Crop Production
Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Orange Production Down 2 Percent from December Forecast

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is 
4.53 million tons, down 2 percent from the previous forecast and 
down 13 percent from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The Florida all orange 
forecast, at 54.0 million boxes (2.43 million tons), is down 4 percent from 
the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last season's final 
utilization. In Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast 
at 20.0 million boxes (900,000 tons), down 9 percent from the previous 
forecast and down 33 percent from last season's final utilization. The 
Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 34.0 million boxes (1.53 million tons), 
is unchanged from the previous forecast but down 10 percent from last 
season's final utilization.

The California all orange forecast is 51.0 million boxes (2.04 million tons), 
up 1 percent from the previous forecast but down 4 percent from last season's 
final utilization. The California Navel orange forecast is 42.0 million boxes 
(1.68 million tons), is unchanged from the previous forecast but 
down 5 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia 
orange forecast is 9.0 million boxes (360,000 tons), is up 6 percent from the 
previous forecast but unchanged from last season's final utilization. The 
Texas all orange forecast, at 1.50 million boxes (64,000 tons), is unchanged 
from the previous forecast but up 12 percent from last season's final 
utilization. 

This report was approved on January 12, 2021.

Secretary of
Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and Forecasted 
January 1, 2021..........................................................................................  4

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: May 1 and December 1, 2019 and 2020......................  5

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021..  6

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021....  8

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021.............................. 10

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021................................ 11

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map...................................................................... 12

Departure from Normal Temperature Map.................................................................... 12

December Weather Summary................................................................................. 13

December Agricultural Summary............................................................................ 13

Crop Comments............................................................................................ 14

Statistical Methodology.................................................................................. 15

Reliability of January 1 Crop Production Forecasts....................................................... 15

Information Contacts..................................................................................... 16

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and
Forecasted January 1, 2021
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of
harvest the following year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :   Utilized production boxes 1/    :Utilized production ton equivalent 
       Crop and State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :     ------ 1,000 boxes ------            ------ 1,000 tons -----      
Oranges                     :                                                                       
California, all ............:      53,300            51,000            2,132             2,040      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      44,300            42,000            1,772             1,680      
 Valencia ..................:       9,000             9,000              360               360      
                            :                                                                       
Florida, all ...............:      67,300            54,000            3,028             2,430      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      29,650            20,000            1,334               900      
 Valencia ..................:      37,650            34,000            1,694             1,530      
                            :                                                                       
Texas, all .................:       1,340             1,500               57                64      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:       1,150             1,300               49                55      
 Valencia ..................:         190               200                8                 9      
                            :                                                                       
United States, all .........:     121,940           106,500            5,217             4,534      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      75,100            63,300            3,155             2,635      
 Valencia ..................:      46,840            43,200            2,062             1,899      
                            :                                                                       
Grapefruit                  :                                                                       
California .................:       3,800             4,200              152               168      
Florida, all ...............:       4,850             4,600              207               196      
 Red 3/ ....................:       4,060              (NA)              173              (NA)      
 White 3/ ..................:         790              (NA)               34              (NA)      
Texas ......................:       4,400             5,000              176               200      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      13,050            13,800              535               564      
                            :                                                                       
Tangerines and mandarins 4/ :                                                                       
California .................:      22,000            23,000              880               920      
Florida ....................:       1,020             1,100               48                52      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      23,020            24,100              928               972      
                            :                                                                       
Lemons                      :                                                                       
Arizona ....................:       1,800             1,900               72                76      
California .................:      25,700            24,000            1,028               960      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      27,500            25,900            1,100             1,036      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                 
1/   Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in              
     California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in California-80, Florida-95;    
     lemons-80.                                                                                     
2/   Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason         
     varieties in Florida and Texas.                                                                
3/   Estimates discontinued in 2020-2021.                                                           
4/   Includes tangelos and tangors.                                                                 

