Pecan Production
Pecan Production 

ISSN: 2640-0014

Released January 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Pecan Production Up 18 Percent from 2019

Utilized production in 2020 totaled 302 million pounds, up 18 percent from 
2019. Bearing acreage was estimated at 402,000, up 2 percent from the 
previous year. The average yield was 752 pounds per acre, up 105 pounds from 
the previous year. In 2020, the value of the crop totaled $399 million, 
down 15 percent from the previous season with an average annual price of 
$1.32 per pound.

Improved variety pecan production, at 288 million pounds, 
increased 25 percent from the previous year. Improved variety pecans 
accounted for 95 percent of the United States total pecan production. Native 
and seedling variety production totaled 14.2 million pounds, down 42 percent 
from 2019. Georgia had the highest utilized production (in-shell basis) at 
142 million pounds, followed by New Mexico at 77.0 million pounds (in-shell 
basis).

Pecan Bearing Acreage, Yield, Production, Price, and Value - States and
United States: 2018-2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :        Bearing acreage         :       Yield per acre 1/        
          State         :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        : ----------- acres -----------     ---------- pounds ---------   
Alabama 2/ .............:   8,000       (NA)       (NA)       200       (NA)       (NA)   
Arizona ................:  17,000     19,000     21,000     1,640      1,900      1,450   
California 2/ ..........:   3,500       (NA)       (NA)     1,057       (NA)       (NA)   
Georgia ................: 120,000    129,000    129,000       583        566      1,100   
Louisiana 2/ ...........:  13,400       (NA)       (NA)       450       (NA)       (NA)   
New Mexico .............:  45,000     45,000     45,000     1,980      1,950      1,710   
Oklahoma ...............:  90,000     90,000     92,000       100        235         81   
Texas ..................: 112,000    112,000    115,000       300        335        395   
                        :                                                                 
United States ..........: 408,900    395,000    402,000       589        647        752   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Pecan Bearing Acreage, Yield, Production, Price, and Value - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :              Utilized production (in-shell basis)               
    State and variety   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                        :        2018         :        2019         :        2020         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                          1,000 pounds                           
                        :                                                                 
Alabama 2/ .............:         1,600                  (NA)                  (NA)       
 Improved ..............:         1,490                  (NA)                  (NA)       
 Native and seedling ...:           110                  (NA)                  (NA)       
                        :                                                                 
Arizona ................:        27,900                36,100                30,500       
 Improved ..............:        27,900                36,100                30,500       
                        :                                                                 
California 2/ ..........:         3,700                  (NA)                  (NA)       
 Improved ..............:         3,700                  (NA)                  (NA)       
                        :                                                                 
Georgia ................:        70,000                73,000               142,000       
 Improved ..............:        70,000                73,000               142,000       
                        :                                                                 
Louisiana 2/ ...........:         6,030                  (NA)                  (NA)       
 Improved ..............:         2,510                  (NA)                  (NA)       
 Native and seedling ...:         3,520                  (NA)                  (NA)       
                        :                                                                 
New Mexico .............:        89,100                87,800                77,000       
 Improved ..............:        89,100                87,800                77,000       
                        :                                                                 
Oklahoma ...............:         9,000                21,200                 7,450       
 Improved ..............:         2,970                 4,240                 2,380       
 Native and seedling ...:         6,030                16,960                 5,070       
                        :                                                                 
Texas ..................:        33,600                37,500                45,400       
 Improved ..............:        28,800                30,000                36,300       
 Native and seedling ...:         4,800                 7,500                 9,100       
                        :                                                                 
United States ..........:       240,930               255,600               302,350       
 Improved ..............:       226,470               231,140               288,180       
 Native and seedling ...:        14,460                24,460                14,170       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                               --continued

