Chickens and Eggs
Chickens and Eggs

ISSN: 1948-9064

Released January 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

December Egg Production Down 2 Percent

United States egg production totaled 9.60 billion during December 2020, down 
2 percent from last year. Production included 8.33 billion table eggs, and 
1.26 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.17 billion were broiler-type and 
87.4 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during December 2020 
averaged 391 million, down 3 percent from last year. December egg production 
per 100 layers was 2,453 eggs, up 1 percent from December 2019.
									
All layers in the United States on January 1, 2021 totaled 391 million, down 
3 percent from last year. The 391 million layers consisted of 325 million 
layers producing table or market type eggs, 62.4 million layers producing 
broiler-type hatching eggs, and 3.37 million layers producing egg-type 
hatching eggs. Rate of lay per day on January 1, 2021, averaged 78.3 eggs per 
100 layers, up 1 percent from January 1, 2020.

Egg-Type Chicks Hatched Up 16 Percent

Egg-type chicks hatched during December 2020 totaled 53.4 million, up 
16 percent from December 2019. Eggs in incubators totaled 50.8 million on 
January 1, 2021, up 6 percent from a year ago.

Domestic placements of egg-type pullet chicks for future hatchery supply 
flocks by leading breeders totaled 461 thousand during December 2020, up 
53 percent from December 2019.

Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched Down 1 Percent

Broiler-type chicks hatched during December 2020 totaled 848 million, down 
1 percent from December 2019. Eggs in incubators totaled 712 million on 
January 1, 2021, down slightly from a year ago.

Leading breeders placed 8.43 million broiler-type pullet chicks for future 
domestic hatchery supply flocks during 
December 2020, down 2 percent from December 2019.

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Contents
   
Average Layers During the Month - United States: 2020-2021..................................................  4
Egg Production During the Month by Type - United States: 2020-2021..........................................  4
Egg Production During the Month in Dozens by Type - United States: 2020-2021................................  4
Average Layers During the Month - United States.............................................................  5
Total Egg Production During the Month - United States.......................................................  5
Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type and Molt - United States: November-December 2019 and 2020..........  6
Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type and Molt - United States: December-January 2019 - 2021.............  7
Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced - States and United States: During November 2019 and 2020..................  8
Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced - States and United States: During December 2019 and 2020..................  9
Egg Production by Type - States and United States: November 2019 and 2020................................... 10
Egg Production by Type - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020................................... 11
Egg Production in Dozens by Type - States and United States: November 2019 and 2020......................... 12
Egg Production in Dozens by Type - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020......................... 13
Total Layers Molted First Day of the Month by Month - United States: 2020-2021.............................. 14
Total Layers Molted First Day of the Month - States and United States: December 1 and 
January 1, 2019-2021........................................................................................ 14
Hatchery Production - United States: 2020 and 2021.......................................................... 15
Egg-Type Eggs in Incubators on the First of the Month - United States: 2020 and 2021........................ 16
Egg-Type Chicks Hatched by Month - United States: 2019-2020................................................. 16
Intended Placements of Egg-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery Supply Flocks by Month and Total - 
United States: 2019-2021.................................................................................... 17
Broiler-Type Eggs in Incubators on the First of the Month - United States: 2020 and 2021.................... 17
Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020.............................. 18
Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched by Month - United States: 2019-2020............................................. 18
Intended Placements of Broiler-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery Supply Flocks by Month and Total: 2019-2021.. 19
Terms and Definitions of Chickens and Eggs Estimates........................................................ 19
Statistical Methodology..................................................................................... 20
Information Contacts........................................................................................ 22

Average Layers During the Month - United States: 2020-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Month            :            2020             :            2021             
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                       1,000 layers                        
                              :                                                           
December 1/ ..................:           404,190                       391,134           
January ......................:           402,081                                         
February .....................:           396,817                                         
March ........................:           395,443                                         
April ........................:           392,308                                         
May ..........................:           386,179                                         
June .........................:           382,097                                         
July .........................:           379,205                                         
August .......................:           380,098                                         
September ....................:           383,568                                         
October ......................:           386,486                                         
November .....................:           389,410                                         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ December previous year.                                                                

Egg Production During the Month by Type - United States: 2020-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :       Total eggs        :       Table eggs        :      Hatching eggs      
     Month     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    2020    :    2021    :    2020    :    2021    :    2020    :    2021    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                                million eggs                                 
               :                                                                             
December 1/ ...:  9,809.0      9,596.0      8,601.0      8,334.6      1,208.0      1,261.4   
January .......:  9,708.0                   8,486.6                   1,221.4                
February ......:  8,945.0                   7,790.9                   1,154.1                
March .........:  9,534.2                   8,294.3                   1,239.9                
April .........:  9,085.3                   7,881.8                   1,203.5                
May ...........:  9,099.3                   7,860.2                   1,239.1                
June ..........:  8,805.2                   7,597.8                   1,207.4                
July ..........:  9,269.7                   8,014.5                   1,255.2                
August ........:  9,297.6                   8,040.5                   1,257.1                
September .....:  9,030.6                   7,810.8                   1,219.8                
October .......:  9,501.7                   8,246.9                   1,254.8                
November ......:  9,327.0                   8,114.1                   1,212.9                
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ December previous year.                                                                   

Egg Production During the Month in Dozens by Type - United States: 2020-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :       Total eggs        :       Table eggs        :      Hatching eggs      
     Month     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    2020    :    2021    :    2020    :    2021    :    2020    :    2021    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                              1,000 dozen eggs                               
               :                                                                             
December 1/ ...: 817,416.3    799,667.0    716,749.8    694,550.4    100,666.5    105,116.6  
January .......: 808,999.8                 707,216.7                 101,783.1               
February ......: 745,416.1                 649,241.5                  96,174.6               
March .........: 794,516.7                 691,191.6                 103,325.1               
April .........: 757,107.8                 656,816.3                 100,291.5               
May ...........: 758,274.7                 655,016.5                 103,258.2               
June ..........: 733,766.4                 633,149.8                 100,616.6               
July ..........: 772,475.2                 667,874.9                 104,600.3               
August ........: 774,800.0                 670,041.5                 104,758.5               
September .....: 752,550.2                 650,900.1                 101,650.1               
October .......: 791,808.4                 687,241.8                 104,566.6               
November ......: 777,250.1                 676,175.0                 101,075.1               
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ December previous year.                                                                   

Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type and Molt - United States: November-December 2019 and 2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        :              :              :   2020 as    
                          Item                          :     2019     :     2020     :   percent    
                                                        :              :              :   of 2019    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Layers during November                                  :                                            
  Total layers ....................................1,000:    401,764        389,410          97      
    Table egg type ................................1,000:    339,211        325,239          96      
    Hatching egg type .............................1,000:     62,553         64,171         103      
      Broiler-type hatching .......................1,000:     59,058         60,961         103      
      Egg-type hatching ...........................1,000:      3,495          3,210          92      
                                                        :                                            
Eggs per 100 layers during November                     :                                            
  Total layers ...................................number:      2,364          2,395         101      
    Table egg type ...............................number:      2,455          2,495         102      
    Hatching egg type ............................number:      1,866          1,890         101      
      Broiler-type hatching ......................number:      1,829          1,861         102      
      Egg-type hatching ..........................number:      2,501          2,449          98      
                                                        :                                            
Eggs produced during November                           :                                            
  Total layers ..................................million:    9,496.8        9,327.0          98      
    Table egg type ..............................million:    8,329.3        8,114.1          97      
    Hatching egg type ...........................million:    1,167.5        1,212.9         104      
      Broiler-type hatching .....................million:    1,080.1        1,134.3         105      
      Egg-type hatching .........................million:       87.4           78.6          90      
                                                        :                                            
Eggs produced during November                           :                                            
  Total layers ..............................1,000 dozen:  791,399.9      777,250.1          98      
    Table egg type ..........................1,000 dozen:  694,108.5      676,175.0          97      
    Hatching egg type .......................1,000 dozen:   97,291.4      101,075.1         104      
      Broiler-type hatching .................1,000 dozen:   90,008.4       94,525.0         105      
      Egg-type hatching .....................1,000 dozen:    7,283.0        6,550.1          90      
                                                        :                                            
Layers on December 1                                    :                                            
  Total layers ....................................1,000:    403,273        391,018          97      
    Table egg type ................................1,000:    340,766        326,390          96      
    Hatching egg type .............................1,000:     62,507         64,628         103      
      Broiler-type hatching .......................1,000:     59,065         61,350         104      
      Egg-type hatching ...........................1,000:      3,442          3,278          95      
                                                        :                                            
Eggs per 100 layers on December 1                       :                                            
  Total layers ...................................number:       78.6           79.9         102      
    Table egg type ...............................number:       81.7           83.4         102      
    Hatching egg type ............................number:       62.1           62.6         101      
      Broiler-type hatching ......................number:       60.9           61.5         101      
      Egg-type hatching ..........................number:       83.5           83.1         100      
                                                        :                                            
Molted layers on December 1                             :                                            
  Being molted ..................................percent:        0.9            1.1         122      
  Molt completed ................................percent:       12.9           14.9         116      
                                                        :                                            
Layers sold for slaughter during November .........1,000:   14,334.9       13,468.6          94      
                                                        :                                            
Layers rendered, died, destroyed, composted             :                                            
 or disappeared for any reason during November ....1,000:   11,572.4        9,498.7          82      
                                                        :                                            
Pullets on December 1 .............................1,000:    122,095        120,438          99      
                                                        :                                            
Pullets added during November 1/ ..................1,000:   28,794.2       28,661.0         100      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Pullet chicks less than 3 days old added to pullet flocks.                                        

Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type and Molt - United States:
December-January 2019-2021
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     :          :          : 2020 as  
                         Item                        :   2019   :   2020   : percent  
                                                     :          :          : of 2019  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Layers during December                               :                                
  All layers ...................................1,000:404,190    391,134        97    
    Table egg type .............................1,000:341,166    325,950        96    
    Hatching egg type ..........................1,000: 63,024     65,184       103    
      Broiler-type hatching ....................1,000: 59,564     61,858       104    
      Egg-type hatching ........................1,000:  3,460      3,326        96    
                                                     :                                
Eggs per 100 layers during December                  :                                
  All layers  .................................number:  2,427      2,453       101    
    Table egg type  ...........................number:  2,521      2,557       101    
    Hatching egg type .........................number:  1,917      1,935       101    
      Broiler-type hatching ...................number:  1,880      1,898       101    
      Egg-type hatching .......................number:  2,549      2,628       103    
                                                     :                                
Eggs produced during December                        :                                
  All layers .................................million:  9,809.0    9,596.0      98    
    Table egg type ...........................million:  8,601.0    8,334.6      97    
    Hatching egg type ........................million:  1,208.0    1,261.4     104    
      Broiler-type hatching ..................million:  1,119.8    1,174.0     105    
      Egg-type hatching ......................million:     88.2       87.4      99    
                                                     :                                
Eggs produced during December                        :                                
  All layers .............................1,000 dozen:817,416.3  799,667.0      98    
    Table egg type .......................1,000 dozen:716,749.8  694,550.4      97    
    Hatching egg type ....................1,000 dozen:100,666.5  105,116.6     104    
      Broiler-type hatching ..............1,000 dozen: 93,316.6   97,833.4     105    
      Egg-type hatching ..................1,000 dozen:  7,349.9    7,283.2      99    
                                                     :--------------------------------
                                                     :          :          : 2021 as  
                                                     :   2020   :   2021   : percent  
                                                     :          :          : of 2020  
                                                     :--------------------------------
Layers on January 1                                  :                                
  All layers ...................................1,000:  405,073    391,206      97    
    Table egg type .............................1,000:  341,552    325,488      95    
    Hatching egg type ..........................1,000:   63,521     65,718     103    
      Broiler-type hatching ....................1,000:   60,051     62,352     104    
      Egg-type hatching ........................1,000:    3,470      3,366      97    
                                                     :                                
Eggs per 100 layers on January 1                     :                                
  All layers ..................................number:     77.9       78.3     101    
    Table egg type ............................number:     80.9       81.5     101    
    Hatching egg type .........................number:     61.5       62.2     101    
      Broiler-type hatching ...................number:     60.3       60.9     101    
      Egg-type hatching .......................number:     81.1       86.1     106    
                                                     :                                
Molted layers on January 1                           :                                
  Percent being molted .......................percent:      1.7        2.1     124    
  Percent with molt completed ................percent:     11.8       14.1     119    
                                                     :                                
Layers sold for slaughter during December ......1,000:   12,267     13,874     113    
                                                     :                                
Layers rendered, died, destroyed, composted          :                                
  or disappeared for any reason during December 1,000:   10,721     10,193      95    
                                                     :                                
Pullets on January 1 ...........................1,000:  121,907    121,466     100    
                                                     :                                
Pullets added during December 1/ ...............1,000:   26,526     27,436     103    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Pullet chicks less than 3 days old added to pullet flocks.                         

Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced - States and United States: During
November 2019 and 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Table egg layers in  :                       :   Eggs per 100 for    
                :flocks 30,000 and above:     Total layers      :     total layers      
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  --------------- 1,000 layers --------------      ------ eggs -----   
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    1,421       1,442       9,970      10,490      1,883       1,916   
Arkansas .......:      (D)         (D)      14,818      16,360      2,002       2,019   
California .....:   12,871      13,258      13,485      13,953      2,400       2,383   
Colorado .......:    4,760       4,919       5,273       5,427      2,520       2,504   
Georgia ........:    9,368       9,873      19,768      20,080      2,126       2,176   
Illinois .......:    5,676       6,097       6,239       6,652      2,451       2,455   
Indiana ........:   34,207      33,945      35,497      35,277      2,420       2,483   
Iowa ...........:   56,354      46,158      58,127      48,011      2,444       2,557   
Kentucky .......:      (D)         (D)       5,703       5,878      2,173       2,273   
Maryland .......:    2,537       2,385       2,737       2,598      2,419       2,463   
                :                                                                       
Michigan .......:   14,664      14,476      14,959      14,771      2,474       2,495   
Minnesota ......:    9,464       7,735       9,949       8,238      2,391       2,598   
Mississippi ....:      (D)         (D)       5,626       5,359      2,121       2,081   
Missouri .......:    7,349       7,716      12,491      12,887      2,491       2,479   
Nebraska .......:    8,536       7,283       9,128       7,841      2,469       2,534   
New York .......:    5,250       5,267       5,783       5,829      2,502       2,532   
North Carolina .:    7,368       7,651      15,971      15,944      2,114       2,180   
Ohio ...........:   35,467      33,431      36,675      34,643      2,506       2,517   
Oklahoma .......:      (D)         (D)       2,889       2,618      1,925       1,868   
Oregon .........:    2,111       1,950       2,293       2,121      2,512       2,593   
                :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ...:   28,119      28,229      30,650      30,716      2,499       2,448   
South Carolina .:    2,610       2,431       3,924       3,726      2,082       2,136   
South Dakota ...:    2,700       2,556       2,755       2,611      2,642       2,624   
Texas ..........:      (D)         (D)      22,266      23,585      2,229       2,352   
Utah ...........:    4,541       4,959       4,593       5,011      2,615       2,570   
Virginia .......:      924         896       2,676       2,704      2,384       2,319   
Washington .....:    6,676       6,657       6,839       6,822      2,519       2,394   
Wisconsin ......:    6,689       6,822       7,785       7,928      2,475       2,378   
                :                                                                       
Other States 1/ :   26,900      25,423      32,895      31,330      2,338       2,377   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:  323,631     309,566     401,764     389,410      2,364       2,395   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                        
1/  Includes data for States not published in this table.                               

Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced - States and United States: During
December 2019 and 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Table egg layers in  :                       :   Eggs per 100 for    
                :flocks 30,000 and above:     Total layers      :     total layers      
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  --------------- 1,000 layers --------------      ------ eggs -----   
                :                                                                       
Alabama ........:    1,444       1,394      10,129      10,574      1,944       1,976   
Arkansas .......:      (D)         (D)      15,177      16,536      2,068       2,072   
California .....:   13,384      13,535      14,022      14,255      2,403       2,452   
Colorado .......:    4,762       5,079       5,275       5,587      2,624       2,565   
Georgia ........:    9,357       9,820      19,797      20,129      2,177       2,213   
Illinois .......:    5,627       6,052       6,168       6,613      2,341       2,536   
Indiana ........:   34,590      33,866      35,883      35,227      2,538       2,549   
Iowa ...........:   57,103      46,274      58,885      48,205      2,519       2,620   
Kentucky .......:      (D)         (D)       5,728       5,923      2,256       2,283   
Maryland .......:    2,657       2,375       2,852       2,581      2,504       2,561   
                :                                                                       
Michigan .......:   14,796      14,349      15,091      14,644      2,486       2,570   
Minnesota ......:    8,940       7,591       9,445       8,094      2,455       2,649   
Mississippi ....:      (D)         (D)       5,593       5,484      2,172       2,110   
Missouri .......:    7,495       7,773      12,639      12,963      2,488       2,509   
Nebraska .......:    8,527       7,329       9,143       7,897      2,554       2,566   
New York .......:    5,252       5,298       5,782       5,861      2,598       2,568   
North Carolina .:    7,290       7,758      15,864      16,110      2,211       2,266   
Ohio ...........:   35,300      33,613      36,510      34,832      2,522       2,554   
Oklahoma .......:      (D)         (D)       2,857       2,669      2,030       1,941   
Oregon .........:    2,152       1,983       2,323       2,154      2,587       2,572   
                :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ...:   28,541      28,648      31,118      31,099      2,569       2,510   
South Carolina .:    2,619       2,461       3,933       3,801      2,179       2,220   
South Dakota ...:    2,629       2,528       2,684       2,583      2,720       2,722   
Texas ..........:      (D)         (D)      22,482      23,738      2,336       2,422   
Utah ...........:    4,613       5,092       4,665       5,144      2,684       2,582   
Virginia .......:      913         840       2,670       2,715      2,453       2,328   
Washington .....:    6,745       6,574       6,909       6,739      2,572       2,585   
Wisconsin ......:    6,852       6,618       7,960       7,748      2,510       2,442   
                :                                                                       
Other States 1/ :   26,598      25,250      32,606      31,229      2,408       2,432   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:  325,481     310,259     404,190     391,134      2,427       2,453   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                        
1/  Includes data for States not published in this table.                               

