Crop Production 2020 Summary
United States
Department of
Agriculture

National
Agricultural
Statistics
Service

ISSN: 1057-
7823

Crop 
Production
2020 Summary

January 2021

Corn for grain production in 2020 was estimated at 14.2 billion bushels, up 
4 percent from the 2019 estimate. The average yield in the United States was 
estimated at 172.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels above the 2019 yield of 
167.5 bushels per acre. Area harvested for grain was estimated at 
82.5 million acres, up 1 percent from the 2019 estimate.

Sorghum: Grain production in 2020 was estimated at 373 million bushels, up 
9 percent from the 2019 total. Planted area for 2020 was estimated at 
5.88 million acres, up 12 percent from the previous year. Area harvested for 
grain, at 5.10 million acres, was up 9 percent from 2019. Grain yield was 
estimated at 73.2 bushels per acre, up 0.2 bushel from 2019. 

Rice: Production in 2020 totaled 228 million cwt, up 23 percent from the 2019 
total. Planted area for 2020 was estimated at 3.04 million acres, up 
19 percent from 2019. Area harvested, at 2.99 million acres, was up 
21 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all 
United States rice was estimated at 7,619 pounds per acre, up 146 pounds from 
the 2019 average yield of 7,473 pounds per acre.

Soybean production in 2020 totaled 4.14 billion bushels, up 16 percent from 
2019. The average yield per acre was estimated at 50.2 bushels, up 
2.8 bushels from 2019. Harvested area was up 10 percent from 2019 to 
82.3 million acres.

All cotton production is estimated at 15.0 million 480-pound bales, down 
25 percent from 2019. The United States yield is estimated at 825 pounds per 
acre, up 2 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 8.70 million acres, is 
down 25 percent from last year.

This report was approved on January 12, 2021.

Secretary of
Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Principal Crops Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018-2020..............................   8

Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production - States and 
United States: 2018-2020......................................................................................  10

Corn for Silage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...................  12

Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020.........................................  13

Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020...........................................  14

Corn for Grain Percentage Distribution by Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020..............  15

Corn for Grain Frequency of Farmer Reported Row Widths - Selected States: 2016-2020...........................  16

Corn for Grain Percentage Distribution by Measured Row Width and Average Row Width - Selected 
States: 2016-2020.............................................................................................  17

Sorghum Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production - States and 
United States: 2018-2020......................................................................................  18

Sorghum for Silage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  19

Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...................  20

Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  22

All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.............  24

Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020..........  26

Other Spring Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020....  28

Durum Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...........  29

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2018-2020..........................................................  29

Rice Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class - States and United States: 2018-2020.........  30

Rye Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...................  32

Proso Millet Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020..........  33

All Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...........................  34

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 
United States: 2018-2020......................................................................................  36

All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.....................  38

All Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020.......................  40

All Alfalfa Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020...............  41

All Other Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020.................  42

All Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020........  43

Alfalfa Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020....  44

All Other Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State Total: 2018-2020..  45

New Seedings of Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures - States and United States: 2018-2020............................  46

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  47

Canola Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  48

Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018-2020.....  50

Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020....  52

Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet - Selected States: 2016-2020.......................................  54

Soybean Frequency of Farmer Reported Row Widths - Selected States: 2016-2020..................................  56

Soybean Percentage Distribution by Measured Row Width and Average Row Width - Selected 
States: 2016-2020.............................................................................................  58

Flaxseed Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020..............  60

Safflower Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.............  60

Other Oilseed Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Crop - United States: 2018-2020............  61

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018-2020........  62

Cottonseed Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...................................................  64

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...........................  65

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2018-2020.........  66

Sugarbeet Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.............  68

Sugarcane Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.........................  69

Potato Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  70

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.......  73

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class - States and 
United States: 2018-2020......................................................................................  74

Lentil Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020................  88

Wrinkled Seed Pea Production - States and United States: 2018-2020............................................  88

Chickpea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020..............  89

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020........  91

Austrian Winter Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020...  91

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States: 2018-2020....................  92

Mint for Oil Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Crop - States and United States: 2018-2020..............  98

Maple Syrup Taps, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020.................................  99

Taro Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - State and United States: 2018-2020...............................  99

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2019 and 2020....... 100

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2019 and 2020......... 102

2019 Annual Weather Summary .................................................................................. 104

2019 Annual Crop Summary ..................................................................................... 107

Crop Comments................................................................................................. 110

Statistical Methodology....................................................................................... 122

Information Contacts.......................................................................................... 123
 
Principal Crops Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018-2020
[Crops included are corn, sorghum, oats, barley, rye, winter wheat, Durum wheat, other
spring wheat, rice, soybeans, peanuts, sunflower, cotton, dry edible beans, chickpeas,
potatoes, canola, proso millet, and sugarbeets. Harvested acreage is used for all hay,
tobacco, and sugarcane in computing total area planted. Includes double cropped acres
and unharvested small grains planted as cover crops]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 acres                              
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:    2,325       2,115       2,130       2,218       2,045       2,047  
Alaska ..........:       28          28          28          27          27          27  
Arizona .........:      665         637         573         640         628         565  
Arkansas ........:    7,282       6,603       6,891       7,099       6,427       6,743  
California ......:    2,946       2,983       2,621       2,515       2,567       2,224  
Colorado ........:    6,140       6,091       5,744       5,585       5,799       5,002  
Connecticut .....:       70          70          70          67          68          68  
Delaware ........:      453         435         440         409         415         412  
Florida .........:    1,114       1,079       1,090       1,063       1,060       1,074  
Georgia .........:    3,653       3,359       3,368       3,141       3,135       3,173  
                 :                                                                       
Idaho ...........:    4,177       4,111       4,111       4,064       3,956       3,958  
Illinois ........:   22,936      21,590      22,720      22,480      21,210      22,485  
Indiana .........:   12,120      11,250      11,900      11,950      11,070      11,810  
Iowa ............:   24,241      23,935      24,330      23,829      23,619      23,713  
Kansas ..........:   23,465      23,313      23,469      22,694      22,469      22,651  
Kentucky ........:    5,693       5,712       6,096       5,503       5,552       5,901  
Louisiana .......:    3,287       3,024       3,090       3,113       2,951       3,037  
Maine ...........:      227         228         226         221         221         218  
Maryland ........:    1,572       1,556       1,554       1,361       1,346       1,306  
Massachusetts ...:       93          65          74          91          62          72  
                 :                                                                       
Michigan ........:    6,390       5,552       6,366       6,264       5,347       6,257  
Minnesota .......:   19,484      18,350      19,303      19,132      17,834      18,927  
Mississippi .....:    4,144       3,822       4,009       4,059       3,720       3,939  
Missouri ........:   13,782      12,827      13,408      13,393      12,367      13,141  
Montana .........:    9,835       9,981       9,790       9,349       9,381       9,487  
Nebraska ........:   19,742      19,177      19,780      19,341      18,778      19,471  
Nevada ..........:      401         450         333         380         447         333  
New Hampshire ...:       52          61          55          51          60          54  
New Jersey ......:      314         282         312         304         272         303  
New Mexico ......:      874         833         740         618         551         500  
                 :                                                                       
New York ........:    2,828       2,591       2,636       2,764       2,504       2,569  
North Carolina ..:    4,593       4,400       4,336       4,348       4,273       4,133  
North Dakota ....:   24,163      23,223      20,903      23,622      21,243      20,320  
Ohio ............:   10,065       8,595       9,895       9,930       8,340       9,735  
Oklahoma ........:   10,036       9,390       9,197       7,550       7,396       7,051  
Oregon ..........:    1,997       1,913       1,911       1,934       1,881       1,870  
Pennsylvania ....:    3,443       3,686       4,042       3,321       3,495       3,787  
Rhode Island ....:        8           7           7           8           7           7  
South Carolina ..:    1,498       1,428       1,411       1,368       1,358       1,367  
South Dakota ....:   17,300      13,816      15,581      16,590      13,214      15,189  
                 :                                                                       
Tennessee .......:    4,896       4,836       4,861       4,754       4,716       4,746  
Texas ...........:   21,833      21,516      21,872      14,922      16,697      14,999  
Utah ............:      871         908         947         836         888         924  
Vermont .........:      255         241         252         249         237         247  
Virginia ........:    2,634       2,609       2,637       2,502       2,474       2,491  
Washington ......:    3,697       3,560       3,663       3,607       3,487       3,585  
West Virginia ...:      617         567         591         609         565         590  
Wisconsin .......:    8,014       7,625       8,141       7,747       7,068       7,639  
Wyoming .........:    1,474       1,504       1,429       1,417       1,456       1,366  
                 :                                                                       
United States 1/ :  319,305     303,073     310,107     299,244     284,827     291,666  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States do not add to United States due to rye unallocated acreage.                    

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Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production -
States and United States: 2018-2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   Area planted for all purposes   :     Area harvested for grain      
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 acres                              
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:     255         320         330         245         305         320   
Arizona .........:      80          90          75          20          37          29   
Arkansas ........:     660         770         620         645         735         605   
California ......:     430         480         440          65          60          60   
Colorado ........:   1,460       1,550       1,420       1,190       1,300       1,060   
Connecticut 1/ ..:      23          23          24        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
Delaware ........:     170         185         180         166         180         176   
Florida .........:      95          95         100          62          54          61   
Georgia .........:     325         395         420         285         350         390   
Idaho ...........:     350         390         390         125         150         130   
                 :                                                                       
Illinois ........:  11,000      10,500      11,300      10,800      10,200      11,100   
Indiana .........:   5,300       5,000       5,400       5,120       4,820       5,250   
Iowa ............:  13,200      13,500      13,600      12,750      13,050      12,900   
Kansas ..........:   5,450       6,400       6,100       4,980       6,020       5,720   
Kentucky ........:   1,330       1,550       1,490       1,220       1,450       1,380   
Louisiana .......:     460         570         500         450         545         485   
Maine 1/ ........:      30          29          30        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
Maryland ........:     440         510         480         380         460         430   
Massachusetts 1/ :      14          14          14        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
Michigan ........:   2,250       2,000       2,350       1,890       1,610       1,990   
                 :                                                                       
Minnesota .......:   7,900       7,800       8,000       7,460       7,250       7,510   
Mississippi .....:     480         660         510         460         620         490   
Missouri ........:   3,500       3,200       3,450       3,330       2,990       3,280   
Montana .........:     115         115         115          68          60          61   
Nebraska ........:   9,600      10,100      10,200       9,300       9,810       9,890   
Nevada 1/ .......:      13          15          13        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
New Hampshire 1/ :      13          12          13        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
New Jersey ......:      70          77          87          60          68          80   
New Mexico ......:     135         150         125          35          48          37   
New York ........:   1,070       1,020       1,050         615         545         510   
                 :                                                                       
North Carolina ..:     910         990       1,000         830         930         950   
North Dakota ....:   3,150       3,500       1,950       2,930       3,130       1,780   
Ohio ............:   3,500       2,800       3,550       3,300       2,570       3,300   
Oklahoma ........:     310         370         360         270         330         320   
Oregon ..........:      75          85         100          40          49          65   
Pennsylvania ....:   1,300       1,450       1,500         890       1,060       1,000   
Rhode Island 1/ .:       2           2           2        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
South Carolina ..:     340         380         400         310         350         380   
South Dakota ....:   5,300       4,350       4,950       4,860       3,870       4,500   
Tennessee .......:     720         970         870         670         910         825   
                 :                                                                       
Texas ...........:   2,200       2,500       2,250       1,750       2,150       1,810   
Utah ............:      70          85          90          22          26          31   
Vermont 1/ ......:      85          81          85        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)   
Virginia ........:     485         540         560         325         380         420   
Washington ......:     165         175         180          85          90          80   
West Virginia ...:      46          52          51          33          38          38   
Wisconsin .......:   3,900       3,800       4,000       3,170       2,670       2,970   
Wyoming .........:      95          95          95          70          67          54   
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:  88,871      89,745      90,819      81,276      81,337      82,467   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                              --continued

Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production -
States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ----------- bushels ----------    ---------- 1,000 bushels --------- 
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:   156.0       147.0       158.0        38,220      44,835      50,560 
Arizona .........:   220.0       231.0       202.0         4,400       8,547       5,858 
Arkansas ........:   181.0       175.0       184.0       116,745     128,625     111,320 
California ......:   173.0       168.0       187.0        11,245      10,080      11,220 
Colorado ........:   130.0       123.0       116.0       154,700     159,900     122,960 
Connecticut 1/ ..:    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Delaware ........:   145.0       161.0       160.0        24,070      28,980      28,160 
Florida .........:   157.0       161.0       138.0         9,734       8,694       8,418 
Georgia .........:   176.0       160.0       180.0        50,160      56,000      70,200 
Idaho ...........:   213.0       205.0       199.0        26,625      30,750      25,870 
                 :                                                                       
Illinois ........:   210.0       181.0       192.0     2,268,000   1,846,200   2,131,200 
Indiana .........:   189.0       169.0       187.0       967,680     814,580     981,750 
Iowa ............:   196.0       198.0       178.0     2,499,000   2,583,900   2,296,200 
Kansas ..........:   129.0       133.0       134.0       642,420     800,660     766,480 
Kentucky ........:   175.0       169.0       184.0       213,500     245,050     253,920 
Louisiana .......:   173.0       165.0       181.0        77,850      89,925      87,785 
Maine 1/ ........:    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Maryland ........:   146.0       161.0       155.0        55,480      74,060      66,650 
Massachusetts 1/ :    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Michigan ........:   153.0       147.0       154.0       289,170     236,670     306,460 
                 :                                                                       
Minnesota .......:   182.0       173.0       192.0     1,357,720   1,254,250   1,441,920 
Mississippi .....:   185.0       174.0       180.0        85,100     107,880      88,200 
Missouri ........:   140.0       155.0       171.0       466,200     463,450     560,880 
Montana .........:    85.0        95.0       109.0         5,780       5,700       6,649 
Nebraska ........:   192.0       182.0       181.0     1,785,600   1,785,420   1,790,090 
Nevada 1/ .......:    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
New Hampshire 1/ :    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
New Jersey ......:   141.0       155.0       156.0         8,460      10,540      12,480 
New Mexico ......:   187.0       135.0       195.0         6,545       6,480       7,215 
New York ........:   159.0       158.0       157.0        97,785      86,110      80,070 
                 :                                                                       
North Carolina ..:   113.0       111.0       113.0        93,790     103,230     107,350 
North Dakota ....:   153.0       131.0       139.0       448,290     410,030     247,420 
Ohio ............:   187.0       164.0       171.0       617,100     421,480     564,300 
Oklahoma ........:   134.0       137.0       135.0        36,180      45,210      43,200 
Oregon ..........:   195.0       237.0       241.0         7,800      11,613      15,665 
Pennsylvania ....:   140.0       153.0       138.0       124,600     162,180     138,000 
Rhode Island 1/ .:    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
South Carolina ..:   127.0       106.0       132.0        39,370      37,100      50,160 
South Dakota ....:   160.0       144.0       162.0       777,600     557,280     729,000 
Tennessee .......:   168.0       177.0       170.0       112,560     161,070     140,250 
                 :                                                                       
Texas ...........:   108.0       133.0       128.0       189,000     285,950     231,680 
Utah ............:   182.0       143.0       149.0         4,004       3,718       4,619 
Vermont 1/ ......:    (NA)        (NA)        (NA)          (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Virginia ........:   146.0       144.0       122.0        47,450      54,720      51,240 
Washington ......:   220.0       237.0       228.0        18,700      21,330      18,240 
West Virginia ...:   152.0       165.0       144.0         5,016       6,270       5,472 
Wisconsin .......:   172.0       166.0       174.0       545,240     443,220     516,780 
Wyoming .........:   164.0       123.0       122.0        11,480       8,241       6,588 
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:   176.4       167.5       172.0    14,340,369  13,619,928  14,182,479 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                      
1/   Area harvested for grain not estimated.                                             

Corn for Silage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :      Area harvested      : Yield per acre  :         Production          
     State     :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  2018  :  2019  :  2020  :2018 :2019 :2020 :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : ----- 1,000 acres -----   ----- tons -----   -------- 1,000 tons ------- 
               :                                                                          
Alabama .......:     5        7        5   16.0  13.0  16.0        80        91        80 
Arizona .......:    58       50       45   29.0  29.0  29.0     1,682     1,450     1,305 
Arkansas ......:     3        7        6   21.0  16.0  15.0        63       112        90 
California ....:   360      415      375   27.5  27.0  27.0     9,900    11,205    10,125 
Colorado ......:   190      175      230   22.0  24.0  23.0     4,180     4,200     5,290 
Connecticut ...:    20       21       22   19.0  21.0  16.0       380       441       352 
Delaware ......:     3        4        4   24.0  23.0  19.0        72        92        76 
Florida .......:    30       35       35   21.0  20.0  19.0       630       700       665 
Georgia .......:    30       25       25   21.0  22.0  18.0       630       550       450 
Idaho .........:   220      235      255   30.0  28.0  29.0     6,600     6,580     7,395 
               :                                                                          
Illinois ......:   100      170      110   20.0  20.0  20.0     2,000     3,400     2,200 
Indiana .......:   100      110      130   21.0  20.0  21.0     2,100     2,200     2,730 
Iowa ..........:   270      360      260   20.5  22.0  20.5     5,535     7,920     5,330 
Kansas ........:   390      250      250   13.5  17.5  19.5     5,265     4,375     4,875 
Kentucky ......:    90       80       95   21.0  21.0  20.0     1,890     1,680     1,900 
Louisiana .....:     2        3        3   20.0  19.0  17.0        40        57        51 
Maine .........:    27       26       27   20.0  19.0  19.0       540       494       513 
Maryland ......:    45       40       40   19.0  22.0  17.0       855       880       680 
Massachusetts .:    12       11       12   20.0  20.0  16.0       240       220       192 
Michigan ......:   340      340      350   17.5  18.5  17.5     5,950     6,290     6,125 
               :                                                                          
Minnesota .....:   340      460      420   22.0  19.0  23.0     7,480     8,740     9,660 
Mississippi ...:     7        7        7   15.0  15.0  14.0       105       105        98 
Missouri ......:   100       70      100   13.0  16.0  17.0     1,300     1,120     1,700 
Montana .......:    37       50       51   20.0  23.0  21.0       740     1,150     1,071 
Nebraska ......:   220      200      260   21.0  23.0  19.0     4,620     4,600     4,940 
Nevada ........:     7       12       13   26.0  25.0  26.0       182       300       338 
New Hampshire .:    12       11       12   21.0  20.0  20.0       252       220       240 
New Jersey ....:     6        7        6   19.0  22.0  20.0       114       154       120 
New Mexico ....:    95       93       79   22.0  20.0  21.0     2,090     1,860     1,659 
New York ......:   445      445      530   19.0  18.0  18.0     8,455     8,010     9,540 
               :                                                                          
North Carolina :    50       50       40   16.0  18.0  14.0       800       900       560 
North Dakota ..:   170      140      145   15.0  19.5  15.5     2,550     2,730     2,248 
Ohio ..........:   160      170      200   20.0  19.0  21.0     3,200     3,230     4,200 
Oklahoma ......:    20       20       20   11.0  13.0  14.0       220       260       280 
Oregon ........:    34       35       34   23.0  24.0  23.0       782       840       782 
Pennsylvania ..:   390      380      485   19.0  20.0  19.0     7,410     7,600     9,215 
Rhode Island ..:     2        2        2   21.0  20.0  13.0        42        40        26 
South Carolina :    19       13        9   14.0  14.0  15.0       266       182       135 
South Dakota ..:   360      340      360   16.5  17.5  18.0     5,940     5,950     6,480 
Tennessee .....:    38       40       35   19.0  20.0  18.0       722       800       630 
               :                                                                          
Texas .........:   270      280      270   16.0  20.0  18.0     4,320     5,600     4,860 
Utah ..........:    45       55       55   23.0  24.0  23.0     1,035     1,320     1,265 
Vermont .......:    79       77       80   19.0  18.0  19.0     1,501     1,386     1,520 
Virginia ......:   135      135      120   19.0  19.0  17.0     2,565     2,565     2,040 
Washington ....:    80       85      100   26.0  23.0  26.0     2,080     1,955     2,600 
West Virginia .:    11       12       12   19.0  20.0  19.0       209       240       228 
Wisconsin .....:   670    1,040      970   20.0  17.5  21.0    13,400    18,200    20,370 
Wyoming .......:    23       22       25   24.0  24.0  20.0       552       528       500 
               :                                                                          
United States .: 6,120    6,615    6,719   19.9  20.2  20.5   121,564   133,522   137,729 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn for Grain Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service conducted objective yield 
surveys in 10 corn producing States during 2020. Randomly selected plots in 
corn for grain fields were visited monthly from September through harvest to 
obtain specific counts and measurements. Data in this table are rounded 
actual field counts from this survey.

Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   ::    and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....: 31,100    30,800    32,000    31,100    30,600  :: All corn       :                                                 
October .......: 31,100    30,900    32,000    30,950    30,400  ::  September ....: 25,900    25,950    27,100    25,850    27,450  
November ......: 31,100    30,950    32,000    30,900    30,400  ::  October ......: 25,950    25,800    26,750    25,850    27,450  
Final .........: 31,100    30,950    32,000    30,900    30,400  ::  November .....: 26,000    25,700    26,750    25,700    27,400  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 26,000    25,700    26,750    25,700    27,400  
Indiana        :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,200    29,550    30,450    29,300    29,850  :: Irrigated      :                                                 
October .......: 29,950    29,350    30,400    29,050    29,800  ::  September ....: 28,200    29,050    30,300    28,300    29,950  
November ......: 29,800    29,200    30,400    29,000    29,850  ::  October ......: 28,200    29,000    29,900    28,350    30,100  
Final .........: 29,800    29,200    30,400    28,950    29,850  ::  November .....: 28,300    28,750    29,900    28,300    30,100  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 28,300    28,750    29,900    28,300    30,100  
Iowa           :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 31,250    31,300    31,350    30,850    31,050  :: Non-irrigated  :                                                 
October .......: 31,050    31,150    31,150    30,800    31,000  ::  September ....: 22,900    22,500    23,350    23,300    24,950  
November ......: 31,050    31,150    31,100    30,750    31,050  ::  October ......: 23,000    22,200    23,100    23,250    24,750  
Final .........: 31,050    31,150    31,100    30,750    31,050  ::  November .....: 23,000    22,250    23,150    23,000    24,700  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 23,000    22,250    23,150    23,000    24,700  
Kansas         :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 22,550    22,050    22,600    21,350    21,700  :: Ohio           :                                                 
October .......: 22,550    22,100    22,450    21,200    21,650  :: September .....: 30,250    29,250    30,550    30,050    29,800  
November ......: 22,550    22,300    22,450    21,200    21,650  :: October .......: 30,100    29,150    30,400    30,100    29,900  
Final .........: 22,550    22,300    22,450    21,200    21,650  :: November ......: 30,250    29,100    30,400    30,000    29,900  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 30,250    29,100    30,400    30,000    29,850  
Minnesota      :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,800    30,750    30,950    30,700    31,750  :: South Dakota   :                                                 
October .......: 30,700    30,550    30,900    30,650    31,800  :: September .....: 26,200    26,250    27,000    26,400    25,450  
November ......: 30,550    30,600    30,900    30,550    31,800  :: October .......: 26,100    26,200    26,750    26,100    25,400  
Final .........: 30,550    30,600    30,900    30,650    31,800  :: November ......: 26,000    26,200    27,000    26,000    25,550  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 26,000    26,200    27,000    25,900    25,550  
Missouri       :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 27,300    27,850    28,500    28,200    28,200  :: Wisconsin      :                                                 
October .......: 27,750    27,850    28,400    27,500    28,150  :: September .....: 30,100    29,450    31,000    30,250    30,300  
November ......: 27,800    27,950    28,400    27,600    28,200  :: October .......: 29,900    29,100    30,600    30,150    30,400  
Final .........: 27,800    27,950    28,400    27,600    28,200  :: November ......: 29,800    29,150    30,650    29,750    30,300  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,800    29,100    30,650    29,850    30,300  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
               :                                                 :: 10 State       :                                                 
               :                                                 :: September .....: 29,050    28,800    29,500    28,650    29,000  
               :                                                 :: October .......: 28,950    28,700    29,350    28,500    28,950  
               :                                                 :: November ......: 28,950    28,700    29,400    28,450    28,950  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 28,950    28,700    29,350    28,450    28,950  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   ::    and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....: 30,350    30,200    31,550    30,300    29,900  :: All corn       :                                                 
October .......: 30,450    30,300    31,500    30,300    29,800  ::  September ....: 25,700    25,800    27,100    25,850    26,800  
November ......: 30,450    30,250    31,500    30,150    29,800  ::  October ......: 25,350    26,050    26,750    25,950    26,850  
Final .........: 30,450    30,250    31,500    30,150    29,800  ::  November .....: 25,400    25,950    26,800    25,700    26,750  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 25,400    25,950    26,800    25,700    26,750  
Indiana        :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 29,600    28,900    30,000    28,900    29,600  :: Irrigated      :                                                 
October .......: 29,400    29,100    29,800    28,700    29,600  ::  September ....: 27,850    28,650    29,950    28,200    28,900  
November ......: 29,250    28,850    29,750    28,650    29,600  ::  October ......: 27,500    28,950    29,350    28,150    28,850  
Final .........: 29,250    28,850    29,750    28,600    29,600  ::  November .....: 27,550    28,750    29,300    28,000    28,800  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 27,550    28,750    29,300    28,000    28,800  
Iowa           :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,550    30,600    31,150    30,250    30,600  :: Non-irrigated  :                                                 
October .......: 30,400    30,600    30,900    30,200    30,450  ::  September ....: 22,850    22,600    23,850    23,500    24,650  
November ......: 30,500    30,600    30,800    30,100    30,550  ::  October ......: 22,550    22,800    23,650    23,700    24,800  
Final .........: 30,500    30,600    30,800    30,100    30,550  ::  November .....: 22,550    22,900    23,850    23,400    24,700  
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 22,550    22,900    23,850    23,400    24,700  
Kansas         :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 22,650    22,800    22,350    21,550    22,050  :: Ohio           :                                                 
October .......: 22,450    22,600    21,650    22,250    21,250  :: September .....: 29,750    29,500    30,750    29,850    29,350  
November ......: 22,450    22,650    21,700    22,200    21,250  :: October .......: 29,200    29,250    30,300    29,750    29,700  
Final .........: 22,450    22,650    21,700    22,200    21,250  :: November ......: 29,600    29,150    30,300    29,550    29,700  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,600    29,150    30,300    29,550    29,650  
Minnesota      :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,550    30,750    30,850    30,050    31,750  :: South Dakota   :                                                 
October .......: 30,350    30,850    30,850    29,800    31,850  :: September .....: 25,650    26,250    28,100    26,450    25,550  
November ......: 30,250    30,850    30,800    29,650    31,850  :: October .......: 25,350    26,150    27,750    25,300    25,550  
Final .........: 30,250    30,600    30,800    29,700    31,850  :: November ......: 25,450    26,200    27,950    25,000    25,700  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 25,450    25,850    28,050    24,900    25,700  
Missouri       :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 26,900    27,750    27,400    26,950    27,650  :: Wisconsin      :                                                 
October .......: 27,150    27,800    27,300    26,950    27,600  :: September .....: 29,300    28,950    30,700    29,850    30,050  
November ......: 27,150    27,850    27,300    27,100    27,650  :: October .......: 28,900    28,800    30,450    30,250    30,400  
Final .........: 27,150    27,850    27,300    27,100    27,650  :: November ......: 28,750    28,600    30,450    29,850    30,350  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 28,750    28,550    30,450    29,950    30,350  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
               :                                                 :: 10-State       :                                                 
               :                                                 :: September .....: 28,550    28,550    29,350    28,200    28,650  
               :                                                 :: October .......: 28,350    28,550    29,100    28,200    28,600  
               :                                                 :: November ......: 28,400    28,500    29,100    28,050    28,600  
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 28,400    28,450    29,100    28,050    28,600  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn for Grain Percentage Distribution by Plant Population per Acre - Selected
States: 2016-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                     Plant populations                     
       State and year       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                            :Less than: 20,000- : 22,501- : 25,001- : 27,501- :More than
                            : 20,000  : 22,500  : 25,000  : 27,500  : 30,000  : 30,000  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                          Percent                          
                            :                                                           
Illinois ...............2016:   0.9       0.5       4.3      11.8      18.0      64.5   
                        2017:   0.5       1.4       3.8      11.5      20.6      62.2   
                        2018:     -       0.9       1.4       6.6      15.6      75.5   
                        2019:   0.9       2.8       3.7       9.3      18.7      64.6   
                        2020:   0.6       1.9       5.8      13.5      16.0      62.2   
                            :                                                           
Indiana ................2016:   1.7       1.7       8.3      11.6      19.8      56.9   
                        2017:   5.7       4.9       6.5      13.0      21.1      48.8   
                        2018:   1.5       0.8       2.3      10.7      27.5      57.2   
                        2019:   5.6       5.6       5.6      11.1      24.1      48.0   
                        2020:   1.3       3.8       5.1      12.8      19.2      57.8   
                            :                                                           
Iowa ...................2016:   0.4       1.8       2.2       8.9      22.7      64.0   
                        2017:   1.3       3.4       2.1       5.9      13.5      73.8   
                        2018:   0.4       1.7       3.3       6.3      19.2      69.1   
                        2019:   0.8       0.8       3.8       9.0      21.1      64.5   
                        2020:     -         -       4.3       9.4      21.7      64.6   
                            :                                                           
Kansas .................2016:  27.9      14.8      19.4      12.0      17.6       8.3   
                        2017:  24.3      21.2      17.2      21.2      12.1       4.0   
                        2018:  33.0      12.4      12.4      14.4       7.2      20.6   
                        2019:  39.9       8.0      12.0      14.7      14.7      10.7   
                        2020:  30.1      14.5      12.7      13.6      16.4      12.7   
                            :                                                           
Minnesota ..............2016:   0.8       3.0       4.5      11.4      21.2      59.1   
                        2017:   2.8       4.7       5.6       7.5      12.1      67.3   
                        2018:     -       1.7       8.7       6.1      13.9      69.6   
                        2019:   1.4       4.2       8.3       2.8      25.0      58.3   
                        2020:     -       0.8       2.3       3.8      19.5      73.6   
                            :                                                           
Missouri ...............2016:   3.0       6.0      14.0      28.0      23.0      26.0   
                        2017:   1.9       1.0      15.5      26.2      26.2      29.2   
                        2018:   2.2       6.5       8.6      20.4      28.0      34.3   
                        2019:   2.8       8.3      16.7      22.2      16.7      33.3   
                        2020:   2.7       0.9      10.9      22.7      32.8      30.0   
                            :                                                           
Nebraska ...............2016:   9.6      10.1      16.3      20.2      19.7      24.1   
                        2017:  16.8       6.3      12.6      19.4      17.8      27.1   
                        2018:  12.0       4.9       7.1      16.4      25.1      34.5   
                        2019:  15.1      12.3      12.3      17.9      19.8      22.6   
                        2020:  10.8       8.8       8.8       8.8      23.0      39.8   
                            :                                                           
Ohio ...................2016:   1.9       2.9       1.0       9.6      26.9      57.7   
                        2017:   2.7       4.4       7.1      15.0      25.7      45.1   
                        2018:   1.0       3.9       3.9       7.8      23.5      59.9   
                        2019:     -       4.3       4.3      12.8      19.1      59.5   
                        2020:     -         -      14.4      13.6      26.3      45.7   
                            :                                                           
South Dakota ...........2016:  13.2       5.3      17.1      26.3      18.4      19.7   
                        2017:   8.1      13.5      16.2      16.2      25.7      20.3   
                        2018:   7.4      12.6      11.6      18.9      21.1      28.4   
                        2019:   9.3       7.0      23.3      23.3      30.1       7.0   
                        2020:  13.7       9.6      21.9      21.9      13.7      19.2   
                            :                                                           
Wisconsin ..............2016:   2.4       4.9       3.7      11.0      18.3      59.7   
                        2017:   4.0       2.7       6.7      20.0      21.3      45.3   
                        2018:   2.0       2.0         -       7.9      19.8      68.3   
                        2019:     -         -       9.4      15.6      25.0      50.0   
                        2020:   1.4       1.4       8.1       6.8      23.0      59.3   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                     

Corn for Grain Frequency of Farmer Reported Row Widths - Selected States: 2016-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                      Row width (inches)                       
       State and year       :---------------------------------------------------------------
                            : Less than  :            :            :            : More than 
                            :     30     :     30     :     36     :     38     :    38     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            number                             
                            :                                                               
Illinois ...............2016:      6          218            -           1            -     
                        2017:      6          210            4           1            -     
                        2018:      9          211            -           -            -     
                        2019:      2          110            1           -            -     
                        2020:      8          148            2           -            -     
                            :                                                               
Indiana ................2016:      8          118            1           1            1     
                        2017:      7          117            -           -            -     
                        2018:      9          126            1           1            -     
                        2019:      4           53            1           -            -     
                        2020:      2           79            1           -            -     
                            :                                                               
Iowa ...................2016:     12          213            4           4            -     
                        2017:      2          236            3           3            -     
                        2018:     12          234            2           1            -     
                        2019:      3          136            -           1            -     
                        2020:      9          140            5           3            -     
                            :                                                               
Kansas .................2016:      8          105            -           -            -     
                        2017:      2          106            2           -            -     
                        2018:     10           91            -           -            -     
                        2019:      9           70            -           -            -     
                        2020:      2          110            -           -            -     
                            :                                                               
Minnesota ..............2016:     27          113            2           -            -     
                        2017:     27           89            2           -            -     
                        2018:     21           97            3           2            -     
                        2019:     15           63            3           1            -     
                        2020:     25          109            -           1            -     
                            :                                                               
Missouri ...............2016:      5           96            1           2            -     
                        2017:      3          101            5           2            -     
                        2018:      5           90            1           2            1     
                        2019:      5           30            1           2            -     
                        2020:      7           99            -           5            -     
                            :                                                               
Nebraska ...............2016:                 162           23           -            -     
                        2017:      2          169           23           2            -     
                        2018:      6          160           25           -            -     
                        2019:      3           98           15           -            -     
                        2020:      2          138           15           -            -     
                            :                                                               
Ohio ...................2016:      4          105            -           1            -     
                        2017:      2          109            1           1            -     
                        2018:      3          100            -           -            -     
                        2019:      2           45            1           -            -     
                        2020:      5          113            -           -            -     
                            :                                                               
South Dakota ...........2016:      5           71            4           1            2     
                        2017:      6           75            1           1            -     
                        2018:      8           92            2           2            -     
                        2019:      5           45            -           1            -     
                        2020:     11           62            2           2            -     
                            :                                                               
Wisconsin ..............2016:      2           84            2           2            -     
                        2017:      4           83            5           1            -     
                        2018:      4          108            4           2            -     
                        2019:      1           39            -           -            -     
                        2020:      3           78            1           2            -     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                         

Corn for Grain Percentage Distribution by Measured Row Width and Average Row Width - Selected
States: 2016-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :        :              Row width (inches)               :        
       State and year       :Samples :-----------------------------------------------:Average 
                            :        :  20.5  : 20.6- :30.6- :34.6- : 36.6- :38.6 or :  row   
                            :        :or less : 30.5  : 34.5 : 36.5 : 38.5  :greater : width  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            : number    ----------------- percent ----------------     inches 
                            :                                                                 
Illinois ...............2016:  211      2.4     87.6     9.5      -      -     0.5      29.8  
                        2017:  209      1.4     85.1    12.0    0.5    0.5     0.5      30.1  
                        2018:  212      1.9     87.7    10.4      -      -       -      29.9  
                        2019:  107        -     83.2    15.9    0.9      -       -      30.2  
                        2020:  156      2.6     85.2    10.9      -    1.3       -      29.8  
                            :                                                                 
Indiana ................2016:  121      3.3     72.7    22.3    1.7      -       -      29.8  
                        2017:  123      2.4     78.9    17.9    0.8      -       -      29.8  
                        2018:  131      6.1     71.7    19.8    0.8    0.8     0.8      29.8  
                        2019:   54      1.9     77.7    18.5      -    1.9       -      30.2  
                        2020:   78      1.3     80.7    16.7      -    1.3       -      30.2  
                            :                                                                 
Iowa ...................2016:  225      2.2     76.9    19.1    0.9    0.9       -      30.0  
                        2017:  237      0.8     76.4    19.0    0.4    3.0     0.4      30.4  
                        2018:  239      3.8     77.4    17.2    0.8    0.8       -      29.9  
                        2019:  133      1.5     78.1    18.8    0.8    0.8       -      30.0  
                        2020:  138      2.9     79.7    11.6    2.9    2.9       -      30.1  
                            :                                                                 
Kansas .................2016:  108      4.6     85.2    10.2      -      -       -      29.6  
                        2017:   99      2.0     75.8    21.2      -      -     1.0      30.1  
                        2018:   97      3.1     76.3    20.6      -      -       -      29.7  
                        2019:   75      4.0     81.3    14.7      -      -       -      29.9  
                        2020:  110      1.8     78.2    20.0      -      -       -      29.7  
                            :                                                                 
Minnesota ..............2016:  132      2.3     78.0    17.4    0.8    1.5       -      28.8  
                        2017:  107      4.7     81.4     8.4    0.9    3.7     0.9      28.9  
                        2018:  115      1.7     82.6    11.3    2.6    0.9     0.9      29.3  
                        2019:   72      5.6     72.1    18.1    4.2      -       -      29.0  
                        2020:  133        -     84.9    14.3      -      -     0.8      28.9  
                            :                                                                 
Missouri ...............2016:  100      1.0     76.0    20.0    1.0    2.0       -      30.0  
                        2017:  103      1.9     66.1    25.2    3.9    1.0     1.9      30.4  
                        2018:   93      1.1     76.2    18.3    2.2    1.1     1.1      30.1  
                        2019:   36      2.8     74.9    13.9    2.8    5.6       -      30.2  
                        2020:  110      5.5     80.9    10.9      -    2.7       -      29.6  
                            :                                                                 
Nebraska ...............2016:  178        -     65.2    20.2    9.0    4.5     1.1      31.2  
                        2017:  191        -     70.7    15.7    9.4    4.2       -      31.0  
                        2018:  183      1.6     65.6    15.3   12.6    4.9       -      31.2  
                        2019:  106      1.9     71.7    14.2   11.3    0.9       -      30.8  
                        2020:  148        -     67.6    23.0    7.4    2.0       -      30.8  
                            :                                                                 
Ohio ...................2016:  104      4.8     81.7    10.6    1.9    1.0       -      29.8  
                        2017:  113      0.9     83.2    15.0    0.9      -       -      30.0  
                        2018:  102      2.9     79.5    17.6      -      -       -      29.9  
                        2019:   47      4.3     87.2     6.4    2.1      -       -      29.8  
                        2020:  118      1.7     88.1    10.2      -      -       -      29.9  
                            :                                                                 
South Dakota ...........2016:   76      2.6     64.6    26.3    3.9    1.3     1.3      30.4  
                        2017:   74      8.1     62.1    28.4      -    1.4       -      29.6  
                        2018:   95      5.3     69.4    20.0    2.1    2.1     1.1      30.0  
                        2019:   43      4.7     67.4    25.6      -    2.3       -      30.0  
                        2020:   73      5.5     72.6    15.1    2.7    1.4     2.7      29.8  
                            :                                                                 
Wisconsin ..............2016:   82      1.2     72.0    22.0    1.2    1.2     2.4      30.5  
                        2017:   75      1.3     61.5    29.3    5.3    1.3     1.3      30.6  
                        2018:  101      0.0     75.2    21.8      -    3.0       -      30.2  
                        2019:   32      3.1     84.4    12.5      -      -       -      29.6  
                        2020:   74        -     75.6    18.9    2.7    1.4     1.4      30.4  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                           