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: May 1 and December 1, 2019 and 2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 May 1                 :              December 1               
     State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :       2019        :       2020        :       2019        :       2020        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                                  1,000 tons                                   
               :                                                                               
Alabama .......:         200                 120               1,100               1,800       
Arizona .......:          35                  45                 280                 300       
Arkansas ......:         190                 340               2,000               1,800       
California ....:         270                 420               1,350               1,640       
Colorado ......:         300                 410               2,000               1,700       
Connecticut ...:           6                   8                  43                  30       
Delaware ......:           2                   2                  16                  10       
Florida .......:          80                  80                 540                 520       
Georgia .......:         265                 170               1,110               1,210       
Idaho .........:         400                 490               2,400               2,500       
               :                                                                               
Illinois ......:         175                 220                 750               1,000       
Indiana .......:         130                 140                 730                 800       
Iowa ..........:         345                 510               2,180               2,430       
Kansas ........:         630               1,420               5,300               5,000       
Kentucky ......:         500                 625               3,000               3,825       
Louisiana .....:          55                 120                 660                 660       
Maine .........:          22                  30                 115                 150       
Maryland ......:          78                  60                 315                 290       
Massachusetts .:          12                   8                  55                  60       
Michigan ......:         180                 220                 930                 900       
               :                                                                               
Minnesota .....:         280                 360               1,690               2,240       
Mississippi ...:         100                 130                 960               1,050       
Missouri ......:         480               1,410               6,900               6,000       
Montana .......:       1,100               1,040               5,100               4,800       
Nebraska ......:       1,070               1,380               4,200               4,200       
Nevada ........:          65                  80                 935                 400       
New Hampshire .:           6                   7                  30                  36       
New Jersey ....:          16                  29                  70                  90       
New Mexico ....:         105                  50                 330                 210       
New York ......:         260                 350               1,600               1,000       
               :                                                                               
North Carolina :         235                 180               1,300               1,120       
North Dakota ..:       1,000               1,290               4,200               3,700       
Ohio ..........:         180                 220               1,250               1,300       
Oklahoma ......:         740               1,350               4,200               4,100       
Oregon ........:         170                 400               1,900               1,600       
Pennsylvania ..:         290                 350               1,650               1,410       
Rhode Island ..:           1                   1                   4                   4       
South Carolina :          95                  75                 360                 400       
South Dakota ..:       1,200               2,350               6,250               5,800       
Tennessee .....:         485                 425               2,900               2,930       
               :                                                                               
Texas .........:       1,550               1,950               5,600               6,400       
Utah ..........:         280                 300               1,300               1,250       
Vermont .......:          48                  36                 165                 145       
Virginia ......:         270                 310               1,800               2,050       
Washington ....:         290                 160               1,050               1,100       
West Virginia .:          75                  95                 660                 770       
Wisconsin .....:         330                 310               1,770               1,790       
Wyoming .......:         310                 350               1,440               1,500       
               :                                                                               
United States .:      14,906              20,426              84,488              84,020       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      1,000 acres                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     2,621                       2,133                 
Corn for grain 1/ ......................:    90,819                      82,467                 
Corn for silage ........................:      (NA)                       6,719                 
Hay, all ...............................:      (NA)                      52,238                 
  Alfalfa ..............................:      (NA)                      16,230                 
  All other ............................:      (NA)                      36,008                 
Oats ...................................:     2,984                       1,004                 
Proso millet ...........................:       609                         484                 
Rice ...................................:     3,036                       2,987                 
Rye ....................................:     1,955                         330                 
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...................:     5,880                       5,095                 
Sorghum for silage .....................:      (NA)                         239                 
Wheat, all .............................:    44,349                      36,746                 
  Winter ...............................:    30,415       31,991         23,024                 
  Durum ................................:     1,684                       1,662                 
  Other spring .........................:    12,250                      12,060                 
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:   1,825.0                     1,789.0                 
Cottonseed .............................:       (X)                         (X)                 
Flaxseed ...............................:       305                         296                 
Mustard seed ...........................:      97.0                        91.4                 
Peanuts ................................:   1,664.2                     1,615.8                 
Rapeseed ...............................:      11.2                        10.1                 
Safflower ..............................:     136.0                       126.7                 
Soybeans for beans .....................:    83,084                      82,318                 
Sunflower ..............................:   1,718.7                     1,665.7                 
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all ............................:  12,092.5                     8,701.5                 
  Upland ...............................:  11,890.0                     8,507.0                 
  American Pima ........................:     202.5                       194.5                 
Sugarbeets .............................:   1,162.2                     1,142.3                 
Sugarcane ..............................:      (NA)                       940.5                 
Tobacco ................................:      (NA)                       198.1                 
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     269.8                       262.9                 
Dry edible beans .......................:   1,740.0                     1,676.5                 
Dry edible peas ........................:   1,002.0                       976.0                 
Lentils ................................:     528.0                       514.0                 
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:      (NA)                        58.6                 
Maple syrup ............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Mushrooms ..............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Peppermint oil .........................:      (NA)                        50.1                 
Potatoes ...............................:     921.0                       914.1                 
Spearmint oil ..........................:      (NA)                        17.7                 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre       :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                             ------ 1,000 ------       
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley ..........................bushels:     77.5                       165,324                
Corn for grain ..................bushels:    172.0                    14,182,479                
Corn for silage ....................tons:     20.5                       137,729                
Hay, all ...........................tons:     2.43                       126,812                
  Alfalfa ..........................tons:     3.27                        53,067                
  All other ........................tons:     2.05                        73,745                
Oats ............................bushels:     65.1                        65,355                
Proso millet ....................bushels:     19.0                         9,210                
Rice 2/ .............................cwt:    7,619                       227,583                
Rye .............................bushels:     34.9                        11,532                
Sorghum for grain ...............bushels:     73.2                       372,960                
Sorghum for silage .................tons:     13.1                         3,125                
Wheat, all ......................bushels:     49.7                     1,825,820                
  Winter ........................bushels:     50.9                     1,171,022                
  Durum .........................bushels:     41.4                        68,808                
  Other spring ..................bushels:     48.6                       585,990                
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola ...........................pounds:    1,931                     3,454,950                
Cottonseed .........................tons:      (X)                       4,587.0                
Flaxseed ........................bushels:     19.3                         5,706                
Mustard seed .....................pounds:      895                        81,770                
Peanuts ..........................pounds:    3,796                     6,133,900                
Rapeseed .........................pounds:    1,971                        19,910                
Safflower ........................pounds:    1,167                       147,800                
Soybeans for beans ..............bushels:     50.2                     4,135,477                
Sunflower ........................pounds:    1,790                     2,982,410                
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ ....................bales:      825                      14,953.0                
  Upland 2/ .......................bales:      813                      14,401.0                
  American Pima 2/ ................bales:    1,362                         552.0                
Sugarbeets .........................tons:     29.4                        33,618                
Sugarcane ..........................tons:     37.7                        35,457                
Tobacco ..........................pounds:    1,966                       389,413                
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas 2/ ........................cwt:    1,625                         4,273                
Dry edible beans 2/ .................cwt:    1,966                        32,963                
Dry edible peas 2/ ..................cwt:    2,235                        21,813                
Lentils 2/ ..........................cwt:    1,442                         7,411                
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops .............................pounds:    1,770                     103,810.3                
Maple syrup .....................gallons:     (NA)                         4,372                
Mushrooms ........................pounds:     (NA)                       816,367                
Peppermint oil ...................pounds:       99                         4,984                
Potatoes ............................cwt:      453                       414,248                
Spearmint oil ....................pounds:      121                         2,134                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Yield in pounds.                                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
              Crop              :-------------------------------------------------------
                                :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :                       hectares                        
                                :                                                       
Grains and hay                  :                                                       
Barley .........................:  1,060,690                     863,200                
Corn for grain 1/ ..............: 36,753,540                  33,373,570                
Corn for silage ................:       (NA)                   2,719,110                
Hay, all 2/ ....................:       (NA)                  21,140,200                
  Alfalfa ......................:       (NA)                   6,568,120                
  All other ....................:       (NA)                  14,572,080                
Oats ...........................:  1,207,590                     406,310                
Proso millet ...................:    246,460                     195,870                
Rice ...........................:  1,228,640                   1,208,810                
Rye ............................:    791,170                     133,550                
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...........:  2,379,580                   2,061,900                
Sorghum for silage .............:       (NA)                      96,720                
Wheat, all 2/ ..................: 17,947,600                  14,870,740                
  Winter .......................: 12,308,650    12,946,440     9,317,580                
  Durum ........................:    681,500                     672,590                
  Other spring .................:  4,957,450                   4,880,560                
                                :                                                       
Oilseeds                        :                                                       
Canola .........................:    738,560                     723,990                
Cottonseed .....................:        (X)                         (X)                
Flaxseed .......................:    123,430                     119,790                
Mustard seed ...................:     39,250                      36,990                
Peanuts ........................:    673,490                     653,900                
Rapeseed .......................:      4,530                       4,090                
Safflower ......................:     55,040                      51,270                
Soybeans for beans .............: 33,623,260                  33,313,270                
Sunflower ......................:    695,540                     674,090                
                                :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .................:  4,893,710                   3,521,410                
  Upland .......................:  4,811,760                   3,442,700                
  American Pima ................:     81,950                      78,710                
Sugarbeets .....................:    470,330                     462,280                
Sugarcane ......................:       (NA)                     380,610                
Tobacco ........................:       (NA)                      80,150                
                                :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :                                                       
Chickpeas ......................:    109,190                     106,390                
Dry edible beans ...............:    704,160                     678,460                
Dry edible peas ................:    404,290                     393,760                
Lentils ........................:    213,680                     208,010                
                                :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :                                                       
Hops ...........................:       (NA)                      23,730                
Maple syrup ....................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Mushrooms ......................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Peppermint oil .................:       (NA)                      20,270                
Potatoes .......................:    372,720                     369,930                
Spearmint oil ..................:       (NA)                       7,160                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :     Yield per hectare     :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      metric tons                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     4.17                      3,599,510               
Corn for grain .........................:    10.79                    360,251,560               
Corn for silage ........................:    45.95                    124,945,650               
Hay, all 2/ ............................:     5.44                    115,041,910               
  Alfalfa ..............................:     7.33                     48,141,570               
  All other ............................:     4.59                     66,900,340               
Oats ...................................:     2.33                        948,630               
Proso millet ...........................:     1.07                        208,880               
Rice ...................................:     8.54                     10,322,990               
Rye ....................................:     2.19                        292,930               
Sorghum for grain ......................:     4.59                      9,473,620               
Sorghum for silage .....................:    29.31                      2,834,950               
Wheat, all 2/ ..........................:     3.34                     49,690,680               
  Winter ...............................:     3.42                     31,870,000               
  Durum ................................:     2.78                      1,872,650               
  Other spring .........................:     3.27                     15,948,030               
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:     2.16                      1,567,140               
Cottonseed .............................:      (X)                      4,161,260               
Flaxseed ...............................:     1.21                        144,940               
Mustard seed ...........................:     1.00                         37,090               
Peanuts ................................:     4.25                      2,782,290               
Rapeseed ...............................:     2.21                          9,030               
Safflower ..............................:     1.31                         67,040               
Soybeans for beans .....................:     3.38                    112,549,240               
Sunflower ..............................:     2.01                      1,352,800               
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .........................:     0.92                      3,255,630               
  Upland ...............................:     0.91                      3,135,450               
  American Pima ........................:     1.53                        120,180               
Sugarbeets .............................:    65.97                     30,497,740               
Sugarcane ..............................:    84.51                     32,166,050               
Tobacco ................................:     2.20                        176,630               
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     1.82                        193,820               
Dry edible beans .......................:     2.20                      1,495,180               
Dry edible peas ........................:     2.50                        985,790               
Lentils ................................:     1.62                        336,160               
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:     1.98                         47,090               
Maple syrup ............................:     (NA)                         21,860               
Mushrooms ..............................:     (NA)                        370,300               
Peppermint oil .........................:     0.11                          2,260               
Potatoes ...............................:    50.79                     18,789,970               
Spearmint oil ..........................:     0.14                            970               
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.                                                         