Egg Production by Type - States and United States: November 2019 and 2020
[Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing individual
operations, data included in United States totals]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   Total production    :      Table eggs       :     Hatching eggs     
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                             million eggs                              
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:    187.7       201.0        37.2        38.1       150.5       162.9  
Arkansas ........:    296.6       330.3         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
California ......:    323.7       332.5         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Colorado ........:    132.9       135.9         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Georgia .........:    420.2       437.0       228.4       245.7       191.8       191.3  
Illinois ........:    152.9       163.3       149.5       159.5         3.4         3.8  
Indiana .........:    859.0       875.8       843.5       859.0        15.5        16.8  
Iowa ............:  1,420.4     1,227.5     1,399.6     1,208.1        20.8        19.4  
Kentucky ........:    123.9       133.6         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Maryland ........:     66.2        64.0        64.7        62.4         1.5         1.6  
                 :                                                                       
Michigan ........:    370.1       368.6         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Minnesota .......:    237.9       214.0       231.7       207.4         6.2         6.6  
Mississippi .....:    119.3       111.5         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Missouri ........:    311.2       319.5       274.6       282.4        36.6        37.1  
Nebraska ........:    225.4       198.7       213.4       189.1        12.0         9.6  
New York ........:    144.7       147.6         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
North Carolina ..:    337.7       347.6       186.3       193.0       151.4       154.6  
Ohio ............:    919.0       871.8         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Oklahoma ........:     55.6        48.9         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Oregon ..........:     57.6        55.0        57.6        55.0           -           -  
                 :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ....:    766.0       752.0       738.2       724.1        27.8        27.9  
South Carolina ..:     81.7        79.6        59.2        56.2        22.5        23.4  
South Dakota ....:     72.8        68.5        72.8        68.5           -           -  
Texas ...........:    496.2       554.8         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Utah ............:    120.1       128.8       120.1       128.8           -           -  
Virginia ........:     63.8        62.7        34.1        31.9        29.7        30.8  
Washington ......:    172.3       163.3         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Wisconsin .......:    192.7       188.5       187.4       183.6         5.3         4.9  
                 :                                                                       
Other States 1/ .:    769.2       744.7       697.5       672.7        71.7        72.0  
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:  9,496.8     9,327.0     8,329.3     8,114.1     1,167.5     1,212.9  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                     
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                         
1/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing individual operations.                  

Egg Production by Type - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing individual
operations, data included in United States totals]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   Total production    :      Table eggs       :     Hatching eggs     
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                             million eggs                              
                 :                                                                       
Alabama .........:    196.9       208.9        38.6        38.0       158.3       170.9  
Arkansas ........:    313.9       342.7         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
California ......:    337.0       349.5         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Colorado ........:    138.4       143.3         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Georgia .........:    430.9       445.5       234.9       249.5       196.0       196.0  
Illinois ........:    144.4       167.7       140.9       163.8         3.5         3.9  
Indiana .........:    910.8       898.0       894.4       879.2        16.4        18.8  
Iowa ............:  1,483.4     1,263.2     1,461.5     1,240.1        21.9        23.1  
Kentucky ........:    129.2       135.2         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Maryland ........:     71.4        66.1        69.9        64.3         1.5         1.8  
                 :                                                                       
Michigan ........:    375.1       376.3         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Minnesota .......:    231.9       214.4       225.4       207.6         6.5         6.8  
Mississippi .....:    121.5       115.7         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Missouri ........:    314.4       325.3       277.2       286.9        37.2        38.4  
Nebraska ........:    233.5       202.6       220.3       192.3        13.2        10.3  
New York ........:    150.2       150.5         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
North Carolina ..:    350.7       365.1       193.2       205.6       157.5       159.5  
Ohio ............:    920.7       889.7         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Oklahoma ........:     58.0        51.8         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Oregon ..........:     60.1        55.4        60.1        55.4           -           -  
                 :                                                                       
Pennsylvania ....:    799.4       780.6       770.1       753.4        29.3        27.2  
South Carolina ..:     85.7        84.4        62.2        60.6        23.5        23.8  
South Dakota ....:     73.0        70.3        73.0        70.3           -           -  
Texas ...........:    525.2       575.0         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Utah ............:    125.2       132.8       125.2       132.8           -           -  
Virginia ........:     65.5        63.2        34.4        31.5        31.1        31.7  
Washington ......:    177.7       174.2         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)  
Wisconsin .......:    199.8       189.2       194.1       183.7         5.7         5.5  
                 :                                                                       
Other States 1/ .:    785.1       759.4       712.3       685.1        72.8        74.3  
                 :                                                                       
United States ...:  9,809.0     9,596.0     8,601.0     8,334.6     1,208.0     1,261.4  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                     
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                         
1/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing individual operations.                  

Egg Production in Dozens by Type - States and United States: November 2019 and 2020
[Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing individual operations,
data included in United States totals]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    Total production     :       Table eggs        :      Hatching eggs      
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 dozen eggs                               
                 :                                                                             
Alabama .........:  15,641.7     16,750.0      3,100.0      3,175.0     12,541.7     13,575.0  
Arkansas ........:  24,716.7     27,525.0          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
California ......:  26,974.9     27,708.4          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Colorado ........:  11,075.1     11,325.1          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Georgia .........:  35,016.6     36,416.7     19,033.3     20,475.0     15,983.3     15,941.7  
Illinois ........:  12,741.7     13,608.3     12,458.4     13,291.6        283.3        316.7  
Indiana .........:  71,583.4     72,983.3     70,291.7     71,583.3      1,291.7      1,400.0  
Iowa ............: 118,366.7    102,291.6    116,633.3    100,675.0      1,733.4      1,616.6  
Kentucky ........:  10,325.0     11,133.3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Maryland ........:   5,516.7      5,333.4      5,391.7      5,200.0        125.0        133.4  
                 :                                                                             
Michigan ........:  30,841.7     30,716.6          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Minnesota .......:  19,825.0     17,833.4     19,308.3     17,283.4        516.7        550.0  
Mississippi .....:   9,941.6      9,291.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Missouri ........:  25,933.3     26,625.0     22,883.3     23,533.3      3,050.0      3,091.7  
Nebraska ........:  18,783.3     16,558.3     17,783.3     15,758.3      1,000.0        800.0  
New York ........:  12,058.3     12,300.0          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
North Carolina ..:  28,141.7     28,966.6     15,525.0     16,083.3     12,616.7     12,883.3  
Ohio ............:  76,583.3     72,650.0          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Oklahoma ........:   4,633.4      4,075.0          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Oregon ..........:   4,800.0      4,583.4      4,800.0      4,583.4            -            -  
                 :                                                                             
Pennsylvania ....:  63,833.2     62,666.7     61,516.6     60,341.7      2,316.6      2,325.0  
South Carolina ..:   6,808.3      6,633.3      4,933.3      4,683.3      1,875.0      1,950.0  
South Dakota ....:   6,066.7      5,708.4      6,066.7      5,708.4            -            -  
Texas ...........:  41,350.0     46,233.3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Utah ............:  10,008.4     10,733.3     10,008.4     10,733.3            -            -  
Virginia ........:   5,316.6      5,225.0      2,841.6      2,658.3      2,475.0      2,566.7  
Washington ......:  14,358.4     13,608.3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Wisconsin .......:  16,058.2     15,708.3     15,616.6     15,300.0        441.6        408.3  
                 :                                                                             
Other States 1/ .:  64,100.0     62,058.4     58,125.1     56,058.4      5,974.9      6,000.0  
                 :                                                                             
United States ...: 791,399.9    777,250.1    694,108.5    676,175.0     97,291.4    101,075.1  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                           
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                               
1/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing individual operations.                        