Sorghum Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production -
States and United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   Area planted for all purposes   :     Area harvested for grain      
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Arkansas 1/ ......:      12        (NA)        (NA)           10        (NA)        (NA)  
Colorado .........:     355         365         370          325         310         255  
Georgia 1/ .......:      25        (NA)        (NA)           15        (NA)        (NA)  
Illinois 1/ ......:      18        (NA)        (NA)           16        (NA)        (NA)  
Kansas ...........:   2,800       2,600       3,000        2,650       2,400       2,800  
Louisiana 1/ .....:       8        (NA)        (NA)            6        (NA)        (NA)  
Mississippi 1/ ...:       4        (NA)        (NA)            3        (NA)        (NA)  
Missouri 1/ ......:      30        (NA)        (NA)           21        (NA)        (NA)  
Nebraska .........:     230         200         195          170         130         150  
New Mexico 1/ ....:      80        (NA)        (NA)           47        (NA)        (NA)  
                  :                                                                       
North Carolina 1/ :      18        (NA)        (NA)            8        (NA)        (NA)  
Oklahoma .........:     300         300         305          240         260         230  
South Dakota .....:     260         250         210          200         175         160  
Texas ............:   1,550       1,550       1,800        1,350       1,400       1,500  
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:   5,690       5,265       5,880        5,061       4,675       5,095  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels --------  
                  :                                                                       
Arkansas 1/ ......:    77.0        (NA)        (NA)          770        (NA)        (NA)  
Colorado .........:    53.0        41.0        20.0       17,225      12,710       5,100  
Georgia 1/ .......:    53.0        (NA)        (NA)          795        (NA)        (NA)  
Illinois 1/ ......:   111.0        (NA)        (NA)        1,776        (NA)        (NA)  
Kansas ...........:    88.0        85.0        85.0      233,200     204,000     238,000  
Louisiana 1/ .....:    84.0        (NA)        (NA)          504        (NA)        (NA)  
Mississippi 1/ ...:    90.0        (NA)        (NA)          270        (NA)        (NA)  
Missouri 1/ ......:   100.0        (NA)        (NA)        2,100        (NA)        (NA)  
Nebraska .........:    94.0        93.0        91.0       15,980      12,090      13,650  
New Mexico 1/ ....:    38.0        (NA)        (NA)        1,786        (NA)        (NA)  
                  :                                                                       
North Carolina 1/ :    60.0        (NA)        (NA)          480        (NA)        (NA)  
Oklahoma .........:    50.0        51.0        45.0       12,000      13,260      10,350  
South Dakota .....:    80.0        80.0        71.0       16,000      14,000      11,360  
Texas ............:    46.0        61.0        63.0       62,100      85,400      94,500  
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:    72.1        73.0        73.2      364,986     341,460     372,960  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                       
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                      

Sorghum for Silage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Area harvested           :    Yield per acre     :         Production          
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    : 2018  : 2019  : 2020  :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :    ------- 1,000 acres -------      -------- tons -------    ------- 1,000 tons ------  
                  :                                                                                         
Arkansas 1/ ......:      1        (NA)        (NA)      18.0     (NA)    (NA)       18      (NA)      (NA)  
Colorado .........:      8          18          23      14.0     17.0    11.0      112       306       253  
Georgia 1/ .......:      8        (NA)        (NA)      11.0     (NA)    (NA)       88      (NA)      (NA)  
Illinois 1/ ......:      1        (NA)        (NA)      14.0     (NA)    (NA)       14      (NA)      (NA)  
Kansas ...........:     60          95          60      15.0     11.0    15.0      900     1,045       900  
Louisiana 1/ .....:      1        (NA)        (NA)      12.0     (NA)    (NA)       12      (NA)      (NA)  
Mississippi 1/ ...:      1        (NA)        (NA)      10.0     (NA)    (NA)       10      (NA)      (NA)  
Missouri 1/ ......:      7        (NA)        (NA)      12.0     (NA)    (NA)       84      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska .........:     20          60          15      11.0     10.0    12.0      220       600       180  
New Mexico 1/ ....:     18        (NA)        (NA)      11.0     (NA)    (NA)      198      (NA)      (NA)  
                  :                                                                                         
North Carolina 1/ :      7        (NA)        (NA)      10.0     (NA)    (NA)       70      (NA)      (NA)  
Oklahoma .........:     12          16          16       5.0     10.0    12.0       60       160       192  
South Dakota .....:     40          65          25      12.5     13.0    14.0      500       845       350  
Texas ............:     80          85         100      13.0     12.5    12.5    1,040     1,063     1,250  
                  :                                                                                         
United States ....:    264         339         239      12.6     11.9    13.1    3,326     4,019     3,125  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                         
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                                        

Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested           
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                              1,000 acres                              
                    :                                                                       
Alabama 2/ .........:      40        (NA)        (NA)         15        (NA)         (NA)   
Arkansas ...........:      10           5           8          7           3            5   
California .........:     110          90          80          6           2            4   
Colorado 2/ ........:      95        (NA)        (NA)          7        (NA)         (NA)   
Georgia ............:      60          70          80         15          15           20   
Idaho ..............:      40          60          50         10          12           14   
Illinois ...........:      40          70          60         25          10           15   
Iowa ...............:     135         215         170         33          69           73   
Kansas .............:     120         120         140         18          18           16   
Maine ..............:      21          22          26         19          19           22   
                    :                                                                       
Michigan ...........:      75          70          70         50          25           30   
Minnesota ..........:     180         240         255        105         100          160   
Missouri ...........:      35          50          35         16           6           10   
Montana ............:      70          75          70         23          26           38   
Nebraska ...........:     125         120         135         22          18           29   
New York ...........:      69          56          52         43          39           32   
North Carolina .....:      30          22          37         11           7           12   
North Dakota .......:     300         355         365        105         115          105   
Ohio ...............:      55          75          55         30          25           15   
Oklahoma ...........:      50         100         110         10          25           11   
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:      20          20          20          5           9            7   
Pennsylvania .......:      65          85          86         35          50           55   
South Carolina 2/ ..:      19        (NA)        (NA)          7        (NA)         (NA)   
South Dakota .......:     290         245         310         95          75          140   
Texas ..............:     450         400         470         50          40           60   
Washington 2/ ......:      17        (NA)        (NA)          4        (NA)         (NA)   
Wisconsin ..........:     200         265         300         90         120          131   
Wyoming 2/ .........:      25        (NA)        (NA)          9        (NA)         (NA)   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   2,746       2,830       2,984        865         828        1,004   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels -------   
                    :                                                                       
Alabama 2/ .........:   63.0         (NA)        (NA)         945        (NA)        (NA)   
Arkansas ...........:   75.0         70.0        64.0         525         210         320   
California .........:   70.0         60.0        75.0         420         120         300   
Colorado 2/ ........:   50.0         (NA)        (NA)         350        (NA)        (NA)   
Georgia ............:   71.0         55.0        54.0       1,065         825       1,080   
Idaho ..............:   84.0         92.0       102.0         840       1,104       1,428   
Illinois ...........:   83.0         65.0        58.0       2,075         650         870   
Iowa ...............:   63.0         58.0        78.0       2,079       4,002       5,694   
Kansas .............:   49.0         64.0        52.0         882       1,152         832   
Maine ..............:   67.0         76.0        63.0       1,273       1,444       1,386   
                    :                                                                       
Michigan ...........:   63.0         57.0        55.0       3,150       1,425       1,650   
Minnesota ..........:   59.0         62.0        66.0       6,195       6,200      10,560   
Missouri ...........:   45.0         47.0        43.0         720         282         430   
Montana ............:   43.0         55.0        45.0         989       1,430       1,710   
Nebraska ...........:   69.0         63.0        63.0       1,518       1,134       1,827   
New York ...........:   54.0         60.0        53.0       2,322       2,340       1,696   
North Carolina .....:   66.0         71.0        67.0         726         497         804   
North Dakota .......:   82.0         86.0        78.0       8,610       9,890       8,190   
Ohio ...............:   65.0         46.0        60.0       1,950       1,150         900   
Oklahoma ...........:   48.0         50.0        45.0         480       1,250         495   
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:   99.0         97.0       100.0         495         873         700   
Pennsylvania .......:   46.0         53.0        50.0       1,610       2,650       2,750   
South Carolina 2/ ..:   62.0         (NA)        (NA)         434        (NA)        (NA)   
South Dakota .......:   82.0         82.0        77.0       7,790       6,150      10,780   
Texas ..............:   50.0         50.0        45.0       2,500       2,000       2,700   
Washington 2/ ......:   46.0         (NA)        (NA)         184        (NA)        (NA)   
Wisconsin ..........:   61.0         54.0        63.0       5,490       6,480       8,253   
Wyoming 2/ .........:   57.0         (NA)        (NA)         513        (NA)        (NA)   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   64.9         64.3        65.1      56,130      53,258      65,355   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                         
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.                                               
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                        

Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Alaska ...........:       5           6           6           4           5           5   
Arizona ..........:      14          18          12          11          15           8   
California .......:      65          65          55          26          47          31   
Colorado .........:      60          54          53          53          52          45   
Delaware .........:      25          21          21          14          14          15   
Idaho ............:     550         550         530         530         530         500   
Kansas ...........:      17          14          16           6           4           6   
Maine ............:      17          15          15          16          14          14   
Maryland .........:      45          32          34          24          17          21   
Michigan .........:      20          11          11           5           8           8   
                  :                                                                       
Minnesota ........:      80          70          70          67          55          50   
Montana ..........:     790         950         890         600         760         725   
New York .........:      10          10           9           8           4           5   
North Carolina ...:      11          11          14           8           6           8   
North Dakota .....:     470         580         530         385         445         460   
Oregon ...........:      43          45          37          26          35          25   
Pennsylvania .....:      45          35          45          33          25          30   
South Dakota .....:      48          37          35          13           9          14   
Utah .............:      21          18          17          16          11          10   
Virginia .........:      30          30          31           9           7           7   
                  :                                                                       
Washington .......:      85          95          90          67          84          71   
Wisconsin ........:      25          24          26          10           8          13   
Wyoming ..........:      72          81          74          51          66          62   
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:   2,548       2,772       2,621       1,982       2,221       2,133   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               --continued

Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels --------  
                  :                                                                       
Alaska ...........:    43.0        38.0        43.0          172         190         215  
Arizona ..........:   100.0       126.0       122.0        1,100       1,890         976  
California .......:    69.0        66.0        47.0        1,794       3,102       1,457  
Colorado .........:   145.0       138.0       145.0        7,685       7,176       6,525  
Delaware .........:    78.0        80.0        84.0        1,092       1,120       1,260  
Idaho ............:   101.0       104.0       110.0       53,530      55,120      55,000  
Kansas ...........:    31.0        33.0        51.0          186         132         306  
Maine ............:    73.0        82.0        54.0        1,168       1,148         756  
Maryland .........:    70.0        85.0        73.0        1,680       1,445       1,533  
Michigan .........:    43.0        44.0        56.0          215         352         448  
                  :                                                                       
Minnesota ........:    76.0        67.0        47.0        5,092       3,685       2,350  
Montana ..........:    56.0        59.0        63.0       33,600      44,840      45,675  
New York .........:    58.0        52.0        60.0          464         208         300  
North Carolina ...:    80.0        66.0        77.0          640         396         616  
North Dakota .....:    74.0        72.0        63.0       28,490      32,040      28,980  
Oregon ...........:    53.0        78.0        72.0        1,378       2,730       1,800  
Pennsylvania .....:    63.0        70.0        76.0        2,079       1,750       2,280  
South Dakota .....:    55.0        43.0        44.0          715         387         616  
Utah .............:    86.0        93.0        85.0        1,376       1,023         850  
Virginia .........:    70.0        65.0        63.0          630         455         441  
                  :                                                                       
Washington .......:    73.0        70.0        90.0        4,891       5,880       6,390  
Wisconsin ........:    45.0        46.0        46.0          450         368         598  
Wyoming ..........:   100.0       107.0        96.0        5,100       7,062       5,952  
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:    77.5        77.7        77.5      153,527     172,499     165,324  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes area planted in preceding fall.                                               

All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested           
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                              1,000 acres                              
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:     160         130         135         110          85          70   
Arizona ............:      96          36          44          77          35          43   
Arkansas ...........:     175         110         145          95          50          75   
California .........:     425         420         385         147         122         100   
Colorado ...........:   2,260       2,150       1,900       1,954       2,000       1,520   
Delaware ...........:      75          60          75          45          50          55   
Florida 2/ .........:      15        (NA)        (NA)          10        (NA)        (NA)   
Georgia ............:     200         150         190          70          50          85   
Idaho ..............:   1,191       1,195       1,240       1,136       1,125       1,164   
Illinois ...........:     600         650         570         560         550         520   
                    :                                                                       
Indiana ............:     310         330         300         260         260         250   
Iowa 2/ ............:      16        (NA)        (NA)           6        (NA)        (NA)   
Kansas .............:   7,700       7,100       6,600       7,300       6,700       6,250   
Kentucky ...........:     450         460         510         300         330         340   
Louisiana 2/ .......:      15        (NA)        (NA)          10        (NA)        (NA)   
Maryland ...........:     360         345         355         200         165         150   
Michigan ...........:     510         550         490         470         490         450   
Minnesota ..........:   1,621       1,450       1,430       1,575       1,400       1,360   
Mississippi ........:      55          45          40          30          21          20   
Missouri ...........:     740         550         480         520         390         370   
                    :                                                                       
Montana ............:   5,390       5,450       5,540       5,165       5,135       5,455   
Nebraska ...........:   1,100       1,070         900       1,010         970         830   
Nevada 2/ ..........:      23        (NA)        (NA)           8        (NA)        (NA)   
New Jersey .........:      18          19          25          15          14          18   
New Mexico .........:     320         365         330         105         110         115   
New York ...........:     110          90         150          95          66         120   
North Carolina .....:     460         290         450         370         225         350   
North Dakota .......:   7,735       7,505       6,650       7,635       6,630       6,568   
Ohio ...............:     490         500         530         450         385         490   
Oklahoma ...........:   4,400       4,200       4,250       2,500       2,750       2,600   
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:     800         740         740         770         730         725   
Pennsylvania .......:     195         180         235         145         140         190   
South Carolina .....:      80          70         110          65          45          95   
South Dakota .......:   1,883       1,500       1,400       1,628       1,360       1,360   
Tennessee ..........:     380         280         300         285         215         230   
Texas ..............:   4,500       4,600       4,900       1,750       2,100       2,050   
Utah ...............:     130         125         110         103         116          98   
Virginia ...........:     230         180         220         155         105         130   
Washington .........:   2,220       2,270       2,340       2,165       2,215       2,285   
West Virginia 2/ ...:       7        (NA)        (NA)           3        (NA)        (NA)   
Wisconsin ..........:     240         195         160         200         150         125   
Wyoming ............:     130         125         120         115         110          90   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:  47,815      45,485      44,349      39,612      37,394      36,746   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels --------- 
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:    72.0        72.0        72.0         7,920       6,120       5,040 
Arizona ............:   102.6       104.0        99.0         7,898       3,640       4,257 
Arkansas ...........:    55.0        52.0        55.0         5,225       2,600       4,125 
California .........:    81.5        59.4        77.4        11,985       7,244       7,740 
Colorado ...........:    36.1        49.0        27.0        70,504      98,000      41,040 
Delaware ...........:    71.0        72.0        73.0         3,195       3,600       4,015 
Florida 2/ .........:    36.0        (NA)        (NA)           360        (NA)        (NA) 
Georgia ............:    54.0        56.0        55.0         3,780       2,800       4,675 
Idaho ..............:    91.9        87.8        96.7       104,410      98,755     112,506 
Illinois ...........:    66.0        67.0        68.0        36,960      36,850      35,360 
                    :                                                                       
Indiana ............:    71.0        62.0        70.0        18,460      16,120      17,500 
Iowa 2/ ............:    58.0        (NA)        (NA)           348        (NA)        (NA) 
Kansas .............:    38.0        52.0        45.0       277,400     348,400     281,250 
Kentucky ...........:    66.0        76.0        63.0        19,800      25,080      21,420 
Louisiana 2/ .......:    65.0        (NA)        (NA)           650        (NA)        (NA) 
Maryland ...........:    63.0        75.0        73.0        12,600      12,375      10,950 
Michigan ...........:    76.0        71.0        75.0        35,720      34,790      33,750 
Minnesota ..........:    59.0        57.0        53.0        92,930      79,800      72,080 
Mississippi ........:    49.0        47.0        48.0         1,470         987         960 
Missouri ...........:    59.0        63.0        62.0        30,680      24,570      22,940 
                    :                                                                       
Montana ............:    38.3        42.4        41.7       197,630     217,725     227,345 
Nebraska ...........:    49.0        57.0        41.0        49,490      55,290      34,030 
Nevada 2/ ..........:   112.5        (NA)        (NA)           900        (NA)        (NA) 
New Jersey .........:    62.0        66.0        67.0           930         924       1,206 
New Mexico .........:    15.0        30.0        28.0         1,575       3,300       3,220 
New York ...........:    69.0        63.0        66.0         6,555       4,158       7,920 
North Carolina .....:    57.0        56.0        60.0        21,090      12,600      21,000 
North Dakota .......:    47.6        48.4        47.6       363,483     321,185     312,782 
Ohio ...............:    75.0        56.0        71.0        33,750      21,560      34,790 
Oklahoma ...........:    28.0        40.0        40.0        70,000     110,000     104,000 
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:    67.0        68.0        64.0        51,590      49,640      46,400 
Pennsylvania .......:    65.0        73.0        71.0         9,425      10,220      13,490 
South Carolina .....:    54.0        48.0        51.0         3,510       2,160       4,845 
South Dakota .......:    44.4        48.1        51.9        72,294      65,410      70,520 
Tennessee ..........:    65.0        67.0        59.0        18,525      14,405      13,570 
Texas ..............:    32.0        34.0        30.0        56,000      71,400      61,500 
Utah ...............:    52.0        54.0        53.0         5,356       6,264       5,194 
Virginia ...........:    60.0        62.0        60.0         9,300       6,510       7,800 
Washington .........:    70.8        64.7        72.5       153,210     143,205     165,635 
West Virginia 2/ ...:    46.0        (NA)        (NA)           138        (NA)        (NA) 
Wisconsin ..........:    71.0        64.0        69.0        14,200       9,600       8,625 
Wyoming ............:    34.0        43.0        26.0         3,910       4,730       2,340 
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:    47.6        51.7        49.7     1,885,156   1,932,017   1,825,820 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                         
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.                                               
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                        

Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Area planted 1/          :          Area harvested           
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                              1,000 acres                              
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:     160         130         135         110          85          70   
Arizona 2/ .........:      22        (NA)        (NA)           4        (NA)        (NA)   
Arkansas ...........:     175         110         145          95          50          75   
California .........:     380         390         355         110         100          80   
Colorado ...........:   2,250       2,150       1,900       1,950       2,000       1,520   
Delaware ...........:      75          60          75          45          50          55   
Florida 2/ .........:      15        (NA)        (NA)          10        (NA)        (NA)   
Georgia ............:     200         150         190          70          50          85   
Idaho ..............:     720         730         720         680         680         660   
Illinois ...........:     600         650         570         560         550         520   
                    :                                                                       
Indiana ............:     310         330         300         260         260         250   
Iowa 2/ ............:      16        (NA)        (NA)           6        (NA)        (NA)   
Kansas .............:   7,700       7,100       6,600       7,300       6,700       6,250   
Kentucky ...........:     450         460         510         300         330         340   
Louisiana 2/ .......:      15        (NA)        (NA)          10        (NA)        (NA)   
Maryland ...........:     360         345         355         200         165         150   
Michigan ...........:     510         550         490         470         490         450   
Minnesota 2/ .......:      11        (NA)        (NA)           5        (NA)        (NA)   
Mississippi ........:      55          45          40          30          21          20   
Missouri ...........:     740         550         480         520         390         370   
                    :                                                                       
Montana ............:   1,650       2,000       1,550       1,570       1,900       1,490   
Nebraska ...........:   1,100       1,070         900       1,010         970         830   
Nevada 2/ ..........:      13        (NA)        (NA)           5        (NA)        (NA)   
New Jersey .........:      18          19          25          15          14          18   
New Mexico .........:     320         365         330         105         110         115   
New York ...........:     110          90         150          95          66         120   
North Carolina .....:     460         290         450         370         225         350   
North Dakota .......:      85          85          40          70          70          33   
Ohio ...............:     490         500         530         450         385         490   
Oklahoma ...........:   4,400       4,200       4,250       2,500       2,750       2,600   
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:     720         740         740         695         730         725   
Pennsylvania .......:     195         180         235         145         140         190   
South Carolina .....:      80          70         110          65          45          95   
South Dakota .......:     830         860         630         660         770         600   
Tennessee ..........:     380         280         300         285         215         230   
Texas ..............:   4,500       4,600       4,900       1,750       2,100       2,050   
Utah ...............:     120         125         110          94         116          98   
Virginia ...........:     230         180         220         155         105         130   
Washington .........:   1,700       1,750       1,800       1,650       1,700       1,750   
West Virginia 2/ ...:       7        (NA)        (NA)           3        (NA)        (NA)   
Wisconsin ..........:     240         195         160         200         150         125   
Wyoming ............:     130         125         120         115         110          90   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:  32,542      31,474      30,415      24,742      24,592      23,024   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels --------- 
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:    72.0        72.0        72.0         7,920       6,120       5,040 
Arizona 2/ .........:    40.0        (NA)        (NA)           160        (NA)        (NA) 
Arkansas ...........:    55.0        52.0        55.0         5,225       2,600       4,125 
California .........:    77.0        50.0        75.0         8,470       5,000       6,000 
Colorado ...........:    36.0        49.0        27.0        70,200      98,000      41,040 
Delaware ...........:    71.0        72.0        73.0         3,195       3,600       4,015 
Florida 2/ .........:    36.0        (NA)        (NA)           360        (NA)        (NA) 
Georgia ............:    54.0        56.0        55.0         3,780       2,800       4,675 
Idaho ..............:    90.0        87.0       101.0        61,200      59,160      66,660 
Illinois ...........:    66.0        67.0        68.0        36,960      36,850      35,360 
                    :                                                                       
Indiana ............:    71.0        62.0        70.0        18,460      16,120      17,500 
Iowa 2/ ............:    58.0        (NA)        (NA)           348        (NA)        (NA) 
Kansas .............:    38.0        52.0        45.0       277,400     348,400     281,250 
Kentucky ...........:    66.0        76.0        63.0        19,800      25,080      21,420 
Louisiana 2/ .......:    65.0        (NA)        (NA)           650        (NA)        (NA) 
Maryland ...........:    63.0        75.0        73.0        12,600      12,375      10,950 
Michigan ...........:    76.0        71.0        75.0        35,720      34,790      33,750 
Minnesota 2/ .......:    60.0        (NA)        (NA)           300        (NA)        (NA) 
Mississippi ........:    49.0        47.0        48.0         1,470         987         960 
Missouri ...........:    59.0        63.0        62.0        30,680      24,570      22,940 
                    :                                                                       
Montana ............:    50.0        50.0        51.0        78,500      95,000      75,990 
Nebraska ...........:    49.0        57.0        41.0        49,490      55,290      34,030 
Nevada 2/ ..........:   120.0        (NA)        (NA)           600        (NA)        (NA) 
New Jersey .........:    62.0        66.0        67.0           930         924       1,206 
New Mexico .........:    15.0        30.0        28.0         1,575       3,300       3,220 
New York ...........:    69.0        63.0        66.0         6,555       4,158       7,920 
North Carolina .....:    57.0        56.0        60.0        21,090      12,600      21,000 
North Dakota .......:    43.0        53.0        49.0         3,010       3,710       1,617 
Ohio ...............:    75.0        56.0        71.0        33,750      21,560      34,790 
Oklahoma ...........:    28.0        40.0        40.0        70,000     110,000     104,000 
                    :                                                                       
Oregon .............:    67.0        68.0        64.0        46,565      49,640      46,400 
Pennsylvania .......:    65.0        73.0        71.0         9,425      10,220      13,490 
South Carolina .....:    54.0        48.0        51.0         3,510       2,160       4,845 
South Dakota .......:    48.0        52.0        58.0        31,680      40,040      34,800 
Tennessee ..........:    65.0        67.0        59.0        18,525      14,405      13,570 
Texas ..............:    32.0        34.0        30.0        56,000      71,400      61,500 
Utah ...............:    52.0        54.0        53.0         4,888       6,264       5,194 
Virginia ...........:    60.0        62.0        60.0         9,300       6,510       7,800 
Washington .........:    76.0        70.0        76.0       125,400     119,000     133,000 
West Virginia 2/ ...:    46.0        (NA)        (NA)           138        (NA)        (NA) 
Wisconsin ..........:    71.0        64.0        69.0        14,200       9,600       8,625 
Wyoming ............:    34.0        43.0        26.0         3,910       4,730       2,340 
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:    47.9        53.6        50.9     1,183,939   1,316,963   1,171,022 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                         
1/   Includes area planted in preceding fall.                                               
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                        

Other Spring Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres                              
              :                                                                       
Colorado 1/ ..:      10        (NA)        (NA)            4        (NA)        (NA)  
Idaho ........:     460         460         510          445         440         495  
Minnesota ....:   1,610       1,450       1,430        1,570       1,400       1,360  
Montana ......:   2,900       2,900       3,300        2,820       2,730       3,280  
Nevada 1/ ....:      10        (NA)        (NA)            3        (NA)        (NA)  
North Dakota .:   6,550       6,700       5,700        6,490       5,950       5,630  
Oregon 1/ ....:      80        (NA)        (NA)           75        (NA)        (NA)  
South Dakota .:   1,050         640         770          965         590         760  
Utah 1/ ......:      10        (NA)        (NA)            9        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington ...:     520         520         540          515         515         535  
              :                                                                       
United States :  13,200      12,670      12,250       12,896      11,625      12,060  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels --------  
              :                                                                       
Colorado 1/ ..:    76.0        (NA)        (NA)          304        (NA)        (NA)  
Idaho ........:    95.0        89.0        91.0       42,275      39,160      45,045  
Minnesota ....:    59.0        57.0        53.0       92,630      79,800      72,080  
Montana ......:    34.0        37.0        38.0       95,880     101,010     124,640  
Nevada 1/ ....:   100.0        (NA)        (NA)          300        (NA)        (NA)  
North Dakota .:    49.0        49.0        49.0      318,010     291,550     275,870  
Oregon 1/ ....:    67.0        (NA)        (NA)        5,025        (NA)        (NA)  
South Dakota .:    42.0        43.0        47.0       40,530      25,370      35,720  
Utah 1/ ......:    52.0        (NA)        (NA)          468        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington ...:    54.0        47.0        61.0       27,810      24,205      32,635  
              :                                                                       
United States :    48.3        48.3        48.6      623,232     561,095     585,990  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                   
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                  

Durum Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 acres                              
                :                                                                       
Arizona ........:      74          36          44          73          35          43   
California .....:      45          30          30          37          22          20   
Idaho ..........:      11           5          10          11           5           9   
Montana ........:     840         550         690         775         505         685   
North Dakota ...:   1,100         720         910       1,075         610         905   
South Dakota 1/ :       3        (NA)        (NA)           3        (NA)        (NA)   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   2,073       1,341       1,684       1,974       1,177       1,662   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ---------- bushels ----------      -------- 1,000 bushels -------   
                :                                                                       
Arizona ........:   106.0       104.0        99.0       7,738       3,640       4,257   
California .....:    95.0       102.0        87.0       3,515       2,244       1,740   
Idaho ..........:    85.0        87.0        89.0         935         435         801   
Montana ........:    30.0        43.0        39.0      23,250      21,715      26,715   
North Dakota ...:    39.5        42.5        39.0      42,463      25,925      35,295   
South Dakota 1/ :    28.0        (NA)        (NA)          84        (NA)        (NA)   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    39.5        45.8        41.4      77,985      53,959      68,808   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                     
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                    

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2018-2020
[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both surveys
and administrative data]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                       :                       :                       
      Crop      :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                             1,000 bushels                             
                :                                                                       
Winter          :                                                                       
Hard red .......:         662,249                 844,947                 658,640       
Soft red .......:         285,558                 239,771                 266,235       
Hard white .....:          19,347                  20,266                  12,179       
Soft white .....:         216,785                 211,979                 233,968       
                :                                                                       
Spring          :                                                                       
Hard red .......:         587,007                 519,929                 530,152       
Hard white .....:          13,510                  11,841                  10,687       
Soft white .....:          22,715                  29,325                  45,151       
Durum ..........:          77,985                  53,959                  68,808       
                :                                                                       
Total .......   :       1,885,156               1,932,017               1,825,820       
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rice Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
   Class and State  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                              1,000 acres                              
Long grain          :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   1,250         955       1,325       1,240         935       1,315   
California .........:      11          10          12          11          10          12   
Louisiana ..........:     395         370         430         392         361         425   
Mississippi ........:     140         115         165         139         111         164   
Missouri ...........:     215         180         220         211         166         210   
Texas ..............:     187         153         180         183         147         176   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   2,198       1,783       2,332       2,176       1,730       2,302   
                    :                                                                       
Medium grain        :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:     190         205         135         181         190         125   
California .........:     455         460         465         453         458         462   
Louisiana ..........:      45          55          50          44          53          49   
Mississippi ........:       -           2           1           -           2           1   
Missouri ...........:       9           7           8           9           7           4   
Texas ..............:       8           4           4           6           3           3   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:     707         733         663         693         713         644   
                    :                                                                       
Short grain 1/      :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:       1           1           1           1           1           1   
California .........:      40          33          40          40          33          40   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:      41          34          41          41          34          41   
                    :                                                                       
All rice            :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   1,441       1,161       1,461       1,422       1,126       1,441   
California .........:     506         503         517         504         501         514   
Louisiana ..........:     440         425         480         436         414         474   
Mississippi ........:     140         117         166         139         113         165   
Missouri ...........:     224         187         228         220         173         214   
Texas ..............:     195         157         184         189         150         179   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   2,946       2,550       3,036       2,910       2,477       2,987   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

Rice Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
   Class and State  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ----------- pounds ----------      ---------- 1,000 cwt ----------  
Long grain          :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   7,550       7,550       7,530       93,620      70,593      99,020  
California .........:   6,000       7,300       7,100          660         730         852  
Louisiana ..........:   7,160       6,380       6,860       28,067      23,032      29,155  
Mississippi ........:   7,350       7,350       7,420       10,217       8,159      12,169  
Missouri ...........:   7,760       7,360       7,250       16,374      12,218      15,225  
Texas ..............:   8,000       7,400       8,200       14,640      10,878      14,432  
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   7,517       7,261       7,422      163,578     125,610     170,853  
                    :                                                                       
Medium grain        :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   7,330       7,160       7,220       13,267      13,604       9,025  
California .........:   8,810       8,580       8,920       39,909      39,296      41,210  
Louisiana ..........:   6,880       6,370       6,430        3,027       3,376       3,151  
Mississippi ........:     (X)       7,150       7,200            -         143          72  
Missouri ...........:   7,950       7,550       7,430          716         529         297  
Texas ..............:   7,000       5,000       5,500          420         150         165  
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   8,274       8,008       8,373       57,339      57,098      53,920  
                    :                                                                       
Short grain 1/      :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   6,000       6,000       6,200           60          60          62  
California .........:   7,140       7,080       6,870        2,856       2,336       2,748  
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   7,112       7,047       6,854        2,916       2,396       2,810  
                    :                                                                       
All                 :                                                                       
Arkansas ...........:   7,520       7,480       7,500      106,947      84,257     108,107  
California .........:   8,620       8,460       8,720       43,425      42,362      44,810  
Louisiana ..........:   7,130       6,380       6,820       31,094      26,408      32,306  
Mississippi ........:   7,350       7,350       7,420       10,217       8,302      12,241  
Missouri ...........:   7,770       7,370       7,250       17,090      12,747      15,522  
Texas ..............:   7,970       7,350       8,150       15,060      11,028      14,597  
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   7,692       7,473       7,619      223,833     185,104     227,583  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                        
(X) Not applicable.                                                                         
1/  Sweet rice acreage, yield, and production included with short grain.                    

Rye Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :        Area planted 1/         :         Area harvested         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                           1,000 acres                           
                    :                                                                 
Georgia 2/ .........:    190        (D)        (D)         15         (D)        (D)  
Minnesota ..........:    (D)         50         45        (D)          18         15  
North Dakota .......:    (D)         85         75        (D)          57         50  
Oklahoma ...........:    240        260        270         50          55         52  
Pennsylvania .......:    (D)        100        175        (D)          14         36  
Wisconsin ..........:    (D)        220        215        (D)          20         20  
                    :                                                                 
Other States 3/ ....:  1,581      1,140      1,175        208         146        157  
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:  2,011      1,855      1,955        273         310        330  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :         Yield per acre         :           Production           
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  --------- bushels ---------      ------- 1,000 bushels ------  
                    :                                                                 
Georgia 2/ .........:   26.0      (D)          (D)        390         (D)        (D)  
Minnesota ..........:    (D)       39         38.0        (D)         702        570  
North Dakota .......:    (D)       45.0       44.0        (D)       2,565      2,200  
Oklahoma ...........:   22.0       27.0       14.0      1,100       1,485        728  
Pennsylvania .......:    (D)       26         52.0        (D)         364      1,872  
Wisconsin ..........:    (D)       34         40.0        (D)         680        800  
                    :                                                                 
Other States 3/ ....:   33.4       33.1       34.2      6,942       4,826      5,362  
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:   30.9       34.3       34.9      8,432      10,622     11,532  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                      
1/  Includes area planted in preceding fall.                                          
2/  Beginning in 2019, estimates included in Other States.                            
3/  In 2018, Other States include Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Michigan,        
    Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota,          
    Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin.       
    Beginning in 2019, Other States include Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan,      
    Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, and Texas.                      

