :   Off    : Total all 
               :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 cwt                              
               :                                                                     
Rough rice     :                                                                     
Arkansas ......:  18,300      40,152      58,452     23,100      42,990      66,090  
California ....:   3,325      33,021      36,346      3,530      34,073      37,603  
Louisiana .....:   5,100       6,635      11,735      6,500       7,857      14,357  
Mississippi ...:   2,400       1,396       3,796      3,200       1,593       4,793  
Missouri ......:     (D)         (D)       6,101        (D)         (D)       6,779  
Texas .........:     (D)         (D)       7,315        (D)         (D)       6,452  
               :                                                                     
Unallocated 2/ :   4,500       8,916           -      5,040       8,191           -  
               :                                                                     
United States .:  33,625      90,120     123,745     41,370      94,704     136,074  
               :                                                                     
Milled rice    :                                                                     
Arkansas ......:     (X)       1,742       1,742        (X)       1,489       1,489  
California ....:     (X)       2,226       2,226        (X)       1,838       1,838  
Louisiana .....:     (X)         (D)         (D)        (X)         (D)         (D)  
Mississippi ...:     (X)         (D)         (D)        (X)         (D)         (D)  
Missouri ......:     (X)         (D)         (D)        (X)         (D)         (D)  
Texas .........:     (X)         713         713        (X)         612         612  
               :                                                                     
Unallocated 2/ :     (X)         875         875        (X)         739         739  
               :                                                                     
United States .:     (X)       5,556       5,556        (X)       4,678       4,678  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                 
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(X) Not applicable.                                                                  
1/  Includes stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, ports, and in transit.          
2/  Unallocated includes State data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual       
    operations.                                                                      

Rough Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - States and United States:
December 1, 2019 and 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :      Total      
      State     :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                              
                :                                                                    
California .....:    (D)     (D)   33,263  33,937     (D)      (D)   36,346   37,603 
                :                                                                    
Other States 1/ :    (D)     (D)    9,790   6,592     (D)      (D)   87,399   98,471 
                :                                                                    
United States ..: 78,258  92,636   43,053  40,529   2,434    2,909  123,745  136,074 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.      

Milled Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - States and United States:
December 1, 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                      Whole kernels (head rice)                      
                :---------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :      Long       :     Medium     :     Short      :      Total      
                :---------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 cwt                              
                :                                                                     
California .....:   (D)      (D)    1,746    1,198    (D)      (D)    1,798    1,239  
                :                                                                     
Other States 1/ :   (D)      (D)       70       77    (D)      (D)    2,582    2,345  
                :                                                                     
United States ..: 2,516    2,271    1,816    1,275     48       38    4,380    3,584  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           Broken kernels                            
                :---------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :  Second heads   : Screenings 2/  :    Brewers     :      Total      
                :---------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 cwt                              
                :                                                                     
California .....:   (D)      (D)        -        -    (D)      (D)      428      599  
                :                                                                     
Other States 1/ :   (D)      (D)      101      161    (D)      (D)      748      495  
                :                                                                     
United States ..:   707      730      101      161    368      203    1,176    1,094  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                  
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                      
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.       
2/  Screenings included with second heads in California.                              

Rough Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - California:
October 1, 2019 and 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :      Total      
   State   :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                             1,000 cwt                              
           :                                                                    
California :  (D)      (D)    1,660     629     (D)      (D)    2,339     903   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Milled Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - California:
October 1, 2019 and 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                      Whole kernels (head rice)                      
           :---------------------------------------------------------------------
   State   :      Long       :     Medium     :     Short      :      Total      
           :---------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                              1,000 cwt                              
           :                                                                     
California :   (D)      (D)     281      437     (D)      (D)     319      473   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                           Broken kernels                            
           :---------------------------------------------------------------------
   State   :  Second heads   : Screenings 1/  :    Brewers     :      Total      
           :---------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  : 2020  :  2019  :  2020  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                              1,000 cwt                              
           :                                                                     
California :   (D)      205       -        -     (D)       41     554      246   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                             
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                 
1/  Screenings included with second heads.                                       

Rice Stocks by Position - States and
United States: August 1, 2020
---------------------------------------------------
               :          August 1, 2020           
               :-----------------------------------
     State     :    On     :    Off    : Total all 
               :   farms   : farms 1/  : positions 
---------------------------------------------------
               :             1,000 cwt             
               :                                   
Rough rice     :                                   
Arkansas ......:   2,200      10,587      12,787   
California ....:     243       4,934       5,177   
Louisiana .....:     (D)         (D)       2,445   
Mississippi ...:     (D)         (D)         815   
Missouri ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)   
Texas .........:     (D)         (D)         (D)   
               :                                   
Unallocated 2/ :     385       6,046       3,171   
               :                                   
United States .:   2,828      21,567      24,395   
               :                                   
Milled rice    :                                   
Arkansas ......:     (X)         876         876   
California ....:     (X)       1,035       1,035   
Louisiana .....:     (X)         (D)         (D)   
Mississippi ...:     (X)         (D)         (D)   
Missouri ......:     (X)         (D)         (D)   
Texas .........:     (X)         795         795   
               :                                   
Unallocated 2/ :     (X)         281         281   
               :                                   
United States .:     (X)       2,987       2,987   
---------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for          
    individual operations.                         
(X) Not applicable.                                
1/  Includes stocks at mills, elevators,           
    warehouses, ports, and in transit.             
2/  Unallocated includes State data withheld to    
    avoid disclosure of individual operations.     