Egg Production in Dozens by Type - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
[Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing individual operations,
data included in United States totals]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    Total production     :       Table eggs        :      Hatching eggs      
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                              1,000 dozen eggs                               
                 :                                                                             
Alabama .........:  16,408.3     17,408.4      3,216.6      3,166.7     13,191.7     14,241.7  
Arkansas ........:  26,158.3     28,558.3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
California ......:  28,083.3     29,125.0          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Colorado ........:  11,533.3     11,941.6          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Georgia .........:  35,908.4     37,125.0     19,575.0     20,791.7     16,333.4     16,333.3  
Illinois ........:  12,033.4     13,975.0     11,741.7     13,650.0        291.7        325.0  
Indiana .........:  75,900.0     74,833.4     74,533.3     73,266.7      1,366.7      1,566.7  
Iowa ............: 123,616.6    105,266.7    121,791.6    103,341.7      1,825.0      1,925.0  
Kentucky ........:  10,766.6     11,266.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Maryland ........:   5,950.0      5,508.4      5,825.0      5,358.4        125.0        150.0  
                 :                                                                             
Michigan ........:  31,258.3     31,358.3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Minnesota .......:  19,324.9     17,866.6     18,783.3     17,300.0        541.6        566.6  
Mississippi .....:  10,124.9      9,641.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Missouri ........:  26,200.0     27,108.3     23,100.0     23,908.3      3,100.0      3,200.0  
Nebraska ........:  19,458.3     16,883.3     18,358.3     16,025.0      1,100.0        858.3  
New York ........:  12,516.6     12,541.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
North Carolina ..:  29,225.0     30,425.1     16,100.0     17,133.4     13,125.0     13,291.7  
Ohio ............:  76,725.0     74,141.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Oklahoma ........:   4,833.3      4,316.6          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Oregon ..........:   5,008.4      4,616.7      5,008.4      4,616.7            -            -  
                 :                                                                             
Pennsylvania ....:  66,616.6     65,050.1     64,175.0     62,783.4      2,441.6      2,266.7  
South Carolina ..:   7,141.7      7,033.3      5,183.4      5,050.0      1,958.3      1,983.3  
South Dakota ....:   6,083.3      5,858.3      6,083.3      5,858.3            -            -  
Texas ...........:  43,766.6     47,916.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Utah ............:  10,433.4     11,066.6     10,433.4     11,066.6            -            -  
Virginia ........:   5,458.4      5,266.7      2,866.7      2,625.0      2,591.7      2,641.7  
Washington ......:  14,808.3     14,516.7          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)  
Wisconsin .......:  16,650.0     15,766.6     16,175.0     15,308.3        475.0        458.3  
                 :                                                                             
Other States 1/ .:  65,425.1     63,283.5     59,358.4     57,091.8      6,066.7      6,191.7  
                 :                                                                             
United States ...: 817,416.3    799,667.0    716,749.8    694,550.4    100,666.5    105,116.6  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                           
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                               
1/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing individual operations.                        

Total Layers Molted First Day of the Month by Month - United States: 2020-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :         Being molted          :        Molt completed         
          Month         :---------------------------------------------------------------
                        :     2020      :     2021      :     2020      :     2021      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                            percent                            
                        :                                                               
January ................:      1.7             2.1            11.8            14.1      
February ...............:      2.2                            12.0                      
March ..................:      1.7                            12.3                      
April ..................:      1.3                            12.2                      
May ....................:      3.5                            11.0                      
June ...................:      4.5                            11.8                      
July ...................:      2.3                            13.8                      
August .................:      1.5                            14.8                      
September ..............:      2.3                            14.1                      
October ................:      2.3                            14.8                      
November ...............:      1.2                            15.6                      
December ...............:      1.1                            14.9                      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total Layers Molted First Day of the Month - States and United States: December 1 and
January 1, 2019-2021
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :         Being molted          :        Molt completed         
          State         :---------------------------------------------------------------
                        :  December 1   :   January 1   :  December 1   :   January 1   
                        :---------------------------------------------------------------
                        : 2019  : 2020  : 2020  : 2021  : 2019  : 2020  : 2020  : 2021  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                            percent                            
                        :                                                               
Alabama ................:  0.5     0.5       -     0.5     8.0     5.5     7.5     4.5  
Arkansas ...............:  1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0    10.5    14.0     9.0    14.5  
California .............:  0.5     1.5       -     2.5    10.0     7.5     8.0     7.5  
Colorado ...............:    -     2.0     2.5       -     7.5     5.5     6.0     6.0  
Georgia ................:  0.5       -     2.5     2.0    14.5    13.0    12.0    12.0  
Illinois ...............:    -     3.0     1.0       -     5.0     2.0       -     2.0  
Indiana ................:    -     1.0     1.5     2.0    16.5    12.5    16.0    12.5  
Iowa ...................:  1.5     1.0     1.5     1.0    17.0    14.0    15.5    13.5  
Kentucky ...............:  2.0     1.5     1.5     3.0     3.5     7.5     3.0     9.0  
Maryland ...............:    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
                        :                                                               
Michigan ...............:  2.5     0.5     1.5     2.0     3.5     2.0     3.5     1.5  
Minnesota ..............:  0.5       -     2.5       -     1.5    20.5     1.5    15.5  
Mississippi ............:    -     1.0     2.0       -    21.5    21.5    20.5    17.0  
Missouri ...............:    -       -       -     2.0     5.0     6.5     4.0     3.0  
Nebraska ...............:    -       -     1.0       -     7.0    30.5     6.0    23.0  
New York ...............:    -       -     1.5     1.5     8.0     0.5     8.0     0.5  
North Carolina .........:    -       -     0.5     2.0     3.5    10.0     3.5    10.0  
Ohio ...................:  1.0     1.5     2.5     3.0    14.0    18.5    12.0    15.5  
Oklahoma ...............:    -       -       -       -       -    25.5       -    21.5  
Oregon .................:    -       -     8.0       -     1.5       -     1.5       -  
                        :                                                               
Pennsylvania ...........:  3.0     3.5     2.5     5.5     2.0     4.5     2.0     4.5  
South Carolina .........:    -       -     2.5     2.5    22.5    22.0    22.0    20.5  
South Dakota ...........:    -       -       -       -     3.0       -       -       -  
Texas ..................:  1.0     1.5     3.5     3.5    39.0    47.0    38.0    47.5  
Utah ...................:    -       -     2.5     4.0    23.5    24.0    19.0    20.0  
Virginia ...............:    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
Washington .............:  1.5     4.5     3.0       -    13.0    11.5    11.5    13.0  
Wisconsin ..............:    -       -     4.0       -     1.5    22.5     1.0    23.5  
                        :                                                               
Other States 1/ ........:  1.3     1.3     1.5     2.8    20.6    24.3    20.0    23.3  
                        :                                                               
United States ..........:  0.9     1.1     1.7     2.1    12.9    14.9    11.8    14.1  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                     
1/ Includes data for States not published in this table.                                