Proso Millet Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres                              
              :                                                                       
Colorado .....:    300         340         425          270         320         310   
Nebraska .....:     95         115         130           81         106         125   
South Dakota .:     48          51          54           39          39          49   
              :                                                                       
United States :    443         506         609          390         465         484   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ---------- bushels ---------       -------- 1,000 bushels -------   
              :                                                                       
Colorado .....:   28.0        37.0        14.5        7,560      11,840       4,495   
Nebraska .....:   32.0        31.0        24.0        2,592       3,286       3,000   
South Dakota .:   37.0        38.0        35.0        1,443       1,482       1,715   
              :                                                                       
United States :   29.7        35.7        19.0       11,595      16,608       9,210   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area harvested           :          Yield per acre           
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  --------- 1,000 acres --------       ----------- tons -----------    
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:     850         700         750       2.80        2.50        3.10    
Alaska ..........:      22          22          22       1.30        1.30        1.10    
Arizona .........:     300         325         310       7.82        7.72        7.94    
Arkansas ........:   1,203       1,253       1,273       1.80        2.20        2.10    
California ......:     980       1,010         825       5.80        5.74        5.59    
Colorado ........:   1,420       1,460       1,380       2.55        2.78        2.39    
Connecticut .....:      47          47          46       2.34        1.72        1.80    
Delaware ........:      13          14          14       2.62        2.21        2.43    
Florida .........:     280         270         280       3.10        2.90        3.00    
Georgia .........:     600         560         570       2.90        2.75        3.00    
                 :                                                                       
Idaho ...........:   1,340       1,300       1,300       3.75        3.93        4.05    
Illinois ........:     470         420         490       2.79        2.71        3.02    
Indiana .........:     510         520         500       2.71        2.48        2.56    
Iowa ............:     940       1,020       1,160       3.19        3.05        3.19    
Kansas ..........:   2,360       2,280       2,590       2.02        2.77        2.28    
Kentucky ........:   1,895       1,945       2,195       2.68        2.27        2.47    
Louisiana .......:     380         390         400       2.20        2.50        2.40    
Maine ...........:     110         110         104       1.89        2.15        1.76    
Maryland ........:     195         189         200       2.83        2.68        2.16    
Massachusetts ...:      79          51          60       1.48        2.25        1.77    
                 :                                                                       
Michigan ........:     810         780         780       2.24        2.38        2.56    
Minnesota .......:   1,220       1,100       1,230       2.52        2.70        2.88    
Mississippi .....:     590         610         650       2.10        2.30        2.50    
Missouri ........:   3,070       3,360       3,070       1.76        2.19        2.10    
Montana .........:   2,900       3,000       2,860       1.93        2.08        2.07    
Nebraska ........:   2,700       2,450       2,740       2.59        2.48        2.32    
Nevada ..........:     365         435         320       3.17        3.60        3.58    
New Hampshire ...:      39          49          42       1.77        1.69        1.83    
New Jersey ......:     114          91         106       1.93        2.05        1.85    
New Mexico ......:     250         245         225       3.73        3.89        3.65    
                 :                                                                       
New York ........:   1,220       1,180       1,060       2.25        1.90        1.61    
North Carolina ..:     816         816         665       2.71        2.30        2.40    
North Dakota ....:   2,670       2,420       2,220       1.66        1.70        1.62    
Ohio ............:     970         920         860       2.43        2.32        2.44    
Oklahoma ........:   3,230       3,005       2,790       1.59        1.98        1.92    
Oregon ..........:   1,000         970         960       3.06        3.47        3.10    
Pennsylvania ....:   1,190       1,210       1,355       2.30        2.47        2.43    
Rhode Island ....:       6           5           5       2.00        1.40        1.60    
South Carolina ..:     270         270         310       2.50        2.10        2.40    
South Dakota ....:   3,250       3,350       3,050       1.78        2.09        1.76    
                 :                                                                       
Tennessee .......:   1,720       1,763       1,749       2.46        2.31        2.37    
Texas ...........:   4,740       4,920       5,010       1.77        1.87        1.92    
Utah ............:     650         680         730       3.38        3.85        3.48    
Vermont .........:     170         160         167       2.15        1.86        1.88    
Virginia ........:   1,140       1,145       1,135       2.23        2.23        2.39    
Washington ......:     760         640         690       3.64        3.83        3.79    
West Virginia ...:     535         515         540       1.72        1.74        1.92    
Wisconsin .......:   1,360       1,300       1,370       2.17        2.14        2.54    
Wyoming .........:   1,090       1,150       1,080       2.20        2.17        2.49    
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:  52,839      52,425      52,238       2.34        2.46        2.43    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                              --continued

All Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              Production                               
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 tons                               
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:          2,380                   1,750                   2,325        
Alaska ..........:             29                      29                      24        
Arizona .........:          2,346                   2,509                   2,460        
Arkansas ........:          2,168                   2,760                   2,677        
California ......:          5,682                   5,795                   4,610        
Colorado ........:          3,621                   4,052                   3,298        
Connecticut .....:            110                      81                      83        
Delaware ........:             34                      31                      34        
Florida .........:            868                     783                     840        
Georgia .........:          1,740                   1,540                   1,710        
                 :                                                                       
Idaho ...........:          5,019                   5,111                   5,270        
Illinois ........:          1,309                   1,140                   1,479        
Indiana .........:          1,382                   1,290                   1,282        
Iowa ............:          2,998                   3,116                   3,697        
Kansas ..........:          4,760                   6,315                   5,893        
Kentucky ........:          5,088                   4,424                   5,428        
Louisiana .......:            836                     975                     960        
Maine ...........:            208                     236                     183        
Maryland ........:            552                     507                     432        
Massachusetts ...:            117                     115                     106        
                 :                                                                       
Michigan ........:          1,812                   1,858                   2,000        
Minnesota .......:          3,077                   2,966                   3,546        
Mississippi .....:          1,239                   1,403                   1,625        
Missouri ........:          5,408                   7,367                   6,437        
Montana .........:          5,595                   6,225                   5,908        
Nebraska ........:          6,985                   6,085                   6,370        
Nevada ..........:          1,158                   1,565                   1,147        
New Hampshire ...:             69                      83                      77        
New Jersey ......:            220                     187                     196        
New Mexico ......:            932                     954                     822        
                 :                                                                       
New York ........:          2,744                   2,240                   1,710        
North Carolina ..:          2,210                   1,877                   1,598        
North Dakota ....:          4,419                   4,116                   3,596        
Ohio ............:          2,356                   2,137                   2,102        
Oklahoma ........:          5,121                   5,935                   5,364        
Oregon ..........:          3,056                   3,362                   2,976        
Pennsylvania ....:          2,739                   2,986                   3,297        
Rhode Island ....:             12                       7                       8        
South Carolina ..:            675                     567                     744        
South Dakota ....:          5,788                   7,003                   5,365        
                 :                                                                       
Tennessee .......:          4,231                   4,073                   4,140        
Texas ...........:          8,374                   9,216                   9,604        
Utah ............:          2,195                   2,618                   2,540        
Vermont .........:            366                     298                     314        
Virginia ........:          2,540                   2,555                   2,711        
Washington ......:          2,764                   2,448                   2,616        
West Virginia ...:            922                     894                   1,035        
Wisconsin .......:          2,953                   2,784                   3,483        
Wyoming .........:          2,393                   2,496                   2,690        
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:        123,600                 128,864                 126,812        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States
and United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :          Area harvested           :          Yield per acre           
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  --------- 1,000 acres --------       ----------- tons -----------    
               :                                                                       
Arizona .......:     260         280         260       8.30        8.30        8.50    
Arkansas ......:       3           3           3       2.50        3.20        3.30    
California ....:     620         580         475       6.90        7.10        7.20    
Colorado ......:     730         730         700       3.40        3.70        3.40    
Connecticut ...:       7           7           6       2.50        1.90        1.90    
Delaware ......:       4           3           4       2.90        3.00        2.50    
Idaho .........:   1,050       1,010       1,010       4.20        4.40        4.50    
Illinois ......:     250         200         220       3.30        3.50        3.90    
Indiana .......:     240         220         220       3.00        3.00        2.90    
Iowa ..........:     620         700         830       3.70        3.40        3.50    
               :                                                                       
Kansas ........:     610         630         540       3.50        4.00        3.70    
Kentucky ......:     145         145         145       3.10        3.20        3.50    
Maine .........:      10          10           9       2.30        2.10        2.30    
Maryland ......:      40          34          35       4.50        3.50        2.90    
Massachusetts .:       9           6           5       2.10        2.70        1.30    
Michigan ......:     590         550         550       2.40        2.50        2.80    
Minnesota .....:     720         730         740       2.85        3.10        3.60    
Missouri ......:     270         260         220       2.40        2.70        2.70    
Montana .......:   1,900       2,100       1,900       2.05        2.15        2.20    
Nebraska ......:     850         950         860       4.30        3.80        3.80    
               :                                                                       
Nevada ........:     185         225         175       4.70        4.90        4.40    
New Hampshire .:       4           4           5       2.20        1.50        2.00    
New Jersey ....:       9          11          16       3.40        3.20        2.70    
New Mexico ....:     160         160         130       4.70        4.90        5.30    
New York ......:     300         290         300       2.40        2.20        1.90    
North Carolina :       6           6           5       3.90        2.30        2.70    
North Dakota ..:   1,470       1,220       1,220       1.70        1.80        1.80    
Ohio ..........:     350         330         300       3.10        2.90        2.90    
Oklahoma ......:     230         205         190       2.70        3.00        3.60    
Oregon ........:     420         400         360       4.10        4.70        4.60    
               :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ..:     300         290         395       2.90        3.00        3.00    
Rhode Island ..:       1           1           1       2.00        2.20        2.00    
South Dakota ..:   1,750       1,900       1,800       2.15        2.35        1.80    
Tennessee .....:      20          13          19       3.30        3.70        3.90    
Texas .........:     140         120         110       5.60        4.80        4.90    
Utah ..........:     500         510         550       3.70        4.30        3.80    
Vermont .......:      20          20          17       1.80        2.30        1.70    
Virginia ......:      40          45          35       3.00        3.00        3.60    
Washington ....:     350         330         410       4.50        4.60        4.40    
West Virginia .:      15          15          10       2.50        2.90        2.80    
Wisconsin .....:     820         880         840       2.35        2.40        3.20    
Wyoming .......:     590         620         610       2.70        2.70        3.10    
               :                                                                       
United States .:  16,608      16,743      16,230       3.17        3.28        3.27    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                            --continued

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States
and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              Production                               
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 tons                               
               :                                                                       
Arizona .......:         2,158                   2,324                   2,210         
Arkansas ......:             8                      10                      10         
California ....:         4,278                   4,118                   3,420         
Colorado ......:         2,482                   2,701                   2,380         
Connecticut ...:            18                      13                      11         
Delaware ......:            12                       9                      10         
Idaho .........:         4,410                   4,444                   4,545         
Illinois ......:           825                     700                     858         
Indiana .......:           720                     660                     638         
Iowa ..........:         2,294                   2,380                   2,905         
               :                                                                       
Kansas ........:         2,135                   2,520                   1,998         
Kentucky ......:           450                     464                     508         
Maine .........:            23                      21                      21         
Maryland ......:           180                     119                     102         
Massachusetts .:            19                      16                       7         
Michigan ......:         1,416                   1,375                   1,540         
Minnesota .....:         2,052                   2,263                   2,664         
Missouri ......:           648                     702                     594         
Montana .......:         3,895                   4,515                   4,180         
Nebraska ......:         3,655                   3,610                   3,268         
               :                                                                       
Nevada ........:           870                   1,103                     770         
New Hampshire .:             9                       6                      10         
New Jersey ....:            31                      35                      43         
New Mexico ....:           752                     784                     689         
New York ......:           720                     638                     570         
North Carolina :            23                      14                      14         
North Dakota ..:         2,499                   2,196                   2,196         
Ohio ..........:         1,085                     957                     870         
Oklahoma ......:           621                     615                     684         
Oregon ........:         1,722                   1,880                   1,656         
               :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ..:           870                     870                   1,185         
Rhode Island ..:             2                       2                       2         
South Dakota ..:         3,763                   4,465                   3,240         
Tennessee .....:            66                      48                      74         
Texas .........:           784                     576                     539         
Utah ..........:         1,850                   2,193                   2,090         
Vermont .......:            36                      46                      29         
Virginia ......:           120                     135                     126         
Washington ....:         1,575                   1,518                   1,804         
West Virginia .:            38                      44                      28         
Wisconsin .....:         1,927                   2,112                   2,688         
Wyoming .......:         1,593                   1,674                   1,891         
               :                                                                       
United States .:        52,634                  54,875                  53,067         
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :          Area harvested           :          Yield per acre           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :  --------- 1,000 acres --------       ----------- tons -----------    
                  :                                                                       
Alabama 1/ .......:     850         700         750       2.80        2.50        3.10    
Alaska 1/ ........:      22          22          22       1.30        1.30        1.10    
Arizona ..........:      40          45          50       4.70        4.10        5.00    
Arkansas .........:   1,200       1,250       1,270       1.80        2.20        2.10    
California .......:     360         430         350       3.90        3.90        3.40    
Colorado .........:     690         730         680       1.65        1.85        1.35    
Connecticut ......:      40          40          40       2.30        1.70        1.80    
Delaware .........:       9          11          10       2.40        2.00        2.40    
Florida 1/ .......:     280         270         280       3.10        2.90        3.00    
Georgia 1/ .......:     600         560         570       2.90        2.75        3.00    
                  :                                                                       
Idaho ............:     290         290         290       2.10        2.30        2.50    
Illinois .........:     220         220         270       2.20        2.00        2.30    
Indiana ..........:     270         300         280       2.45        2.10        2.30    
Iowa .............:     320         320         330       2.20        2.30        2.40    
Kansas ...........:   1,750       1,650       2,050       1.50        2.30        1.90    
Kentucky .........:   1,750       1,800       2,050       2.65        2.20        2.40    
Louisiana 1/ .....:     380         390         400       2.20        2.50        2.40    
Maine ............:     100         100          95       1.85        2.15        1.70    
Maryland .........:     155         155         165       2.40        2.50        2.00    
Massachusetts ....:      70          45          55       1.40        2.20        1.80    
                  :                                                                       
Michigan .........:     220         230         230       1.80        2.10        2.00    
Minnesota ........:     500         370         490       2.05        1.90        1.80    
Mississippi 1/ ...:     590         610         650       2.10        2.30        2.50    
Missouri .........:   2,800       3,100       2,850       1.70        2.15        2.05    
Montana ..........:   1,000         900         960       1.70        1.90        1.80    
Nebraska .........:   1,850       1,500       1,880       1.80        1.65        1.65    
Nevada ...........:     180         210         145       1.60        2.20        2.60    
New Hampshire ....:      35          45          37       1.70        1.70        1.80    
New Jersey .......:     105          80          90       1.80        1.90        1.70    
New Mexico .......:      90          85          95       2.00        2.00        1.40    
                  :                                                                       
New York .........:     920         890         760       2.20        1.80        1.50    
North Carolina ...:     810         810         660       2.70        2.30        2.40    
North Dakota .....:   1,200       1,200       1,000       1.60        1.60        1.40    
Ohio .............:     620         590         560       2.05        2.00        2.20    
Oklahoma .........:   3,000       2,800       2,600       1.50        1.90        1.80    
Oregon ...........:     580         570         600       2.30        2.60        2.20    
Pennsylvania .....:     890         920         960       2.10        2.30        2.20    
Rhode Island .....:       5           4           4       1.90        1.30        1.60    
South Carolina 1/ :     270         270         310       2.50        2.10        2.40    
South Dakota .....:   1,500       1,450       1,250       1.35        1.75        1.70    
                  :                                                                       
Tennessee ........:   1,700       1,750       1,730       2.45        2.30        2.35    
Texas ............:   4,600       4,800       4,900       1.65        1.80        1.85    
Utah .............:     150         170         180       2.30        2.50        2.50    
Vermont ..........:     150         140         150       2.20        1.80        1.90    
Virginia .........:   1,100       1,100       1,100       2.20        2.20        2.35    
Washington .......:     410         310         280       2.90        3.00        2.90    
West Virginia ....:     520         500         530       1.70        1.70        1.90    
Wisconsin ........:     540         420         530       1.90        1.60        1.50    
Wyoming ..........:     500         530         470       1.60        1.55        1.70    
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:  36,231      35,682      36,008       1.96        2.07        2.05    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              Production                               
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 tons                               
                  :                                                                       
Alabama 1/ .......:         2,380                   1,750                   2,325         
Alaska 1/ ........:            29                      29                      24         
Arizona ..........:           188                     185                     250         
Arkansas .........:         2,160                   2,750                   2,667         
California .......:         1,404                   1,677                   1,190         
Colorado .........:         1,139                   1,351                     918         
Connecticut ......:            92                      68                      72         
Delaware .........:            22                      22                      24         
Florida 1/ .......:           868                     783                     840         
Georgia 1/ .......:         1,740                   1,540                   1,710         
                  :                                                                       
Idaho ............:           609                     667                     725         
Illinois .........:           484                     440                     621         
Indiana ..........:           662                     630                     644         
Iowa .............:           704                     736                     792         
Kansas ...........:         2,625                   3,795                   3,895         
Kentucky .........:         4,638                   3,960                   4,920         
Louisiana 1/ .....:           836                     975                     960         
Maine ............:           185                     215                     162         
Maryland .........:           372                     388                     330         
Massachusetts ....:            98                      99                      99         
                  :                                                                       
Michigan .........:           396                     483                     460         
Minnesota ........:         1,025                     703                     882         
Mississippi 1/ ...:         1,239                   1,403                   1,625         
Missouri .........:         4,760                   6,665                   5,843         
Montana ..........:         1,700                   1,710                   1,728         
Nebraska .........:         3,330                   2,475                   3,102         
Nevada ...........:           288                     462                     377         
New Hampshire ....:            60                      77                      67         
New Jersey .......:           189                     152                     153         
New Mexico .......:           180                     170                     133         
                  :                                                                       
New York .........:         2,024                   1,602                   1,140         
North Carolina ...:         2,187                   1,863                   1,584         
North Dakota .....:         1,920                   1,920                   1,400         
Ohio .............:         1,271                   1,180                   1,232         
Oklahoma .........:         4,500                   5,320                   4,680         
Oregon ...........:         1,334                   1,482                   1,320         
Pennsylvania .....:         1,869                   2,116                   2,112         
Rhode Island .....:            10                       5                       6         
South Carolina 1/ :           675                     567                     744         
South Dakota .....:         2,025                   2,538                   2,125         
                  :                                                                       
Tennessee ........:         4,165                   4,025                   4,066         
Texas ............:         7,590                   8,640                   9,065         
Utah .............:           345                     425                     450         
Vermont ..........:           330                     252                     285         
Virginia .........:         2,420                   2,420                   2,585         
Washington .......:         1,189                     930                     812         
West Virginia ....:           884                     850                   1,007         
Wisconsin ........:         1,026                     672                     795         
Wyoming ..........:           800                     822                     799         
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:        70,966                  73,989                  73,745         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures included in all other hay.                                

Forage Production

Forage production is the sum of all dry hay production and haylage/greenchop 
production after converting the haylage/greenchop production to a dry 
equivalent basis (13 percent moisture) by multiplying the green weight 
(weight at harvest) by 0.4943. The conversion factor (0.4943) is based on the 
assumption that one ton of dry hay is 0.87 ton of dry matter, one ton of 
haylage is 0.45 ton dry matter and one ton of greenchop is 0.25 ton dry 
matter. The total haylage/greenchop production is assumed to be comprised of 
90 percent haylage and 10 percent greenchop. Therefore, the conversion factor 
used to adjust haylage/greenchop production to a dry equivalent 
basis = ((0.45*0.9)+(0.25*0.1))/0.87 = 0.4943. The factors assumed here may 
vary by State and can be adjusted. Adjustments would result in a slightly 
different conversion factor.

All Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State
Total: 2018-2020
[All forage production is the sum of the following dry equivalents: alfalfa hay
harvested as dry hay, all other hay harvested as dry hay, alfalfa haylage and
greenchop, all other haylage and greenchop; after converting alfalfa and all
other haylage and greenchop to a dry equivalent basis]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ------- 1,000 acres ------     --------- tons ---------   
                    :                                                           
California .........:  1,180     1,190       960     5.98      5.93      6.02   
Idaho ..............:  1,380     1,380     1,390     4.00      4.35      4.35   
Illinois ...........:    485       450       515     2.92      2.86      3.19   
Iowa ...............:    995     1,115     1,225     3.31      3.15      3.27   
Kansas .............:  2,460     2,345     2,665     2.09      2.85      2.33   
Michigan ...........:  1,010       990       985     2.70      2.99      3.16   
Minnesota ..........:  1,380     1,330     1,505     2.73      2.82      3.05   
Missouri ...........:  3,170     3,490     3,145     1.81      2.20      2.11   
Nebraska ...........:  2,730     2,505     2,770     2.59      2.50      2.36   
New York ...........:  1,740     1,640     1,550     3.01      2.52      2.35   
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:  1,035       970       900     2.66      2.62      2.69   
Pennsylvania .......:  1,465     1,430     1,625     2.77      2.98      2.73   
South Dakota .......:  3,330     3,505     3,105     1.83      2.10      1.79   
Texas ..............:  4,845     5,045     5,190     1.84      1.98      2.03   
Vermont ............:    295       265       275     3.76      3.54      3.14   
Washington .........:    830       670       725     4.07      4.02      4.18   
Wisconsin ..........:  2,210     2,330     2,360     2.93      2.63      3.07   
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....: 30,540    30,650    30,890     2.61      2.71      2.66   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        Production                         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:       7,053               7,060               5,780       
Idaho ..............:       5,516               6,000               6,045       
Illinois ...........:       1,417               1,285               1,641       
Iowa ...............:       3,289               3,517               4,006       
Kansas .............:       5,140               6,690               6,222       
Michigan ...........:       2,729               2,959               3,113       
Minnesota ..........:       3,763               3,745               4,588       
Missouri ...........:       5,737               7,661               6,644       
Nebraska ...........:       7,084               6,258               6,544       
New York ...........:       5,233               4,130               3,635       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:       2,757               2,546               2,421       
Pennsylvania .......:       4,065               4,265               4,439       
South Dakota .......:       6,110               7,365               5,562       
Texas ..............:       8,910               9,965              10,519       
Vermont ............:       1,110                 939                 864       
Washington .........:       3,382               2,694               3,029       
Wisconsin ..........:       6,479               6,135               7,242       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      79,774              83,214              82,294       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Alfalfa Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State
Total: 2018-2020
[All alfalfa forage production is the sum of alfalfa harvested as dry hay and
alfalfa haylage and greenchop production after converting it to a dry
equivalent basis]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ------- 1,000 acres ------     --------- tons ---------   
                    :                                                           
California .........:    670       610       515     6.75      7.06      7.09   
Idaho ..............:  1,080     1,060     1,060     4.43      4.86      4.75   
Illinois ...........:    260       220       235     3.47      3.68      4.15   
Iowa ...............:    655       765       865     3.84      3.52      3.56   
Kansas .............:    620       645       545     3.54      4.05      3.74   
Michigan ...........:    780       750       745     2.94      3.20      3.44   
Minnesota ..........:    850       930       980     3.13      3.20      3.68   
Missouri ...........:    290       290       225     2.68      2.69      2.84   
Nebraska ...........:    870       990       880     4.26      3.75      3.84   
New York ...........:    650       530       570     3.95      3.47      3.25   
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:    390       370       330     3.66      3.44      3.37   
Pennsylvania .......:    465       380       535     3.65      4.37      3.48   
South Dakota .......:  1,800     2,000     1,845     2.21      2.34      1.83   
Texas ..............:    145       125       115     5.52      4.90      4.85   
Vermont ............:     45        35        45     4.27      4.94      4.16   
Washington .........:    355       350       430     4.72      4.63      4.61   
Wisconsin ..........:  1,590     1,680     1,660     3.29      3.00      3.65   
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....: 11,515    11,730    11,580     3.64      3.61      3.62   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        Production                         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:       4,523               4,308               3,651       
Idaho ..............:       4,788               5,155               5,038       
Illinois ...........:         902                 810                 976       
Iowa ...............:       2,514               2,690               3,083       
Kansas .............:       2,194               2,613               2,038       
Michigan ...........:       2,290               2,403               2,566       
Minnesota ..........:       2,657               2,975               3,607       
Missouri ...........:         778                 781                 638       
Nebraska ...........:       3,704               3,711               3,382       
New York ...........:       2,566               1,840               1,851       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:       1,428               1,273               1,112       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,698               1,661               1,860       
South Dakota .......:       3,985               4,682               3,373       
Texas ..............:         801                 613                 558       
Vermont ............:         192                 173                 187       
Washington .........:       1,676               1,619               1,982       
Wisconsin ..........:       5,239               5,036               6,053       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      41,935              42,343              41,955       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Other Forage Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17 State
Total: 2018-2020
[All other forage production is the sum of other harvested as dry hay and other
haylage and greenchop production after converting it to a dry equivalent basis]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ------- 1,000 acres ------     --------- tons ---------   
                    :                                                           
California .........:    510       580       445     4.96      4.74      4.78   
Idaho ..............:    300       320       330     2.43      2.64      3.05   
Illinois ...........:    225       230       280     2.29      2.07      2.38   
Iowa ...............:    340       350       360     2.28      2.36      2.56   
Kansas .............:  1,840     1,700     2,120     1.60      2.40      1.97   
Michigan ...........:    230       240       240     1.91      2.32      2.28   
Minnesota ..........:    530       400       525     2.09      1.93      1.87   
Missouri ...........:  2,880     3,200     2,920     1.72      2.15      2.06   
Nebraska ...........:  1,860     1,515     1,890     1.82      1.68      1.67   
New York ...........:  1,090     1,110       980     2.45      2.06      1.82   
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:    645       600       570     2.06      2.12      2.30   
Pennsylvania .......:  1,000     1,050     1,090     2.37      2.48      2.37   
South Dakota .......:  1,530     1,505     1,260     1.39      1.78      1.74   
Texas ..............:  4,700     4,920     5,075     1.73      1.90      1.96   
Vermont ............:    250       230       230     3.67      3.33      2.94   
Washington .........:    475       320       295     3.59      3.36      3.55   
Wisconsin ..........:    620       650       700     2.00      1.69      1.70   
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....: 19,025    18,920    19,310     1.99      2.16      2.09   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        Production                         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:       2,530               2,752               2,129       
Idaho ..............:         728                 845               1,007       
Illinois ...........:         515                 475                 665       
Iowa ...............:         775                 827                 923       
Kansas .............:       2,946               4,077               4,184       
Michigan ...........:         439                 556                 547       
Minnesota ..........:       1,106                 770                 981       
Missouri ...........:       4,959               6,880               6,006       
Nebraska ...........:       3,380               2,547               3,162       
New York ...........:       2,667               2,290               1,784       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:       1,329               1,273               1,309       
Pennsylvania .......:       2,367               2,604               2,579       
South Dakota .......:       2,125               2,683               2,189       
Texas ..............:       8,109               9,352               9,961       
Vermont ............:         918                 766                 677       
Washington .........:       1,706               1,075               1,047       
Wisconsin ..........:       1,240               1,099               1,189       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      37,839              40,871              40,339       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and 17
State Total: 2018-2020
[Includes all types of forage harvested as haylage or greenchop (green weight).
Forage harvested as dry hay and corn and sorghum silage/greenchop are
not included]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  ------ 1,000 acres ------     ---------- tons ---------  
                    :                                                           
California .........:    250       210       185     11.10     12.19     12.80  
Idaho ..............:    105       155       165      9.57     11.60      9.50  
Illinois ...........:     38        49        54      5.74      5.96      6.06  
Iowa ...............:     80       140        95      7.36      5.80      6.59  
Kansas .............:    120        85       105      6.42      8.92      6.33  
Michigan ...........:    285       290       280      6.51      7.68      8.04  
Minnesota ..........:    220       265       315      6.31      5.95      6.69  
Missouri ...........:    155       190       125      4.29      3.13      3.36  
Nebraska ...........:     40        75        55      5.05      4.67      6.42  
New York ...........:    710       610       670      7.09      6.27      5.81  
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:    135       125       110      6.00      6.62      5.87  
Pennsylvania .......:    410       390       370      6.54      6.64      6.24  
South Dakota .......:    120       190        80      5.44      3.85      5.00  
Texas ..............:    145       190       250      7.48      7.97      7.40  
Vermont ............:    185       165       175      8.14      7.85      6.36  
Washington .........:    119        85        90     10.50      5.85      9.28  
Wisconsin ..........:  1,120     1,290     1,130      6.37      5.26      6.73  
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:  4,237     4,504     4,254      6.99      6.44      6.90  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :                        Production                         
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:       2,774               2,559               2,368       
Idaho ..............:       1,005               1,798               1,568       
Illinois ...........:         218                 292                 327       
Iowa ...............:         589                 812                 626       
Kansas .............:         770                 758                 665       
Michigan ...........:       1,856               2,227               2,252       
Minnesota ..........:       1,388               1,576               2,108       
Missouri ...........:         665                 595                 420       
Nebraska ...........:         202                 350                 353       
New York ...........:       5,035               3,824               3,894       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:         810                 828                 646       
Pennsylvania .......:       2,683               2,588               2,310       
South Dakota .......:         653                 731                 400       
Texas ..............:       1,085               1,515               1,851       
Vermont ............:       1,505               1,296               1,113       
Washington .........:       1,249                 497                 835       
Wisconsin ..........:       7,132               6,780               7,606       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      29,619              29,026              29,342       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Alfalfa Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States
and 17 State Total: 2018-2020
[Includes only alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures that were harvested as haylage or
greenchop (green weight). Alfalfa harvested as dry hay is not included]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  ------ 1,000 acres ------     --------- tons ---------   
                    :                                                           
California .........:     80        60        60     6.20       6.40     7.80   
Idaho ..............:     85       115       105     9.00      12.50     9.50   
Illinois ...........:     24        30        35     6.50       7.40     6.80   
Iowa ...............:     55        95        50     8.10       6.60     7.20   
Kansas .............:     20        25        15     6.00       7.50     5.30   
Michigan ...........:    260       260       250     6.80       8.00     8.30   
Minnesota ..........:    180       225       265     6.80       6.40     7.20   
Missouri ...........:     35        40        15     7.50       4.00     6.00   
Nebraska ...........:     25        50        35     4.00       4.10     6.60   
New York ...........:    450       320       360     8.30       7.60     7.20   
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:     90        90        70     7.70       7.10     7.00   
Pennsylvania .......:    250       200       195     6.70       8.00     7.00   
South Dakota .......:     75       125        60     6.00       3.50     4.50   
Texas ..............:      5        10         5     7.00       7.50     7.50   
Vermont ............:     45        35        45     7.00       7.30     7.10   
Washington .........:     24        40        40     8.50       5.10     9.00   
Wisconsin ..........:  1,000     1,020       920     6.70       5.80     7.40   
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:  2,703     2,740     2,525     7.08       6.68     7.40   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        Production                         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:         496                 384                 468       
Idaho ..............:         765               1,438                 998       
Illinois ...........:         156                 222                 238       
Iowa ...............:         446                 627                 360       
Kansas .............:         120                 188                  80       
Michigan ...........:       1,768               2,080               2,075       
Minnesota ..........:       1,224               1,440               1,908       
Missouri ...........:         263                 160                  90       
Nebraska ...........:         100                 205                 231       
New York ...........:       3,735               2,432               2,592       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:         693                 639                 490       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,675               1,600               1,365       
South Dakota .......:         450                 438                 270       
Texas ..............:          35                  75                  38       
Vermont ............:         315                 256                 320       
Washington .........:         204                 204                 360       
Wisconsin ..........:       6,700               5,916               6,808       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      19,145              18,304              18,691       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All Other Haylage and Greenchop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States
and 17 State Total: 2018-2020
[Includes all types of mixtures excluding alfalfa that were harvested as
haylage or greenchop (green weight). All other area harvested as dry hay is
not included]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  ------ 1,000 acres ------     ---------- tons ---------  
                    :                                                           
California .........:    170       150       125     13.40     14.50     15.20  
Idaho ..............:     20        40        60     12.00      9.00      9.50  
Illinois ...........:     14        19        19      4.40      3.70      4.70  
Iowa ...............:     25        45        45      5.70      4.10      5.90  
Kansas .............:    100        60        90      6.50      9.50      6.50  
Michigan ...........:     25        30        30      3.50      4.90      5.90  
Minnesota ..........:     40        40        50      4.10      3.40      4.00  
Missouri ...........:    120       150       110      3.35      2.90      3.00  
Nebraska ...........:     15        25        20      6.80      5.80      6.10  
New York ...........:    260       290       310      5.00      4.80      4.20  
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:     45        35        40      2.60      5.40      3.90  
Pennsylvania .......:    160       190       175      6.30      5.20      5.40  
South Dakota .......:     45        65        20      4.50      4.50      6.50  
Texas ..............:    140       180       245      7.50      8.00      7.40  
Vermont ............:    140       130       130      8.50      8.00      6.10  
Washington .........:     95        45        50     11.00      6.50      9.50  
Wisconsin ..........:    120       270       210      3.60      3.20      3.80  
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:  1,534     1,764     1,729      6.83      6.08      6.16  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        Production                         
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
California .........:       2,278               2,175               1,900       
Idaho ..............:         240                 360                 570       
Illinois ...........:          62                  70                  89       
Iowa ...............:         143                 185                 266       
Kansas .............:         650                 570                 585       
Michigan ...........:          88                 147                 177       
Minnesota ..........:         164                 136                 200       
Missouri ...........:         402                 435                 330       
Nebraska ...........:         102                 145                 122       
New York ...........:       1,300               1,392               1,302       
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:         117                 189                 156       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,008                 988                 945       
South Dakota .......:         203                 293                 130       
Texas ..............:       1,050               1,440               1,813       
Vermont ............:       1,190               1,040                 793       
Washington .........:       1,045                 293                 475       
Wisconsin ..........:         432                 864                 798       
                    :                                                           
17 State total .....:      10,474              10,722              10,651       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

New Seedings of Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures - States and United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              Area seeded                              
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 acres                              
               :                                                                       
Arizona .......:            35                      55                      40         
Arkansas ......:             1                       1                       -         
California ....:            95                      80                      65         
Colorado ......:            85                      80                      75         
Connecticut ...:             1                       1                       1         
Delaware ......:             1                       1                       1         
Idaho .........:           155                     135                     115         
Illinois ......:            55                      35                      30         
Indiana .......:            40                      40                      40         
Iowa ..........:           105                     140                     125         
               :                                                                       
Kansas ........:            55                      75                      85         
Kentucky ......:            20                      17                      14         
Maine .........:             2                       2                       1         
Maryland ......:             4                       3                       3         
Massachusetts .:             1                       1                       1         
Michigan ......:           100                     100                     100         
Minnesota .....:           130                     160                     170         
Missouri ......:            30                      35                      25         
Montana .......:           115                     130                     125         
Nebraska ......:           120                     140                     100         
               :                                                                       
Nevada ........:            21                      30                      20         
New Hampshire .:             1                       1                       1         
New Jersey ....:             1                       2                       2         
New Mexico ....:            30                      15                      10         
New York ......:            95                      70                      70         
North Carolina :             1                       2                       2         
North Dakota ..:            95                      70                      75         
Ohio ..........:            35                      60                      50         
Oklahoma ......:            30                      55                      20         
Oregon ........:            40                      70                      50         
               :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ..:            60                      80                      65         
South Dakota ..:           170                     135                     130         
Tennessee .....:             2                       1                       1         
Texas .........:            15                      10                      15         
Utah ..........:            50                      65                      60         
Vermont .......:             7                       4                       5         
Virginia ......:            10                       7                       6         
Washington ....:            60                      50                      60         
West Virginia .:             3                       1                       1         
Wisconsin .....:           310                     480                     400         
Wyoming .......:            35                      30                      25         
               :                                                                       
United States .:         2,221                   2,469                   2,184         
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                    

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 acres                              
               :                                                                       
Alabama .......:    165.0       160.0       185.0        161.0       156.0       182.0 
Arkansas ......:     26.0        34.0        39.0         23.0        33.0        38.0 
Florida .......:    155.0       165.0       175.0        143.0       155.0       165.0 
Georgia .......:    665.0       675.0       810.0        655.0       660.0       800.0 
Mississippi ...:     25.0        20.0        23.0         24.0        19.0        22.0 
New Mexico ....:      5.5         4.7         6.2          5.5         4.7         4.8 
North Carolina :    102.0       104.0       108.0         98.0       102.0       106.0 
Oklahoma ......:     16.0        15.0        15.0         15.0        14.0        14.0 
South Carolina :     87.0        65.0        85.0         80.0        62.0        82.0 
Texas .........:    155.0       165.0       190.0        145.0       160.0       175.0 
Virginia ......:     24.0        25.0        28.0         24.0        24.0        27.0 
               :                                                                       
United States .:  1,425.5     1,432.7     1,664.2      1,373.5     1,389.7     1,615.8 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
     State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    ----------- pounds ----------    ---------- 1,000 pounds --------- 
               :                                                                       
Alabama .......:    3,550       3,350       3,500      571,550     522,600     637,000 
Arkansas ......:    4,900       5,200       4,800      112,700     171,600     182,400 
Florida .......:    3,950       3,800       3,400      564,850     589,000     561,000 
Georgia .......:    4,390       4,170       4,100    2,875,450   2,752,200   3,280,000 
Mississippi ...:    3,900       4,000       4,400       93,600      76,000      96,800 
New Mexico ....:    2,850       3,210       3,000       15,675      15,087      14,400 
North Carolina :    3,870       4,400       4,000      379,260     448,800     424,000 
Oklahoma ......:    3,070       4,000       4,200       46,050      56,000      58,800 
South Carolina :    3,400       3,800       3,400      272,000     235,600     278,800 
Texas .........:    3,200       3,050       2,800      464,000     488,000     490,000 
Virginia ......:    4,200       4,650       4,100      100,800     111,600     110,700 
               :                                                                       
United States .:    4,001       3,934       3,796    5,495,935   5,466,487   6,133,900 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Canola Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 acres                              
                :                                                                       
Idaho 1/ .......:     43.0        (NA)        (NA)         42.0        (NA)        (NA) 
Kansas .........:     47.0        29.0         5.0         35.0        19.0         3.0 
Minnesota ......:     46.0        51.0        50.0         45.0        48.5        48.0 
Montana ........:    120.0       150.0       155.0        116.0       138.0       149.0 
North Dakota ...:  1,590.0     1,700.0     1,510.0      1,580.0     1,610.0     1,490.0 
Oklahoma .......:     70.0        35.0        12.0         53.0        21.0         8.0 
Oregon 1/ ......:      4.7        (NA)        (NA)          4.5        (NA)        (NA) 
Washington .....:     70.0        75.0        93.0         67.0        73.0        91.0 
                :                                                                       
United States ..:  1,990.7     2,040.0     1,825.0      1,942.5     1,909.5     1,789.0 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    ----------- pounds ----------    ---------- 1,000 pounds --------- 
                :                                                                       
Idaho 1/ .......:    2,100        (NA)        (NA)       88,200        (NA)        (NA) 
Kansas .........:      960       1,090       1,790       33,600      20,710       5,370 
Minnesota ......:    2,060       2,270       1,570       92,700     110,095      75,360 
Montana ........:    1,120       1,450       1,620      129,920     200,100     241,380 
North Dakota ...:    1,960       1,800       1,960    3,096,800   2,898,000   2,920,400 
Oklahoma .......:      880       1,410       1,530       46,640      29,610      12,240 
Oregon 1/ ......:    1,700        (NA)        (NA)        7,650        (NA)        (NA) 
Washington .....:    1,790       1,950       2,200      119,930     142,350     200,200 
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    1,861       1,781       1,931    3,615,440   3,400,865   3,454,950 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                     
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                    