Rice Stocks by Position - States and United States: June 1, 2020 and March 1, 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :           June 1, 2020            :          March 1, 2020           
               :----------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :    On     :    Off    : Total all :    On     :   Off    : Total all 
               :   farms   : farms 1/  : positions :   farms   : farms 1/ : positions 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 cwt                               
               :                                                                      
Rough rice     :                                                                      
Arkansas ......:   4,100      20,196      24,296       8,500      35,591     44,091   
California ....:     775      11,480      12,255       1,790      24,200     25,990   
Louisiana .....:     220       2,794       3,014       1,250       4,080      5,330   
Mississippi ...:     230         600         830         800         853      1,653   
Missouri ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)      4,636   
Texas .........:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)      4,445   
               :                                                                      
Unallocated 2/ :     760       5,383       6,143       2,030       7,051          -   
               :                                                                      
United States .:   6,085      40,453      46,538      14,370      71,775     86,145   
               :                                                                      
Milled rice    :                                                                      
Arkansas ......:     (X)       1,384       1,384         (X)       1,771      1,771   
California ....:     (X)       1,965       1,965         (X)       1,463      1,463   
Louisiana .....:     (X)         (D)         (D)         (X)         (D)        (D)   
Mississippi ...:     (X)         (D)         (D)         (X)         (D)        (D)   
Missouri ......:     (X)         (D)         (D)         (X)         (D)        (D)   
Texas .........:     (X)         413         413         (X)         862        862   
               :                                                                      
Unallocated 2/ :     (X)         545         545         (X)       1,143      1,143   
               :                                                                      
United States .:     (X)       4,307       4,307         (X)       5,239      5,239   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                  
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                      
(X) Not applicable.                                                                   
1/  Includes stocks at mills, elevators, warehouses, ports, and in transit.           
2/  Unallocated includes State data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual        
    operations.                                                                       

Rough Rice Stocks in All Positions by Length of Grain and Month - States and
United States: 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Date and State :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
August 1        :                                                                   
California .....:        (D)            4,469             (D)             5,177     
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :        (D)            4,550             (D)            19,218     
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     14,844            9,019             532            24,395     
                :                                                                   
June 1          :                                                                   
California .....:        (D)           11,092             (D)            12,255     
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :        (D)            7,696             (D)            34,283     
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     26,906           18,788             844            46,538     
                :                                                                   
March 1         :                                                                   
California .....:        (D)           23,878             (D)            25,990     
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :        (D)            8,965             (D)            60,155     
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     51,700           32,843           1,602            86,145     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                    
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.     

Milled Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - States and United States:
August 1, 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                     Whole kernels (head rice)                     
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)             647              (D)               692      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)             123              (D)             1,576      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     1,454             770               44             2,268      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          Broken kernels                           
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Second heads  : Screenings 2/  :    Brewers     :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)               -              (D)               343      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)             115              (D)               376      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:       418             115              186               719      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                    
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.     
2/  Screenings included with second heads in California.                            

Milled Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - States and United States:
June 1, 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                     Whole kernels (head rice)                     
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)            1,333             (D)             1,379      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)              134             (D)             1,937      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     1,805            1,467              44             3,316      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          Broken kernels                           
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Second heads  : Screenings 2/  :    Brewers     :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)                -             (D)               586      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)               68             (D)               405      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:       642               68             281               991      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                    
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.     
2/  Screenings included with second heads in California.                            

Milled Rice Stocks by Length of Grain in All Positions - States and United States:
March 1, 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                     Whole kernels (head rice)                     
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      Long      :     Medium     :     Short      :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)             457              (D)               528      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)              85              (D)             2,802      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     2,727             542               61             3,330      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          Broken kernels                           
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Second heads  : Screenings 2/  :    Brewers     :     Total      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 cwt                             
                :                                                                   
California .....:       (D)               -              (D)               935      
                :                                                                   
Other States 1/ :       (D)             107              (D)               974      
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     1,006             107              796             1,909      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                    
1/  Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.     
2/  Screenings included with second heads in California.                            

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: The rice stocks estimates in this report are based on 
surveys conducted during the first two weeks of December. Separate surveys 
were conducted to obtain the on-farm and off-farm estimates. The on-farm 
stocks survey is a probability survey based on a sampling procedure that 
ensures all operations storing rice in the United States have a chance to be 
selected. These producers were asked to provide the total quantities of grain 
stored on their operations as of December 1, 2020 regardless of ownership. 
Off-farm stocks are a census of all known rice storage facilities. An effort 
is made to obtain reports from all off-farm facilities. Estimates are made 
for missing facilities to assure complete coverage.

Estimating Procedures: On-farm and off-farm survey data are reviewed at the 
State and national levels for reasonableness, consistency with historical 
estimates, and current crop size. After estimates are made for on-farm and 
off-farm rice stocks, the total of these two are combined and evaluated using 
the balance sheet approach. This method utilizes other sources of data to 
check the reasonableness of the stocks estimates. Estimates of production, 
exports, and millings are reviewed to make sure beginning stocks, production, 
utilization, and ending stocks are within reasonable balance and present the 
best possible estimate of stocks.

Revision Policy: On-farm and off-farm stocks are subject to revision in the 
quarter following initial publication and again in the following December 1 
Rice Stocks report published in January each year. Revisions can be made when 
late reports are received, errors are detected in reporting and calculating, 
and when production estimates are revised. Estimates will also be reviewed 
after data from the 5-year Census of Agriculture are available. No revisions 
to these years will be made after that date.

Reliability: Reliability of the on-farm and off-farm stocks must be treated 
separately because the survey designs for the two surveys are drastically 
different. The on-farm stocks estimates are subject to sampling variability 
because all operations holding on-farm stocks are not included in the sample.

Survey indications are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, 
duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, 
recording, and processing the data. Off-farm, as well as on-farm stocks, are 
subject to these types of errors. These errors cannot be measured directly, 
but they are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum.......... (202) 720-5944
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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