Hatchery Production - United States: 2020 and 2021
[December preceding year]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :              :              :   2021 as    
                            Item                            :     2020     :     2021     :   percent    
                                                            :              :              :   of 2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :  --------- 1,000 --------       percent    
                                                            :                                            
Egg-type                                                    :                                            
  Eggs in incubators on January 1 ..........................:     47,756         50,766         106      
  Chicks hatched during December ...........................:     46,114         53,366         116      
  Chicks hatched January through December ..................:    630,876        624,458          99      
                                                            :                                            
  Pullets hatched during December for intended placements:  :                                            
   Hatchery supply flocks ..................................:        302            461         153      
   Cumulative potential placements 7-18 months earlier 1/ ..:      2,699          3,249         120      
                                                            :                                            
Broiler-type                                                :                                            
  Eggs in incubators on January 1 ..........................:    715,246        711,856         100      
  Chicks hatched during December ...........................:    857,789        848,156          99      
  Chicks hatched January through December ..................:  9,919,197      9,872,266         100      
                                                            :                                            
  Pullets hatched during December for intended placements:  :                                            
   Hatchery supply flocks ..................................:      8,627          8,430          98      
   Cumulative potential placements 7-15 months earlier 2/ ..:     71,730         73,427         102      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ 2021 includes pullet chicks hatched June 2019 through May 2020.                                       
2/ 2021 includes pullet chicks hatched September 2019 through May 2020.                                  

Egg-Type Eggs in Incubators on the First of the Month - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        :              :              :   2021 as    
                          Item                          :     2020     :     2021     :   percent    
                                                        :              :              :   of 2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        :    ------- 1,000 -------        percent    
                                                        :                                            
January ................................................:    47,756         50,766          106      
February ...............................................:    50,243                                  
March ..................................................:    49,225                                  
April ..................................................:    57,631                                  
May ....................................................:    49,575                                  
June ...................................................:    50,029                                  
July ...................................................:    46,093                                  
August .................................................:    46,242                                  
September ..............................................:    47,296                                  
October ................................................:    46,624                                  
November ...............................................:    44,601                                  
December ...............................................:    53,170                                  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Egg-Type Chicks Hatched by Month - United States: 2019-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :               By months                :               Cumulative               
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :            :            :   2020 as    :            :            :   2020 as    
               :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    
               :            :            :   of 2019    :            :            :   of 2019    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   --- 1,000 chicks --       percent       --- 1,000 chicks ---       percent    
               :                                                                                 
January .......:   55,850       52,825          95          55,850       52,825          95      
February ......:   52,182       48,169          92         108,032      100,994          93      
March .........:   55,658       56,065         101         163,690      157,059          96      
April .........:   60,668       60,931         100         224,358      217,990          97      
May ...........:   60,816       52,790          87         285,174      270,780          95      
June ..........:   51,858       55,537         107         337,032      326,317          97      
July ..........:   50,919       46,140          91         387,951      372,457          96      
August ........:   46,246       50,007         108         434,197      422,464          97      
September .....:   50,386       49,989          99         484,583      472,453          97      
October .......:   52,066       50,597          97         536,649      523,050          97      
November ......:   48,113       48,042         100         584,762      571,092          98      
December ......:   46,114       53,366         116         630,876      624,458          99      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Intended Placements of Egg-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery Supply Flocks by Month and Total -
United States: 2019-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                             :              :  Cumulative potential placements  
                        :    Pullet chicks hatched    :   2020 as    :    relative to current supply     
          Month         :                             :   percent    :   flocks 7-18 months earlier 1/   
                        :-----------------------------:   of 2019    :-----------------------------------
                        :     2019     :     2020     :              :      2020       :      2021       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :    --- 1,000 chicks ---         percent           ----- 1,000 chicks ----      
                        :                                                                                
January ................:      268            265            99             2,791             3,352      
February ...............:      201            482           240             2,887             3,391      
March ..................:      189            322           170             2,818             3,567      
April ..................:      295            243            82             2,954             3,482      
May ....................:      215            233           108             2,882             3,480      
June ...................:      270            373           138             2,838             3,451      
July ...................:      255            294           115             2,872             3,610      
August .................:      194            370           191             2,869                        
September ..............:      286            201            70             3,150                        
October ................:      199            197            99             3,283                        
November ...............:      198            169            85             3,231                        
December ...............:      302            461           153             3,249                        
                        :                                                                                
Annual total ...........:    2,872          3,610           126                                          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ For December 2020, includes breeder pullet chicks hatched June 2019 through May 2020. The 7-18 months 
   represent the first laying cycle. Molting and additional laying cycles will increase the cumulative   
   potential placements.                                                                                 