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Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Varietal type  :          Area planted           :         Area harvested          
     and State    :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2018    :   2019   :   2020   :   2018    :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                            1,000 acres                            
                  :                                                                   
Oil               :                                                                   
California .......:     58.0       49.0       43.0        57.0       49.0       42.5  
Colorado .........:     58.0       47.0       42.0        49.0       44.0       32.0  
Kansas ...........:     43.0       37.0       54.0        41.0       35.0       52.0  
Minnesota ........:     45.0       53.0       68.0        44.0       51.0       67.0  
Nebraska .........:     25.0       28.0       40.0        24.0       26.0       39.0  
North Dakota .....:    395.0      470.0      640.0       380.0      440.0      630.0  
South Dakota .....:    520.0      485.0      570.0       480.0      460.0      560.0  
Texas ............:     20.0       28.0       33.0        19.0       26.0       30.0  
                  :                                                                   
United States ....:  1,164.0    1,197.0    1,490.0     1,094.0    1,131.0    1,452.5  
                  :                                                                   
Non-oil           :                                                                   
California .......:      2.0        1.6        1.2         2.0        1.6        1.2  
Colorado .........:      8.0       12.0       18.0         7.0       11.0       17.0  
Kansas ...........:     10.0        8.0       19.0         8.5        7.3       18.0  
Minnesota ........:      7.5        5.0        5.5         6.9        4.6        5.0  
Nebraska .........:     12.0        9.0       10.0         9.5        8.5        9.0  
North Dakota .....:     41.0       65.0       93.0        40.0       54.0       85.0  
South Dakota .....:     51.0       48.0       52.0        45.0       31.0       51.0  
Texas ............:      5.5        5.0       30.0         4.5        4.5       27.0  
                  :                                                                   
United States ....:    137.0      153.6      228.7       123.4      122.5      213.2  
                  :                                                                   
All               :                                                                   
California .......:     60.0       50.6       44.2        59.0       50.6       43.7  
Colorado .........:     66.0       59.0       60.0        56.0       55.0       49.0  
Kansas ...........:     53.0       45.0       73.0        49.5       42.3       70.0  
Minnesota ........:     52.5       58.0       73.5        50.9       55.6       72.0  
Nebraska .........:     37.0       37.0       50.0        33.5       34.5       48.0  
North Dakota .....:    436.0      535.0      733.0       420.0      494.0      715.0  
South Dakota .....:    571.0      533.0      622.0       525.0      491.0      611.0  
Texas ............:     25.5       33.0       63.0        23.5       30.5       57.0  
                  :                                                                   
United States ....:  1,301.0    1,350.6    1,718.7     1,217.4    1,253.5    1,665.7  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           --continued

Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Varietal type :         Yield per acre          :           Production            
    and State   :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019   :   2020   :   2018    :   2019   :   2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ---------- pounds ---------     --------- 1,000 pounds -------- 
                :                                                                   
Oil             :                                                                   
California .....:   1,300      1,400      1,300        74,100     68,600     55,250 
Colorado .......:   1,100      1,000        830        53,900     44,000     26,560 
Kansas .........:   1,500      1,400      1,470        61,500     49,000     76,440 
Minnesota ......:   2,250      1,850      1,920        99,000     94,350    128,640 
Nebraska .......:   1,420      1,300      1,050        34,080     33,800     40,950 
North Dakota ...:   1,750      1,500      1,880       665,000    660,000  1,184,400 
South Dakota ...:   1,830      1,700      1,900       878,400    782,000  1,064,000 
Texas ..........:   1,120      1,300      1,370        21,280     33,800     41,100 
                :                                                                   
United States ..:   1,725      1,561      1,802     1,887,260  1,765,550  2,617,340 
                :                                                                   
Non-oil         :                                                                   
California .....:   1,200      1,300      1,200         2,400      2,080      1,440 
Colorado .......:   1,150      1,400      1,150         8,050     15,400     19,550 
Kansas .........:   1,500      1,250      1,450        12,750      9,125     26,100 
Minnesota ......:   2,150      1,800      1,800        14,835      8,280      9,000 
Nebraska .......:   1,400      1,300      1,470        13,300     11,050     13,230 
North Dakota ...:   1,860      1,650      1,810        74,400     89,100    153,850 
South Dakota ...:   1,950      1,600      2,020        87,750     49,600    103,020 
Texas ..........:   1,400      1,300      1,440         6,300      5,850     38,880 
                :                                                                   
United States ..:   1,781      1,555      1,712       219,785    190,485    365,070 
                :                                                                   
All             :                                                                   
California .....:   1,297      1,397      1,297        76,500     70,680     56,690 
Colorado .......:   1,106      1,080        941        61,950     59,400     46,110 
Kansas .........:   1,500      1,374      1,465        74,250     58,125    102,540 
Minnesota ......:   2,236      1,846      1,912       113,835    102,630    137,640 
Nebraska .......:   1,414      1,300      1,129        47,380     44,850     54,180 
North Dakota ...:   1,760      1,516      1,872       739,400    749,100  1,338,250 
South Dakota ...:   1,840      1,694      1,910       966,150    831,600  1,167,020 
Texas ..........:   1,174      1,300      1,403        27,580     39,650     79,980 
                :                                                                   
United States ..:   1,731      1,560      1,790     2,107,045  1,956,035  2,982,410 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                              1,000 acres                              
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:     345         265         280         335         260         275   
Arkansas ...........:   3,270       2,650       2,820       3,210       2,610       2,780   
Delaware ...........:     170         155         150         168         153         148   
Florida 1/ .........:      18        (NA)        (NA)          12        (NA)        (NA)   
Georgia ............:     145         100         100         130          86          95   
Illinois ...........:  10,800       9,950      10,300      10,500       9,860      10,250   
Indiana ............:   6,000       5,400       5,700       5,960       5,360       5,680   
Iowa ...............:   9,950       9,200       9,400       9,830       9,120       9,320   
Kansas .............:   4,750       4,550       4,750       4,690       4,490       4,700   
Kentucky ...........:   1,950       1,700       1,850       1,930       1,690       1,840   
                    :                                                                       
Louisiana ..........:   1,340         890       1,050       1,190         860       1,020   
Maryland ...........:     530         480         485         515         475         465   
Michigan ...........:   2,330       1,760       2,200       2,310       1,720       2,190   
Minnesota ..........:   7,750       6,850       7,400       7,650       6,770       7,330   
Mississippi ........:   2,230       1,660       2,090       2,190       1,630       2,060   
Missouri ...........:   5,850       5,100       5,850       5,780       5,010       5,810   
Nebraska ...........:   5,650       4,900       5,200       5,590       4,840       5,160   
New Jersey .........:     110          95          94         107          92          93   
New York ...........:     335         235         315         325         225         312   
North Carolina .....:   1,650       1,540       1,600       1,570       1,520       1,570   
                    :                                                                       
North Dakota .......:   6,900       5,600       5,750       6,840       5,400       5,700   
Ohio ...............:   5,050       4,300       4,900       5,020       4,270       4,870   
Oklahoma ...........:     640         465         560         600         440         540   
Pennsylvania .......:     640         620         640         630         610         630   
South Carolina .....:     390         335         310         330         315         300   
South Dakota .......:   5,650       3,500       4,950       5,580       3,440       4,920   
Tennessee ..........:   1,700       1,400       1,650       1,670       1,370       1,620   
Texas ..............:     175          80         120         135          73         110   
Virginia ...........:     600         570         570         590         560         560   
West Virginia 1/ ...:      29        (NA)        (NA)          27        (NA)        (NA)   
Wisconsin ..........:   2,220       1,750       2,000       2,180       1,690       1,970   
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:  89,167      76,100      83,084      87,594      74,939      82,318   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                 --continued

Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   ---------- bushels ----------     --------- 1,000 bushels --------- 
                    :                                                                       
Alabama ............:   40.0         36.0        41.0        13,400       9,360      11,275 
Arkansas ...........:   50.5         49.0        50.0       162,105     127,890     139,000 
Delaware ...........:   41.5         47.0        49.0         6,972       7,191       7,252 
Florida 1/ .........:   37.0         (NA)        (NA)           444        (NA)        (NA) 
Georgia ............:   39.5         29.0        41.0         5,135       2,494       3,895 
Illinois ...........:   63.5         54.0        59.0       666,750     532,440     604,750 
Indiana ............:   57.5         51.0        58.0       342,700     273,360     329,440 
Iowa ...............:   56.0         55.0        53.0       550,480     501,600     493,960 
Kansas .............:   43.0         41.5        40.5       201,670     186,335     190,350 
Kentucky ...........:   51.0         46.0        55.0        98,430      77,740     101,200 
                    :                                                                       
Louisiana ..........:   51.5         48.0        53.0        61,285      41,280      54,060 
Maryland ...........:   47.5         44.0        47.0        24,463      20,900      21,855 
Michigan ...........:   47.5         40.5        47.0       109,725      69,660     102,930 
Minnesota ..........:   49.0         44.0        49.0       374,850     297,880     359,170 
Mississippi ........:   54.0         50.0        54.0       118,260      81,500     111,240 
Missouri ...........:   44.5         46.0        50.0       257,210     230,460     290,500 
Nebraska ...........:   58.0         58.5        57.0       324,220     283,140     294,120 
New Jersey .........:   39.5         37.0        46.0         4,227       3,404       4,278 
New York ...........:   52.0         48.0        51.0        16,900      10,800      15,912 
North Carolina .....:   33.0         35.0        37.0        51,810      53,200      58,090 
                    :                                                                       
North Dakota .......:   35.0         31.5        33.5       239,400     170,100     190,950 
Ohio ...............:   56.0         49.0        54.0       281,120     209,230     262,980 
Oklahoma ...........:   28.0         29.0        30.0        16,800      12,760      16,200 
Pennsylvania .......:   44.5         49.0        46.0        28,035      29,890      28,980 
South Carolina .....:   29.0         26.0        35.0         9,570       8,190      10,500 
South Dakota .......:   45.0         42.5        45.5       251,100     146,200     223,860 
Tennessee ..........:   45.5         47.0        50.0        75,985      64,390      81,000 
Texas ..............:   31.5         28.0        34.0         4,253       2,044       3,740 
Virginia ...........:   42.0         34.0        42.0        24,780      19,040      23,520 
West Virginia 1/ ...:   53.0         (NA)        (NA)         1,431        (NA)        (NA) 
Wisconsin ..........:   48.0         47.0        51.0       104,640      79,430     100,470 
                    :                                                                       
United States ......:   50.6         47.4        50.2     4,428,150   3,551,908   4,135,477 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                         
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                        

Soybean Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service conducted an objective yield 
survey in 11 soybean producing States during 2020. Randomly selected plots in 
soybean fields were visited monthly from September through harvest to obtain 
specific counts and measurements. Data in these tables are actual field 
counts from this survey.

Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet - Selected States: 2016-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   ::    and month   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Arkansas       :                                                 :: Missouri       :                                                 
September .....:  1,884     1,992     1,841     1,759     1,630  :: September .....:  1,881     2,041     1,777     1,719     1,977  
October .......:  1,805     1,898     1,795     1,731     1,527  :: October .......:  2,006     2,172     1,899     1,754     2,093  
November ......:  1,820     2,039     1,943     1,717     1,459  :: November ......:  2,123     2,253     1,948     1,898     2,036  
Final .........:  1,826     2,075     1,973     1,828     1,418  :: Final .........:  2,164     2,239     1,961     1,921     2,041  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....:  1,969     1,917     2,132     1,696     2,019  :: September .....:  1,947     1,653     1,736     1,669     1,943  
October .......:  2,109     1,886     2,225     1,683     2,127  :: October .......:  2,036     1,795     2,071     1,777     2,002  
November ......:  2,193     1,947     2,249     1,601     2,170  :: November ......:  2,074     1,853     2,174     1,722     1,980  
Final .........:  2,197     1,947     2,264     1,603     2,170  :: Final .........:  2,074     1,853     2,174     1,722     1,980  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Indiana        :                                                 :: North Dakota   :                                                 
September .....:  1,683     1,795     1,880     1,496     2,056  :: September .....:  1,395     1,406     1,418     1,147     1,242  
October .......:  1,775     1,772     2,001     1,501     1,994  :: October .......:  1,444     1,430     1,485     1,246     1,439  
November ......:  1,873     1,774     2,054     1,569     1,963  :: November ......:  1,442     1,465     1,515     1,253     1,442  
Final .........:  1,873     1,774     2,052     1,561     1,959  :: Final .........:  1,470     1,451     1,514     1,195     1,442  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Iowa           :                                                 :: Ohio           :                                                 
September .....:  1,808     1,644     1,823     1,601     1,675  :: September .....:  1,773     1,765     2,019     1,563     1,811  
October .......:  1,801     1,670     1,984     1,642     1,933  :: October .......:  1,715     1,714     2,180     1,760     1,972  
November ......:  1,861     1,717     2,082     1,660     1,927  :: November ......:  1,782     1,828     2,210     1,587     1,983  
Final .........:  1,890     1,735     2,097     1,682     1,927  :: Final .........:  1,782     1,823     2,210     1,587     1,981  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Kansas         :                                                 :: South Dakota   :                                                 
September .....:  1,467     1,487     1,552     1,561     1,650  :: September .....:  1,561     1,511     1,649     1,504     1,688  
October .......:  1,643     1,472     1,456     1,604     1,699  :: October .......:  1,639     1,472     1,867     1,316     1,720  
November ......:  1,720     1,561     1,548     1,596     1,629  :: November ......:  1,709     1,457     1,822     1,331     1,696  
Final .........:  1,737     1,561     1,558     1,583     1,629  :: Final .........:  1,665     1,457     1,724     1,353     1,696  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Minnesota      :                                                 :: 11-State       :                                                 
September .....:  1,614     1,359     1,605     1,465     1,607  :: September .....:  1,741     1,678     1,786     1,561     1,780  
October .......:  1,625     1,407     1,616     1,474     1,782  :: October .......:  1,800     1,692     1,895     1,593     1,882  
November ......:  1,658     1,480     1,569     1,458     1,751  :: November ......:  1,862     1,751     1,938     1,582     1,866  
Final .........:  1,658     1,480     1,569     1,458     1,751  :: Final .........:  1,870     1,752     1,938     1,586     1,865  
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Soybean Frequency of Farmer Reported Row Widths - Selected States: 2016-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                       Row width (inches)                       
       State and year       :----------------------------------------------------------------
                            : Less than  :            :            :            : More than  
                            :   7.5 1/   :    7.5     :     15     :     30     :     30     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                             number                             
                            :                                                                
Arkansas ...............2016:      5           31           46           36           73     
                        2017:      9           25           42           39           79     
                        2018:      9           36           47           36           83     
                        2019:      -           14           13           21           25     
                        2020:      5           14           14           36           49     
                            :                                                                
Illinois ...............2016:      1           15          105           57            1     
                        2017:      2           10          109           59            2     
                        2018:      3           11          118           58            -     
                        2019:      2            5           82           33            1     
                        2020:      -           11           91           44            -     
                            :                                                                
Indiana ................2016:      1           27           91           17            2     
                        2017:      3           28          101           12            -     
                        2018:      1           19          110           14            -     
                        2019:      -            5           57            9            1     
                        2020:      1           11           87            8            -     
                            :                                                                
Iowa ...................2016:      1            6           73          100            2     
                        2017:      1            3           80           94            1     
                        2018:      1           11           77           88            3     
                        2019:      1            9           51           66            -     
                        2020:      1            8           63           85            3     
                            :                                                                
Kansas .................2016:      6            8           38           57            -     
                        2017:     10           14           32           43            2     
                        2018:      2           17           35           54            1     
                        2019:      -           10           23           16            -     
                        2020:      1            9           19           27            -     
                            :                                                                
Minnesota ..............2016:      5            8           40           36            1     
                        2017:      1            9           38           42            -     
                        2018:      3            8           34           45            2     
                        2019:      3            5           26           28            1     
                        2020:      3            5           35           51            1     
                            :                                                                
Missouri ...............2016:      -           14           71           19            5     
                        2017:      1           10           70           21            4     
                        2018:      1           15           65           31            4     
                        2019:      1            5           38           10            1     
                        2020:      -           13           63           20           11     
                            :                                                                
Nebraska ...............2016:      -           10           36           46            3     
                        2017:      1            4           38           51            8     
                        2018:      3            7           35           49            8     
                        2019:      -            6           37           49            5     
                        2020:      -            8           39           58            1     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                  --continued

Soybean Frequency of Farmer Reported Row Widths - Selected States: 2016-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                       Row width (inches)                       
       State and year       :----------------------------------------------------------------
                            : Less than  :            :            :            : More than  
                            :   7.5 1/   :    7.5     :     15     :     30     :     30     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                             number                             
                            :                                                                
North Dakota ...........2016:     8            17           55           15           -      
                        2017:     5            16           56            7           1      
                        2018:     4            31           49           12           -      
                        2019:     3            11           28            6           -      
                        2020:     7            27           48           11           -      
                            :                                                                
Ohio ...................2016:     3            41           84            7           -      
                        2017:     2            38           83            8           -      
                        2018:     4            31           98            1           -      
                        2019:     2            11           42            1           -      
                        2020:     3            30           82            5           -      
                            :                                                                
South Dakota ...........2016:     3             4           27           59           2      
                        2017:     1             4           27           63           1      
                        2018:     2             4           27           61           1      
                        2019:     4             -           18           30           -      
                        2020:     -             -           43           44           -      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                          
1/ Includes broadcast soybeans.                                                              

Soybean Percentage Distribution by Measured Row Width and Average Row Width - Selected
States: 2016-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :        :             Row width (inches)             :        
       State and year       :Samples :-----------------------------------------------------
                            :        :10.0 or : 10.1-  : 18.6-  : 28.6-  :34.6 or :  row   
                            :        :less 1/ :  18.5  :  28.5  :  34.5  :greater :width 1/
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            : number    ---------------- percent ---------------    inches 
                            :                                                              
Arkansas ...............2016:  189      14.6     24.1      4.0     21.2     36.1     26.0  
                        2017:  197      16.3     24.2      2.3     19.8     37.4     26.4  
                        2018:  208      18.3     18.3      6.7     14.7     42.0     26.5  
                        2019:   73      19.2     15.1      5.5     23.3     36.9     26.6  
                        2020:  121      12.8     11.2      3.3     25.6     47.1     29.9  
                            :                                                              
Illinois ...............2016:  177       7.9     56.5      5.6     29.4      0.6     19.6  
                        2017:  181       6.1     50.6      5.0     37.7      0.6     20.8  
                        2018:  185       5.7     57.6      5.9     30.8        -     19.9  
                        2019:  119       4.6     58.0     10.9     26.5        -     19.4  
                        2020:  147       7.2     49.4     10.6     32.1      0.7     20.3  
                            :                                                              
Indiana ................2016:  137      14.7     62.3      8.4     13.9      0.7     17.0  
                        2017:  141      14.6     68.3      9.3      7.8        -     15.8  
                        2018:  150      10.1     74.8      5.7      9.4        -     16.2  
                        2019:   74       4.1     74.7     11.6      9.6        -     17.3  
                        2020:  108       8.3     77.3      6.5      7.9        -     16.2  
                            :                                                              
Iowa ...................2016:  179       2.2     34.4     11.2     50.5      1.7     23.7  
                        2017:  180       1.1     34.4     12.8     50.6      1.1     23.7  
                        2018:  177       4.8     36.5     10.1     45.8      2.8     22.8  
                        2019:  124       4.9     36.0      9.7     48.6      0.8     23.1  
                        2020:  162       3.4     32.4     10.8     52.2      1.2     23.8  
                            :                                                              
Kansas .................2016:  109       5.5     34.6      4.6     54.4      0.9     23.5  
                        2017:  105       9.0     38.1      5.7     47.2        -     21.8  
                        2018:  106       8.1     39.3      6.6     45.1      0.9     22.0  
                        2019:   49       9.2     47.0      7.1     36.7        -     20.4  
                        2020:   57       5.3     50.9      2.6     37.7      3.5     21.1  
                            :                                                              
Minnesota ..............2016:   84      11.3     28.0     23.8     36.9        -     21.6  
                        2017:   88       7.4     23.3     18.8     50.5        -     23.5  
                        2018:   85      10.0     28.8     14.7     46.5        -     22.6  
                        2019:   59      11.9     18.6     26.3     41.5      1.7     23.0  
                        2020:   93       7.5     19.9     15.6     54.8      2.2     24.5  
                            :                                                              
Missouri ...............2016:  104       3.8     70.7      2.4     16.8      6.3     18.9  
                        2017:  106       9.4     63.7      5.7     19.3      1.9     18.3  
                        2018:  113      12.8     52.7      8.0     23.0      3.5     19.2  
                        2019:   51       7.8     68.7      7.8     15.7        -     17.8  
                        2020:  110      13.6     50.5     10.0     19.5      6.4     19.3  
                            :                                                              
Nebraska ...............2016:   94       7.4     35.6      5.9     46.8      4.3     22.8  
                        2017:  100       4.0     31.0     10.5     47.0      7.5     24.2  
                        2018:  101       5.9     27.2     10.9     48.1      7.9     24.3  
                        2019:   98       4.6     32.1     11.2     47.0      5.1     23.9  
                        2020:  107       5.2     32.4     10.8     50.7      0.9     22.9  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                --continued

Soybean Percentage Distribution by Measured Row Width and Average Row Width - Selected
States: 2016-2020 (continued)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :        :             Row width (inches)             :        
       State and year       :Samples :-----------------------------------------------------
                            :        :10.0 or : 10.1-  : 18.6-  : 28.6-  :34.6 or :  row   
                            :        :less 1/ :  18.5  :  28.5  :  34.5  :greater :width 1/
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            : number    --------------- percent ---------------     inches 
                            :                                                              
North Dakota ...........2016:   95      20.1     42.9     20.1     16.9       -      17.7  
                        2017:   84      17.3     55.3     17.9      8.3     1.2      16.2  
                        2018:   96      21.9     45.3     22.9      7.3     2.6      16.4  
                        2019:   48      17.7     49.0     22.9     10.4       -      17.1  
                        2020:   92      21.7     48.9     17.4     12.0       -      16.1  
                            :                                                              
Ohio ...................2016:  137      32.1     60.3      1.8      5.8       -      13.7  
                        2017:  134      25.4     66.4      2.6      5.6       -      14.1  
                        2018:  134      20.9     76.5      2.6        -       -      13.7  
                        2019:   57      22.8     77.2        -        -       -      13.6  
                        2020:  121      25.6     67.0      3.3      4.1       -      14.1  
                            :                                                              
South Dakota ...........2016:   96       1.6     23.0     17.3     53.4     4.7      25.1  
                        2017:   93       2.7     17.8     16.2     61.7     1.6      25.9  
                        2018:   94       4.3     15.4     17.6     62.2     0.5      25.7  
                        2019:   43       2.3     10.5     27.9     59.3       -      26.6  
                        2020:   88         -     24.6     27.4     46.3     1.7      24.2  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                        
1/ Broadcast soybeans included as "10.0 inches or less" but excluded in computation of     
   average width.                                                                          

Flaxseed Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Area planted          :         Area harvested         
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           1,000 acres                           
                :                                                                 
Montana ........:     39          99        105        37         89        102   
North Dakota ...:    165         275        200       158        195        194   
South Dakota 1/ :      4        (NA)       (NA)         3       (NA)       (NA)   
                :                                                                 
United States ..:    208         374        305       198        284        296   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :         Yield per acre         :           Production           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   --------- bushels ---------     ------ 1,000 bushels ------   
                :                                                                 
Montana ........:   17.0        15.0       16.0       629      1,335      1,632   
North Dakota ...:   24.0        22.0       21.0     3,792      4,290      4,074   
South Dakota 1/ :   15.0        (NA)       (NA)        45       (NA)       (NA)   
                :                                                                 
United States ..:   22.6        19.8       19.3     4,466      5,625      5,706   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                               
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                              

Safflower Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Area planted          :         Area harvested         
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           1,000 acres                           
                :                                                                 
California .....:   60.0        57.0       21.0       59.5       56.5       20.7  
Idaho ..........:   22.0        29.0       27.5       21.0       28.5       26.5  
Montana ........:   42.0        53.0       49.0       36.0       43.0       44.0  
North Dakota 1/ :   10.0        (NA)       (NA)        9.4       (NA)       (NA)  
South Dakota ...:   18.5        13.8       15.5       17.4       10.8       13.5  
Utah ...........:   15.0        13.0       23.0       13.0       12.7       22.0  
                :                                                                 
United States ..:  167.5       165.8      136.0      156.3      151.5      126.7  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :         Yield per acre         :           Production           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ---------- pounds ----------    -------- 1,000 pounds -------  
                :                                                                 
California .....:  2,400       1,950      2,350    142,800    110,175     48,645  
Idaho ..........:    830         940        880     17,430     26,790     23,320  
Montana ........:    990         840        930     35,640     36,120     40,920  
North Dakota 1/ :  1,100        (NA)       (NA)     10,340       (NA)       (NA)  
South Dakota ...:  1,100         600      1,250     19,140      6,480     16,875  
Utah ...........:    840       1,050        820     10,920     13,335     18,040  
                :                                                                 
United States ..:  1,512       1,273      1,167    236,270    192,900    147,800  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                               
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                              

Other Oilseed Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Crop -
United States: 2018-2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Area planted          :         Area harvested         
      Crop      :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                           1,000 acres                           
                :                                                                 
Rapeseed 1/ ....:    5.7       11.3       11.2         5.4       10.4       10.1  
Mustard seed 2/ :  102.5       98.0       97.0        97.8       90.0       91.4  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :         Yield per acre         :           Production           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------- 1,000 pounds -------  
                :                                                                 
Rapeseed 1/ ....:  1,524      2,160      1,971       8,230     22,464     19,910  
Mustard seed 2/ :    749        706        895      73,297     63,580     81,770  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ For 2018, rapeseed program States include Idaho, Montana, North Carolina,      
   North Dakota, Oregon, and Washington. For 2019 and 2020, rapeseed program      
   States include Delaware, Idaho, Kentucky, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South  
   Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.                                             
2/ For 2018, mustard seed program States include Idaho, Montana, North Dakota,    
   Oregon, and Washington. For 2019 and 2020, mustard seed program States include 
   Idaho, Montana, and North Dakota                                               

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :          Area harvested           
  Type and State :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 acres                             
                 :                                                                    
Upland           :                                                                    
Alabama .........:    510.0      540.0      450.0      494.0       532.0       445.0  
Arizona .........:    160.0      160.0      125.0      159.0       158.0       123.0  
Arkansas ........:    485.0      620.0      525.0      480.0       610.0       520.0  
California ......:     48.0       54.0       34.0       47.0        53.0        33.0  
Florida .........:    117.0      112.0       98.0       93.0       110.0        96.0  
Georgia .........:  1,430.0    1,400.0    1,190.0    1,290.0     1,380.0     1,180.0  
Kansas ..........:    165.0      175.0      195.0      151.0       151.0       186.0  
Louisiana .......:    195.0      280.0      170.0      189.0       270.0       165.0  
Mississippi .....:    620.0      710.0      530.0      615.0       700.0       525.0  
Missouri ........:    325.0      380.0      295.0      322.0       368.0       287.0  
                 :                                                                    
New Mexico ......:     77.0       63.0       43.0       55.0        45.0        28.0  
North Carolina ..:    430.0      510.0      360.0      415.0       500.0       330.0  
Oklahoma ........:    780.0      640.0      525.0      510.0       460.0       450.0  
South Carolina ..:    300.0      300.0      190.0      270.0       295.0       185.0  
Tennessee .......:    360.0      410.0      280.0      355.0       405.0       275.0  
Texas ...........:  7,750.0    7,050.0    6,800.0    4,200.0     5,250.0     3,600.0  
Virginia ........:     98.0      103.0       80.0       97.0       102.0        79.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...: 13,850.0   13,507.0   11,890.0    9,742.0    11,389.0     8,507.0  
                 :                                                                    
American Pima    :                                                                    
Arizona .........:     14.5        7.5        6.5       14.5         7.5         6.5  
California ......:    211.0      204.0      147.0      210.0       201.0       146.0  
New Mexico ......:      6.8        5.2       11.0        6.8         5.0        11.0  
Texas ...........:     18.0       12.0       38.0       17.5        10.0        31.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...:    250.3      228.7      202.5      248.8       223.5       194.5  
                 :                                                                    
All              :                                                                    
Alabama .........:    510.0      540.0      450.0      494.0       532.0       445.0  
Arizona .........:    174.5      167.5      131.5      173.5       165.5       129.5  
Arkansas ........:    485.0      620.0      525.0      480.0       610.0       520.0  
California ......:    259.0      258.0      181.0      257.0       254.0       179.0  
Florida .........:    117.0      112.0       98.0       93.0       110.0        96.0  
Georgia .........:  1,430.0    1,400.0    1,190.0    1,290.0     1,380.0     1,180.0  
Kansas ..........:    165.0      175.0      195.0      151.0       151.0       186.0  
Louisiana .......:    195.0      280.0      170.0      189.0       270.0       165.0  
Mississippi .....:    620.0      710.0      530.0      615.0       700.0       525.0  
Missouri ........:    325.0      380.0      295.0      322.0       368.0       287.0  
                 :                                                                    
New Mexico ......:     83.8       68.2       54.0       61.8        50.0        39.0  
North Carolina ..:    430.0      510.0      360.0      415.0       500.0       330.0  
Oklahoma ........:    780.0      640.0      525.0      510.0       460.0       450.0  
South Carolina ..:    300.0      300.0      190.0      270.0       295.0       185.0  
Tennessee .......:    360.0      410.0      280.0      355.0       405.0       275.0  
Texas ...........:  7,768.0    7,062.0    6,838.0    4,217.5     5,260.0     3,631.0  
Virginia ........:     98.0      103.0       80.0       97.0       102.0        79.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...: 14,100.3   13,735.7   12,092.5    9,990.8    11,612.5     8,701.5  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                           --continued

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and
United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre        :            Production 1/             
  Type and State :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :    2018    :    2019    :    2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  --------- pounds --------     --------- 1,000 bales 2/ ---------  
                 :                                                                    
Upland           :                                                                    
Alabama .........:    863       928       793        888.0      1,028.0        735.0  
Arizona .........:  1,319     1,154     1,268        437.0        380.0        325.0  
Arkansas ........:  1,133     1,185     1,200      1,133.0      1,506.0      1,300.0  
California ......:  1,910     1,576     1,905        187.0        174.0        131.0  
Florida .........:    532       895       625        103.0        205.0        125.0  
Georgia .........:    727       953       887      1,955.0      2,740.0      2,180.0  
Kansas ..........:  1,084       890       826        341.0        280.0        320.0  
Louisiana .......:  1,067     1,035     1,018        420.0        582.0        350.0  
Mississippi .....:  1,141     1,112     1,097      1,462.0      1,621.0      1,200.0  
Missouri ........:  1,373     1,193     1,204        921.0        915.0        720.0  
                 :                                                                    
New Mexico ......:    995       821     1,114        114.0         77.0         65.0  
North Carolina ..:    812       998       785        702.0      1,040.0        540.0  
Oklahoma ........:    642       688       683        682.0        659.0        640.0  
South Carolina ..:    747       809       778        420.0        497.0        300.0  
Tennessee .......:  1,041     1,138     1,065        770.0        960.0        610.0  
Texas ...........:    783       578       627      6,850.0      6,320.0      4,700.0  
Virginia ........:    896     1,144       972        181.0        243.0        160.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...:    865       810       813     17,566.0     19,227.0     14,401.0  
                 :                                                                    
American Pima    :                                                                    
Arizona .........:    943       800     1,034         28.5         12.5         14.0  
California ......:  1,662     1,545     1,562        727.0        647.0        475.0  
New Mexico ......:    812       864       655         11.5          9.0         15.0  
Texas ...........:    933       816       743         34.0         17.0         48.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...:  1,545     1,472     1,362        801.0        685.5        552.0  
                 :                                                                    
All              :                                                                    
Alabama .........:    863       928       793        888.0      1,028.0        735.0  
Arizona .........:  1,288     1,138     1,257        465.5        392.5        339.0  
Arkansas ........:  1,133     1,185     1,200      1,133.0      1,506.0      1,300.0  
California ......:  1,707     1,551     1,625        914.0        821.0        606.0  
Florida .........:    532       895       625        103.0        205.0        125.0  
Georgia .........:    727       953       887      1,955.0      2,740.0      2,180.0  
Kansas ..........:  1,084       890       826        341.0        280.0        320.0  
Louisiana .......:  1,067     1,035     1,018        420.0        582.0        350.0  
Mississippi .....:  1,141     1,112     1,097      1,462.0      1,621.0      1,200.0  
Missouri ........:  1,373     1,193     1,204        921.0        915.0        720.0  
                 :                                                                    
New Mexico ......:    975       826       985        125.5         86.0         80.0  
North Carolina ..:    812       998       785        702.0      1,040.0        540.0  
Oklahoma ........:    642       688       683        682.0        659.0        640.0  
South Carolina ..:    747       809       778        420.0        497.0        300.0  
Tennessee .......:  1,041     1,138     1,065        770.0        960.0        610.0  
Texas ...........:    783       578       628      6,884.0      6,337.0      4,748.0  
Virginia ........:    896     1,144       972        181.0        243.0        160.0  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...:    882       823       825     18,367.0     19,912.5     14,953.0  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.                                                
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.                                                         

Cottonseed Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                             Production                             
     State     :--------------------------------------------------------------------
               :         2018         :         2019         :       2020 1/        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                             1,000 tons                             
               :                                                                    
Alabama .......:         254.0                  267.0                  213.0        
Arizona .......:         156.0                  136.0                  115.0        
Arkansas ......:         366.0                  472.0                  418.0        
California ....:         342.0                  290.0                  222.0        
Florida .......:          27.0                   57.0                   35.0        
Georgia .......:         546.0                  778.0                  619.0        
Kansas ........:         106.0                   85.0                   98.0        
Louisiana .....:         135.0                  192.0                  113.0        
Mississippi ...:         451.0                  503.0                  375.0        
Missouri ......:         310.0                  253.0                  240.0        
               :                                                                    
New Mexico ....:          42.0                   26.0                   26.0        
North Carolina :         224.0                  308.0                  163.0        
Oklahoma ......:         197.0                  191.0                  187.0        
South Carolina :         117.0                  116.0                   89.0        
Tennessee .....:         219.0                  301.0                  186.0        
Texas .........:       2,088.0                1,902.0                1,443.0        
Virginia ......:          51.0                   68.0                   45.0        
               :                                                                    
United States .:       5,631.0                5,945.0                4,587.0        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Estimates based on 3-year average lint-seed ratio.                               