Pecan Bearing Acreage, Yield, Production, Price, and Value - States and United States:
2018-2020 (continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :        Price per pound         :  Value of utilized production  
    State and variety   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   :   2018   :   2019   :   2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :  --------- dollars ---------     ------- 1,000 dollars -------  
                        :                                                                 
Alabama 2/ .............:  1.480       (NA)       (NA)       2,366       (NA)       (NA)  
 Improved ..............:  1.500       (NA)       (NA)       2,235       (NA)       (NA)  
 Native and seedling ...:  1.190       (NA)       (NA)         131       (NA)       (NA)  
                        :                                                                 
Arizona ................:  1.870      1.890      1.640      52,173     68,229     50,020  
 Improved ..............:  1.870      1.890      1.640      52,173     68,229     50,020  
                        :                                                                 
California 2/ ..........:  2.000       (NA)       (NA)       7,400       (NA)       (NA)  
 Improved ..............:  2.000       (NA)       (NA)       7,400       (NA)       (NA)  
                        :                                                                 
Georgia ................:  1.620      1.880      1.190     113,400    137,240    168,980  
 Improved ..............:  1.620      1.880      1.190     113,400    137,240    168,980  
                        :                                                                 
Louisiana 2/ ...........:  0.990       (NA)       (NA)       5,954       (NA)       (NA)  
 Improved ..............:  1.250       (NA)       (NA)       3,138       (NA)       (NA)  
 Native and seedling ...:  0.800       (NA)       (NA)       2,816       (NA)       (NA)  
                        :                                                                 
New Mexico .............:  1.900      1.880      1.410     169,290    165,064    108,570  
 Improved ..............:  1.900      1.880      1.410     169,290    165,064    108,570  
                        :                                                                 
Oklahoma ...............:  1.650      1.270      1.050      14,884     26,966      7,824  
 Improved ..............:  2.250      1.360      1.860       6,683      5,766      4,427  
 Native and seedling ...:  1.360      1.250      0.670       8,201     21,200      3,397  
                        :                                                                 
Texas ..................:  1.670      1.960      1.400      56,064     73,500     63,365  
 Improved ..............:  1.760      2.200      1.530      50,688     66,000     55,539  
 Native and seedling ...:  1.120      1.000      0.860       5,376      7,500      7,826  
                        :                                                                 
United States ..........:  1.750      1.840      1.320     421,531    470,999    398,759  
 Improved ..............:  1.790      1.910      1.340     405,007    442,299    387,536  
 Native and seedling ...:  1.140      1.170      0.792      16,524     28,700     11,223  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                       
1/   Yield is based on utilized production.                                               
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                      

Definition of Terms

Bearing acreage: An orchard is considered to be of bearing age when it can 
normally be expected to produce a commercially significant quantity of 
pecans. Bearing age is a function of many factors including variety, 
rootstock, year planted, etc. 

Utilized production: The amount of a pecans sold plus the quantity used at 
home or held in storage.

Yield per acre: Yield per acre is based on utilized production.

Value: Crop value estimates in this report cover the marketing season or crop 
year and should not be confused with cash receipts which are based on a 
calendar year.

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: Standardized probability grower surveys are conducted to 
collect acreage, yield, and production data. Producers are mailed a survey 
and telephone follow-up of non-respondents is used to ensure adequate 
coverage.

Estimating Procedures: Information obtained from the grower surveys along 
with federal administrative data is used to establish estimates of bearing 
age acres, yield, utilized production, price, and value. These estimates are 
reviewed for errors, reasonableness, and consistency with historical 
estimates. 

Revision Policy: End-of-season estimates will be published in the Noncitrus 
Fruits and Nuts - Summary released in May. Revisions the following year are 
based on a thorough review of all available data.

Reliability: Survey indications are subject to sampling variability because 
all operations growing pecans are not included in the sample. Survey results 
are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, duplication, 
imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and 
processing the data. These errors cannot be measured directly, but they are 
minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection process and a 
careful review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch......................................................... (202) 720-2127

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section....................... (202) 720-2127
......................................................................................... Heidi 
Lanouette - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes................. (202) 720-4285
Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes......................................... (202) 720-3250
Anastasiya Osborne - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco....................................................... (202) 720-4288
Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Garlic, Grapefruit, Hazelnuts,
Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges............ (202) 720-5412
Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans................................. (202) 720-2127
Antonio Torres - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons.................... (202) 720-2157

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