Broiler-Type Eggs in Incubators on the First of the Month - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        :              :              :   2021 as    
                          Item                          :     2020     :     2021     :   percent    
                                                        :              :              :   of 2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        :   -------- 1,000 -------        percent    
                                                        :                                            
January ................................................:   715,246        711,856          100      
February ...............................................:   716,997                                  
March ..................................................:   718,593                                  
April ..................................................:   711,218                                  
May ....................................................:   660,894                                  
June ...................................................:   701,891                                  
July ...................................................:   700,493                                  
August .................................................:   687,522                                  
September ..............................................:   691,851                                  
October ................................................:   665,453                                  
November ...............................................:   664,565                                  
December ...............................................:   706,253                                  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched - States and United States: December 2019 and 2020
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :            During December             :            January-December            
                                :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State             :            :            :   2020 as    :            :            :   2020 as    
                                :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    
                                :            :            :   of 2019    :            :            :   of 2019    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :  --- 1,000 chicks ---       percent      ---- 1,000 chicks ----      percent    
                                :                                                                                 
Alabama ........................:  122,689      119,441          97        1,343,702    1,394,784        104      
Arkansas .......................:   86,225       86,233         100        1,040,741      994,336         96      
Delaware .......................:   20,792       16,950          82          225,485      201,086         89      
Florida ........................:    4,324        4,300          99           50,828       51,033        100      
Georgia ........................:  123,937      122,090          99        1,481,996    1,442,473         97      
Kentucky .......................:   27,030       26,751          99          323,991      316,094         98      
Louisiana ......................:   12,993       12,012          92          157,277      143,733         91      
Maryland .......................:   29,431       27,762          94          343,890      339,917         99      
Mississippi ....................:   67,823       65,468          97          802,159      757,594         94      
Missouri .......................:   32,879       33,349         101          368,048      381,376        104      
                                :                                                                                 
North Carolina .................:   88,185       87,698          99        1,018,374    1,022,885        100      
Oklahoma .......................:   27,391       24,288          89          321,046      300,126         93      
Pennsylvania ...................:   21,944       23,267         106          235,499      270,491        115      
South Carolina .................:   20,282       19,817          98          243,159      235,100         97      
Texas ..........................:   64,070       65,931         103          737,731      745,016        101      
Virginia .......................:   22,440       24,132         108          273,784      267,130         98      
California, Tennessee,          :                                                                                 
 and West Virginia .............:   45,363       45,201         100          512,713      525,134        102      
                                :                                                                                 
Other States 2/ ................:   39,991       43,466         109          423,100      483,958        114      
                                :                                                                                 
United States ..................:  857,789      848,156          99        9,919,197    9,872,266        100      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ States in the weekly hatchery production estimating program.                                                   
2/ Not published separately to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                   

Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched by Month - United States: 2019-2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :               By months                :               Cumulative               
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :            :            :   2020 as    :            :            :   2020 as    
               :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    :    2019    :    2020    :   percent    
               :            :            :   of 2019    :            :            :   of 2019    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  --- 1,000 chicks ---       percent      ---- 1,000 chicks ----      percent    
               :                                                                                 
January .......:  828,918      861,200         104          828,918      861,200        104      
February ......:  750,551      806,862         108        1,579,469    1,668,062        106      
March .........:  837,361      859,346         103        2,416,830    2,527,408        105      
April .........:  819,404      773,623          94        3,236,234    3,301,031        102      
May ...........:  857,507      807,506          94        4,093,741    4,108,537        100      
June ..........:  833,708      828,448          99        4,927,449    4,936,985        100      
July ..........:  850,393      850,755         100        5,777,842    5,787,740        100      
August ........:  855,076      837,619          98        6,632,918    6,625,359        100      
September .....:  815,567      810,221          99        7,448,485    7,435,580        100      
October .......:  816,263      805,450          99        8,264,748    8,241,030        100      
November ......:  796,660      783,080          98        9,061,408    9,024,110        100      
December ......:  857,789      848,156          99        9,919,197    9,872,266        100      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Intended Placements of Broiler-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery Supply Flocks by Month and Total: 2019-2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :                             :              :  Cumulative potential placements  
                           :    Pullet chicks hatched    :   2020 as    :    relative to current supply     
           Month           :                             :   percent    :   flocks 7-15 months earlier 1/   
                           :-----------------------------:   of 2019    :-----------------------------------
                           :     2019     :     2020     :              :      2020       :      2021       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           :   ---- 1,000 chicks ----        percent          ----- 1,000 chicks -----      
                           :                                                                                
United States placements ..:                                                                                
  January .................:     7,478          7,482          100            72,170            72,886      
  February ................:     7,882          8,135          103            73,411            73,590      
  March ...................:     8,222          8,547          104            73,604            73,660      
  April ...................:     7,339          8,161          111            73,624            74,741      
  May .....................:     8,767          8,188           93            73,677            75,331      
  June ....................:     8,717          8,074           93            73,936            74,992      
  July ....................:     8,510          8,235           97            74,341            74,875      
  August ..................:     8,094          8,211          101            74,484                        
  September ...............:     8,615          9,708          113            73,852                        
  October .................:     7,531          8,072          107            73,682                        
  November ................:     8,141          7,796           96            73,333                        
  December ................:     8,627          8,430           98            73,427                        
                           :                                                                                
Annual total ..............:    97,923         99,039          101                                          
                           :                                                                                
Total placements 2/        :                                                                                
  January .................:     8,957          9,022          101                                          
  February ................:     9,525          9,581          101                                          
  March ...................:    10,161         10,183          100                                          
  April ...................:     9,146          9,700          106                                          
  May .....................:    10,797          9,860           91                                          
  June ....................:    10,606          9,713           92                                          
  July ....................:    10,444          9,726           93                                          
  August ..................:     9,763          9,902          101                                          
  September ...............:    10,468         11,729          112                                          
  October .................:     9,063          9,975          110                                          
  November ................:     9,653          9,324           97                                          
  December ................:    10,365         10,299           99                                          
                           :                                                                                
Annual total ..............:   118,948        119,014          100                                          
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ For December 2020, includes breeder pullet chicks hatched September 2019 through May 2020.               
2/ United States production of intended placements worldwide.                                               

Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Primary data for the Chickens and Eggs report are from 
weekly and/or monthly questionnaires sent to producers. An attempt is made to 
collect information for layer and egg estimates from each known contractor 
and independent producer who has at least 30,000 table egg layers, flocks of 
hatchery supply layers, or pullet only operations with at least 500 pullets. 
Coverage for operations with less than 30,000 table egg layers are estimated 
each month based on data reported in December. Approximately 500 contractors, 
independent egg producers, and pullet only operations are contacted each 
month. Data for broiler hatchery estimates are collected weekly from all 
broiler-type hatcheries that hatch at least one million chicks a year. Data 
for egg-type hatchery estimates are collected monthly from all egg-type 
hatcheries that hatch at least 50,000 chicks a year.

Estimating Procedures: Sound statistical methodology is employed to derive 
estimates from the reported data. All data are analyzed for unusual values. 
Data from each operation are compared to their own past operating profile and 
to trends from similar operations. Data for missing operations are estimated 
based on similar operations or historical data. NASS regional field offices 
prepare these estimates by using a combination of survey indications and 
historic trends. Individual State estimates are reviewed by the Agricultural 
Statistics Board for reasonableness.

For chicken hatcheries, chicks hatched consist of all chicks of domesticated 
breeds including males and chicks destined for hatchery supply flocks and 
research purposes. Eggs set are eggs in incubators for the purpose of 
hatching. The relationship of egg-type chicks hatched to chicken inventory 
and poultry marketings are carefully monitored. The disposition of egg-type 
chicks hatched prior to placement into the laying flock can vary 
significantly, which can make comparisons to changes in layer inventory 
inconsistent over time. Broiler chicks placed are specifically for meat 
production. Intended placement data reported by leading breeders include 
pullet chicks expected from eggs sold the preceding month. The breeders in 
this report account for a large percentage of replacement pullets for 
hatchery supply flocks. Production of replacement pullets by these breeders 
indicates the number of pullets available to hatchery supply layer flocks 
several months before the pullets will actually move into the laying flocks. 
"Hatchery Supply Flocks" include all generations of layers which could lay 
eggs to supply a hatchery. This includes the generations of parents, 
grandparents, great-grandparents, pedigree, etc. Also included are research 
flocks, vaccine flocks, and specific pathogen-free flocks. The broiler 
cumulative potential placements are a moving total of the intended placements 
7-15 months earlier. The egg-type cumulative potential placements of 7-18 
months earlier represent the first laying cycle. Molting and additional 
laying cycles will increase the cumulative potential placements of egg-type 
hatching flocks.

Revision Policy: The previous month's estimates are subject to revision if 
late reports or corrected data indicates a different level. Additionally, 
revisions after the monthly report will be made at the end of the marketing 
year and published in the annual reports of Chickens and Eggs Summary and 
Hatchery Production Summary. Estimates will also be reviewed for chickens and 
eggs after data from the 5-year Census of Agriculture are available. No 
revisions will be made after that date. 

Reliability: Estimates are based on a census of all known contractors and 
independent producers who have at least 30,000 table egg layers, flocks of 
hatchery supply layers, pullet only operations with at least 500 pullets, or 
operating hatcheries and therefore, have no sampling error. However, 
estimates are subject to errors such as omission, duplication, and mistakes 
in reporting, recording, and processing the data. While these errors cannot 
be measured directly, they are minimized through strict quality controls in 
the data collection process and a careful review of all reported data for 
consistency and reasonableness.

To assist in evaluating the reliability of the estimates in this report, the 
"Root Mean Square Error" is shown for selected items in the following table. 
The "Root Mean Square Error" is a statistical measure based on past 
performance and is computed using the differences between first and final 
estimates. The "Root Mean Square Error" for total layers over the past 24 
months is 0.8 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the final 
estimate will not be above or below the current estimate of 391 million 
layers by more than 0.8 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 that the difference 
will not exceed 1.4 percent.

Reliability of Layer and Egg Estimates
[Based on data for the past 24 months]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :  Root mean   :  90 percent  :        Difference between first and latest estimate         
                              : square error :  confidence  :         :         :         :               :               
                              :              :    level     :-------------------------------------------------------------
             Item             :              :              :         :         :         :            Months             
                              :              :              :         :         :         :-------------------------------
                              :              :              : Average :Smallest : Largest : Below latest  : Above latest  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :   percent        percent       --------- 1,000 ---------         ----- number -----       
                              :                                                                                           
Total layers .................:     0.8            1.4         1,897      42      10,347         20               4       
                              :                                                                                           
                              :                                 -------- million -------                                  
                              :                                                                                           
Eggs .........................:     0.9            1.5          46.7       1         257         20               4       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Terms and Definitions of Chickens and Eggs Estimates

Total Layers includes both table egg and hatching egg flocks regardless of 
size.

Intended Placements are reported by leading breeders. Coverage may not be 100 
percent. Includes expected pullet chicks from eggs sold during the preceding 
month at the rate of 125 pullet chicks per case of 30 dozen eggs.

Molted Layers is the same data series as the previously published Forced Molt 
Layers. Nomenclature changed as of January 2015.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock Branch of the National 
Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may 
be sent to nass@usda.gov

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ..................................... (202) 692-0069

Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section .................. (202) 690-3223
   Holly Brenize - Poultry Slaughter......................................... (202) 720-0585
   Alissa Cowell-Mytar - Cold Storage, Capacity of Refrigerated Warehouses .. (202) 720-4751
   Liana Cuffman - Catfish and Trout, Mink, Census of Aquaculture ........... (202) 720-8784
   Fatema Haque - Turkey Hatchery, Turkeys Raised ........................... (202) 720-3244 
   Derron Martin - Chicken Hatchery, Egg Products............................ (202) 690-3237
   Adam Peters - Honey, Honey Bee Colonies .................................. (202) 690-4870
   Autumn Stone - Layers, Eggs .............................................. (202) 690-3676
   Takiyah Walker - Broiler Hatchery......................................... (202) 720-6147

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
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