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :          Area harvested           :          Yield per acre           
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :  ------------ acres ------------      ----------- pounds ----------   
                   :                                                                       
Georgia ...........:   12,500       9,000       7,900      1,900       2,100       2,440   
Kentucky ..........:   68,100      57,400      51,400      1,973       2,150       2,086   
North Carolina ....:  152,750     117,400     102,310      1,649       1,999       1,800   
Pennsylvania ......:    7,800       5,700       5,500      2,231       2,509       2,444   
South Carolina ....:   12,300       8,300       6,000      1,800       1,900       1,400   
Tennessee .........:   15,700      13,300      12,300      2,523       2,292       2,389   
Virginia ..........:   22,280      16,020      12,650      1,977       1,898       2,178   
                   :                                                                       
United States .....:  291,430     227,120     198,060      1,830       2,060       1,966   

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              Production                               
       State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :         2018          :         2019          :         2020          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                             1,000 pounds                              
                   :                                                                       
Georgia ...........:         23,750                  18,900                  19,276        
Kentucky ..........:        134,370                 123,390                 107,235        
North Carolina ....:        251,925                 234,700                 184,127        
Pennsylvania ......:         17,400                  14,300                  13,440        
South Carolina ....:         22,140                  15,770                   8,400        
Tennessee .........:         39,610                  30,490                  29,380        
Virginia ..........:         44,046                  30,406                  27,555        
                   :                                                                       
United States .....:        533,241                 467,956                 389,413        
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2018-2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                      Area harvested                       
          Class, type, and State         :-----------------------------------------------------------
                                         :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                           acres                           
                                         :                                                           
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)              :                                                           
Georgia .................................:       12,500               9,000               7,900      
North Carolina ..........................:      152,000             117,000             102,000      
South Carolina ..........................:       12,300               8,300               6,000      
Virginia ................................:       21,000              15,000              12,000      
                                         :                                                           
United States ...........................:      197,800             149,300             127,900      
                                         :                                                           
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)              :                                                           
Kentucky ................................:       11,000               9,500               8,300      
Tennessee ...............................:        7,600               6,300               5,800      
Virginia ................................:          280                 320                 250      
                                         :                                                           
United States ...........................:       18,880              16,120              14,350      
                                         :                                                           
Class 3A, Light air-cured                :                                                           
Type 31, Burley                          :                                                           
  Kentucky ..............................:       50,000              41,000              37,000      
  North Carolina ........................:          750                 400                 310      
  Pennsylvania ..........................:        4,000               2,500               2,800      
  Tennessee .............................:        5,300               4,000               2,800      
  Virginia ..............................:        1,000                 700                 400      
                                         :                                                           
  United States .........................:       61,050              48,600              43,310      
                                         :                                                           
Type 32, Southern Maryland               :                                                           
  Pennsylvania ..........................:        1,400               1,000                 400      
                                         :                                                           
  United States .........................:        1,400               1,000                 400      
                                         :                                                           
Total light air-cured (31-32) ........   :       62,450              49,600              43,710      
                                         :                                                           
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)         :                                                           
Kentucky ................................:        7,100               6,900               6,100      
Tennessee ...............................:        2,800               3,000               3,700      
                                         :                                                           
United States ...........................:        9,900               9,900               9,800      
                                         :                                                           
Class 4, Cigar filler                    :                                                           
Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf           :                                                           
  Pennsylvania ..........................:        2,400               2,200               2,300      
                                         :                                                           
  United States .........................:        2,400               2,200               2,300      
                                         :                                                           
All Tobacco                              :                                                           
United States ...........................:      291,430             227,120             198,060      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                          --continued

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre      :              Production              
         Class, type, and State         :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :  2018  :  2019  :  2020  :    2018    :    2019    :    2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        : -------- pounds -------     ---------- 1,000 pounds ---------   
                                        :                                                                 
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)             :                                                                 
Georgia ................................: 1,900    2,100    2,440      23,750       18,900       19,276   
North Carolina .........................: 1,650    2,000    1,800     250,800      234,000      183,600   
South Carolina .........................: 1,800    1,900    1,400      22,140       15,770        8,400   
Virginia ...............................: 2,000    1,900    2,200      42,000       28,500       26,400   
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 1,712    1,990    1,858     338,690      297,170      237,676   
                                        :                                                                 
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)             :                                                                 
Kentucky ...............................: 3,200    2,900    2,500      35,200       27,550       20,750   
Tennessee ..............................: 3,050    2,800    2,850      23,180       17,640       16,530   
Virginia ...............................: 1,950    1,800    1,900         546          576          475   
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 3,121    2,839    2,631      58,926       45,766       37,755   
                                        :                                                                 
Class 3A, Light air-cured               :                                                                 
Type 31, Burley                         :                                                                 
  Kentucky .............................: 1,600    1,900    1,950      80,000       77,900       72,150   
  North Carolina .......................: 1,500    1,750    1,700       1,125          700          527   
  Pennsylvania .........................: 2,200    2,600    2,500       8,800        6,500        7,000   
  Tennessee ............................: 1,700    1,600    1,550       9,010        6,400        4,340   
  Virginia .............................: 1,500    1,900    1,700       1,500        1,330          680   
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................: 1,645    1,910    1,956     100,435       92,830       84,697   
                                        :                                                                 
Type 32, Southern Maryland Belt         :                                                                 
  Pennsylvania .........................: 2,200    2,300    2,300       3,080        2,300          920   
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................: 2,200    2,300    2,300       3,080        2,300          920   
                                        :                                                                 
Total light air-cured (31-32) .......   : 1,658    1,918    1,959     103,515       95,130       85,617   
                                        :                                                                 
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)        :                                                                 
Kentucky ...............................: 2,700    2,600    2,350      19,170       17,940       14,335   
Tennessee ..............................: 2,650    2,150    2,300       7,420        6,450        8,510   
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 2,686    2,464    2,331      26,590       24,390       22,845   
                                        :                                                                 
Class 4, Cigar filler                   :                                                                 
Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf          :                                                                 
  Pennsylvania .........................: 2,300    2,500    2,400       5,520        5,500        5,520   
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................: 2,300    2,500    2,400       5,520        5,500        5,520   
                                        :                                                                 
All tobacco                             :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 1,830    2,060    1,966     533,241      467,956      389,413   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sugarbeet Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
[Relates to year of intended harvest in all States except California]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres                              
              :                                                                       
California 1/ :     24.6        24.5        24.0        24.6       24.4         23.9  
Colorado .....:     26.3        25.1        24.2        25.5       24.3         23.7  
Idaho ........:    163.0       171.0       172.0       163.0      165.0        169.0  
Michigan .....:    150.0       146.0       157.0       148.0      145.0        154.0  
Minnesota ....:    415.0       425.0       432.0       408.0      337.0        427.0  
Montana ......:     43.5        41.8        43.6        42.4       36.5         38.0  
Nebraska .....:     45.5        44.0        46.2        44.1       42.1         45.7  
North Dakota .:    202.0       212.0       221.0       199.0      170.0        219.0  
Oregon .......:      9.3        10.0         9.4         9.3        9.8          9.4  
Washington ...:      1.8         2.0         1.8         1.8        2.0          1.8  
Wyoming ......:     32.1        31.6        31.0        30.7       24.0         30.8  
              :                                                                       
United States :  1,113.1     1,133.0     1,162.2     1,096.4      980.1      1,142.3  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :     ----------- tons -----------      --------- 1,000 tons ---------  
              :                                                                       
California 1/ :     48.8        45.4        45.5       1,200      1,108        1,087  
Colorado .....:     32.6        30.7        31.3         831        746          742  
Idaho ........:     40.5        39.0        40.5       6,602      6,435        6,845  
Michigan .....:     29.1        28.6        28.3       4,307      4,147        4,358  
Minnesota ....:     25.7        25.0        26.1      10,486      8,425       11,145  
Montana ......:     31.1        31.6        31.3       1,319      1,153        1,189  
Nebraska .....:     31.9        25.4        31.0       1,407      1,069        1,417  
North Dakota .:     28.8        26.0        24.9       5,731      4,420        5,453  
Oregon .......:     39.4        38.5        40.9         366        377          384  
Washington ...:     48.2        45.4        47.8          87         91           86  
Wyoming ......:     30.8        28.3        29.6         946        679          912  
              :                                                                       
United States :     30.4        29.2        29.4      33,282     28,650       33,618  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Relates to year of planting for overwintered beets in southern California.         

Sugarcane Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       Area harvested        :      Yield per acre 1/      
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  ------ 1,000 acres ------     --------- tons ---------   
                    :                                                           
For sugar           :                                                           
Florida ............:  397.0     397.0     401.0     41.7      42.8      43.8   
Louisiana ..........:  425.0     442.0     462.0     35.3      27.7      32.5   
Texas ..............:   37.6      31.3      33.5     36.6      33.6      34.0   
                    :                                                           
United States ......:  859.6     870.3     896.5     38.3      34.8      37.6   
                    :                                                           
For seed            :                                                           
Florida ............:   15.3      13.7      14.1     45.8      47.6      47.0   
Louisiana ..........:   23.5      27.0      27.5     36.5      34.0      35.9   
Texas ..............:    1.3       2.2       2.4     37.9      36.5      37.0   
                    :                                                           
United States ......:   40.1      42.9      44.0     40.1      38.5      39.5   
                    :                                                           
For sugar and seed  :                                                           
Florida ............:  412.3     410.7     415.1     41.9      43.0      43.9   
Louisiana ..........:  448.5     469.0     489.5     35.4      28.1      32.7   
Texas ..............:   38.9      33.5      35.9     36.6      33.8      34.2   
                    :                                                           
United States ......:  899.7     913.2     940.5     38.4      35.0      37.7   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                       Production 1/                       
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :       2018        :       2019        :       2020        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                        1,000 tons                         
                    :                                                           
For sugar           :                                                           
Florida ............:      16,555              16,992              17,564       
Louisiana ..........:      15,003              12,243              15,015       
Texas ..............:       1,376               1,052               1,139       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:      32,934              30,287              33,718       
                    :                                                           
For seed            :                                                           
Florida ............:         701                 652                 663       
Louisiana ..........:         858                 918                 987       
Texas ..............:          49                  80                  89       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       1,608               1,650               1,739       
                    :                                                           
For sugar and seed  :                                                           
Florida ............:      17,256              17,644              18,227       
Louisiana ..........:      15,861              13,161              16,002       
Texas ..............:       1,425               1,132               1,228       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:      34,542              31,937              35,457       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Net tons.                                                                    

Potato Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
          State         :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                              1,000 acres                              
                        :                                                                       
Alaska 1/ ..............:      0.5       (NA)        (NA)          0.5       (NA)        (NA)   
California .............:     38.5       40.5        32.0         38.3       40.1        31.4   
Colorado ...............:     55.3       51.3        54.0         55.0       51.0        53.8   
  San Luis Valley 2/ ...:     51.8       48.6        (NA)         51.6       48.4        (NA)   
  All other areas 2/ ...:      3.5        2.7        (NA)          3.4        2.6        (NA)   
Florida ................:     22.0       26.0        22.0         20.8       25.3        21.8   
Idaho ..................:    315.0      310.0       300.0        315.0      308.0       299.5   
Illinois 1/ ............:      7.7       (NA)        (NA)          7.6       (NA)        (NA)   
Kansas 1/ ..............:      3.3       (NA)        (NA)          3.3       (NA)        (NA)   
Maine ..................:     49.0       52.0        51.0         48.5       51.5        50.5   
Maryland 1/ ............:      2.2       (NA)        (NA)          2.0       (NA)        (NA)   
Michigan ...............:     50.0       50.0        48.0         48.0       48.5        47.0   
                        :                                                                       
Minnesota ..............:     44.0       46.0        42.0         43.5       43.0        41.5   
Missouri 1/ ............:      7.8       (NA)        (NA)          7.4       (NA)        (NA)   
Montana 1/ .............:     11.1       (NA)        (NA)         11.1       (NA)        (NA)   
Nebraska ...............:     19.5       20.5        19.0         19.3       20.2        18.8   
New Jersey 1/ ..........:      2.0       (NA)        (NA)          2.0       (NA)        (NA)   
New York 1/ ............:     14.3       (NA)        (NA)         13.4       (NA)        (NA)   
North Carolina 1/ ......:     13.0       (NA)        (NA)         12.2       (NA)        (NA)   
North Dakota ...........:     74.5       73.0        72.0         73.0       58.0        70.5   
Oregon .................:     45.0       43.0        45.0         45.0       42.9        45.0   
Texas ..................:     18.0       15.0        11.0         17.5       14.8        10.8   
                        :                                                                       
Virginia 1/ ............:      4.8       (NA)        (NA)          4.4       (NA)        (NA)   
Washington .............:    160.0      165.0       155.0        160.0      164.0       154.0   
Wisconsin ..............:     69.0       71.0        70.0         67.0       70.0        69.5   
                        :                                                                       
United States ..........:  1,026.5      963.3       921.0      1,014.8      937.3       914.1   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Potato Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
          State         :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :    ----------- cwt -----------       ---------- 1,000 cwt ----------  
                        :                                                                       
Alaska 1/ ..............:    280        (NA)        (NA)           140        (NA)        (NA)  
California .............:    404         420         400        15,457      16,842      12,560  
Colorado ...............:    395         386         430        21,722      19,666      23,134  
  San Luis Valley 2/ ...:    390         380        (NA)        20,124      18,392        (NA)  
  All other areas 2/ ...:    470         490        (NA)         1,598       1,274        (NA)  
Florida ................:    265         275         250         5,512       6,958       5,450  
Idaho ..................:    450         425         450       141,750     130,900     134,775  
Illinois 1/ ............:    375        (NA)        (NA)         2,850        (NA)        (NA)  
Kansas 1/ ..............:    430        (NA)        (NA)         1,419        (NA)        (NA)  
Maine ..................:    310         325         255        15,035      16,738      12,878  
Maryland 1/ ............:    255        (NA)        (NA)           510        (NA)        (NA)  
Michigan ...............:    380         420         380        18,240      20,370      17,860  
                        :                                                                       
Minnesota ..............:    430         415         425        18,705      17,845      17,638  
Missouri 1/ ............:    225        (NA)        (NA)         1,665        (NA)        (NA)  
Montana 1/ .............:    350        (NA)        (NA)         3,885        (NA)        (NA)  
Nebraska ...............:    480         475         495         9,264       9,595       9,306  
New Jersey 1/ ..........:    265        (NA)        (NA)           530        (NA)        (NA)  
New York 1/ ............:    290        (NA)        (NA)         3,886        (NA)        (NA)  
North Carolina 1/ ......:    190        (NA)        (NA)         2,318        (NA)        (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:    325         335         325        23,725      19,430      22,913  
Oregon .................:    600         590         600        27,000      25,311      27,000  
Texas ..................:    425         480         405         7,438       7,104       4,374  
                        :                                                                       
Virginia 1/ ............:    235        (NA)        (NA)         1,034        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington .............:    630         640         640       100,800     104,960      98,560  
Wisconsin ..............:    405         410         400        27,135      28,700      27,800  
                        :                                                                       
United States ..........:    443         453         453       450,020     424,419     414,248  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                            
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2020.                                                            

This page intentionally left blank.

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
[Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :          Area harvested           
      State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 acres                             
                 :                                                                    
California ......:    48.0       27.9       29.0        47.7        27.9        29.0  
Colorado ........:    42.0       37.0       58.0        30.5        33.2        52.0  
Idaho ...........:   185.0       47.0       68.0       183.0        45.0        66.0  
Michigan ........:   195.0      185.0      260.0       193.0       180.0       258.0  
Minnesota .......:   185.0      210.3      275.0       178.0       196.7       263.0  
Montana 2/ ......:   395.0       (NA)       (NA)       386.0        (NA)        (NA)  
Nebraska ........:   140.2      120.1      165.0       131.2        96.8       159.0  
North Dakota ....:   635.0      616.5      815.0       615.0       551.5       785.0  
Texas 2/ ........:    20.3       (NA)       (NA)        18.3        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington ......:   218.0       26.0       41.0       217.0        25.9        40.0  
Wyoming .........:    31.0       21.0       29.0        28.5        17.3        24.5  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...: 2,094.5    1,290.8    1,740.0     2,028.2     1,174.3     1,676.5  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre 1/        :           Production 1/           
      State      :--------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   ---------- pounds ---------      ---------- 1,000 cwt ---------  
                 :                                                                    
California ......:   2,490      2,610      2,400       1,190         729         695  
Colorado ........:   2,120      1,840      2,060         647         610       1,069  
Idaho ...........:   1,710      2,370      2,410       3,127       1,067       1,592  
Michigan ........:   2,400      2,040      2,340       4,635       3,663       6,033  
Minnesota .......:   2,360      2,040      2,100       4,200       4,017       5,525  
Montana 2/ ......:   1,350       (NA)       (NA)       5,214        (NA)        (NA)  
Nebraska ........:   2,480      1,940      2,270       3,254       1,879       3,607  
North Dakota ....:   1,760      1,400      1,630      10,806       7,713      12,794  
Texas 2/ ........:   1,150       (NA)       (NA)         210        (NA)        (NA)  
Washington ......:   1,780      2,660      2,800       3,857         688       1,120  
Wyoming .........:   2,120      2,250      2,160         605         390         528  
                 :                                                                    
United States ...:   1,861      1,768      1,966      37,745      20,756      32,963  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                   
1/   Clean basis.                                                                     
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                  

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         1,000 acres                          
                 :                                                              
Large lima       :                                                              
California ......:   10.2         7.3        9.5      10.1       7.3       9.5  
Colorado ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Idaho ...........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Michigan ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Minnesota .......:      -         (D)          -         -       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
North Dakota ....:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Wyoming .........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    0.7         1.7        1.4       0.7       1.7       1.4  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:   10.9         9.0       10.9      10.8       9.0      10.9  
                 :                                                              
Baby lima        :                                                              
California ......:   10.0         8.4        5.7       9.9       8.4       5.7  
Colorado ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Idaho ...........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Michigan ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Minnesota .......:      -         (D)        (D)         -       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
North Dakota ....:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)         (D)        2.7       (D)       (D)       2.7  
Wyoming .........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    1.1         1.9        0.7       1.1       1.9       0.7  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:   11.1        10.3        9.1      11.0      10.3       9.1  
                 :                                                              
Navy             :                                                              
California ......:      -           -        (D)         -         -       (D)  
Colorado ........:      -           -        (D)         -         -       (D)  
Idaho ...........:    1.2         1.3        1.0       1.1       1.2       0.9  
Michigan ........:   60.0        55.0       87.0      59.2      54.4      86.3  
Minnesota .......:   42.8        39.3       50.6      41.3      35.9      48.4  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (D)         (D)          -       (D)       (D)         -  
North Dakota ....:   81.0        75.0       92.0      79.0      71.0      85.2  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    1.4         (D)        1.0       1.4       (D)       1.0  
Wyoming .........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    1.0         1.9        1.7       1.0       1.6       1.2  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  187.4       172.5      233.3     183.0     164.1     223.0  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre 3/        :        Production 3/        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------- 1,000 cwt -------  
                 :                                                              
Large lima       :                                                              
California ......:  2,150      2,350      2,470        217       172       235  
Colorado ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Idaho ...........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Michigan ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Minnesota .......:    (X)        (D)        (D)          -       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
North Dakota ....:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Wyoming .........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,429      1,647      2,357         17        28        33  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,167      2,222      2,459        234       200       268  
                 :                                                              
Baby lima        :                                                              
California ......:  2,560      2,930      2,490        253       246       142  
Colorado ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Idaho ...........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Michigan ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Minnesota .......:    (X)        (D)        (D)          -       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
North Dakota ....:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)        (D)      2,090        (D)       (D)        56  
Wyoming .........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,000      2,263      2,714         22        43        19  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,500      2,806      2,385        275       289       217  
                 :                                                              
Navy             :                                                              
California ......:    (X)        (X)        (D)          -         -       (D)  
Colorado ........:    (X)        (X)        (D)          -         -       (D)  
Idaho ...........:  2,920      2,730      2,670         32        33        24  
Michigan ........:  2,600      2,150      2,390      1,539     1,170     2,063  
Minnesota .......:  2,290      1,950      2,050        946       700       992  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (D)        (D)        (X)        (D)       (D)         -  
North Dakota ....:  2,050      1,460      1,610      1,620     1,037     1,372  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:  2,290        (D)      3,150         32       (D)        32  
Wyoming .........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,200      2,625      1,833         22        42        22  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,290      1,817      2,020      4,191     2,982     4,505  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         1,000 acres                          
                 :                                                              
Great northern   :                                                              
California ......:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Colorado ........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Idaho ...........:    1.9         3.7        4.5       1.8       3.5       4.4  
Michigan ........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Minnesota .......:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:   41.0        48.0       58.0      39.0      38.1      56.7  
North Dakota ....:    (D)         4.4        (D)       (D)       3.9       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)         0.7        1.1       (D)       0.7       1.0  
Wyoming .........:    (D)         1.3        (D)       (D)       1.2       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    8.1         4.4       16.4       7.7       4.1      15.6  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:   51.0        62.5       80.0      48.5      51.5      77.7  
                 :                                                              
Small white      :                                                              
California ......:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Colorado ........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Idaho ...........:    (D)         1.2        1.7       (D)       1.1       1.6  
Michigan ........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Minnesota .......:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:      -         (D)        (D)         -       (D)       (D)  
North Dakota ....:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    1.2         (D)        (D)       1.2       (D)       (D)  
Wyoming .........:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    5.9         4.3        4.4       5.8       4.3       4.3  
                 :                                                              
Unites States ...:    7.1         5.5        6.1       7.0       5.4       5.9  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre 3/        :        Production 3/        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------- 1,000 cwt -------  
                 :                                                              
Great northern   :                                                              
California ......:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Colorado ........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Idaho ...........:  2,130      2,230      2,380         38        78       105  
Michigan ........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Minnesota .......:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:  2,500      1,950      2,350        975       743     1,332  
North Dakota ....:    (D)      1,840        (D)        (D)        72       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)      2,860      2,620        (D)        20        26  
Wyoming .........:    (D)      2,180        (D)        (D)        26       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,273      2,146      2,013        175        88       314  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,449      1,994      2,287      1,188     1,027     1,777  
                 :                                                              
Small white      :                                                              
California ......:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Colorado ........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Idaho ...........:    (D)      1,890      2,440        (D)        21        39  
Michigan ........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Minnesota .......:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (X)        (D)        (D)          -       (D)       (D)  
North Dakota ....:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:  1,900        (D)        (D)         23       (D)       (D)  
Wyoming .........:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,276      2,140      2,605        132        92       112  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,214      2,093      2,559        155       113       151  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         1,000 acres                          
                 :                                                              
Pinto            :                                                              
California ......:      -           -          -         -         -         -  
Colorado ........:   27.0        25.5       39.5      19.5      23.5      35.0  
Idaho ...........:   22.0        14.0       25.4      21.7      13.5      25.1  
Michigan ........:    (D)         3.5        2.8       (D)       3.3       2.8  
Minnesota .......:    8.8        11.4       22.0       8.4      10.8      21.0  
Montana 1/ ......:    3.0        (NA)       (NA)       2.6      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:   65.0        51.0       78.2      59.5      43.1      75.4  
North Dakota ....:  320.0       368.0      561.0     313.0     328.0     545.0  
Texas 1/ ........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    8.4         7.4       13.0       8.3       7.3      12.8  
Wyoming .........:   23.0        15.0       21.0      21.0      12.5      19.3  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    3.1           -          -       3.1         -         -  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  480.3       495.8      762.9     457.1     442.0     736.4  
                 :                                                              
Light red kidney :                                                              
California ......:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado ........:    5.1         5.6        8.6       3.4       4.5       8.0  
Idaho ...........:    1.0         2.0        2.4       1.0       1.9       2.3  
Michigan ........:    6.1         7.0        7.5       6.1       5.9       7.5  
Minnesota .......:   14.6        20.1       24.9      14.0      18.9      23.8  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:   10.1        11.0       13.2       9.7       6.6      11.3  
North Dakota ....:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)         (D)        2.9       (D)       (D)       2.8  
Wyoming .........:      -           -        (D)         -         -       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    1.5         3.6        1.2       1.5       2.7       1.2  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:   38.4        49.3       60.7      35.7      40.5      56.9  
                 :                                                              
Dark red kidney  :                                                              
California ......:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado ........:    (D)           -        (D)       (D)         -       (D)  
Idaho ...........:    3.0         3.4        4.4       2.9       3.3       4.3  
Michigan ........:    2.7         3.0        3.0       2.7       2.7       2.9  
Minnesota .......:   58.5        65.8       84.5      56.3      60.8      80.7  
Montana 1/ ......:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
North Dakota ....:    1.5         (D)        (D)       1.4       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    1.9         (D)        1.8       1.9       (D)       1.8  
Wyoming .........:    (D)           -          -       (D)         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:    2.0         6.5        9.2       1.3       4.3       8.6  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:   69.6        78.7      102.9      66.5      71.1      98.3  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted, Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial
Class - States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Yield per acre 3/        :        Production 3/        
 Class and State :--------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------- 1,000 cwt -------  
                 :                                                              
Pinto            :                                                              
California ......:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -         -         -  
Colorado ........:  2,040      1,590      2,030        398       374       711  
Idaho ...........:  2,630      2,490      2,560        571       336       643  
Michigan ........:    (D)      1,640      2,250        (D)        54        63  
Minnesota .......:  1,980      1,920      1,490        166       207       313  
Montana 1/ ......:  2,400       (NA)       (NA)         62      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:  2,500      1,960      2,360      1,488       845     1,779  
North Dakota ....:  1,710      1,370      1,670      5,352     4,494     9,102  
Texas 1/ ........:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:  2,500      2,800      3,060        208       204       392  
Wyoming .........:  2,290      2,310      2,130        481       289       411  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  1,677        (D)        (X)         52       (D)         -  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  1,920      1,539      1,822      8,778     6,803    13,414  
                 :                                                              
Light red kidney :                                                              
California ......:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado ........:  2,720      2,830      2,410         92       127       193  
Idaho ...........:  2,570      2,250      2,220         26        43        51  
Michigan ........:  1,620      1,650      1,960         99        97       147  
Minnesota .......:  2,660      2,300      2,560        372       435       609  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:  2,760      2,090      1,880        268       138       212  
North Dakota ....:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:    (D)        (D)      2,780        (D)       (D)        78  
Wyoming .........:    (X)        (X)        (D)          -         -       (D)  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,667      2,593      1,417         40        70        17  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,513      2,247      2,297        897       910     1,307  
                 :                                                              
Dark red kidney  :                                                              
California ......:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado ........:    (D)        (X)        (D)        (D)         -       (D)  
Idaho ...........:  2,390      2,170      2,420         69        72       104  
Michigan ........:  1,420      1,050      1,160         38        28        34  
Minnesota .......:  2,530      2,100      2,200      1,424     1,277     1,775  
Montana 1/ ......:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ........:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)  
North Dakota ....:  1,690        (D)        (D)         24       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ........:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington ......:  1,730        (D)      2,830         33       (D)        51  
Wyoming .........:    (D)        (X)        (X)        (D)         -         -  
                 :                                                              
Other States 2/ .:  2,846      1,558      1,221         37        67       105  
                 :                                                              
United States ...:  2,444      2,031      2,105      1,625     1,444     2,069  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted, Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class -
States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :          Area planted          :      Area harvested       
      Class and State      :------------------------------------------------------------
                           :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :                        1,000 acres                         
                           :                                                            
Pink                       :                                                            
California ................:    (D)         (D)          -       (D)       (D)        - 
Colorado ..................:      -           -        (D)         -         -      (D) 
Idaho .....................:    7.5         5.1        6.0       7.3       4.9      5.9 
Michigan ..................:    (D)           -          -       (D)         -        - 
Minnesota .................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Montana 1/ ................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Nebraska ..................:      -           -          -         -         -        - 
North Dakota ..............:    6.9         8.2        5.4       6.4       7.8      5.4 
Texas 1/ ..................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Washington ................:      -         (D)        (D)         -       (D)      (D) 
Wyoming ...................:      -           -          -         -         -        - 
                           :                                                            
Other States 2/ ...........:    5.6         5.3        5.2       5.4       5.1      5.0 
                           :                                                            
United States .............:   20.0        18.6       16.6      19.1      17.8     16.3 
                           :                                                            
Small red                  :                                                            
California ................:      -           -          -         -         -        - 
Colorado ..................:    0.9           -        (D)       0.4         -      (D) 
Idaho .....................:    3.3         3.5        5.5       3.2       3.3      5.3 
Michigan ..................:   13.3        11.0       21.0      13.1      10.8     20.8 
Minnesota .................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Montana 1/ ................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Nebraska ..................:    (D)           -        (D)       (D)         -      (D) 
North Dakota ..............:    9.0        11.8       13.5       8.5       8.7     13.2 
Texas 1/ ..................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Washington ................:    3.8         2.7        4.7       3.8       2.7      4.6 
Wyoming ...................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)         -      (D) 
                           :                                                            
Other States 2/ ...........:    2.4         2.2        2.9       2.2       2.0      2.8 
                           :                                                            
United States .............:   32.7        31.2       47.6      31.2      27.5     46.7 
                           :                                                            
Cranberry                  :                                                            
California ................:    0.6         0.3        (D)       0.6       0.3      (D) 
Colorado ..................:      -         (D)          -         -       (D)        - 
Idaho .....................:    1.2         1.3        (D)       1.1       1.2      (D) 
Michigan ..................:    3.9         2.7        2.4       3.9       2.5      2.4 
Minnesota .................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Montana 1/ ................:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)     (NA) 
Nebraska ..................:    (D)           -        (D)       (D)         -      (D) 
North Dakota ..............:    2.8         (D)        1.0       2.7       (D)      0.9 
Texas 1/ ..................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Washington ................:    (D)         1.5        1.8       (D)       1.5      1.7 
Wyoming ...................:      -           -          -         -         -        - 
                           :                                                            
Other States 2/ ...........:    5.8         4.8        2.2       5.6       3.2      2.1 
                           :                                                            
United States .............:   14.3        10.6        7.4      13.9       8.7      7.1 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class -
States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :       Yield per acre 3/        :       Production 3/       
       Class and State       :------------------------------------------------------------
                             :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :  ---------- pounds ---------       ------ 1,000 cwt -----  
                             :                                                            
Pink                         :                                                            
California ..................:    (D)        (D)        (X)       (D)       (D)        -  
Colorado ....................:    (X)        (X)        (D)         -         -      (D)  
Idaho .......................:  2,490      2,380      2,650       182       117      156  
Michigan ....................:    (D)        (X)        (X)       (D)         -        -  
Minnesota ...................:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
Montana 1/ ..................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ....................:    (X)        (X)        (X)         -         -        -  
North Dakota ................:  1,790      1,150      1,210       115        90       65  
Texas 1/ ....................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..................:    (X)        (D)        (D)         -       (D)      (D)  
Wyoming .....................:    (X)        (X)        (X)         -         -        -  
                             :                                                            
Other States 2/ .............:  1,870      1,588      1,900       101        81       95  
                             :                                                            
United States ...............:  2,084      1,618      1,939       398       288      316  
                             :                                                            
Small red                    :                                                            
California ..................:    (X)        (X)        (X)         -         -        -  
Colorado ....................:  1,680        (X)        (D)         7         -      (D)  
Idaho .......................:  2,320      2,190      1,970        74        72      104  
Michigan ....................:  2,500      2,160      2,350       328       233      489  
Minnesota ...................:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
Montana 1/ ..................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ....................:    (D)        (X)        (D)       (D)         -      (D)  
North Dakota ................:  2,000      1,760      1,630       170       153      215  
Texas 1/ ....................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..................:  2,250      2,520      2,720        86        68      125  
Wyoming .....................:    (D)          -        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
                             :                                                            
Other States 2/ .............:  1,636      2,400      1,214        36        48       34  
                             :                                                            
United States ...............:  2,247      2,087      2,071       701       574      967  
                             :                                                            
Cranberry                    :                                                            
California ..................:  2,960      2,300        (D)        18         7      (D)  
Colorado ....................:    (X)        (D)        (X)         -       (D)        -  
Idaho .......................:  2,250      2,260        (D)        25        27      (D)  
Michigan ....................:  1,560      1,640      1,840        61        41       44  
Minnesota ...................:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
Montana 1/ ..................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ....................:    (D)        (X)        (D)       (D)         -      (D)  
North Dakota ................:  1,350        (D)      1,170        36       (D)       11  
Texas 1/ ....................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..................:    (D)      2,600      2,140       (D)        39       36  
Wyoming .....................:    (X)        (X)        (X)         -         -        -  
                             :                                                            
Other States 2/ .............:  1,857      1,375      1,810       104        44       38  
                             :                                                            
United States ...............:  1,755      1,816      1,817       244       158      129  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted, Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class -
States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :          Area planted          :      Area harvested       
      Class and State      :------------------------------------------------------------
                           :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :                        1,000 acres                         
                           :                                                            
Black                      :                                                            
California ................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Colorado ..................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Idaho .....................:    3.5         5.4        5.3       3.4       5.2      4.8 
Michigan ..................:  100.0        95.0      128.0      99.0      93.0    127.0 
Minnesota .................:   42.1        55.1       71.1      40.5      53.2     68.0 
Montana 1/ ................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Nebraska ..................:    3.5         (D)        4.6       3.4       (D)      4.6 
North Dakota ..............:   93.0       130.0      125.0      90.0     121.0    119.0 
Texas 1/ ..................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Washington ................:    3.9         4.9        (D)       3.8       4.9      (D) 
Wyoming ...................:    (D)         (D)        1.5       (D)       (D)      1.1 
                           :                                                            
Other States 2/ ...........:    3.1         6.2        7.3       2.7       4.6      6.9 
                           :                                                            
United States .............:  249.1       296.6      342.8     242.8     281.9    331.4 
                           :                                                            
Blackeye                   :                                                            
California ................:    6.7         6.2        8.0       6.7       6.2      8.0 
Colorado ..................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Idaho .....................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Michigan ..................:      -           -          -         -         -        - 
Minnesota .................:      -         (D)          -         -       (D)      (D) 
Montana 1/ ................:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)     (NA) 
Nebraska ..................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
North Dakota ..............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)        - 
Texas 1/ ..................:   16.0        (NA)       (NA)      14.0      (NA)     (NA) 
Washington ................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D) 
Wyoming ...................:      -           -        (D)         -         -      (D) 
                           :                                                            
Other States 2/ ...........:    9.9         7.6       11.3       9.2       7.3     10.9 
                           :                                                            
United States .............:   32.6        13.8       19.3      29.9      13.5     18.9 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class -
States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :       Yield per acre 3/        :       Production 3/       
       Class and State       :------------------------------------------------------------
                             :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :  ---------- pounds ---------      ------ 1,000 cwt ------  
                             :                                                            
Black                        :                                                            
California ..................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Colorado ....................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Idaho .......................:  2,540      2,810      2,370         86      146      114  
Michigan ....................:  2,440      2,080      2,390      2,416    1,934    3,035  
Minnesota ...................:  2,310      1,970      2,100        936    1,048    1,428  
Montana 1/ ..................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ....................:  2,860        (D)      2,280         97      (D)      105  
North Dakota ................:  1,660      1,410      1,510      1,494    1,706    1,797  
Texas 1/ ....................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..................:  2,900      2,890        (D)        110      142      (D)  
Wyoming .....................:    (D)        (D)      2,360        (D)      (D)       26  
                             :                                                            
Other States 2/ .............:  2,704      1,891      2,725         73       87      188  
                             :                                                            
United States ...............:  2,147      1,796      2,020      5,212    5,063    6,693  
                             :                                                            
Blackeye                     :                                                            
California ..................:  2,460      2,630      2,340        165      163      187  
Colorado ....................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Idaho .......................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Michigan ....................:    (X)        (X)        (X)          -        -        -  
Minnesota ...................:    (X)        (D)        (D)          -      (D)      (D)  
Montana 1/ ..................:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ....................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
North Dakota ................:    (D)        (D)        (X)        (D)      (D)        -  
Texas 1/ ....................:  1,100       (NA)       (NA)        154     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..................:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Wyoming .....................:    (X)        (X)        (D)          -        -      (D)  
                             :                                                            
Other States 2/ .............:  2,272      1,438      1,532        209      105      167  
                             :                                                            
United States ...............:  1,766      1,985      1,873        528      268      354  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class
- States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
     Class and State    :--------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                         1,000 acres                          
                        :                                                              
Small chickpeas 4/      :                                                              
California .............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado 1/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:   62.0        20.0        6.6      61.7      18.8       6.6  
Michigan 1/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ...........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:    (D)        51.0       21.7       (D)      46.0      21.4  
Nebraska 1/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:   18.4         (D)        (D)      17.8       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:   70.0        25.0       14.9      69.8      22.5      14.9  
Wyoming 1/ .............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 2/ ........:   75.3         9.0        5.2      73.3       4.0       5.0  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  225.7       105.0       48.4     222.6      91.3      47.9  
                        :                                                              
Large chickpeas 5/      :                                                              
California .............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado 1/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:   72.0        68.0       54.5      71.5      67.5      54.2  
Michigan 1/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ...........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:    (D)       148.0       94.6       (D)     129.0      88.9  
Nebraska 1/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:   96.0         (D)        (D)      90.0       (D)       (D)  
Texas 1/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:  120.0        87.0       56.8     119.5      85.5      56.8  
Wyoming 1/ .............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 2/ ........:  349.5        45.4       15.5     342.9      31.2      15.1  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  637.5       348.4      221.4     623.9     313.2     215.0  
                        :                                                              
All chickpeas           :                                                              
California .............:   15.1        13.4        8.3      15.0      13.2       8.1  
Colorado 1/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:  134.0        88.0       61.1     133.2      86.3      60.8  
Michigan 1/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ...........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:  390.0       199.0      116.3     382.0     175.0     110.3  
Nebraska 1/ ............:   12.7        (NA)       (NA)      12.2      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:  114.4        41.0       12.4     107.8      22.0      12.0  
Texas 5/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:  190.0       112.0       71.7     189.3     108.0      71.7  
Wyoming 1/ .............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 2/ ........:    7.0           -          -       7.0         -         -  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  863.2       453.4      269.8     846.5     404.5     262.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class
- States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :       Yield per acre 3/        :       Production 3/       
     Class and State     :------------------------------------------------------------
                         :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :  ---------- pounds ---------     ------- 1,000 cwt ------  
                         :                                                            
Small chickpeas 4/       :                                                            
California ..............:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Colorado 1/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,550      1,360      1,870        956      256      123  
Michigan 1/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:    (D)      1,370      1,430        (D)      630      306  
Nebraska 1/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,850        (D)        (D)        329      (D)      (D)  
Texas 1/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,730      1,850      1,880      1,208      416      280  
Wyoming 1/ ..............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 2/ .........:  1,164      2,225      2,120        853       89      106  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,503      1,524      1,701      3,346    1,391      815  
                         :                                                            
Large chickpeas 5/       :                                                            
California ..............:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Colorado 1/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,280      1,460      1,470        915      986      797  
Michigan 1/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:    (D)      1,410      1,480        (D)    1,819    1,316  
Nebraska 1/ .............:    (D)          -       (NA)        (D)        -     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,720        (D)        (D)      1,548      (D)      (D)  
Texas 1/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,650      1,660      1,750      1,972    1,419      994  
Wyoming 1/ ..............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 2/ .........:  1,460      2,054      2,325      5,006      641      351  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,513      1,553      1,608      9,441    4,865    3,458  
                         :                                                            
All chickpeas            :                                                            
California ..............:  2,770      2,690      2,700        415      355      219  
Colorado 1/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,400      1,440      1,510      1,871    1,242      920  
Michigan 1/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 1/ ............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:  1,350      1,400      1,470      5,138    2,449    1,622  
Nebraska 1/ .............:  1,950          -       (NA)        238        -     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,740      1,700      1,980      1,877      375      238  
Texas 1/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,680      1,700      1,780      3,180    1,835    1,274  
Wyoming 1/ ..............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 2/ .........:    971          -        (X)         68        -        -  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,511      1,547      1,625     12,787    6,256    4,273  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                           --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class
- States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
     Class and State    :--------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                         1,000 acres                          
                        :                                                              
Other                   :                                                              
California .............:    3.8         4.3        3.5       3.8       4.3       3.5  
Colorado ...............:    2.8         2.2        4.0       2.1       2.2       3.8  
Idaho ..................:    (D)         5.0       10.1       (D)       4.8       9.8  
Michigan ...............:    5.2         5.8        5.5       5.2       5.5       5.5  
Minnesota ..............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Montana 1/ .............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Nebraska ...............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
North Dakota ...........:    (D)         9.6        (D)       (D)       5.5       (D)  
Texas 1/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:    1.9         1.6        3.8       1.8       1.6       3.6  
Wyoming ................:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 2/ ........:   13.1         7.9       13.5      12.3       7.1      11.7  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:   26.8        36.4       40.4      25.2      31.0      37.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production by Commercial Class
- States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :       Yield per acre 3/        :       Production 3/       
     Class and State     :------------------------------------------------------------
                         :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :  ---------- pounds ---------       ------ 1,000 cwt -----  
                         :                                                            
Other                    :                                                            
California ..............:  2,170      2,570      2,410        82       111       84  
Colorado ................:  2,800      2,620      2,280        59        58       87  
Idaho ...................:    (D)      1,990      2,150       (D)        96      211  
Michigan ................:  1,600      1,340      1,870        83        74      103  
Minnesota ...............:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
Montana 1/ ..............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)     (NA)  
Nebraska ................:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
North Dakota ............:    (D)      1,570        (D)       (D)        86      (D)  
Texas 1/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  2,620      2,690      2,670        47        43       96  
Wyoming .................:    (D)        (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)      (D)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 2/ .........:  2,122      2,380      1,838       261       169      215  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  2,111      2,055      2,100       532       637      796  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                 
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                   
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                  
2/   Includes data withheld above.                                                    
3/   Clean basis.                                                                     
4/   Chickpeas 20/64 inches or smaller.                                               
5/   Chickpeas larger than 20/64 inches.                                              