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2020       :      2021       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ......................1,000 tons:          535             564      
Lemons ..........................1,000 tons:        1,100           1,036      
Oranges .........................1,000 tons:        5,217           4,534      
Tangerines and mandarins ........1,000 tons:          928             972      
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ..........million pounds:     10,650.0                      
Apricots ..............................tons:       34,800                      
Avocados ..............................tons:                                   
Blueberries, Cultivated .......1,000 pounds:                                   
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .....1,000 pounds:                                   
Cherries, Sweet .......................tons:      334,000                      
Cherries, Tart ..............million pounds:        197.0                      
Coffee (Hawaii) ...............1,000 pounds:                                   
Cranberries .........................barrel:    8,970,000                      
                                           :                                   
Dates .................................tons:                                   
Grapes ................................tons:    7,180,000                      
Kiwifruit (California) ................tons:                                   
Nectarines (California) ...............tons:                                   
Olives (California) ...................tons:                                   
Papayas (Hawaii) ..............1,000 pounds:                                   
Peaches ...............................tons:      645,500                      
Pears .................................tons:      800,000                      
Plums (California) ....................tons:                                   
Prunes (California) ...................tons:                                   
Raspberries, all  .............1,000 pounds:                                   
Strawberries .....................1,000 cwt:                                   
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .1,000 pounds:    3,000,000                      
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..........tons:       71,000                      
Macadamias (Hawaii) ...........1,000 pounds:                                   
Pecans, in-shell ..............1,000 pounds:      306,500                      
Pistachios (California) .......1,000 pounds:                                   
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ........tons:      780,000                      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.                               