Lentil Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted           :          Area harvested          
     State    :---------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019   :   2020    :   2018    :   2019   :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             1,000 acres                             
              :                                                                     
Idaho ........:    35.0       34.0        29.0        34.0       33.0        28.0   
Montana ......:   500.0      295.0       370.0       450.0      260.0       360.0   
North Dakota .:   185.0       95.0        83.0       175.0       71.0        81.0   
Washington ...:    60.0       62.0        46.0        59.0       61.0        45.0   
              :                                                                     
United States :   780.0      486.0       528.0       718.0      425.0       514.0   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre          :            Production            
     State    :---------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019   :   2020    :   2018    :   2019   :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ---------- pounds ----------       --------- 1,000 cwt --------   
              :                                                                     
Idaho ........:   1,300      1,100       1,300         442        363         364   
Montana ......:   1,080      1,290       1,480       4,860      3,354       5,328   
North Dakota .:   1,370      1,300       1,400       2,398        923       1,134   
Washington ...:   1,200      1,100       1,300         708        671         585   
              :                                                                     
United States :   1,171      1,250       1,442       8,408      5,311       7,411   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wrinkled Seed Pea Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
[Beginning in 2019, wrinkled seed pea production is included in dry edible peas]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             Production                             
     State    :--------------------------------------------------------------------
              :         2018         :         2019         :         2020         
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                             1,000 cwt                              
              :                                                                    
Idaho ........:         116                    (NA)                   (NA)         
Washington ...:         273                    (NA)                   (NA)         
              :                                                                    
United States :         389                    (NA)                   (NA)         
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                

Chickpea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :          Area planted          :       Area harvested        
     Size and State     :--------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                         1,000 acres                          
                        :                                                              
Small 1/                :                                                              
California .............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado 5/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:   62.0        20.0        6.6      61.7      18.8       6.6  
Michigan 5/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ...........:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:    (D)        51.0       21.7       (D)      46.0      21.4  
Nebraska 5/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:   18.4         (D)        (D)      17.8       (D)       (D)  
Texas 5/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:   70.0        25.0       14.9      69.8      22.5      14.9  
Wyoming 5/ .............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 4/ ........:   75.3         9.0        5.2      73.3       4.0       5.0  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  225.7       105.0       48.4     222.6      91.3      47.9  
                        :                                                              
Large 2/                :                                                              
California .............:    (D)         (D)        (D)       (D)       (D)       (D)  
Colorado 5/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:   72.0        68.0       54.5      71.5      67.5      54.2  
Michigan 5/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ...........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:    (D)       148.0       94.6       (D)     129.0      88.9  
Nebraska 5/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:   96.0         (D)        (D)      90.0       (D)       (D)  
Texas 5/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:  120.0        87.0       56.8     119.5      85.5      56.8  
Wyoming 5/ .............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 4/ ........:  349.5        45.4       15.5     342.9      31.2      15.1  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  637.5       348.4      221.4     623.9     313.2     215.0  
                        :                                                              
All                     :                                                              
California .............:   15.1        13.4        8.3      15.0      13.2       8.1  
Colorado 5/ ............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Idaho ..................:  134.0        88.0       61.1     133.2      86.3      60.8  
Michigan 5/ ............:      -        (NA)       (NA)         -      (NA)      (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ...........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Montana ................:  390.0       199.0      116.3     382.0     175.0     110.3  
Nebraska 5/ ............:   12.7        (NA)       (NA)      12.2      (NA)      (NA)  
North Dakota ...........:  114.4        41.0       12.4     107.8      22.0      12.0  
Texas 5/ ...............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
Washington .............:  190.0       112.0       71.7     189.3     108.0      71.7  
Wyoming 5/ .............:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)       (D)      (NA)      (NA)  
                        :                                                              
Other States 4/ ........:    7.0           -          -       7.0         -         -  
                        :                                                              
United States ..........:  863.2       453.4      269.8     846.5     404.5     262.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Chickpea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020 (continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :       Yield per acre 3/        :       Production 3/       
      Size and State     :------------------------------------------------------------
                         :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :  2018   :  2019  :  2020  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :  ---------- pounds ---------     ------- 1,000 cwt ------  
                         :                                                            
Small 1/                 :                                                            
California ..............:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Colorado 5/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,550      1,360      1,870        956      256      123  
Michigan 5/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:    (D)      1,370      1,430        (D)      630      306  
Nebraska 5/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,850        (D)        (D)        329      (D)      (D)  
Texas 5/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,730      1,850      1,880      1,208      416      280  
Wyoming 5/ ..............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 4/ .........:  1,164      2,225      2,120        853       89      106  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,503      1,524      1,701      3,346    1,391      815  
                         :                                                            
Large 2/                 :                                                            
California ..............:    (D)        (D)        (D)        (D)      (D)      (D)  
Colorado 5/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,280      1,460      1,470        915      986      797  
Michigan 5/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:    (D)      1,410      1,480        (D)    1,819    1,316  
Nebraska 5/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,720        (D)        (D)      1,548      (D)      (D)  
Texas 5/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,650      1,660      1,750      1,972    1,419      994  
Wyoming 5/ ..............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 4/ .........:  1,460      2,054      2,325      5,006      641      351  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,513      1,553      1,608      9,441    4,865    3,458  
                         :                                                            
All                      :                                                            
California ..............:  2,770      2,690      2,700        415      355      219  
Colorado 5/ .............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Idaho ...................:  1,400      1,440      1,510      1,871    1,242      920  
Michigan 5/ .............:    (X)       (NA)       (NA)          -     (NA)     (NA)  
Minnesota 5/ ............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Montana .................:  1,350      1,400      1,470      5,138    2,449    1,622  
Nebraska 5/ .............:  1,950       (NA)       (NA)        238     (NA)     (NA)  
North Dakota ............:  1,740      1,700      1,980      1,877      375      238  
Texas 5/ ................:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
Washington ..............:  1,680      1,700      1,780      3,180    1,835    1,274  
Wyoming 5/ ..............:    (D)       (NA)       (NA)        (D)     (NA)     (NA)  
                         :                                                            
Other States 4/ .........:    971        (X)        (X)         68        -        -  
                         :                                                            
United States ...........:  1,511      1,547      1,625     12,787    6,256    4,273  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                 
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                   
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Chickpeas 20/64 inches or smaller.                                               
2/   Chickpeas larger than 20/64 inches.                                              
3/   Clean basis.                                                                     
4/   Includes data withheld above.                                                    
5/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                  

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
[Beginning in 2019, wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas included]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                              1,000 acres                              
                :                                                                       
Idaho ..........:     8.0         28.0       35.0         7.6         27.0       34.0   
Montana ........:   335.0        530.0      490.0       310.0        500.0      475.0   
Nebraska .......:    58.0         31.0       36.0        49.0         28.0       33.0   
North Dakota ...:   375.0        425.0      330.0       365.0        405.0      325.0   
Oregon 1/ ......:     6.5         (NA)       (NA)         6.3         (NA)       (NA)   
South Dakota ...:    22.0         16.0       29.0        19.0         15.0       28.0   
Washington .....:    52.0         72.0       79.0        51.0         71.0       78.0   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   856.5      1,102.0      999.0       807.9      1,046.0      973.0   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- pounds ----------      ---------- 1,000 cwt ---------   
                :                                                                       
Idaho ..........:   2,300        1,900      2,500         175          513        850   
Montana ........:   1,620        2,030      2,070       5,022       10,150      9,833   
Nebraska .......:   1,840        2,300      1,400         902          644        462   
North Dakota ...:   2,200        2,260      2,400       8,030        9,153      7,800   
Oregon 1/ ......:   2,000         (NA)       (NA)         126         (NA)       (NA)   
South Dakota ...:   2,100        2,200      1,600         399          330        448   
Washington .....:   2,500        2,000      3,000       1,275        1,420      2,340   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   1,972        2,123      2,234      15,929       22,210     21,733   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                     
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                    

Austrian Winter Pea Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2018-2020
[Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas are included in dry edible peas]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                              1,000 acres                              
              :                                                                       
Idaho ........:     1.4       (NA)        (NA)         0.8        (NA)        (NA)    
Montana ......:    12.0       (NA)        (NA)         8.0        (NA)        (NA)    
Oregon .......:     3.0       (NA)        (NA)         2.1        (NA)        (NA)    
              :                                                                       
United States :    16.4       (NA)        (NA)        10.9        (NA)        (NA)    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Yield per acre           :            Production             
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   ---------- pounds ----------         -------- 1,000 cwt --------    
              :                                                                       
Idaho ........:   1,300       (NA)        (NA)          10        (NA)        (NA)    
Montana ......:     950       (NA)        (NA)          76        (NA)        (NA)    
Oregon .......:   1,800       (NA)        (NA)          38        (NA)        (NA)    
              :                                                                       
United States :   1,138       (NA)        (NA)         124        (NA)        (NA)    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                   

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and
United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                   Area harvested                    
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                        acres                        
                                 :                                                     
Idaho                            :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :        825               561               538      
Apollo TM ...............        :        232               (D)               (D)      
Bravo TM ................        :         87               (D)               (D)      
Calypso TM ..............        :         81                81               (D)      
Cascade .........................:        836               710               407      
Cashmere ........................:        (D)               (D)               125      
Chinook .........................:        962               786               624      
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :        855               973             1,527      
Cluster .........................:         63               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :        (D)               991             1,457      
Comet ...........................:        (D)               112                93      
Crystal .........................:        150               131               (D)      
El Dorado R .............        :        120               352               526      
Eureka! TM ..............        :        133               185               (D)      
Galena ..........................:        109               113               (D)      
Hallertauer .....................:        (D)                25               159      
Idaho 7 TM ..............        :        (D)               388               564      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :        506               801             1,186      
Northern Brewer .................:        (D)                57                58      
                                 :                                                     
Saaz ............................:        (D)               140               (D)      
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :        449               469               425      
Super Galena TM .........        :         84               (D)               (D)      
Triumph .........................:       (NA)              (NA)                39      
Willamette ......................:        (D)               170               (D)      
Zeus 1/ .........................:      1,496               611              (NA)      
Experimental ....................:        (D)               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      1,152               702             1,540      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:      8,140             8,358             9,268      
                                 :                                                     
Oregon                           :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :        (D)               212               216      
Cascade .........................:      1,064             1,039               754      
Centennial ......................:        698               614               489      
Chinook .........................:        129               114                86      
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :        690               998             1,327      
Crystal .........................:        354               247               (D)      
Fuggle ..........................:         59                63               (D)      
Golding .........................:        121                92               (D)      
Liberty .........................:        (D)               (D)                56      
                                 :                                                     
Magnum ..........................:        105               (D)               (D)      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :        (D)               478               595      
Mt. Hood ........................:        311               295               159      
Nugget ..........................:      1,307             1,059               826      
Perle ...........................:         77               (D)               (D)      
Sabro TM, HBC 438 .......        :       (NA)               (D)                74      
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :        436               440               474      
Sterling ........................:        191               147                58      
StrataTM,   OR91331 .....        :       (NA)               253               484      
Super Galena TM .........        :         84                78                87      
Tettnanger ......................:         72               (D)               (D)      
Willamette ......................:        913               619               605      
Experimental ....................:        (D)               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      1,114               558               814      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:      7,725             7,306             7,104      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                   Yield per acre                    
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                       pounds                        
                                 :                                                     
Idaho                            :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :      2,009             1,560             1,576      
Apollo TM ...............        :      1,951               (D)               (D)      
Bravo TM ................        :      2,226               (D)               (D)      
Calypso TM ..............        :      2,138             1,901               (D)      
Cascade .........................:      1,716             1,823             1,213      
Cashmere ........................:        (D)               (D)             1,578      
Chinook .........................:      1,873             2,215             1,614      
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :      1,438             1,532             1,686      
Cluster .........................:      2,126               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :        (D)             3,002             2,673      
Comet ...........................:        (D)             1,970             1,740      
Crystal .........................:      1,927             1,971               (D)      
El Dorado R .............        :      1,463             1,352             1,590      
Eureka! TM ..............        :      2,299             2,243               (D)      
Galena ..........................:      1,715             1,773               (D)      
Hallertauer .....................:        (D)             1,253               614      
Idaho 7 TM ..............        :        (D)             2,562             2,442      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :      2,333             2,296             2,335      
Northern Brewer .................:        (D)             1,407             1,432      
                                 :                                                     
Saaz ............................:        (D)               771               (D)      
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :      1,245             1,164               992      
Super GalenaTM ..........        :      2,493               (D)               (D)      
Triumph .........................:       (NA)              (NA)               365      
Willamette ......................:        (D)             1,695               (D)      
Zeus 1/ .........................:      2,764             2,672              (NA)      
Experimental ....................:        (D)               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      1,845             1,971             1,567      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:      1,995             2,034             1,855      
                                 :                                                     
Oregon                           :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :        (D)             2,312             2,360      
Cascade .........................:      1,623             1,620             1,639      
Centennial ......................:      1,277             1,661             1,675      
Chinook .........................:      1,674             1,733             1,481      
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :      1,600             1,476             1,506      
Crystal .........................:      1,819             1,943               (D)      
Fuggle ..........................:      1,034             1,243               (D)      
Golding .........................:      1,160             1,351               (D)      
Liberty .........................:        (D)               (D)             2,289      
                                 :                                                     
Magnum ..........................:      1,284               (D)               (D)      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :        (D)             2,113             2,155      
Mt. Hood ........................:      1,411             1,538             1,551      
Nugget ..........................:      1,946             2,130             1,841      
Perle ...........................:      1,093               (D)               (D)      
Sabro TM HBC 438 ........        :       (NA)               (D)               870      
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :      1,588             1,845             1,823      
Sterling ........................:      1,760             1,643             1,728      
StrataTM,   OR91331 .....        :       (NA)             2,066             2,068      
Super Galena TM .........        :      2,216             2,580             2,801      
Tettnanger ......................:      1,027               (D)               (D)      
Willamette ......................:      1,489             1,717             1,857      
Experimental ....................:        (D)               (D)               (D)      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      2,068             1,644             1,479      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:      1,675             1,783             1,755      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                     Production                      
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                    1,000 pounds                     
                                 :                                                     
Idaho                            :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :     1,657.4             875.2             847.9     
Apollo TM ...............        :       452.6               (D)               (D)     
Bravo TM ................        :       193.7               (D)               (D)     
Calypso TM ..............        :       173.2             154.0               (D)     
Cascade .........................:     1,434.6           1,294.3             493.7     
Cashmere ........................:         (D)               (D)             197.3     
Chinook .........................:     1,801.8           1,741.0           1,007.1     
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :     1,229.5           1,490.6           2,574.5     
Cluster .........................:       133.9               (D)               (D)     
                                 :                                                     
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :         (D)           2,975.0           3,894.6     
Comet ...........................:         (D)             220.6             161.8     
Crystal .........................:       289.1             258.2               (D)     
El Dorado R .............        :       175.6             475.9             836.3     
Eureka! TM ..............        :       305.8             415.0               (D)     
Galena ..........................:       186.9             200.3               (D)     
Hallertauer .....................:         (D)              31.3              97.6     
Idaho 7 TM ..............        :         (D)             994.1           1,377.3     
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :     1,180.5           1,839.1           2,769.3     
Northern Brewer .................:         (D)              80.2              83.1     
                                 :                                                     
Saaz ............................:         (D)             107.9               (D)     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :       559.0             545.9             421.6     
Super GalenaTM ..........        :       209.4               (D)               (D)     
Triumph .........................:        (NA)              (NA)              14.2     
Willamette ......................:         (D)             288.2               (D)     
Zeus 1/ .........................:     4,134.9           1,632.6              (NA)     
Experimental ....................:         (D)               (D)               (D)     
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:     2,124.9           1,383.7           2,413.8     
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:    16,242.8          17,003.1          17,190.1     
                                 :                                                     
Oregon                           :                                                     
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ......        :         (D)             490.1             509.8     
Cascade .........................:     1,726.9           1,683.2           1,235.8     
Centennial ......................:       891.3           1,019.9             819.1     
Chinook .........................:       215.9             197.6             127.4     
Citra R, HBC 394 ........        :     1,104.0           1,473.0           1,998.5     
Crystal .........................:       643.9             479.9               (D)     
Fuggle ..........................:        61.0              78.3               (D)     
Golding .........................:       140.4             124.3               (D)     
Liberty .........................:         (D)               (D)             128.2     
                                 :                                                     
Magnum ..........................:       134.8               (D)               (D)     
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .......        :         (D)           1,010.0           1,282.2     
Mt. Hood ........................:       438.8             453.7             246.6     
Nugget ..........................:     2,543.4           2,255.7           1,520.7     
Perle ...........................:        84.2               (D)               (D)     
Sabro TM HBC 438 ........        :        (NA)               (D)              64.4     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ........        :       692.4             811.8             864.1     
Sterling ........................:       336.2             241.5             100.2     
StrataTM,   OR91331 .....        :        (NA)             522.7           1,000.9     
Super Galena TM .........        :       186.1             201.2             243.7     
Tettnanger ......................:        73.9               (D)               (D)     
Willamette ......................:     1,359.5           1,062.8           1,123.5     
Experimental ....................:         (D)               (D)               (D)     
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:     2,303.5             917.5           1,203.6     
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:    12,936.2          13,023.2          12,468.7     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                   Area harvested                    
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                        acres                        
                                 :                                                     
Washington                       :                                                     
Ahtanum R, YCR 1 ......          :        255               261               230      
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ....          :      1,895             1,597             1,395      
Apollo TM .............          :        795               851               750      
Azacca R, ADHA-483 ....          :        546               589               722      
Bravo TM ..............          :        280               236               201      
Cascade .........................:      4,274             3,718             2,877      
Cashmere ........................:        195               310               448      
Centennial ......................:      3,875             3,031             2,444      
Chinook .........................:      1,734             1,437             1,183      
                                 :                                                     
Citra R, HBC 394 ......          :      4,837             6,720             8,143      
Cluster .........................:        610               470               413      
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :      2,034             2,323             4,829      
Comet ...........................:        218               210               330      
Crystal .........................:        114                66               (D)      
Ekuanot R, HBC 366 ....          :        865               632               641      
El Dorado R ...........          :        418               641             1,058      
Eureka! TM ............          :        409               425               465      
Galena ..........................:        390               297               241      
Idaho 7 TM ..............        :        (D)                85               341      
                                 :                                                     
Jarrylo R, ADHA-881 ...          :        (D)               (D)                17      
Loral R, HBC 291 ......          :        172               125               164      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .....          :      1,932             2,829             3,715      
Mt. Hood ........................:        104                53                48      
Mt. Rainier .....................:        306               239               223      
Nugget ..........................:        126               104               (D)      
Pahto TM, HBC 682 .....          :      1,721             2,109             2,208      
Palisade R, YCR 4 .....          :        515               477               246      
Pekko R, ADHA-871 .....          :         92               (D)               801      
Sabro TM , HBC 438 ......        :       (NA)               724             1,145      
                                 :                                                     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ......          :      3,103             3,367             3,214      
Sorachi Ace .....................:        146               (D)               (D)      
Summit TM .............          :      1,574             1,072               640      
Super Galena TM .......          :        500               473               475      
Tahoma ..........................:        209               230               177      
Warrior R, YCR 5 ......          :        (D)               (D)               283      
Willamette ......................:        376               270               203      
Zeus 1/ .........................:      2,592             2,612              (NA)      
Experimental ....................:        374               360               453      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      1,584             1,937             1,546      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:     39,170            40,880            42,269      
                                 :                                                     
United States 3/ .............   :     55,035            56,544            58,641      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                   Yield per acre                    
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                       pounds                        
                                 :                                                     
Washington                       :                                                     
Ahtanum R, YCR 1 ......          :      2,730             2,820             2,134      
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ....          :      1,868             1,946             1,649      
Apollo TM .............          :      2,848             2,735             2,248      
Azacca R, ADHA-483 ....          :      2,491             2,441             1,527      
Bravo TM ..............          :      3,258             3,216             2,308      
Cascade .........................:      1,972             1,920             1,551      
Cashmere ........................:      1,519             1,699             1,514      
Centennial ......................:      1,364             1,820             1,640      
Chinook .........................:      1,875             1,942             1,665      
                                 :                                                     
Citra R, HBC 394 ......          :      1,611             1,424             1,526      
Cluster .........................:      1,813             1,815             2,065      
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :      2,482             2,584             2,176      
Comet ...........................:      1,750             1,311               872      
Crystal .........................:      2,357             1,989               (D)      
Ekuanot R, HBC 366 ....          :      2,583             2,483             2,158      
El Dorado R ...........          :      1,880             2,032             1,516      
Eureka! TM ............          :      2,954             3,188             2,332      
Galena ..........................:      2,149             2,045             1,838      
Idaho 7 TM ..............        :        (D)             1,544             1,736      
                                 :                                                     
Jarrylo R, ADHA-881 ...          :        (D)               (D)             1,428      
Loral R, HBC 291 ......          :      2,349             2,515             1,874      
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .....          :      2,351             2,054             1,998      
Mt. Hood ........................:      1,454             1,037             1,139      
Mt. Rainier .....................:      1,899             2,149             1,586      
Nugget ..........................:      1,498             2,313               (D)      
Pahto TM, HBC 682 .....          :      2,087             2,398             2,019      
Palisade R, YCR 4 .....          :      2,441             2,520             2,114      
Pekko R, ADHA-871 .....          :      1,889               (D)             1,239      
Sabro TM , HBC 438 ......        :       (NA)             1,612             1,886      
                                 :                                                     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ......          :      1,642             1,788             1,643      
Sorachi Ace .....................:      1,042               (D)               (D)      
Summit TM .............          :      1,826             1,816             1,096      
Super Galena TM .......          :      3,133             2,871             2,636      
Tahoma ..........................:      2,147             1,958             1,588      
Warrior R, YCR 5 ......          :        (D)               (D)             1,669      
Willamette ......................:      1,348             1,596             1,458      
Zeus 1/ .........................:      2,619             2,620              (NA)      
Experimental ....................:      1,889             2,251             1,207      
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      1,896             1,888             1,737      
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:      1,984             2,006             1,754      
                                 :                                                     
United States 3/ .............   :      1,943             1,981             1,770      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Hop Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Variety - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State              :                     Production                      
               and               :-----------------------------------------------------
             variety             :      2018       :      2019       :      2020       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                    1,000 pounds                     
                                 :                                                     
Washington                       :                                                     
Ahtanum R, YCR 1 ......          :        696.2             736.0             490.8    
Amarillo R, VGXP01 ....          :      3,539.9           3,107.8           2,300.4    
Apollo TM .............          :      2,264.2           2,327.5           1,686.0    
Azacca R, ADHA-483 ....          :      1,360.1           1,437.7           1,102.5    
Bravo TM ..............          :        912.2             759.0             463.9    
Cascade .........................:      8,428.3           7,138.6           4,462.2    
Cashmere ........................:        296.2             526.7             678.3    
Centennial ......................:      5,285.5           5,516.4           4,008.2    
Chinook .........................:      3,251.3           2,790.7           1,969.7    
                                 :                                                     
Citra R, HBC 394 ......          :      7,792.4           9,569.3          12,426.2    
Cluster .........................:      1,105.9             853.1             852.8    
Columbus/TomahawkR/Zeus (CTZ) 1/ :      5,048.4           6,002.6          10,507.9    
Comet ...........................:        381.5             275.3             287.8    
Crystal .........................:        268.7             131.3               (D)    
Ekuanot R, HBC 366 ....          :      2,234.3           1,569.3           1,383.3    
El Dorado R ...........          :        785.8           1,302.5           1,603.9    
Eureka! TM ............          :      1,208.2           1,354.9           1,084.4    
Galena ..........................:        838.1             607.4             443.0    
Idaho 7 TM ............          :          (D)             131.2             592.0    
                                 :                                                     
Jarrylo R, ADHA-881 ...          :          (D)               (D)              24.3    
Loral R, HBC 291 ......          :        404.0             314.4             307.3    
Mosaic R, HBC 369 .....          :      4,542.1           5,810.8           7,422.6    
Mt. Hood ........................:        151.2              55.0              54.7    
Mt. Rainier .....................:        581.1             513.6             353.7    
Nugget ..........................:        188.7             240.6               (D)    
Pahto TM, HBC 682 .....          :      3,591.7           5,057.4           4,458.0    
Palisade R, YCR 4 .....          :      1,257.1           1,202.0             520.0    
Pekko R, ADHA-871 .....          :        173.8               (D)             992.4    
Sabro TM , HBC 438 ....          :         (NA)           1,167.1           2,159.5    
                                 :                                                     
Simcoe R, YCR 14 ......          :      5,095.1           6,020.2           5,280.6    
Sorachi Ace .....................:        152.1               (D)               (D)    
Summit TM .............          :      2,874.1           1,946.8             701.4    
Super Galena TM .......          :      1,566.5           1,358.0           1,252.1    
Tahoma ..........................:        448.7             450.3             281.1    
Warrior R, YCR 5 ......          :          (D)               (D)             472.3    
Willamette ......................:        506.8             430.9             296.0    
Zeus 1/ .........................:      6,788.4           6,843.4              (NA)    
Experimental ....................:        706.5             810.4             546.8    
                                 :                                                     
Other varieties 2/ ..............:      3,002.6           3,656.7           2,685.4    
                                 :                                                     
Total ...........................:     77,727.7          82,014.9          74,151.5    
                                 :                                                     
United States 3/ .............   :    106,906.7         112,041.2         103,810.3    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                        
(NANot available.                                                                      
R Registered                                                                           
TM Trademark                                                                           
1/ Beginning in 2020, Zeus is included in Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus (C/T/Z).              
2/ Includes data withheld to avoid disclosure of individual operations and varieties   
   not listed.                                                                         
3/ Includes 770 acres of organic hops for 2020 with yield equal to 1,090 pounds per    
   acre and production at 839,576 pounds.                                              

Mint for Oil Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Crop - States and
United States: 2018-2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Crop, State,    :         Area harvested         :         Yield per acre         
     and variety    :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  -------- 1,000 acres -------      --------- pounds ---------   
                    :                                                                 
Peppermint          :                                                                 
California 1/ ......:    1.6        (NA)       (NA)       85        (NA)       (NA)   
Idaho ..............:   17.0        17.0       16.5      105         120        120   
Indiana ............:    7.0         6.4        5.6       50          48         44   
Oregon .............:   19.0        19.0       18.0       85          95         96   
Washington .........:   11.0        10.0       10.0      120         130        103   
Wisconsin 1/ .......:    2.9        (NA)       (NA)       59        (NA)       (NA)   
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:   58.5        52.4       50.1       92         104         99   
                    :                                                                 
Spearmint           :                                                                 
Idaho ..............:    (D)         1.1        1.0      (D)         145        135   
Indiana ............:    2.8         3.9        4.2       77          72         69   
Michigan 1/ ........:    (D)        (NA)       (NA)      (D)        (NA)       (NA)   
Oregon .............:    2.5         2.3        2.6      125         125        100   
Washington .........:   12.3        11.0        9.9      142         152        146   
 Native ............:    7.9         (D)        7.2      160         (D)        160   
 Scotch ............:    4.4         (D)        2.7      110         (D)        110   
                    :                                                                 
Other States 2/ ....:    3.2           -          -       92         (X)        (X)   
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:   20.8        18.3       17.7      124         131        121   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Crop, State,    :                           Production                            
     and variety    :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                    :        2018         :        2019         :        2020         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                          1,000 pounds                           
                    :                                                                 
Peppermint          :                                                                 
California 1/ ......:          136                  (NA)                  (NA)        
Idaho ..............:        1,785                 2,040                 1,980        
Indiana ............:          350                   307                   246        
Oregon .............:        1,615                 1,805                 1,728        
Washington .........:        1,320                 1,300                 1,030        
Wisconsin 1/ .......:          171                  (NA)                  (NA)        
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:        5,377                 5,452                 4,984        
                    :                                                                 
Spearmint           :                                                                 
Idaho ..............:          (D)                   160                   135        
Indiana ............:          216                   281                   290        
Michigan 1/ ........:          (D)                  (NA)                  (NA)        
Oregon .............:          313                   288                   260        
Washington .........:        1,748                 1,671                 1,449        
 Native ............:        1,264                   (D)                 1,152        
 Scotch ............:          484                   (D)                   297        
                    :                                                                 
Other States 2/ ....:          294                     -                     -        
                    :                                                                 
United States ......:        2,571                 2,400                 2,134        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                 
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(NA) Not available.                                                                   
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                  
2/   Includes data withheld above.                                                    

Maple Syrup Taps, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018-2020
[Estimates for 2020 are carried forward from the June 2020 "Crop Production". Any revisions will appear in
the June 2021 "Crop Production"]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :       Number of taps        :        Yield per tap        :         Production          
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : ------- 1,000 taps -------     --------- gallons --------    ----- 1,000 gallons -----  
                  :                                                                                         
Connecticut 1/ ...:     73      (NA)      (NA)     0.247       (NA)      (NA)       18      (NA)      (NA)  
Indiana 1/ .......:     70      (NA)      (NA)     0.257       (NA)      (NA)       18      (NA)      (NA)  
Maine ............:  1,870     1,950     1,970     0.288      0.267     0.299      539       520       590  
Massachusetts 1/ .:    320      (NA)      (NA)     0.225       (NA)      (NA)       72      (NA)      (NA)  
Michigan .........:    600       620       570     0.275      0.315     0.298      165       195       170  
Minnesota 1/ .....:     65      (NA)      (NA)     0.200       (NA)      (NA)       13      (NA)      (NA)  
New Hampshire ....:    560       540       530     0.291      0.274     0.291      163       148       154  
New York .........:  2,730     2,800     2,800     0.295      0.293     0.287      806       820       804  
Ohio 1/ ..........:    400      (NA)      (NA)     0.225       (NA)      (NA)       90      (NA)      (NA)  
Pennsylvania .....:    670       680       710     0.212      0.231     0.238      142       157       169  
                  :                                                                                         
Vermont ..........:  5,670     6,000     6,150     0.342      0.345     0.361    1,940     2,070     2,220  
West Virginia 1/ .:     66      (NA)      (NA)     0.121       (NA)      (NA)        8      (NA)      (NA)  
Wisconsin ........:    750       800       780     0.300      0.338     0.340      225       270       265  
                  :                                                                                         
United States ....: 13,844    13,390    13,510     0.303      0.312     0.324    4,199     4,180     4,372  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                         
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                                        

Taro Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - State and United States: 2018-2020
[Estimates discontinued beginning in 2019]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        :         Production          
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   :  2018   :  2019   :  2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   -------- acres --------      -------- pounds --------      ----- 1,000 pounds -----   
                  :                                                                                         
Hawaii ...........:   310      (NA)      (NA)      9,630     (NA)      (NA)      2,985     (NA)      (NA)   
                  :                                                                                         
United States ....:   310      (NA)      (NA)      9,630     (NA)      (NA)      2,985     (NA)      (NA)   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                         

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units -
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :     Area planted      :    Area harvested     
                Crop                :-----------------------------------------------
                                    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  1,000 acres                  
                                    :                                               
Grains and hay                      :                                               
Barley .............................:    2,772       2,621       2,221       2,133  
Corn for grain 1/ ..................:   89,745      90,819      81,337      82,467  
Corn for silage ....................:     (NA)        (NA)       6,615       6,719  
Hay, all ...........................:     (NA)        (NA)      52,425      52,238  
  Alfalfa ..........................:     (NA)        (NA)      16,743      16,230  
  All other ........................:     (NA)        (NA)      35,682      36,008  
Oats ...............................:    2,830       2,984         828       1,004  
Proso millet .......................:      506         609         465         484  
Rice ...............................:    2,550       3,036       2,477       2,987  
Rye ................................:    1,855       1,955         310         330  
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...............:    5,265       5,880       4,675       5,095  
Sorghum for silage .................:     (NA)        (NA)         339         239  
Wheat, all .........................:   45,485      44,349      37,394      36,746  
  Winter ...........................:   31,474      30,415      24,592      23,024  
  Durum ............................:    1,341       1,684       1,177       1,662  
  Other spring .....................:   12,670      12,250      11,625      12,060  
                                    :                                               
Oilseeds                            :                                               
Canola .............................:  2,040.0     1,825.0     1,909.5     1,789.0  
Cottonseed .........................:      (X)         (X)         (X)         (X)  
Flaxseed ...........................:      374         305         284         296  
Mustard seed .......................:     98.0        97.0        90.0        91.4  
Peanuts ............................:  1,432.7     1,664.2     1,389.7     1,615.8  
Rapeseed ...........................:     11.3        11.2        10.4        10.1  
Safflower ..........................:    165.8       136.0       151.5       126.7  
Soybeans for beans .................:   76,100      83,084      74,939      82,318  
Sunflower ..........................:  1,350.6     1,718.7     1,253.5     1,665.7  
                                    :                                               
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops    :                                               
Cotton, all ........................: 13,735.7    12,092.5    11,612.5     8,701.5  
  Upland ...........................: 13,507.0    11,890.0    11,389.0     8,507.0  
  American Pima ....................:    228.7       202.5       223.5       194.5  
Sugarbeets .........................:  1,133.0     1,162.2       980.1     1,142.3  
Sugarcane ..........................:     (NA)        (NA)       913.2       940.5  
Tobacco ............................:     (NA)        (NA)       227.1       198.1  
                                    :                                               
Dry beans, peas, and lentils        :                                               
Chickpeas 3/ .......................:    453.4       269.8       453.4       269.8  
Dry edible beans 3/ ................:  1,290.8     1,740.0                 1,676.5  
Dry edible peas 2/ .................:  1,102.0       999.0     1,046.0       973.0  
Lentils ............................:    486.0       528.0       425.0       514.0  
                                    :                                               
Potatoes and miscellaneous          :                                               
Hops ...............................:     (NA)        (NA)        56.5        58.6  
Maple syrup ........................:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Mushrooms ..........................:     (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)  
Peppermint oil .....................:     (NA)        (NA)        52.4        50.1  
Potatoes ...........................:    963.3       921.0       937.3       914.1  
Spearmint oil ......................:     (NA)        (NA)        18.3        17.7  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                         --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units -
United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :   Yield per acre    :     Production      
                Crop                :-------------------------------------------
                                    :   2019   :   2020   :   2019   :   2020   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                      ------- 1,000 -------
                                    :                                           
Grains and hay                      :                                           
Barley ......................bushels:   77.7       77.5       172,499    165,324
Corn for grain ..............bushels:  167.5      172.0    13,619,928 14,182,479
Corn for silage ................tons:   20.2       20.5       133,522    137,729
Hay, all .......................tons:   2.46       2.43       128,864    126,812
  Alfalfa ......................tons:   3.28       3.27        54,875     53,067
  All other ....................tons:   2.07       2.05        73,989     73,745
Oats ........................bushels:   64.3       65.1        53,258     65,355
Proso millet ................bushels:   35.7       19.0        16,608      9,210
Rice 5/ .........................cwt:  7,473      7,619       185,104    227,583
Rye .........................bushels:   34.3       34.9        10,622     11,532
Sorghum for grain ...........bushels:   73.0       73.2       341,460    372,960
Sorghum for silage .............tons:   11.9       13.1         4,019      3,125
Wheat, all ..................bushels:   51.7       49.7     1,932,017  1,825,820
  Winter ....................bushels:   53.6       50.9     1,316,963  1,171,022
  Durum .....................bushels:   45.8       41.4        53,959     68,808
  Other spring ..............bushels:   48.3       48.6       561,095    585,990
                                    :                                           
Oilseeds                            :                                           
Canola .......................pounds:  1,781      1,931     3,400,865  3,454,950
Cottonseed .....................tons:    (X)        (X)       5,945.0    4,587.0
Flaxseed ....................bushels:   19.8       19.3         5,625      5,706
Mustard seed .................pounds:    706        895        63,580     81,770
Peanuts ......................pounds:  3,934      3,796     5,466,487  6,133,900
Rapeseed .....................pounds:  2,160      1,971        22,464     19,910
Safflower ....................pounds:  1,273      1,167       192,900    147,800
Soybeans for beans ..........bushels:   47.4       50.2     3,551,908  4,135,477
Sunflower ....................pounds:  1,560      1,790     1,956,035  2,982,410
                                    :                                           
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops    :                                           
Cotton, all 5/ ................bales:    823        825      19,912.5   14,953.0
  Upland 5/ ...................bales:    810        813      19,227.0   14,401.0
  American Pima 5/ ............bales:  1,472      1,362         685.5      552.0
Sugarbeets .....................tons:   29.2       29.4        28,650     33,618
Sugarcane ......................tons:   35.0       37.7        31,937     35,457
Tobacco ......................pounds:  2,060      1,966       467,956    389,413
                                    :                                           
Dry beans, peas, and lentils        :                                           
Chickpeas 5/ ....................cwt:  1,547      1,625         6,256      4,273
Dry edible beans 5/ .............cwt:  1,768      1,966        20,756     32,963
Dry edible peas 2/ 5/ ...........cwt:  2,123      1,953        22,210     18,534
Lentils 5/ ......................cwt:  1,250      1,442         5,311      6,504
                                    :                                           
Potatoes and miscellaneous          :                                           
Hops .........................pounds:  1,981      1,982     112,041.2  117,229.0
Maple syrup .................gallons:   (NA)       (NA)         4,180      4,372
Mushrooms ....................pounds:   (NA)       (NA)       846,491           
Peppermint oil ...............pounds:    104         99         5,452      4,984
Potatoes ........................cwt:    453        453       424,419    414,248
Spearmint oil ................pounds:    131        121         2,400      2,134
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                             
2/   Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included
     in dry edible peas.                                                        
3/   Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.           
4/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                            
5/   Yield in pounds.                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units -
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :      Area planted       :    Area harvested     
                Crop                :-------------------------------------------------
                                    :    2019     :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                    hectares                     
                                    :                                                 
Grains and hay                      :                                                 
Barley .............................:  1,121,800    1,060,690     898,820     863,200 
Corn for grain 1/ ..................: 36,318,900   36,753,540  32,916,270  33,373,570 
Corn for silage ....................:       (NA)         (NA)   2,677,020   2,719,110 
Hay, all 2/ ........................:       (NA)         (NA)  21,215,870  21,140,200 
  Alfalfa ..........................:       (NA)         (NA)   6,775,720   6,568,120 
  All other ........................:       (NA)         (NA)  14,440,150  14,572,080 
Oats ...............................:  1,145,270    1,207,590     335,080     406,310 
Proso millet .......................:    204,770      246,460     188,180     195,870 
Rice ...............................:  1,031,960    1,228,640   1,002,420   1,208,810 
Rye ................................:    750,700      791,170     125,450     133,550 
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...............:  2,130,690    2,379,580   1,891,930   2,061,900 
Sorghum for silage .................:       (NA)         (NA)     137,190      96,720 
Wheat, all 2/ ......................: 18,407,320   17,947,600  15,132,980  14,870,740 
  Winter ...........................: 12,737,210   12,308,650   9,952,140   9,317,580 
  Durum ............................:    542,690      681,500     476,320     672,590 
  Other spring .....................:  5,127,420    4,957,450   4,704,520   4,880,560 
                                    :                                                 
Oilseeds                            :                                                 
Canola .............................:    825,570      738,560     772,760     723,990 
Cottonseed .........................:        (X)          (X)         (X)         (X) 
Flaxseed ...........................:    151,350      123,430     114,930     119,790 
Mustard seed .......................:     39,660       39,250      36,420      36,990 
Peanuts ............................:    579,800      673,490     562,400     653,900 
Rapeseed ...........................:      4,570        4,530       4,210       4,090 
Safflower ..........................:     67,100       55,040      61,310      51,270 
Soybeans for beans .................: 30,796,910   33,623,260  30,327,060  33,313,270 
Sunflower ..........................:    546,570      695,540     507,280     674,090 
                                    :                                                 
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops    :                                                 
Cotton, all 2/ .....................:  5,558,700    4,893,710   4,699,460   3,521,410 
  Upland ...........................:  5,466,150    4,811,760   4,609,010   3,442,700 
  American Pima ....................:     92,550       81,950      90,450      78,710 
Sugarbeets .........................:    458,510      470,330     396,640     462,280 
Sugarcane ..........................:       (NA)         (NA)     369,560     380,610 
Tobacco ............................:       (NA)         (NA)      91,910      80,150 
                                    :                                                 
Dry beans, peas, and lentils        :                                                 
Chickpeas ..........................:    183,490      109,190     183,490     109,190 
Dry edible beans ...................:    522,370      704,160     163,700     106,390 
Dry edible peas 3/ .................:                 404,290                 678,460 
Lentils ............................:    196,680      213,680     423,310     393,760 
                                    :                                                 
Potatoes and miscellaneous          :                                                 
Hops ...............................:       (NA)         (NA)     425,000     514,000 
Maple syrup ........................:       (NA)         (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Mushrooms ..........................:       (NA)         (NA)        (NA)        (NA) 
Peppermint oil .....................:       (NA)         (NA)      21,210      20,270 
Potatoes ...........................:    389,840      372,720     379,320     369,930 
Spearmint oil ......................:       (NA)         (NA)       7,410       7,160 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                           --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   Yield per hectare   :      Production       
                  Crop                  :-----------------------------------------------
                                        :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                  metric tons                  
                                        :                                               
Grains and hay                          :                                               
Barley .................................:    4.18        4.17      3,755,720   3,599,510
Corn for grain .........................:   10.51       10.79    345,962,110 360,251,560
Corn for silage ........................:   45.25       45.95    121,129,120 124,945,650
Hay, all 2/ ............................:    5.51        5.44    116,903,450 115,041,910
  Alfalfa ..............................:    7.35        7.33     49,781,760  48,141,570
  All other ............................:    4.65        4.59     67,121,690  66,900,340
Oats ...................................:    2.31        2.33        773,040     948,630
Proso millet ...........................:    2.00        1.07        376,660     208,880
Rice ...................................:    8.38        8.54      8,396,180  10,322,990
Rye ....................................:    2.15        2.19        269,810     292,930
Sorghum for grain ......................:    4.58        4.59      8,673,480   9,473,620
Sorghum for silage .....................:   26.58       29.31      3,645,980   2,834,950
Wheat, all 2/ ..........................:    3.47        3.34     52,580,890  49,690,680
  Winter ...............................:    3.60        3.42     35,841,860  31,870,000
  Durum ................................:    3.08        2.78      1,468,520   1,872,650
  Other spring .........................:    3.25        3.27     15,270,500  15,948,030
                                        :                                               
Oilseeds                                :                                               
Canola .................................:    2.00        2.16      1,542,610   1,567,140
Cottonseed .............................:     (X)         (X)      5,393,210   4,161,260
Flaxseed ...............................:    1.24        1.21        142,880     144,940
Mustard seed ...........................:    0.79        1.00         28,840      37,090
Peanuts ................................:    4.41        4.25      2,479,560   2,782,290
Rapeseed ...............................:    2.42        2.21         10,190       9,030
Safflower ..............................:    1.43        1.31         87,500      67,040
Soybeans for beans .....................:    3.19        3.38     96,667,090 112,549,240
Sunflower ..............................:    1.75        2.01        887,240   1,352,800
                                        :                                               
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                               
Cotton, all 2/ .........................:    0.92        0.92      4,335,440   3,255,630
  Upland ...............................:    0.91        0.91      4,186,190   3,135,450
  American Pima ........................:    1.65        1.53        149,250     120,180
Sugarbeets .............................:   65.53       65.97     25,990,840  30,497,740
Sugarcane ..............................:   78.40       84.51     28,972,760  32,166,050
Tobacco ................................:    2.20                    176,630            
                                        :                                               
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                               
Chickpeas ..............................:    1.73        1.82        283,770     193,820
Dry edible beans .......................:    1.98        2.20        941,480   1,495,180
Dry edible peas 3/ .....................:    2.38        2.50      1,007,430     840,690
Lentils ................................:    1.40        1.62        240,900     336,160
                                        :                                               
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                               
Hops ...................................:    2.22        1.12         50,820      47,090
Maple syrup ............................:    (NA)        (NA)         20,900      21,860
Mushrooms ..............................:    (NA)        (NA)        383,960            
Peppermint oil .........................:    0.12        0.11          2,470       2,260
Potatoes ...............................:   50.75       50.79     19,251,320  18,789,970
Spearmint oil ..........................:    0.15        0.14          1,090         970
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                     
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                    
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                     
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.                                                 
3/   Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included in dry 
     edible peas.                                                                       
4/   Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.                   
5/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                    

2020 Annual Weather Summary

Highlights: La Niña developed during the second half of the year, enhancing 
tropical activity in the Atlantic Basin, suppressing tropical storm 
intensification over the eastern North Pacific, and likely contributing to 
drought development in the United States, particularly from the Pacific Coast 
to the High Plains. In fact, a record-setting number of tropical cyclones-30 
named storms-formed in the Atlantic Basin, breaking the 2005 record of 28. A 
record was also broken in 2020 for the number of tropical cyclones making 
landfall in the United States (12; previously, nine in 1916). In addition, 
six hurricanes (Hanna, Isaias, Laura, Sally, Delta, and Zeta) struck the 
United States mainland, tying the annual record set in 1886 and 1985. 
Meanwhile, 16 named storms-but only four hurricanes-formed in 2020 over the 
eastern Pacific Ocean between the International Dateline and the western 
coast of Northern and Central America.

Despite many tropical cyclones prowling the Atlantic Basin and drought across 
much of the northeastern and western United States, many row crops 
experienced a favorable growing season. Namely, extreme summer heat was 
largely absent from key corn and soybean production areas of the Plains and 
Midwest, allowing crops to reach maturity without significant thermal stress. 
Many crops in the Nation's heartland-especially in the western Corn Belt-also 
benefited from a much more favorable (drier) planting season, compared to 
2019. However, drought in portions of the western Corn Belt, along with a 
high-wind event (derecho) on August 10, trimmed corn and soybean yield 
prospects in Iowa and environs.

Farther south, a variety of factors were detrimental to optimal cotton 
production. On the southern High Plains, heat and drought severely stressed 
the dryland portion of the crop. In the Southeast, repeated late-summer and 
autumn rainfall events, including several hurricanes and tropical storms, 
damaged some cotton and delayed harvest for a variety of summer crops. 
Excessively wet conditions persisted through the end of the harvest season in 
portions of the Atlantic Coast States, including Virginia and North Carolina.

In eastern North Dakota and neighboring areas, the 2020 growing season ended 
ahead of schedule with an early-September freeze. However, crops in other 
areas of the Plains and Midwest were largely mature when season-ending 
freezes struck, roughly on schedule, starting in late September and early 
October. Meanwhile, intensifying drought from the High Plains westward 
resulted in national rangeland and pasture condition ratings falling to their 
lowest levels in 8 years. Nearly one-half (46 percent) of the Nation's 
rangeland and pastures were rated in very poor to poor condition on 
September 6, with that number improving only slightly to 43 percent by the 
end of the growing season.

The western United States dealt not only with drought, but also an extremely 
active wildfire season. The Western wildfire crisis reached a peak in early 
to mid-September, with at least 18 blazes actively burning that had scorched 
at least 100,000 acres of vegetation. Although activity waned late in the 
year, wildfires across the Nation charred nearly 10.3 million acres of 
vegetation (more than 150 percent of the 10-year average), despite a minimal 
contribution (less than 0.2 million acres) from Alaska. Previously in the 
modern era, wildfires had burned more than 10 million acres only twice: 2015 
(10.13 million acres) and 2017 (10.03 million acres).

During 2020, the Nation's drought coverage ranged from 9.56 percent on 
February 18 to 49.58 percent on December 22, according to the United States 
Drought Monitor-a five-fold increase in just 10 months. The latter figure, 
showing nearly one-half of the Lower 48 States in drought, represented the 
greatest national coverage since September 2013. In the Southwest, the 
effects of an abysmal monsoon and a slow start to the winter wet season were 
aggravated by record-setting high temperatures.

According to the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), the 
contiguous United States completed its 5th-warmest, 63rd-wettest year on 
record. The Nation's 2020 annual average temperature of 54.4°F was 2.4°F 
above the 1901-2000 mean. All five of the warmest years on record have 
occurred in the last decade: 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2020. Top-ten 
rankings for annual warmth occurred in 29 states spread across the South, 
West, and East. It was the second-warmest year on record in eight 
Atlantic Coast States, as well as Arizona and New Mexico. Annual 
precipitation averaged 30.28 inches (101 percent of the 20th century mean). 
However, it was the nation's driest year since 2012. There was a remarkable 
contrast between dryness in much of the West and wet conditions in the 
Southeast. In fact, it was the driest year during the 126-year period of 
record in Nevada and Utah-and among the ten driest in Arizona, California, 
Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Wyoming. Farther east, however, it 
was among the ten wettest years in nine states across the mid-Atlantic and 
Southeast.

Winter 2019-20: Despite fleeting cold outbreaks, warmth dominated the country 
during the winter of 2019-2020. Above-normal temperatures were especially 
notable east of the Mississippi River, leading to one of the ten warmest 
winters on record in most states. Meanwhile, wet weather persisted through 
another season in much of the central and eastern United States, leading to 
pockets of mid- to late-winter flooding. Much of the Southeast was especially 
wet, with Alabama and Georgia reporting record-high winter precipitation. 
However, parts of the Deep South, mostly from southern Texas to peninsular 
Florida, experienced drier-than-normal weather. In fact, drought appreciably 
intensified during the winter in the western Gulf Coast region, including 
Deep South Texas.

In California, a promising start to the winter wet season faded into a 
protracted stretch of dry weather. Aside from a brief period of precipitation 
in January, the last 2 months of winter were almost completely dry in 
California's key watershed areas. By February 29, the average water 
equivalency of the Sierra Nevada snowpack stood at 11 inches-just 45 percent 
of the end-of-winter normal, according to the California Department of Water 
Resources. A different scenario unfolded across the Northwest, where a slow 
start to the winter wet season was replaced by extremely wet conditions-and 
even some flooding-in January. Elsewhere, the Southwest experienced several 
periods of significant winter precipitation, but dealt with chronically low 
reservoir levels-especially in New Mexico-and premature melting of 
high-elevation snowpack.

Winter wheat did not suffer major calamities during the winter months, 
although several factors contributed to less-than-ideal crop conditions in 
some areas. On the central and southern High Plains, pockets of drought and 
harsh autumn cold snaps led to locally poor winter wheat stands as the crop 
entered dormancy. By March 1, at least one-fifth of the wheat was rated in 
very poor to poor condition in Texas (23 percent) and Kansas (20 percent). 
Elsewhere, 22 percent of Michigan's winter wheat was rated very poor to poor 
in late February, partly due to late planting, poor establishment, and 
excessive wetness.

Spring: Cold outbreaks from mid-April to mid-May highlighted a variable 
spring. The cold weather and attendant freezes damaged a variety of crops-
including fruits, winter wheat, and emerged summer crops-across portions of 
the Plains, Midwest, mid-South, and Intermountain West. Ironically, most of 
the country experienced a mild spring, on average, with warmth concentrated 
across the West and Deep South, as well as the Atlantic Coast States. 
Meanwhile, spring wetness was focused in parts of the South, East, and lower 
Midwest. Although flooding occurred in several regions, the overall magnitude 
of high-water impacts on agriculture was far less than a year ago, when 
delayed corn and soybean planting plagued the Midwest. In fact, national corn 
planting passed the halfway mark (and was 51 percent complete) on May 3, 
about 17 days faster than 2019. Similarly, the Nation's soybeans were more 
than one-half planted by May 16, some 21 days faster than last year. 
Nevertheless, spring planting delays were noted in parts of the central and 
eastern Corn Belt due to wetness; in eastern North Dakota and environs due to 
lingering muddy conditions and ongoing harvesting of the 2019 corn crop; and 
across the remainder of the northern Plains due to several weeks of 
persistently cool weather.

In northern and central California, March precipitation provided temporary 
relief from an otherwise disappointing 2019-2020 wet season. By the end of 
spring, drought extended into many other areas of the West, eastward across 
the Great Basin and into the Four Corners region, and northward into parts of 
the Northwest. Farther east, winter wheat across the southern half of the 
Plains was hurt not only by April freezes, but also by developing or 
intensifying drought. By June 1, nearly one-fifth (19 percent) of the 
Nation's winter wheat was rated in very poor to poor condition, led by 
Colorado (41 percent very poor to poor), Kansas (25 percent), Oregon 
(24 percent), and Texas (22 percent).

Meanwhile, early tropical activity-including Tropical Storms Arthur and 
Bertha-contributed to a wet pattern in the Southeast. Arthur grazed 
North Carolina's Outer Banks on May 18, followed by Bertha's arrival in 
South Carolina on May 27. Although May featured few tornadoes, March and 
April were very active, with multiple severe-weather outbreaks. In fact, 
there were 25 tornado-related fatalities in March and 40 in April; with 74 
deaths through May, this year has already become the deadliest year for 
tornado fatalities since 2011.

Summer: An early start to the Atlantic tropical season (Tropical Storm Arthur 
formed on May 16) culminated in Category 4 Hurricane Laura smashing into 
southwestern Louisiana on August 27. Other Atlantic tropical systems 
affecting the country during the summer included Tropical Storm Cristobal 
(landfall on June 7 in southeastern Louisiana), Tropical Storm Fay (July 10 
in New Jersey), Hurricane Hanna (July 25 in southern Texas), and 
Hurricane Isaias (August 3 in North Carolina).

Meanwhile, remnant moisture from eastern Pacific Hurricane Elida and 
Tropical Storm Fausto was drawn northeastward across the western 
United States in mid-August, contributing to swarms of lightning strikes in 
the Pacific Coast States. Following a relatively quiet start to the Western 
wildfire season, the lightning ignited hundreds of blazes, which consolidated 
into dozens of large fires. The Western crisis worsened in early to 
mid-September, with 18 wildfires active at one point that had scorched at 
least 100,000 acres of vegetation.

Another notable summer disaster was the windstorm (derecho) that struck the 
Midwest on August 10. Iowa, hardest hit by the high winds (locally exceeding 
100 mph), also endured a localized drought that adversely affected corn, 
soybeans, and pastures.

According to the United States Drought Monitor, drought coverage across the 
Lower 48 States nearly doubled from 19.9 to 39.4 percent between June 2 and 
September 1. Although drought was concentrated across the western half of the 
country, from the Pacific Coast to the High Plains, with profound impacts on 
rangeland and pastures, notable drought pockets were observed in the Midwest 
and Northeast. In fact, the Northeast noted its second major drought in 
5 years, following the dry summer of 2016.

Autumn: Five tropical cyclones-three hurricanes and two tropical storms-hit 
the United States mainland in autumn 2020, boosting the seasonal total to a 
record-shattering twelve storms. Six 2020 hurricanes (Hanna, Isaias, Laura, 
Sally, Delta, and Zeta) moved ashore in the United States, with all but 
Isaias striking from Texas to Alabama. The most frequent target was 
Louisiana, which endured Hurricanes Laura (August 27), Delta (October 9), and 
Zeta (October 28). The last tropical cyclone of the season to hit the 
United States was former Hurricane Eta, which twice (on November 8 and 12) 
struck Florida as a tropical storm.

Much of the South remained wet due to frequent bouts with tropical rainfall, 
while drought's footprint expanded and intensified in many areas from the 
Pacific Coast to the High Plains. Between September 1 and December 1, drought 
coverage across the Lower 48 States increased from 39.4 to 48.0 percent, 
according to the United States Drought Monitor. During the same 3-month 
period, drought coverage in the 11-state Western region grew from 
67.6 to 75.6 percent, despite modest Northwestern improvement.

Autumn dryness, extending as far east as the Plains, stressed a portion of 
the newly planted winter wheat crop. By November 29, dry conditions across 
the central and southern Plains left more than one-fifth of the winter wheat 
rated in very poor to poor condition in Colorado (38 percent), Texas 
(34 percent), Nebraska (26 percent), and Kansas (22 percent). However, autumn 
dryness also favored a rapid harvest pace for a variety of summer crops 
across the Plains and western Corn Belt. In contrast, producers struggled to 
harvest crops such as cotton, peanuts, and soybeans in wetter areas of the 
Southeast.

Though autumn temperatures were consistently above normal in the East and 
West, periods of cold, snowy weather were common across the Nation's mid-
section. The Plains' most dramatic temperature shift occurred in late October 
and early November, when some locations noted monthly record lows followed 
within a week by monthly record highs.

December: Mild weather and occasional storms benefited winter wheat across 
the Nation's mid-section, with crop conditions improving across the 
Great Plains between late November and the end of the year. Despite the 
mostly favorable December weather, significant soil moisture shortages 
persisted across parts of the Plains. By December 31, topsoil moisture was 
rated at least one-half very short to short in several states, including 
Colorado (77 percent), North Dakota (71 percent), Montana (61 percent), 
South Dakota (59 percent) and Nebraska (56 percent).

Meanwhile, significant drought persisted from Oregon and California to the 
central and southern Rockies. By December 29, drought covered 78.6 percent of 
the 11-state Western region and 49.0 percent of the contiguous United States, 
according to the Drought Monitor. A week earlier, the nation's drought 
coverage had reached a 7-year high, peaking at 49.6 percent. By month's end, 
the average water equivalency of the high-elevation Sierra Nevada snowpack 
stood at just over 5 inches, barely one-half of late-December normal and 
about one-fifth of the typical spring maximum. In contrast, a La Niña-driven 
storm track primarily affected the Pacific Northwest, delivering heavy 
precipitation across western Washington.

Although heavy snow bypassed much of the West, occasional December 
accumulations occurred from the Plains into the Midwest and Northeast. At 
mid-month, one of the most significant winter storms in several years 
deposited 1 to 3 feet of snow in parts of the Northeast. About a week later, 
a storm produced blizzard conditions (on December 23) in the upper Midwest 
and sparked a rain-to-snow event (on December 24-25) from the Appalachians 
into the lower Great Lakes region. A sharp but short-lived cold outbreak 
trailed the wintry weather into the Midwest and East.

However, significant early winter cold outbreaks were scarce, as December 
temperatures averaged more than 10°F above normal in parts of North Dakota 
and eastern Montana. In fact, near- or above-normal temperatures covered the 
country, except for cooler-than-normal conditions in the southern Atlantic 
States and parts of the Southwest. Despite a cool December, the warmest year 
on record wrapped up in numerous Southeastern locations, mainly across 
Florida, but extending as far north as the mid-Atlantic. In addition, several 
communities in Virginia, including Lynchburg and Roanoke, as well as some 
places in neighboring states, completed a record-wet year. Southeastern 
wetness hampered late-season harvest efforts for crops such as cotton and 
soybeans.

2020 Annual Crop Summary

April: Temperatures were cooler than normal for most of the Corn Belt, the 
Great Lakes, the Great Plains, the Mid-Atlantic region, and New England. In 
the Northern Great Plains, average temperatures were 5°F or more below normal 
in many areas. Temperatures were warmer than normal in Florida, California, 
Gulf Coast region, Pacific Northwest, and Southwest. Parts of Central and 
Southern Florida averaged 6°F or more above normal in some areas. Most of the 
eastern half of the Nation received higher than average precipitation for the 
month of April. The most significant amounts of rain fell in large parts of 
the Mid Atlantic, Mississippi Valley, and the Southeast. Parts of Alabama, 
Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi received 10 inches or more of rain. In 
contrast, most of the western half of the Nation remained dry for the month 
of April, receiving slightly below normal amounts of precipitation. 
Exceptions to this were found in Central and Southern California and pockets 
of the Southwest and Northern Rocky Mountains. By April 12, producers had 
planted 3 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, equal to the previous year 
but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. The planting pace picked up 
during the week ending April 26, when producers had planted 27 percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage, 15 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By April 26, 
thirteen percent of the cotton acreage was planted, 3 percentage points ahead 
of the previous year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

May: Temperatures were cooler than average for most of the eastern half of 
the Nation and the Great Plains, with temperatures averaging 4°F or more 
below normal in much of these regions. In contrast, most of the western half 
of the Nation generally saw above average temperatures for May. Parts of the 
southern Rockies and Southwest saw temperatures 4°F or more above normal. 
Most of the western half of the Nation remained dry for the month of May, 
except for parts of Idaho, Montana, and the Pacific Northwest, parts of which 
received 4 or more inches of rain. The highest amounts of rainfall for 
the Nation were seen in the southern Great Plains, the 
Lower Mississippi Valley, and the Southeast, where some areas received 
10 inches or more of precipitation in May. By May 17, producers planted 
80 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 36 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 
Forty-three percent of the Nation's corn acreage had emerged by May 17, 
twenty-seven percentage points ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, 44 percent of the cotton 
acreage was planted by May 17, five percentage points ahead of the previous 
year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Thirty-two percent 
of the Nation's sorghum acreage was planted by May 17, seven percentage 
points ahead of the previous year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year 
average. Seventy-two percent of the Nation's barley acreage was planted by 
May 17, one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 10 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-five percent of the Nation's 
soybean acreage was planted by May 31, thirty-nine percentage points ahead of 
the previous year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. As of 
May 31, ninety-one percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage had been 
seeded, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 5 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average.

June: Temperatures were warmer than average for most of California, Florida, 
the Great Plains, the Corn Belt, the Great Lakes, and New England. Most of 
the central and northern Great Plains saw temperatures 3°F or more above 
normal. In contrast, cooler than normal temperatures were felt in much of the 
Mississippi Valley, the northern Rockies, the Southeast, and South Texas. 
Most of California, the Great Plains, the Northeast, and the Southwest were 
drier than normal for the month of June. In contrast, large parts of the 
Mid-Atlantic, Mississippi Valley, Pacific Northwest, northern Rockies, and 
Southeast received higher than normal amounts of rain. By May 31, producers 
had planted 93 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 29 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Ninety-three percent of the Nation's barley was planted by May 31, 
one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 3 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Nationally, peanut producers had planted 
95 percent of the 2020 peanut acreage by June 14, two percentage points ahead 
of the previous year but equal to the 5-year average. As of June 14, 
ninety-five percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage had emerged, 
3 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 2 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By June 14, ninety-three percent of the Nation's rice 
acreage had emerged, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 
4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage had emerged by June 14, twenty-one percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Ninety-four percent of the Nation's barley acreage had emerged by 
June 14, four percentage points ahead of the previous year but 1 percentage 
point behind the 5-year average. Nationwide, 89 percent of the cotton acreage 
was planted by June 14, four percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-three percent of the 
Nation's soybean acreage was planted by June 14, twenty-one percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Ninety-five percent of the Nation's soybean acreage had emerged by 
June 28, fifteen percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the 
Nation's sorghum acreage was planted by June 28, five percentage points ahead 
of the previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average.

July: Temperatures were warmer than average for most of the Nation. Parts of 
the Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, Southwest, and Texas recorded 
temperatures 4°F or more above normal for the month. In contrast, pockets in 
the central Great Plains, the Pacific Northwest, and most of the northern 
Rockies were cooler than normal. Much of Florida, the Great Lakes, the 
Great Plains, the Gulf Coast, and the Mississippi Valley received higher than 
normal amounts of rain but the West was drier than normal. Parts of Florida, 
the Gulf Coast, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin received 10 inches 
or more of rain for the month. Eighty-five percent of the Nation's oat 
acreage was headed by July 5, sixteen percentage points ahead of the previous 
year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Sixty percent of the 
Nation's barley acreage had reached the headed stage by July 5, 
twelve percentage points ahead of the previous year but 7 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. By July 5, sixty-three percent of the Nation's 
spring wheat acreage had reached the headed stage, 16 percentage points ahead 
of the previous year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By 
July 19, sixty-four percent of the Nation's soybean acreage had reached the 
blooming stage, 29 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By July 19, 
thirty-two percent of the Nation's rice acreage had reached the headed stage, 
3 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 7 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. Nationally, 25 percent of the Nation's soybean acreage 
had begun setting pods by July 19, nineteen percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 
Ninety-one percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had reached the squaring 
stage by August 2, one percentage point behind the previous year but equal to 
the 5-year average. By August 2, fifty-four percent of the Nation's cotton 
acreage had begun setting bolls, 1 percentage point behind both the previous 
year and the 5-year average. By August 2, ninety-two percent of the Nation's 
corn acreage had reached the silking stage, 20 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By 
August 2, fifty-five percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage had reached the 
headed stage, 13 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. By August 2, ninety percent of 
the Nation's peanut acreage had reached the pegging stage, equal to the 
previous year but 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average.

August: Temperatures were warmer than average for much of the Nation. Parts 
of the Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, and Southwest recorded 
temperatures 4°F or more above normal for the month. In contrast, parts of 
the Midwest, Mississippi Valley, and Southern Great Plains, were cooler than 
normal. Most of the western half of the Nation remained dryer than normal. 
However, above normal precipitation fell on large parts of the Great Lakes, 
Mid-Atlantic, Mississippi Valley, Northeast, Northern Great Plains, and 
Southeast. Due in large part to the effects of Tropical Storm Marco and 
Hurricane Laura, parts of the Delta, Gulf Coast, and Mid-Atlantic recorded 
10 inches or more of rain for the month. By August 2, ninety-two percent of 
the Nation's corn acreage had reached the silking stage, 20 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. By August 2, thirty-nine percent of the corn acreage was at or 
beyond the dough stage, 19 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 16, barley 
producers harvested 34 percent of the Nation's barley acreage, 8 percentage 
points ahead of the previous year but 19 percentage points behind the 5-year 
average. On August 16, seventy-seven percent of the Nation's barley acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition, 4 percentage points above the same 
time in 2019. By August 16, thirty percent of the spring wheat had been 
harvested, 16 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 13 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 20 percentage 
points or more in Idaho, Montana, and South Dakota. On August 16, 
seventy percent of the Nation's spring wheat was rated in good to excellent 
condition, unchanged from the same time in 2019. By August 16, 
eighty-three percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage was headed, 
12 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. By August 16, eighty-six percent of the Nation's rice 
acreage was headed, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 
5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-four percent of the 
Nation's oat acreage had been harvested by August 16, seventeen percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year 
average. By August 16, ninety-six percent of the Nation's soybean acreage had 
reached the blooming stage, 8 percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 30, 
ninety-five percent of the Nation's soybean acreage was setting pods, 
11 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 2 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average.  By August 30, ninety-three percent of the Nation's 
cotton acreage was setting bolls, 2 percentage points behind both the 
previous year and the 5-year average.

September: Average monthly temperatures were warmer than average for most of 
the western third of the Nation. Parts of California, the Pacific Northwest, 
the northern Rockies, and the Southwest recorded temperatures 4°F or more 
above normal for the month. In contrast, large parts of the Great Lakes, the 
Great Plains, the Mid-Atlantic, and Texas were cooler than normal. Pockets in 
Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas recorded temperatures 4°F or more below normal. 
Most of the western half of the nation remained drier than normal for the 
month, as did most of the Northeast. However, above normal precipitation fell 
on large parts of the Corn Belt, the Delta, the Mid-Atlantic, Oklahoma, the 
Southeast, and Texas. Due to the effects of Hurricane Sally, parts of the 
Florida Panhandle recorded 15 inches or more of rain for the month. By 
September 6, seventy-nine percent of this year's crop acreage was denting, 
28 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 8 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. Fifty-nine percent of the Nation's corn acreage was 
mature by September 20, thirty-three percentage points ahead of the previous 
year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By September 6, 
barley producers had harvested 85 percent of the Nation's barley crop, 
6 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 5 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By September 6, eighty-two percent of the spring wheat 
was harvested, 16 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the 
Nation's oat acreage was harvested by September 6, eight percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. . Nationally, 47 percent of the rice acreage was harvested by 
September 20, eight percentage points behind the previous year and 
12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. As of September 20, 
seventy-four percent of the Nation's rice acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 5 percentage points above the same time in 2019. 
Soybeans leaves dropping advanced to 59 percent complete Nationally by 
September 20, thirty percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-two percent of 
the Nation's sorghum acreage was at or beyond the coloring stage by 
September 20, five percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, producers had 
sown 35 percent of the intended 2021 winter wheat acreage by September 27, 
one percentage point ahead of the previous year and 2 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. By September 20, fifty-seven percent of the Nation's 
cotton had open bolls, 4 percentage points behind last year but 2 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average.

October: Most of the Nation's midsection was cooler than average during the 
month. Parts of the Great Lakes, Northern Plains, and Northern Rockies 
recorded temperatures 6°F or more below normal for the month. In contrast, 
most of the western United States experienced above normal temperatures for 
the month. Parts of California, the Pacific Northwest, and Southwest recorded 
temperatures 6°F or more above normal. In the Eastern third of the Nation, 
generally warmer than normal temperatures were recorded. Parts of the 
Mid-Atlantic and Southeast recorded temperatures 4°F or more above normal. 
With the exception of parts of the Pacific Northwest and the 
Northern Rockies, the western half of the Nation remained drier than normal 
for the month of October. In the eastern half of the Nation, Hurricanes Delta 
and Zeta, both making landfall in coastal Louisiana, helped to bring higher 
than normal amounts of precipitation to the Mid-Atlantic, the 
Mississippi Valley, and the Southeast. Parts of these regions received 
7 inches or more of rain for the month. Soybean harvest across the Nation was 
75 percent complete by October 18, thirty-five percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 
Forty-one percent of the Nation's peanut acreage had been harvested as of 
October 18, twenty-three percentage points behind the previous year and 
14 percentage points behind the 5-year average. As of October 25, 
sixty-four percent of the Nation's peanut acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 10 percentage points above the same time in 2019. 
Nationally, 91 percent of the rice acreage had been harvested by October 18, 
equal to the previous year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Sixty percent of the 2020 corn acreage had been harvested by October 18, 
thirty-two percentage points ahead of the previous year and 17 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average harvest pace. As of October 18, 
sixty-one percent of the Nation's corn acreage was rated in good to excellent 
condition, 5 percentage points above the same time in 2019. 
Sixty-three percent of the 2020 sorghum acreage had been harvested by 
October 18, seventeen percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, producers had 
sown 77 percent of the intended 2021 winter wheat acreage by October 18, 
three percentage points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. By November 1, fifty-two percent of the Nation's 
cotton acreage had been harvested, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous 
year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. As of November 1, 
thirty-seven percent of the 2020 cotton acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 3 percentage points below the same time in 2019. By 
October 18, sugarbeet producers had harvested 83 percent of the Nation's 
crop, 44 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 21 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average.

November: Most of the Nation was warmer than average during the month. Parts 
of the Great Lakes, Northern Plains, Rockies, Southeast, and Texas recorded 
temperatures 6°F or more above normal for the month. In contrast, parts of 
Idaho and the Pacific Northwest were moderately cooler than normal. While 
much of the Nation remained drier than normal for the month of November, 
above normal amounts of precipitation were recorded in parts of the Delta, 
Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, Pacific Northwest, Great Plains, 
Northern Rockies, Southeast, and South Texas. Parts of Southern Florida, the 
Mid-Atlantic, the Pacific Northwest, and pockets in the Northern Rockies 
recorded 7 inches or more of precipitation for the month. Nationwide, 
producers had sown 96 percent of the intended 2021 winter wheat acreage by 
November 15, two percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year 
average. Nationwide, 85 percent of the winter wheat acreage had emerged by 
November 15, three percentage points ahead of last year and 1 percentage 
point ahead of the 5-year average. As of November 29, forty-six percent of 
the 2021 winter wheat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, 
6 percentage points below the same time in 2019. By November 1, sugarbeet 
producers had harvested 95 percent of the Nation's crop, 28 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Soybean harvest across the Nation was 96 percent complete by 
November 15, seven percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Eighty-five percent of 
the Nation's peanut acreage had been harvested as of November 15, 
seven percentage points behind the previous year and 4 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the 2020 corn acreage had 
been harvested by November 15, twenty-two percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average harvest 
pace. Ninety-seven percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage had been harvested 
by November 22, one percentage point ahead of the previous year and 
5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 29, 
eighty-four percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had been harvested, 
2 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 
5-year average. By November 29, ninety-seven percent of the Nation's 
sunflower crop had been harvested, 35 percentage points ahead of the previous 
year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Crop Comments

Corn: Corn for grain production in the United States was estimated at 
14.2 billion bushels, up 4 percent from the 2019 estimate. The average yield 
in the United States was estimated at 172.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels 
above the 2019 yield of 167.5 bushels per acre.

Estimated yields in 2020 were up from the previous year across most of the 
Northern Plains and Eastern Corn Belt. Record yields were estimated in 
Georgia, Kentucky, New Mexico, Oregon, and South Dakota.

Corn planted area, at 90.8 million acres, was up 1 percent from the 2019 
estimate. Area harvested for grain was estimated at 82.5 million acres, up 
1 percent from the 2019 estimate.

The 2020 corn objective yield data indicated the fourth highest number of 
ears per acre, since 2012, for the combined 10 objective yield States (Iowa, 
Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, 
and Wisconsin). 

Corn silage production was estimated at 138 million tons for 2020, up 
3 percent from the 2019 estimate. The United States silage yield was 
estimated at 20.5 tons per acre, up 0.3 ton from 2019. Area harvested for 
silage was estimated at 6.72 million acres, up 2 percent from the 2019 
estimate.

By April 12, producers planted 3 percent of the Nation's corn crop, equal to 
the previous year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. By 
April 26, producers planted 27 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 
15 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 7 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. Three percent of the Nation's corn had emerged by 
April 26, one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 1 percentage 
point behind the 5-year average.

By May 3, producers planted 51 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 
30 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 12 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. Eight percent of the Nation's corn acreage had 
emerged by May 3, three percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By May 17, producers had 
planted 80 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 36 percentage points ahead 
of the previous year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 
Forty-three percent of the Nation's corn acreage had emerged by May 17, 
twenty-seven percentage points ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage 
points ahead of average. By May 31, producers planted 93 percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage, 29 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage was emerged by May 31, thirty-six percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of average. On 
May 31, seventy-four percent of the Nation's corn acreage was rated in good 
to excellent condition.