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2020       :      2021       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            metric tons            
                                           :                                   
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ................................:      485,340           511,650    
Lemons ....................................:      997,900           939,840    
Oranges ...................................:    4,732,780         4,113,180    
Tangerines and mandarins ..................:      841,870           881,780    
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ........................:    4,830,760                      
Apricots ..................................:       31,570                      
Avocados ..................................:                                   
Blueberries, Cultivated ...................:                                   
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .................:                                   
Cherries, Sweet ...........................:      303,000                      
Cherries, Tart ............................:       89,360                      
Coffee (Hawaii) ...........................:                                   
Cranberries ...............................:      406,870                      
                                           :                                   
Dates .....................................:                                   
Grapes ....................................:    6,513,590                      
Kiwifruit (California) ....................:                                   
Nectarines (California) ...................:                                   
Olives (California) .......................:                                   
Papayas (Hawaii) ..........................:                                   
Peaches ...................................:      585,590                      
Pears .....................................:      725,750                      
Plums (California) ........................:                                   
Prunes (California) .......................:                                   
Raspberries, all ..........................:                                   
Strawberries ..............................:                                   
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .............:    1,360,780                      
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..............:       64,410                      
Macadamias (Hawaii) .......................:                                   
Pecans, in-shell ..........................:      139,030                      
Pistachios (California) ...................:                                   
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ............:      707,600                      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.                               