By June 7, producers planted 97 percent of the Nation's corn acreage, 
19 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. Eighty-nine percent of the Nation's corn acreage was 
emerged by June 7, thirty-two percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 5 percentage points ahead of average. By June 21, two percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage had reached the silking stage, one percentage point 
ahead of the previous year but equal to the 5-year average. On June 21, 
seventy-two percent of the Nation's corn acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 16 percentage points above the same time as 2019.

By July 5, ten percent of the Nation's corn acreage had reached the silking 
stage, 3 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 6 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. By July 19, fifty-nine percent of the Nation's 
corn acreage had reached the silking stage, 29 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By 
July 19, nine percent of the Nation's corn acreage was at or beyond the dough 
stage, 5 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 2 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. By July 26, eighty-two percent of the Nation's 
corn acreage had reached the silking stage, 31 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By 
July 26, twenty-two percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough 
stage, 11 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. As of July 26, seventy-two percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, 14 percentage 
points above the same time as the previous year.

By August 2, ninety-two percent of the Nation's corn acreage had reached the 
silking stage, 20 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 2, 
thirty-nine percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage, 
19 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 6 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. By August 16, seventy-six percent of the corn acreage 
was at or beyond the dough stage, 26 percentage points ahead of the previous 
year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 16, 
twenty-three percent of this year's acreage was denting, 10 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. 
By August 30, ninety-four percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the 
dough stage, 16 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 30, sixty-three percent of this 
year's acreage was denting, 26 percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Twelve percent of the 
Nation's corn was mature by August 30, seven percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Based on 
conditions as of August 30, sixty-two percent of the Nation's corn acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition, 4 percentage points above the same 
time as the previous year.

By September 6, ninety-seven percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the 
dough stage, 10 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 3 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. By September 6, seventy-nine percent of 
last year's crop acreage was denting, 28 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 
Twenty-five percent of the Nation's corn was mature by September 6, 
fifteen percentage points ahead of the previous year and 6 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. Fifty-nine percent of the Nation's corn was 
mature by September 20, thirty-three percentage points ahead of the previous 
year and 10 percentage points ahead of 5-year average. Eight percent of the 
2020 acreage was harvested by September 20, two percentage points ahead of 
the previous year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average harvest 
pace. Seventy-five percent of the Nation's corn acreage was mature by 
September 27, thirty-six percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Fifteen percent of the 2020 
acreage was harvested by September 27, five percentage points ahead of the 
previous year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average.

Eighty-seven percent of the Nation's corn acreage was mature by October 4, 
thirty-three percentage points ahead of the previous year and 9 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-five percent of the Nation's corn 
acreage was harvested by October 4, eleven percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average harvest 
pace. Ninety-seven percent of the Nation's corn acreage was mature by 
October 18, fifteen percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Sixty percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage had been harvested by October 18, thirty-two percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 
5-year average. By October 18, sixty-one percent of the Nation's corn was 
rated in good to excellent condition, 5 percentage points above the same time 
in 2019. Seventy-two percent of the Nation's corn acreage had been harvested 
by October 25, thirty-four percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. 

Eighty-two percent of the Nation's corn acreage had been harvested by 
November 1, thirty-three percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage had been harvested by November 15, 
twenty-two percentage points ahead of the previous year and 8 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average pace.

Sorghum: Grain production in 2020 was estimated at 373 million bushels, up 
9 percent from the 2019 total. Planted area for 2020 was estimated at 
5.88 million acres, up 12 percent from 2019. Area harvested for grain, at 
5.10 million acres, was up 9 percent from 2019. Grain yield was estimated at 
73.2 bushels per acre, up 0.2 bushel from 2019. 

Silage production was estimated at 3.13 million tons, down 22 percent from 
2019. Area harvested for silage was estimated at 239,000 acres, down 
29 percent from the previous year. Silage yield averaged 13.1 tons per acre, 
up 1.2 ton per acre from 2019.

Oats: Production in 2020 was estimated at 65.4 million bushels, up 23 percent 
from 2019. Yield was estimated at 65.1 bushels per acre, up 0.8 bushel from 
the previous year. Harvested area, at 1.00 million acres, was 21 percent 
above 2019. Record low acres were harvested in Ohio. A record high yield was 
estimated in Idaho. 

Nationally, oat producers seeded 67 percent of the 2020 acreage by May 3, 
nineteen percentage points ahead of the previous year but equal to the 5-year 
average. Sixty-nine percent of the oat acreage was emerged by May 17, 
nineteen percentage points ahead of the previous year but 1 percentage point 
behind the 5-year average. Heading of the oat acreage advanced to 74 percent 
complete by June 28, twenty percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Oat producers harvested 
49 percent of the acreage by August 3, twenty percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At that 
time, harvest progress was at or ahead of the 5-year average in 7 of the 9 
weekly Crop Progress estimating States. Ninety-one percent of the Nation's 
oat acreage was harvested by August 31, ten percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average.

Barley: Production was estimated at 165 million bushels, down 4 percent from 
the revised 2019 total of 172 million bushels. The average yield, at 
77.5 bushels per acre, was down 0.2 bushel from the previous year. Producers 
seeded 2.62 million acres in 2020, down 5 percent from 2019. Harvested area, 
at 2.13 million acres, was down 4 percent from 2019.

Record high yields were estimated in Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New York, and 
Washington.

Twelve percent of the Nation's barley acreage was planted by April 12, 
six percentage points ahead of the previous year but 3 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Nationwide, barley producers seeded 24 percent of 
the Nation's acreage by April 26, one percentage point behind the previous 
year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By April 26, 
emergence was evident in 8 percent of the Nation's barley acreage, 
3 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 3 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. Nationally, 93 percent of the barley acreage was sown by 
May 31, one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 3 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-four percent of the barley acreage 
emerged by May 31, six percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Heading of the Nation's barley 
acreage advanced to 60 percent complete by July 5, twelve percentage points 
ahead of the previous year but 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
By August 2, barley producers harvested 5 percent of the Nation's acreage, 
2 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 7 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. Overall, 79 percent of the barley acreage was reported in 
good to excellent condition on August 9, compared with 74 percent at the same 
time last year. By September 13, ninety-five percent of the barley acreage 
was harvested, 9 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
one percentage point ahead of the 5-year average.

All wheat: Production totaled 1.83 billion bushels in 2020, down 5 percent 
from the 2019 total of 1.93 billion bushels. Area harvested for grain totaled 
36.7 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous year. The United States 
yield was estimated at 49.7 bushels per acre, down 2.0 bushels from the 
previous year. The levels of production and changes from 2019 by type were: 
winter wheat, 1.17 billion bushels, down 11 percent; other spring wheat, 
586 million bushels, up 4 percent; and Durum wheat, 68.8 million bushels, up 
28 percent.

Winter wheat: Winter wheat production for 2020 totaled 1.17 billion bushels, 
down 11 percent from the 2019 total of 1.32 billion bushels. The 
United States yield, at 50.9 bushels per acre, was down 2.7 bushels from 
2019. Area harvested for grain was estimated at a record low 23.0 million 
acres, down 6 percent from the previous year. A record low harvested acreage 
is estimated in California. Record high yields were estimated in Idaho, 
Montana, New Jersey, Oklahoma, and South Dakota for 2020.

Compared with 2019, harvested acreage was down 11 percent in the major Hard 
Red Winter (HRW) growing States, the primary winter wheat-producing area. HRW 
production totaled 659 million bushels, down 22 percent from 2019. 

In the Soft Red Winter (SRW) growing area, planted and harvested acreage 
increased from 2019. SRW production totaled 266 million bushels, up 
11 percent from 2019.

White winter wheat production totaled 246 million bushels, up 6 percent from 
the previous year. Harvested acreage in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, 
and Washington) was up 1 percent from 2019. Yields were up in Idaho and 
Washington but down in Oregon compared with the previous year.

Seeding of the 2020 winter wheat acreage began in mid-September 2019 with 
8 percent sown by September 15. By October 6, producers had sown 52 percent 
of the intended 2020 winter wheat acreage, 3 percentage points behind the 
previous year and 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Nationwide, 
26 percent of the winter wheat acreage was emerged by October 6, 
two percentage points behind the previous year but equal to the 5-year 
average. Emergence was at or behind the 5-year average in 11 of the 
18 estimating States. Producers had sown 85 percent of the intended 
2020 winter wheat acreage by October 27, eight percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Winter 
wheat planting had double-digit advances in 7 of the 18 estimating States 
during the week. Nationwide, 63 percent of the winter wheat acreage had 
emerged by October 27, one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 
1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Emergence was at or behind the 
5-year average in 11 of the 18 estimating States. Overall, 56 percent of the 
2020 winter wheat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition based 
on conditions as of October 27, compared with 53 percent at the same time the 
previous year.

Seeding of the 2020 acreage was nearing completion (95 percent) by 
November 17, three percentage points ahead of the previous year but equal to 
the 5-year average. Winter wheat planting was complete or nearing completion 
in 13 of the 18 estimating States. Nationwide, 87 percent of the winter wheat 
acreage had emerged by November 24, two percentage points ahead of the 
previous year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Winter wheat 
emergence advanced by 10 percentage points or more from the previous week in 
California and North Carolina. Overall, 52 percent of the 2020 winter wheat 
acreage was reported in good to excellent condition for the week ending 
November 24, unchanged from the previous week but 3 percentage points below 
the same time the previous year as the acreage was entering dormancy.

As the acreage was emerging from dormancy, sixty-two percent of the 
2020 winter wheat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, 
2 percentage points above the previous year as of April 5. In Kansas, the 
largest winter wheat-producing State, 49 percent of the winter wheat acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition. By April 19, fourteen percent of 
the Nation's winter wheat acreage was headed, 6 percentage points ahead of 
the previous year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. On 
April 19, fifty-seven percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage was reported 
in good to excellent condition, 5 percentage points behind both the previous 
week and the previous year. In Kansas, the largest winter wheat-producing 
State, 46 percent of the winter wheat acreage was rated in good to excellent 
condition.

By May 3, thirty-two percent of the Nation's winter wheat acreage was headed, 
6 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 6 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. On May 3, fifty-five percent of the 2020 winter wheat 
acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, 1 percentage point 
higher than the previous week but 9 percentage points below the same time the 
previous year. In Kansas, the largest winter wheat-producing State, 
42 percent of the winter wheat acreage was rated in good to excellent 
condition. By May 31, seventy-seven percent of the Nation's winter wheat 
acreage was headed, 4 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Three percent of the 2020 
winter wheat acreage was harvested by May 31, two percentage points ahead of 
the previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average. As of 
May 31, fifty-one percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage was reported in 
good to excellent condition, 3 percentage points below the previous week and 
13 percentage points below the same time the previous year. In Kansas, the 
largest winter wheat-producing State, 42 percent of the winter wheat acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition. Forty-one percent of the 2020 
winter wheat acreage was harvested by June 28, fifteen percentage points 
ahead of the previous year but equal to the 5-year average. As of June 28, 
fifty-two percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage was reported in good to 
excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week but 11 percentage 
points below the same time the previous year. 

In Kansas, the largest winter wheat-producing State, 80 percent of the 
State's winter wheat acreage was harvested by July 5, twenty-eight percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Sixty-eight percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage had been 
harvested by July 12, fourteen percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Kansas, 95 percent of 
the State's winter wheat acreage was harvested by July 12, twenty percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. Eighty-one percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage had been 
harvested by July 26, eight percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. Winter wheat harvest progress 
continued with advances of 20 percentage points or more from the previous 
week reported in Michigan, Oregon, and South Dakota.

Ninety-three percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage had been harvested by 
August 16, one percentage point ahead of the previous year but 3 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. Winter wheat harvest progress was complete 
or nearing completion in all estimating States except Idaho, Montana, Oregon, 
and Washington.

Ninety-seven percent of the 2020 winter wheat acreage had been harvested by 
August 23, two percentage points ahead of the previous year but 1 percentage 
point behind the 5-year average. Winter wheat harvest progress was complete 
or nearing completion in all estimating States except Idaho, Montana, and 
Washington.

Other spring wheat: Production for 2020 was estimated at 586 million bushels, 
up 4 percent from the revised 2019 total of 561 million bushels. Harvested 
area totaled 12.1 million acres, up 4 percent from 2019. The United States 
yield was estimated at a record high 48.6 bushels per acre, up 0.3 bushel 
from the previous record high of 48.3 bushels per acre in 2019. A record high 
yield was estimated in Montana and North Dakota for 2020. Of the total 
production, 530 million bushels were Hard Red Spring wheat, up 2 percent from 
the 2019 total. 

Seeding of the 2020 spring wheat acreage began in early April. 
Fourteen percent of the spring wheat acreage was seeded by April 26, 
three percentage points ahead of the previous year but 15 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. As of April 26, Washington and Idaho led the 
Nation in planting progress with 88 percent and 61 percent planted, 
respectively. By April 26, four percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage 
had emerged, equal to the previous year but 3 percentage points behind the 
5-year average.

As of May 10, forty-two percent of the spring wheat acreage was seeded, 
4 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 21 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Washington and Idaho had the largest percentages 
of acres planted, with 96 percent and 92 percent planted, respectively. As of 
May 10, sixteen percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage had emerged, 
8 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 13 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. As of May 24, eighty-one percent of the spring 
wheat acreage was seeded, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 
9 percentage points behind the 5-year average. As of May 24, 
fifty-one percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage had emerged, 
10 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 14 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average.

As of June 7, ninety-seven percent of the spring wheat acreage had been 
seeded, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 2 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. As of June 7, eighty-one percent of the Nation's 
spring wheat acreage had emerged, 1 percentage point ahead of the previous 
year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Eighty-two percent 
of the Nation's spring wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 
2 percentage points above the previous week and 1 percentage point above the 
same time the previous year. By June 21, twelve percent of the Nation's 
spring wheat acreage had reached the headed stage, 6 percentage points ahead 
of the previous year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Seventy-five percent of the Nation's spring wheat was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 6 percentage points below the previous week but equal to 
the same time the previous year.

By July 5, sixty-three percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage had 
reached the headed stage, 16 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 
5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy percent of the 
Nation's spring wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 1 percentage 
point above the previous week but 8 percentage points below the same time the 
previous year. By July 26, ninety-seven percent of the Nation's spring wheat 
acreage had reached the headed stage, 1 percentage point ahead of the 
previous year but 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average. By July 26, 
one percent of the spring wheat had been harvested, equal to the previous 
year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy percent of 
the Nation's spring wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 
2 percentage points above the previous week but 3 percentage points below the 
same time the previous year.

By August 9, fifteen percent of the spring wheat had been harvested, 
9 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 10 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress was behind the 5-year average in 
5 of the 6 estimating States. Sixty-nine percent of the Nation's spring wheat 
was rated in good to excellent condition, 4 percentage points below the 
previous week but unchanged from the same time the previous year. By 
August 30, sixty-nine percent of the spring wheat had been harvested, 
19 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 8 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 20 percentage points or 
more in Idaho, Minnesota, and North Dakota. 

By September 6, eighty-two percent of the spring wheat was harvested, 
16 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 5 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 10 percentage points or 
more in 4 of the 6 estimating States during the week. Harvest of the 2020 
acreage was 96 percent complete by September 20. 

Durum wheat: Production for 2020 was estimated at 68.8 million bushels, up 
28 percent from the 2019 total of 54.0 million bushels. Area harvested for 
grain totaled 1.66 million acres, up 41 percent from the previous year. The 
United States yield was estimated at 41.4 bushels per acre, down 4.4 bushels 
from the 2019 yield. Record high yields were estimated in Idaho for 2020. 
Production in North Dakota, the largest Durum wheat-producing State, was up 
36 percent from 2019. Increases in production are attributed to increases in 
harvested acres across the Nation. Harvest began in the two major Durum-wheat 
producing States of Montana and North Dakota in early August. Harvest was 
80 percent complete in Montana and 86 percent complete in North Dakota by 
September 13. 

Rice: Production in 2020 totaled 228 million cwt, up 23 percent from the 2019 
total. Planted area for 2020 was estimated at 3.04 million acres, up 
19 percent from 2019. Area harvested, at 2.99 million acres, was up 
21 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all rice for 
the Nation was estimated at 7,619 pounds per acre, up 146 pounds from the 
2019 average yield of 7,473 pounds per acre.

Yields increased from the previous year in all States except Missouri. Record 
yield for Mississippi.

Rye: Production for 2020 was estimated at 11.5 million bushels, up 9 percent 
from the 2019 total. Harvested area totaled 330,000 acres, up 20,000 acres 
from 2019. The United States yield, at 34.9 bushels per acre, was up 
0.6 bushel from the previous year.

Proso millet: Production of proso millet in 2020 totaled 9.21 million 
bushels, down 45 percent from the 2019 production of 16.6 million bushels. 
Area planted to proso millet in the United States was estimated at 
609,000 acres, up 103,000 acres (or 20 percent) from 2019. Area harvested in 
the United States, at 484,000 acres, was up 19,000 acres (or 4 percent) from 
the 2019 harvested estimate. The average yield for 2019 was estimated at 
19.0 bushels per acre, down 16.7 bushels from 2019.

All hay: Production of all dry hay for 2020 was estimated at 126.8 million 
tons, down 2 percent from the 2019 total. Area harvested was estimated at 
52.2 million acres, down less than 1 percent from 2019. The average yield, at 
2.43 tons per acre, was down 0.03 ton from 2019. 

The Four Corners region started the year rather dry. As the year progressed, 
the dryness expanded in area and severity covering a region of the country 
reaching from Texas to Washington. Meanwhile, the Eastern half of the Nation 
set a record of twelve tropical storms making landfall in 2020. Six storms of 
those twelve storms reached hurricane status. Tropical storm precipitation 
covered a swath of the United States ranging from Texas to Virginia.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures: Production in 2020 was estimated at 
53.1 million tons, down 3 percent from the 2019 total. Harvested area, at 
16.2 million acres, was 3 percent below 2019. Harvested area has been 
trending lower, but has leveled off in recent years. Average yield was 
estimated at 3.27 tons per acre, down 0.01 ton from 2019.

Record high yields were estimated in California and Idaho. Record low yield 
was estimated in Massachusetts.

All other hay: Production in 2020 totaled 73.7 million tons, down less than 
1 percent from the 2019 total. Harvested area, at 36.0 million acres, was up 
1 percent from 2019. Average yield was estimated at 2.05 tons per acre, down 
0.02 ton from 2019. This is the fifth highest yield on record, with four of 
the five occurring in the last six years.

Record high yields were estimated in Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Idaho, 
Nevada, and Utah.

Forage: In 2020, seventeen States were included in the forage estimation 
program, which measures annual production of forage crops. Haylage and 
greenchop production was converted to 13 percent moisture and combined with 
dry hay production to derive the total forage production. The total 2020 all 
haylage and greenchop production was 29.3 million tons, of which 18.7 million 
tons were from alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures. The 17 State total for all 
forage production was 82.3 million tons. Of this total, 42.0 million tons 
were produced from alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures.

New seedings of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures: Growers seeded 2.18 million 
acres of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures during 2020, down 12 percent from 2019. 
New seedings of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures are normally harvested for the 
first time in the year following planting.

Peanuts: Production was estimated at 6.13 billion pounds, up 12 percent from 
2019.  Planted area was estimated at 1.66 million acres, up 16 percent from 
2019.  Harvested area was estimated at 1.62 million acres, up 16 percent from 
2019.  The average yield was estimated at 3,796 pounds per acre, down 
138 pounds from 2019.

Record high production was estimated in Arkansas. Record high yields were 
estimated in Mississippi and Oklahoma.

Canola: Production in 2020 was estimated at 3.45 billion pounds, up 2 percent 
from 2019 and represents the second largest total on record for the Nation. 
The average yield, at a record high 1,931 pounds per acre, is up 150 pounds 
from last year's average. Planted area was estimated at 1.83 million acres, 
11 percent below the previous year's acreage. Harvested area, at 1.79 million 
acres, was down 6 percent from 2019.

Production in North Dakota, the leading canola-producing State, was estimated 
at 2.92 billion pounds. This represents the second largest production for 
North Dakota on record, trailing 2018's record production by 6 percent. 
Planted and harvested area in North Dakota were down 11 percent and 
7 percent, respectively, from 2019's record high planted and harvested area.

Planted and harvested area in Montana and Washington for 2020 were both 
record highs. Whereas, planted and harvested area in Kansas and Oklahoma were 
both record lows. Record high yields were estimated in North Dakota and 
Washington.

Sunflower: The 2020 sunflower production totaled 2.98 billion pounds, up 
52 percent from 2019. The United States average yield per acre of 
1,790 pounds increased 230 pounds from 2019. Planted area, at 1.72 million 
acres, was 27 percent above the previous year. Area harvested increased 
33 percent from 2019 to 1.67 million acres.

North Dakota, the leading sunflower-producing State during 2020, produced 
1.34 billion pounds, an increase of 79 percent from 2019. Compared with 2019, 
planted area in North Dakota increased 37 percent and yield increased 
356 pounds to 1,872 pounds per acre. Meanwhile, production in South Dakota 
increased 40 percent from 2019 to 1.17 billion pounds. Planted acreage in 
South Dakota, at 622 million acres, increased 17 percent from the previous 
year. The average yield in South Dakota increased 216 pounds from 2019 to 
1,910 pounds per acre.

United States production of oil-type sunflower varieties, at 2.62 billion 
pounds, increased 48 percent from 2019. Compared with the previous year, 
harvested acres were up 28 percent and the average yield increased by 
241 pounds to 1,802 pounds per acre.

Production of non-oil sunflower varieties was estimated at 365 million 
pounds, an increase of 92 percent from 2019. Area harvested, at 
213,200 acres, was up 74 percent from 2019. The average yield increased by 
157 pounds from 2019 to 1,712 pounds per acre.

Harvest of sunflowers began the last week of September and progressed ahead 
of the previous year and normal throughout October in the Dakotas. As of 
October 25, fifty percent of the crop was harvested, 35 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. By November 29, harvest progress Nationally had reached 97 percent 
complete, 35 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 10 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average.

Soybeans: Production in 2020 totaled 4.14 billion bushels, up 16 percent from 
2019. The average yield was estimated at 50.2 bushels per acre, 2.8 bushels 
above 2019. Planted area for the Nation, at 83.1 million acres, was up 
9 percent from the 2019 planted acreage. Soybean growers harvested 
82.3 million acres, up 10 percent from 2019.

Record high yields occurred in Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, New 
Jersey, and Tennessee.

The 2020 soybean objective yield survey data indicated that final average pod 
counts were higher than 2019 in the combined eleven objective yield States. 
Compared with final counts for 2019, pod counts were up in 10 of the 
11 published States. An increase of more than 200 pods per 18 square feet 
from 2019's final pod count occurred in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, 
Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and South Dakota.

Planting was underway by the start of May in all 18 major soybean-producing 
States. Twenty-three percent of the acreage was planted by 
May 3, eighteen percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy-five percent of 
soybean acreage was planted by May 31, seven percentage points ahead of the 
5-year average. Nationally, 81 percent of soybean acreage was emerged by 
June 14, thirty-two percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Soybean emergence was ahead 
of the 5-year average in 14 of the 18 major soybean-producing States, with 
Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin more 
than 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By contrast, 
North Dakota was 22 percentage points behind the 5-year average as of 
June 14. By July 5, thirty-one percent of soybean acreage was 
blooming, 23 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 7 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. Forty-eight percent of soybean acreage 
was blooming by July 12, twenty-nine percentage points ahead of the previous 
season and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By July 12, 
eleven percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, 8 percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year 
average. The week ending July 12 was the first week this year that soybeans 
were setting pods in all 18 major soybean-producing States. 
Twenty-five percent of soybean acres were setting pods by July 19, 
nineteen percentage points ahead of the previous year and 4 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. By July 26, seventy-six percent of soybean 
acreage was blooming, 24 percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Fifty-nine percent of 
the soybean acreage was setting pods by August 2, twenty-seven percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average.

As of August 2, fifty-nine percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, 
27 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 5 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. Eighty-four percent of the acreage was setting pods on 
August 16, twenty percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 30, 
ninety-five percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, 11 percentage 
points ahead of the previous year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average.

As of October 4, eighty-five percent of the United States soybean acreage was 
at or beyond the leaf dropping stage, 18 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Soybean 
harvest was 38 percent complete as of October 4, twenty-six percentage points 
ahead of the previous year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year 
average. At that time, harvest progress was at or ahead of the respective 
State 5-year average pace in 10 of the 18 States estimated in the 
Crop Progress report. As of October 4, sixty-four percent of the Nation's 
soybean acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, 11 percentage 
points ahead of the same time the previous year.

Soybean harvest was 38 percent complete as of October 4, twenty-
six percentage points ahead of the previous year and 10 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. As of November 1, harvest was 87 percent 
complete Nationwide, 16 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At that time, harvest 
progress was at or ahead of the respective State 5-year average pace in 11 of 
the 18 States estimated in the Crop Progress report.

Flaxseed: Production of flaxseed in 2020 totaled 5.71 million bushels, up 
1 percent from the previous year's revised production. Harvested area totaled 
296,000 acres in 2020, up 4 percent from the previous year's revised 
harvested acreage. Harvested acreage in North Dakota, the largest 
flaxseed-producing State, was estimated at 194,000 acres, down 1 percent from 
2019. The average United States yield for 2020, at 19.3 bushels per acre, was 
down 0.5 bushel from 2019.

Safflower: Production of safflower in 2020, at a record low of 148 million 
pounds, was down 23 percent from 2019. Growers planted 136,000 acres in 2020, 
a decrease of 18 percent from the previous year and represents the second 
lowest planted area for the Nation since records began in 1991. Growers in 
California, the leading safflower-producing State, planted 21,000 acres in 
2020, a decline of 36,000 acres from the previous year and represents the 
lowest planted area on record for California. Harvested area for the Nation, 
at 126,700 acres, was down 16 percent from 2019 and is the second lowest 
harvested area on record. The average yield for the Nation, at 1,167 pounds 
per acre, declined 106 pounds from the 2019 average yield per acre and 
represents the third lowest yield on record.

A record high yield was estimated in South Dakota.

Other Oilseeds: Mustard seed production for 2020 increased 29 percent from 
the previous year to 81.8 million pounds. This represents the third largest 
production for the Nation on record. Planted area, at 97,000 acres, was down 
just 1,000 acres from 2019. Harvested area, at 91,400 acres, was up 
2 percent, or 1,400 acres, from last year. Harvested acreage represented the 
seventh highest area for the Nation since records began in 1991. The average 
yield, at 895 pounds per acre, was 189 pounds above the 2019 average yield 
and represents the eighth highest yield on record.

Rapeseed production was estimated at 19.9 million pounds, down 11 percent 
from last year's production level but still represents the second largest 
production for the Nation since records began in 1991. Growers planted 
11,200 acres of rapeseed in 2019, a decline of 100 acres from 2019. Harvested 
area, at 10,100 acres, was down 300 acres from last year. The average yield 
in 2020 was 1,971 pounds per acre, a decline of 189 pounds from 2019 and is 
the third highest yield on record.

Cotton: Upland cotton production was estimated at 14.4 million 480-pound 
bales, down 25 percent from the previous year. The United States yield for 
Upland cotton is estimated at 813 pounds per acre, up 3 pounds from 2019. 
Upland planted area, estimated at 11.9 million acres, was down 12 percent 
from the previous year. Harvested area, at 8.51 million acres, was down 
25 percent from the previous year. In Kansas, planted and harvested area were 
at record highs, while California and New Mexico recorded a record low for 
harvested acres. Record high yields were estimated in Arkansas for 2020. 

In the Southeast States (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, and Virginia), planting was completed by the middle of June. The 
crop was rated in mostly fair to good condition throughout the growing 
season. Hurricanes and tropical storms would cause variable yields for the 
region. 

In the Delta region, a rainy planting season was complete by the end of June. 
Some areas within the region struggled with excessive moisture from 
hurricanes and tropical storms throughout the season. 

In Texas, hot, windy, and dry conditions hampered planting and crop progress. 
Overall, many growers reported having a very disappointing crop. Cotton in 
the Lower Valley was damaged by Hurricane Hanna. Many growers had to make 
decisions about harvesting dryland acreage. 

American Pima producers planted 202,500 acres in 2020, down 11 percent from 
2019. Harvested area, at 194,500 acres, was down 13 percent from the previous 
year. Production was estimated at 552 thousand 480-pound bales, down 
19 percent from 2019. The United States yield was estimated at 1362 pounds 
per acre, down 110 pounds from the previous year. 

Ginnings totaled 13,002,950 running bales prior to January 1. 

Cottonseed: Production for 2020, based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio, 
is expected to total 4.59 million tons, down 23 percent from 2019.

Tobacco: United States all tobacco production for 2020 was estimated at 
389 million pounds, down 17 percent from the previous year. Growers harvested 
a record low 198,060 acres, down 13 percent from a year earlier. Yield per 
acre averaged 1,966 pounds, down 94 pounds per acre from 2019.

Flue-cured tobacco production was estimated at 238 million pounds, 
down 20 percent from the previous year. Harvested acres totaled 127,900 in 
2020, down 14 percent from 2019. Average yield, at 1,858 pounds per acre, was 
down 132 pounds from 2019.

Sugarbeets: Production for 2020 was estimated at 33.6 million tons, 
up 17 percent from the previous year's revised production. Growers in the 
11 major sugarbeet-producing States planted 1.16 million acres, up 3 percent 
from the 2019 revised area. Harvested area, at 1.14 million acres, was 
up 17 percent from the previous year. Estimated yield, at 29.4 tons per acre, 
was up 0.2 ton from last year.

Sugarcane: Production of sugarcane for sugar and seed in 2020 was estimated 
at 35.5 million tons, of which 33.7 million tons were utilized for sugar and 
1.74 million tons for seed. Total production for sugar and seed was 
up 11 percent from 2019. Sugarcane producers harvested 940,500 acres for 
sugar and seed in 2020, up 3 percent from the previous year. Yield for sugar 
and seed was estimated at 37.7 tons per acre, up 2.7 tons from 2019.

Dry edible beans: United States dry edible bean production was estimated at 
33.0 million cwt for 2020, up 59 percent from the previous year for 
comparable States. Planted area was estimated at 1.74 million acres, 
up 35 percent from 2019. Harvested area was estimated at 1.68 million acres, 
up 43 percent from the previous year for comparable States. The average 
United States yield for dry edible beans for the 2020 season is 
1,966 pounds per acre, up 197 from 2019.

Lentils: Production of lentils is estimated at 7.41 million cwt, 
up 40 percent from a year ago. Planted area, at 528,000 acres, is 
up 9 percent from last year, while harvested acreage, at 514,000 acres, is 
up 21 percent from 2019. The average yield is expected to be 
1,442 pounds per acre, up 192 pounds from last year. 

In Montana, 95 percent of the crop was planted by the week ending June 7, 
compared to 96 percent for 2019. Harvest reached 95 percent completed by the 
week ending September 6, well ahead of last year's 82 percent at this time. 
In North Dakota, harvest started in early August and by the week ending 
October 18, harvest was 95 percent complete, near 94 percent last year.

Chickpeas: Production of all chickpeas was estimated at 4.27 million cwt, 
down 32 percent from 2019. Area planted for all chickpeas for the 
2020 crop year was estimated at 269,800 acres, down 40 percent from the 
previous year. Area harvested was estimated at 262,900 acres, 35 percent 
below 2019. Small chickpea area planted was estimated at 48,400 acres, down 
54 percent from 2019. Area harvested for small chickpeas was estimated at 
47,900 acres, a 48 percent decline from 2019. Area planted for large 
chickpeas in 2020 was estimated at 221,400 acres, a 36 percent decline from 
the previous year. Large chickpea area harvested was estimated at 
215,000 acres, a 31 percent decline from 2019.

Dry edible peas: Production of dry edible peas was estimated at 21.7 million 
cwt, down 2 percent from last year. Planted area, at 1.00 million acres, and 
harvested area, at 973,000 acres, decreased by 9 percent and 7 percent, 
respectively. The average United States yield is expected to total 
2,234 pounds per acre, up 111 pounds from 2019. This is the highest yield on 
record since 2004.

In Montana, planting was estimated at 92 percent complete at the end of May, 
falling behind the previous year at 93 percent. Dry edible pea harvest was 
estimated at 98 percent the week ending September 6. Comparatively, in 2019, 
harvest reached 89 percent complete the week ending September 8. In 
North Dakota, 98 percent of the crop was planted by the week ending June 14, 
near 96 percent for the prior year. Harvest was 96 percent for the week 
ending September 20, near 95 percent for 2019.  

Potatoes: Production in 2020 was estimated at 414 million cwt, down 2 percent 
from the 2019 crop. The average yield, at 453 cwt per acre, was unchanged 
from the previous year. Planted acres, at 921,000 acres, was down 4 percent 
from last year. Harvested area, at 914,100 acres, was down 2 percent from the 
previous year. 

Growing conditions were nearly ideal for the whole season in the Pacific 
Northwest. Idaho potato harvest progressed ahead of normal for much of the 
season, reaching completion by late October. In North Dakota, harvest began 
in early September, progressing ahead of the previous year due to ideal 
digging conditions. Harvest was virtually complete by October 11, compared to 
the year prior when harvest was not complete until late November. In Maine, 
drought conditions resulted in the lowest yield since 1995 and the lowest 
production since 1918.

Peppermint oil: Production in 2020 totaled 4.98 million pounds, 
down 9 percent from the previous year. Harvested area was estimated at 
50,100 acres, down 4 percent from 2019. Average yield was estimated at 
99 pounds of oil per acre, down 5 pounds from a year earlier.

Spearmint oil: Production totaled 2.13 million pounds in 2020, 
down 11 percent from the previous year. Harvested area was estimated at 
17,700 acres, down 3 percent from a year earlier. The average yield was 
estimated at 121 pounds of oil per acre, down 10 pounds from 2019.

Hops: Production for Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in 2020 totaled 
104 million pounds, down 7 percent from the 2019 crop of 112 million pounds. 
Combined area harvested for Idaho, Oregon, and Washington in 2020 totaled a 
record high 58,641 acres, up 4 percent from the 2019 level of 56,544 acres. 
Harvested acreage increased in Idaho and Washington but declined in Oregon. 
The United States hop yield, at 1,770 pounds per acre, was down 211 pounds 
from the previous year.

Washington produced 71 percent of the United States hop crop for 2020; while 
Idaho accounted for 17 percent and Oregon accounted for 12 percent. In 
Washington, CitraR, Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus, MosaicR, SimcoeR, and Cascade 
were the five leading varieties, accounting for 54 percent of the State's hop 
production. In Idaho, Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus, MosaicR, CitraR, Idaho 7TM, and 
Chinook were the major varieties, accounting for 68 percent of the State's 
hop production. In Oregon, CitraR, Nugget, MosaicR, Cascade, and Willamette 
were the major varieties, accounting for 57 percent of the State's hop 
production.

Maple syrup: The 2020 United States maple syrup production totaled 
4.37 million gallons, up 5 percent from the revised previous season. The 
number of taps totaled 13.5 million, up 1 percent from the revised 
2019 total. Yield per tap was 0.324 gallon, up 0.012 gallon from the revised 
previous season.

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: The estimates in this report are based primarily on 
surveys conducted the first two weeks of December. The December Agricultural 
Survey (DAS) is a probability survey that includes a sample of approximately 
78,000 farm operators selected from a list of producers that ensures all 
operations in the United States have a chance to be selected. Data from 
operators was collected by mail, internet, telephone, or personal interview 
to obtain information on crop acreage, yield and production for the 2020 crop 
year.

Estimating procedures: National and State level objective yield and farm 
operator reported data (DAS) were reviewed for reasonableness and consistency 
with historical estimates. The survey data were also reviewed considering 
weather patterns and crop progress compared with previous years. Each 
Regional Field Office submits an estimate and written analysis for their 
State to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB uses the survey 
data, administrative data, and the State analysis to prepare the estimates 
published in this report.

Revision policy: Estimates contained in this report may be revised the 
following year, if new information is available that would justify a change. 
Estimates will also be reviewed after data for the 5-year Census of 
Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date.

Reliability: The surveys used to make the acreage, yield, and production 
estimates contained in this report are subject to sampling and non-sampling 
type errors that are common to all surveys. Reliability of the objective 
yield and farmer survey must be treated separately because the survey designs 
for the two surveys are different. The objective yield indications (corn, 
cotton, and soybeans) are subject to sampling variability because all acres 
of a given commodity are not included in the sample.

The farm operator survey indications are also subject to sampling variability 
because not all operations with commodities of interest are included in the 
sample. This variability, as measured by the relative standard error at the 
National level, is approximately 1.3 for corn, 2.3 for Upland cotton and 1.1 
for soybeans. This means that chances are approximately 95 out of 100 that 
survey estimates for production will be within plus or minus 2.6 percent for 
corn, 4.6 percent for Upland cotton, and 2.2 percent for soybeans.

Survey indications are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, 
duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, 
recording, and processing the data. These errors cannot be measured directly, 
but they are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch......................................................... (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section................................................ (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather......................................................... (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans....................................................... (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports............................. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum..................................... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay...................................... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet......................................... (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................ (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice....................................................... (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds.......................................... (202) 720-7369

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section....................... (202) 720-2127
......................................................................................... Heidi 
Lanouette - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes................. (202) 720-4285
Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes......................................... (202) 720-3250
Anastasiya Osborne - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco....................................................... (202) 720-4288
Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Grapefruit, Garlic, Hazelnuts,
Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges............ (202) 720-5412
Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans................................. (202) 720-2127
Fleming Gibson - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons.................... (202) 720-2127

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.