December Weather Summary

Mild weather and occasional storms benefited winter wheat across the Nation's 
mid-section, with crop conditions improving across the Great Plains between 
late November and the end of the year. Wheat rated in very poor to poor 
condition at the end of December stood at 5 percent in Montana, 8 percent in 
South Dakota, 15 percent in Nebraska, 17 percent in Kansas, and 34 percent in 
Colorado, compared to respective November 29 values of 10, 11, 26, 22, and 
38 percent. Despite the mostly favorable December weather, significant soil 
moisture shortages persisted across parts of the Plains. By December 31, 
topsoil moisture was rated at least one-half very short to short in several 
states, including Colorado (77 percent), North Dakota (71 percent), Montana 
(61 percent), South Dakota (59 percent) and Nebraska (56 percent).

Meanwhile, significant drought persisted from Oregon and California to the 
central and southern Rockies. By December 29, drought covered 78.6 percent of 
the 11-state Western region and 49.0 percent of the contiguous United States, 
according to the Drought Monitor. A week earlier, National drought coverage 
had reached a 7-year high, peaking at 49.6 percent. By month's end, the 
average water equivalency of the high-elevation Sierra Nevada snowpack stood 
at just over 5 inches, barely one-half of late-December normal and about 
one-fifth of the typical spring maximum. Spring and summer water-supply 
concerns continued to mount in areas already experiencing below-average 
reservoir storage; that list included California, Colorado, Nevada, 
New Mexico, and Oregon. In contrast, a La Niña-driven storm track primarily 
affected the Pacific Northwest, delivering heavy precipitation across western 
Washington.

Although heavy snow bypassed much of the West, occasional December 
accumulations occurred from the Plains into the Midwest and Northeast. At 
mid-month, one of the most significant winter storms in several years 
deposited 1 to 3 feet of snow in parts of the Northeast. On December 3, a 
holiday storm produced blizzard conditions in the upper Midwest and sparked a 
rain-to-snow event (on December 24-25) from the Appalachians into the lower 
Great Lakes region. A sharp, but short-lived, cold outbreak trailed the 
wintry weather into the Midwest and East. By December 26, freezes occurred as 
far south as northern Florida, remaining north of the State's citrus, 
sugarcane, strawberries, and winter vegetables. Other cool spells in Florida 
peaked on December 1-2, 8-9, and 17-18.

However, significant early-winter cold outbreaks were scarce, as December 
temperatures averaged more than 10°F above normal in parts of North Dakota 
and eastern Montana. In fact, near- or above-normal temperatures covered the 
country, except for cooler-than-normal conditions in the southern Atlantic 
States and parts of the Southwest. Despite a cool December, the warmest year 
on record wrapped up in numerous Southeastern locations, mainly across 
Florida, but extending as far north as the mid-Atlantic. In addition, several 
communities in Virginia, including Lynchburg and Roanoke, as well as some 
places in neighboring States, completed a record-wet year. Southeastern 
wetness hampered late-season harvest efforts for crops such as cotton and 
soybeans.

December Agricultural Summary

Most of the Nation's midsection was warmer than average during the month of 
December. Large parts of the Northern Plains recorded temperatures 6°F or 
more above normal. In the western third of the Nation temperatures were 
moderately cooler than normal for large parts of the Southwest, while 
moderately warmer temperatures were recorded in California and the 
Pacific Northwest. Large parts of the Northern Rockies were 6°F or more above 
normal for the month. In the eastern third of the Nation, generally cooler 
than normal temperatures were recorded in the lower Mississippi Valley and 
the Southeast. Parts of Georgia and Florida were 3°F or more below normal. In 
contrast, the Northeast was generally warmer than normal with large parts of 
New England recording temperatures 3°F or more above normal for the month. 
While much of the Nation remained drier than normal for the month of 
December, above normal amounts of precipitation were recorded in large parts 
of the mid-Atlantic and the Northeast. Pockets in the Delta, Florida, Nevada, 
the Southern and Central Plains, the Pacific Northwest, the Rockies, and 
Texas, also received higher than normal precipitation amounts. 

Nationwide, 92 percent of the winter wheat acreage was emerged by 
November 29, three percentage points ahead of last year and 1 percentage 
point ahead of the 5-year average. As of November 29, forty-six percent of 
the 2021 winter wheat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, 
6 percentage points below the same time last year. 

By November 29, eighty-four percent of the Nation's cotton acreage was 
harvested, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average.

Ninety-six percent of the Nation's peanut acreage was harvested as of 
November 29, two percentage points behind last year but equal to the 5-year 
average. 

By November 29, ninety-seven percent of the Nation's sunflower crop was 
harvested, 35 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average. 

Crop Comments

Grapefruit: The United States 2020-2021 grapefruit crop is forecast at 
564,000 tons, up 5 percent from both the previous forecast and last season's 
final utilization. In Texas, expected production, at 5.0 million boxes 
(200,000 tons), is up 2 percent from previous forecast and up 14 percent from 
the 2019-2020 season.

Lemons: The 2020-2021 United States lemon crop is forecast at 
1.04 million tons, up 11 percent from previous forecast but down 6 percent 
from last season's final utilization.  The California forecast, at 
24.0 million boxes (960,000 tons), is up 9 percent from the previous forecast 
but down 7 percent from the 2019-2020 season. 

Tangerines and mandarins: The United States tangerine and mandarin crop is 
forecast at 972,000 tons, unchanged from the previous forecast but 
up 5 percent from last season's final utilization. The Florida tangerine and 
mandarin forecast, at 1.10 million boxes (52,000 tons) is unchanged from the 
previous forecast but up 8 percent from last season. The California tangerine 
and mandarin forecast at 23.0 million boxes (920,000 tons) is unchanged from 
the previous forecast but up 5 percent from 2019-2020 season.

Hay stocks on farms: All hay stored on United States farms as of 
December 1, 2020 totaled 84.0 million tons, down 1 percent from December 1, 
2019, which is the third lowest December 1 stocks since 1977. Disappearance 
from May 1, 2020 - December 1, 2020 totaled 63.2 million tons, up 7 percent 
from the same period in 2019.

Record low December 1 hay stock levels were estimated in Connecticut, 
New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. During Autumn, dryness encroached 
upon New England resulting in a shorter grazing season. As a result, 
livestock producers began to feed hay stocks a bit earlier than expected.

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: The orange objective yield survey for the January 1 
forecast was conducted in Florida. In August and September, the number of 
bearing trees and the number of fruit per tree is determined. In August and 
subsequent months, fruit size measurement and fruit droppage surveys are 
conducted, which combined with the previous components are used to develop 
the current forecast of production. California and Texas conduct grower on a 
quarterly basis in October, January, April, and July. California conducts an 
objective measurement survey in September for Navel oranges and in March for 
Valencia oranges.

Estimating procedures: State level objective yield estimates for Florida 
oranges were reviewed for errors, reasonableness, and consistency with 
historical estimates. Reports from growers in California and Texas were also 
used for setting estimates. These three States submit their analyses of the 
current situation to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB uses 
the survey data and the State analyses to prepare the published January 1 
forecast.

Revision policy: The January 1 production forecasts will not be revised. A 
new forecast will be made each month throughout the growing season. End-of-
season estimates will be published in the Citrus Fruits Summary released in 
September. The production estimates are based on all data available at the 
end of the marketing season, including information from marketing orders, 
shipments, and processor records. Allowances are made for recorded local 
utilization and home use.

Reliability: To assist users in evaluating the reliability of the January 1 
production forecasts, the "Root Mean Square Error," a statistical measure 
based on past performance, is computed. The deviation between the January 1 
production forecast and the final estimate is expressed as a percentage of 
the final estimate. The average of squared percentage deviations for the 
latest 20-year period is computed. The square root of the average becomes 
statistically the "Root Mean Square Error." Probability statements can be 
made concerning expected differences in the current forecast relative to the 
final end-of-season estimate, assuming that factors affecting this year's 
forecast are not different from those influencing recent years.

The "Root Mean Square Error" for the January 1 orange production forecast is 
5.2 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the current orange 
production forecast will not be above or below the final estimates by more 
than 5.2 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 (90 percent confidence level) that 
the difference will not exceed 8.9 percent.

Changes between the January 1 orange forecast and the final estimates during 
the past 20 years have averaged 298,000 tons, ranging from 2,000 tons to 
843,000 tons. The January 1 forecast for oranges has been below the final 
estimate 6 times and above 14 times. The difference does not imply that the 
January 1 forecast this year is likely to understate or overstate final 
production.

Reliability of January 1 Crop Production Forecasts
[Based on data for the past twenty years]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :            :           :      Difference between forecast       
                              :            :           :           and final estimate           
                              :            :           :----------------------------------------
                              :            :90 percent :       Production       :     Years     
             Crop             : Root mean  :confidence :----------------------------------------
                              :square error: interval  :       :        :       : Below : Above 
                              :            :           :Average:Smallest:Largest: final : final 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    ---- percent ---       ----- millions -----        number    
                              :                                                                 
Oranges 1/ ...............tons:    5.2          8.9       298      2       843      6      14   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Quantity is in thousands of units.                                                           

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch......................................................... (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section................................................ (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather......................................................... (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans....................................................... (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports............................. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum..................................... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay...................................... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet......................................... (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................ (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice....................................................... (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds.......................................... (202) 720-7369

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section....................... (202) 720-2127
......................................................................................... Heidi 
Lanouette - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes................. (202) 720-4285
Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes......................................... (202) 720-3250
Anastasiya Osborne - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco....................................................... (202) 720-4288
Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Grapefruit, Garlic, Hazelnuts,
Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges............ (202) 720-5412
Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans................................. (202) 720-2127
Fleming Gibson - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons.................... (202) 720-2127

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.